U.S. Route 49
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U.S. Route 49

U.S. Route 49 marker

U.S. Route 49
Route information
Length516 mi[] (830 km)
Existed1926[]-present
Southern section
South end at Gulfport, MS
Major
junctions
North end / at Yazoo City, MS
Northern section
South end / at Tutwiler, MS
Major
junctions
North end / / at Piggott, AR
Location
StatesMississippi, Arkansas
Highway system

U.S. Route 49 (US 49) is a north–south United States highway. The highway's northern terminus is in Piggott, Arkansas, at an intersection with US Route 62/Highway 1/Highway 139 (US 62/AR 1/AR 139). Its southern terminus is in Gulfport, Mississippi, at an intersection with U.S. Route 90. US 49 is approximately 516 miles (830 km) in length.

It was at the junction of US 49 and U.S. Route 61 that blues singer Robert Johnson is said to have sold his soul to the Devil. The highway is also the subject of songs by Big Joe Williams and Howlin' Wolf (Chester Arthur Burnett).

Route description

Mississippi

Lengths
  mi[1] km
MS 334 538
AR 182 293
Total 516 830

US 49 has historically been one of the most important highways in Mississippi. It was the state's first highway to see a significant rural segment four-laned.[2] Today, it is the only four-laned route directly connecting Jackson, the state's capital and largest city, to the Mississippi Gulf Coast.[3] Some urban segments along this portion of the route maintain three or more traffic lanes in each direction. US 49 serves as a primary hurricane evacuation route for Gulf Coast residents.[4]

Southern terminus of US 49 at US 90 in Gulfport

US 49 begins near the Port of Gulfport, Mississippi at a junction with US 90. It provides a major connection between the port, casinos, beaches and downtown with I-10 (exits 34A-B), where it has its first major junction being a full service cloverleaf interchange on the city's north end. The crossing of these two roads is officially recognized by the state of Mississippi as the Castilgia Interchange.[5] North of I-10, US 49 passes through suburban areas and enters De Soto National Forest. Various state highway interchanges and junctions are encountered before the route passes near Camp Shelby, then through an interchange with US 98 just south of Hattiesburg. At this point, travelers have an option of continuing on US 49 through Hattiesburg or using the I-59/US 98 bypass which reconnects with US 49 in the northern part of the city. Continuing on US 49 brings one to a cloverleaf interchange at US 11, one of very few in the South to lack merging lanes between loop ramps, thus altering the usual weaving patterns which plague many of these interchanges.

US 49 passes Hattiesburg's primary medical facility, Forrest General Hospital, and the campus of the University of Southern Mississippi before arriving at another, more standard cloverleaf interchange with I-59. Those who used the aforementioned bypass, wishing to reconnect with US 49 North to the state capital, must use exit 67B. It is also at I-59, where Mississippi Highway 42 (MS 42) runs with US 49 for a short distance as suburban development is soon encountered as the road returns to rural environs. Eventually, MS 42 departs from the four-laned highway and branches off to the west toward smaller towns, starting with Sumrall. Interchanges between Hattiesburg and Jackson provide access to various state highways, and one at Collins provides access to US 84.

US 49W passing through the Mississippi Delta north of Yazoo City

At Jackson, US 49 upgrades to Interstate Highway standards before joining I-20 using a two-lane flyover. About a mile later, I-20/US 49 merges with I-55 at a stack interchange. I-20/I-55/US 49 crosses the Pearl River into Hinds County and bypasses Downtown Jackson, where I-55 departs to the south. US 49/I-20 continue west until US 49 ends its run with I-20 and joins I-220 before turning northwest to Yazoo City. A split in the highway, rare in the U.S. Highway System, begins here; both routes head into the Mississippi Delta, US 49W serving the towns of Belzoni and Indianola, where it junctions with US 82 and its four-lane segment ends, while two-laned US 49E serves Tchula before encountering US 82 at Greenwood. Both routes continue north from US 82 and are linked again at Tutwiler. Continuing northwest, the highway passes through an interchange with US 61 as it enters Clarksdale. It is at Clarksdale that US 49 encounters "The Crossroads", the legendary junction with State Street (an old alignment of US 61) where the great blues musician Robert Johnson is reputed to have sold his soul to the devil.[6]

From Clarksdale, US 49 continues north and crosses the Mississippi River using the Helena Bridge where it enters Arkansas near the town of Helena.

The legendary "Crossroads" at Clarksdale, the inspiration for the song "Cross Road Blues"
Split of US 49 in Tutwiler

In May 2005 portions of extant US 49E were renamed the "Emmett Till Memorial Highway".[7]

The Mississippi section of US 49 and the routes of UA 49E and US 49W are defined at Mississippi Code Annotated § 65-3-3.

Arkansas

US 49 enters Arkansas near Helena-West Helena in Phillips County. US 49 Business runs around the north part of the city, with the main route meeting AR 242 in the southern portion. US 49 continues west to Walnut Corner where the route meets AR 1 (and briefly AR 316). The US 49/AR 1 concurrency ends in Marvell, and US 49 enters Monroe County.

Upon entering Monroe County, US 49 turns north to begin a concurrency with AR 39. US 49 also crosses US 79 before meeting US 70 near Brinkley. The route crosses Interstate 40 north of Brinkley prior to entering Woodruff County. US 49 runs northeast through rural Woodruff County, not crossing of concurring with any important routes before crossing into Cross County.

The route meets US 64 in Fair Oaks, and meets AR 42 in southern Hickory Ridge. It then enters Poinsett County, concurring with AR 214 from Fisher until Waldenburg. The route crosses AR 14 in Waldenburg.

US 49 runs along south Jonesboro, with US 49 Business formerly running into town. US 49 concurs with US 63 until again joining AR 1. The two routes angle north through downtown Jonesboro, crossing US 63 Business and passing by ASU Stadium before leaving town. US 49/AR 1 pass around Brookland, with US 49 Business serving the community.

Entering Greene County, US 49/AR 1 briefly meets AR 358 before entering Paragould. The routes cross US 412 near Kirk Field in Paragould, also meeting AR 135 north of town. US 49 Business also rejoins US 49/AR 1 north of Paragould.

Continuing northeast through rural Greene County, US 49/AR 1 meet AR 34 in Marmaduke and AR 90 in Rector. The route turns north to Piggott at Hargrave Corner, terminating at US 62/AR 139. The Arkansas portion of US 49 is mainly two-lane undivided.

History

One of the original US highways, US 49 was extended north from Clarksdale, Mississippi to US 70 in Brinkley, Arkansas via U.S. Route 61 and Highway 6 in 1963.[8] US 49 was again extended north in 1978, replacing Highway 39 between Brinkley and Jonesboro.[9]Highway 1 between Jonesboro and Piggott was redesignated as US 49 in 1979.[10]

It is notable that for several years during the 1930s, a second split route existed on US 49 in South Mississippi, similar to but shorter than the split that still exists in the Delta region.[11] Between Brooklyn and Hattiesburg, travelers had the option of a 24-mile-long (39 km) direct route via US 49W, or a somewhat shorter but broken route on US 49E, serving the Forrest County Agricultural High School and the small community of McLaurin, Mississippi.

Gallery

Major intersections

StateCountyLocationmi[12]kmDestinationsNotes
MississippiHarrisonGulfport0.000.00 - Biloxi, Long Beach, Ship Island FerrySouthern terminus; road continues as 25th Street
 - New Orleans, Biloxi, MobileI-10 exit 34
north - Poplarville, Lyman Fish Hatchery
south - D'Iberville, BiloxiInterchange
StoneWiggins north to  - Downtown Wiggins, South Wiggins, Flint Creek Water Park
 - Poplarville, LucedaleInterchange
south to  - Downtown Wiggins, Flint Creek Water Park
Forrest north - Lumberton
Hattiesburg to  - Columbia, Laurel, Lucedale, MobileInterchange
Edwards Street (MS 969)
(Broadway Drive) - PurvisInterchange
west (Hardy Street) to /  - Columbia
Old Highway 42 - PetalFormer MS 42 east
/ east - New Orleans, Gulf Coast, Laurel, AirportI-59 exit 67; south end of MS 42 overlap
west - Sumrall, PrentissNorth end of MS 42 overlap
Covington east - Sanford
Seminary south - Sumrall
east - Seminary
Collins - Downtown CollinsInterchange
 - Prentiss, LaurelInterchange
north
Mount Olive - Bassfield, Columbia, Mount Olive, Mize
south - Mount Olive
SimpsonMagee north
east - Mize, LaurelSouth end of MS 28 overlap
north - Downtown MageeSouth end of MS 28 overlap
west / south - Georgetown, HazlehurstNorth end of MS 28 / MS 541 overlap
to  - Boswell Regional Center (Department of Mental Health)Interchange via connector roads
south - SanatoriumSouth end of MS 149 overlap
Mendenhall northNorth end of MS 149 overlap
 - Mendenhall, Prentiss, PuckettInterchange
south
RankinFlorence - Downtown Florence, Brandon
RichlandOld Highway 49Proposed MS 149 north; northbound exit and southbound entrance
East Frontage RoadInterchange; northbound exit and entrance
West Frontage RoadInterchange; southbound exit and entrance
Richland-Pearl line east to  - Flowood, MeridianSouth end of I-20 overlap; I-20 exit 47A
see I-20
Jackson west / begin - VicksburgNorth end of I-20 overlap; south end of I-220 overlap; I-20 exit 41
see I-220
northNorth end of I-220 overlap; I-220 exit 5B
Natchez Trace ParkwayInterchange
MadisonFlora - Edwards, Flora, Canton, Mississippi Petrified Forest National Natural Landmark
YazooBentoniaBentoniaProposed MS 830
 - Satartia, Bentonia
east - Bentonia
east - Benton, CantonSouth end of MS 16 overlap
Yazoo City west / north - Downtown Yazoo CityNorth end of MS 16 overlap
north (Jerry Clower Boulevard) / north (Haley Barbour Parkway) to south - Greenwood, Indianola, VicksburgInterchange; US 49 north splits into US 49E and US 49W
See US 49E and US 49W
TallahatchieTutwiler south ( south) / south - Indianola, GreenwoodSouth end of MS 3 overlap; US 49 south splits into US 49E and US 49W
north - Marks, LambertNorth end of MS 3 overlap
west
CoahomaClarksdale eastSouth end of MS 322 overlap
south / west / west - Clarksdale, Cleveland, Greenville, Delta Blues MuseumInterchange; north end of MS 322 overlap; south end of US 61 / US 278 overlap
east /  - Clarksdale, BatesvilleNorth end of US 278 overlap
south - Lyon, North Clarksdale
Friars Point-Highway 61 / Highway 61-Jonestown - Friars Point, Moon LakeProposed MS 316
north / south (Lula-Rich) - Tunica, Memphis, Sledge, SardisNorth end of US 61 overlap
south - Friars Point, North Delta Museum
Mississippi River334
0.00
538
0.00
Helena Bridge
ArkansasPhillipsHelena-West Helena0.991.59 north / north / (Biscoe Drive) - Business DistrictSouth end of Great River Road overlap
1.352.17 / south to  - Lakeview, Elaine, Harbor and Industrial ParkNorth end of Great River Road overlap
3.986.41 to
6.2810.11 south (North Sebastian Street) - Business District
6.8811.07 north - Municipal Airport
Walnut Corner12.4820.08 north / south - Barton, Lake View
Kindall15.4524.86 north - Rondo
Poplar Grove17.5828.29 south - Trenton
Marvell20.6233.18 north
21.5234.63 south - DeWitt
27.5644.35 south - Postelle, Turner
29.6747.75 west - Holly Grove
Monroe33.5654.01 east - Louisiana Purchase Historic State Park
35.6057.29 north - Blackton
36.7059.06
38.6762.23 - Clarendon, Marianna, Stuttgart, Holly Grove
41.3066.47 - Monroe
43.5570.09 south / to  - Rich
50.6781.55 west
Brinkley51.8083.36 west - DeValls BluffSouth end of US 70 overlap
52.5584.57 east (West Sycamore Street)
53.3985.92 east (West Cypress Street)North end of US 70 overlap
54.9788.47 (US 63) - Little Rock, MemphisI-40 exit 216
56.1390.33 north - Cotton Plant
Woodruff62.47100.54 west - Cotton Plant
Hunter66.28106.67 east to
71.61115.25 north to
Penrose76.23122.68 east to
CrossFair Oaks80.26129.17 west - Bald KnobSouth end of US 64 overlap
80.28129.20 east - WynneNorth end of US 64 overlap
Tilton84.88136.60 east - Vanndale
Hickory Ridge90.44145.55 to  - Cherry Valley
PoinsettFisher96.67155.58 east - White Hall
Waldenburg102.74165.34 - Newport, Harrisburg
104.9168.8 - Lake Hogue Public Fishing
109.34175.97 west - Grubbs
Poinsett-Craighead
county line
113.42182.53
CraigheadJonesboro120.50193.93 west to /
125.53202.02 north / east (Southwest Drive) - Walnut Ridge, HoxieSouth end of US 63 overlap; US 49 south follows exit 45
126.75203.98 (Harrisburg Road)US 63 exit 44
128.40206.64 south / south (Stadium Boulevard) / Caraway Road - Memphis, HarrisburgNorth end of US 63 overlap; south end of AR 1 overlap; US 49 north follows exit 42
129.53208.46 south / (East Highland Drive) - Blytheville
131.74212.01 north (East Johnson Avenue) to  - Jonesboro Business DistrictAR 91 southern terminus
132.31212.93 north / (Old Greensboro Road)South end of AR 351 overlap
132.75213.64 (Airport Road) - AirportNorth end of AR 351 overlap
136.7220.0 north - Brookland Business District
140.60226.27 south - Brookland Business District
GreeneParagould144.65232.79 north
147.34237.12 east
147.87237.97 west
149.71240.93 / north - Walnut Ridge, Cardwell MO, Paragould Business District, Airport
149.97241.35 to west - Walnut Ridge
151.13243.22 /  - Corning, Business District
151.88244.43 south
Marmaduke161.44259.81 - Business District
ClayRector168.86271.75 west - Rector Business DistrictSouth end of AR 90 overlap
169.37272.57 south
Hargrave Corner172.33277.34 east - Kennett MONorth end of AR 90 overlap
Piggott182.33293.43 / north /  - Corning, St. Francis, Piggott Business DistrictNorthern terminus; north end of AR 1 overlap; road continues as Thornton Avenue
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

U.S. Route 49E

Major intersections

The entire route is in Mississippi.

CountyLocationmikmDestinationsNotes
YazooYazoo City south (Jerry Clower Boulevard) / north (Haley Barbour Parkway) to south - Jackson, Indianola, VicksburgInterchange; US 49E south and US 49W merge into US 49
Holmes west - BelzoniSouth end of MS 12 overlap
Tchula east - LexingtonNorth end of MS 12 overlap
LefloreGreenwood east ( north) - WinonaCloverleaf interchange; south end of US 82/MS 7 overlap
west / south - Itta Bena, IndianolaNorth end of US 82/MS 7 overlap
west - Schlater, Doddsville
Minter City - Ruleville, Grenada
Tallahatchie west - ParchmanSouth end of MS 32 overlap
Webb east - CharlestonNorth end of MS 32 overlap
Tutwiler north / south /  - Indianola, Clarksdale, MemphisUS 49E north and US 49W merge into US 49
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

U.S. Route 49W

Major intersections

The entire route is in Mississippi.

CountyLocationmikmDestinationsNotes
YazooYazoo City south / north - Jackson, GreenwoodInterchange; US 49W south and US 49E merge into US 49
south - Yazoo City, VicksburgInterchange; south end of MS 3 overlap
HumphreysSilver City west to /  - Midnight, Louise
eastSouth end of MS 12 overlap
Belzoni west (1st Street) /  - Indianola, HollandaleNorth end of MS 12 overlap
Sunflower north - Moorhead, Mississippi Delta Community CollegeNorth end of MS 3 overlap
Indianola - Greenville, Greenwood
south - Moorhead, Mississippi Delta Community CollegeSouth end of MS 3 overlap
Doddsville west - ShawSouth end of MS 442 overlap
east - SchlaterNorth end of MS 442 overlap
Ruleville (Quiver Street) - Cleveland, Minter City
Parchman east - Webb
TallahatchieTutwiler north ( north) / south - Clarksdale, Memphis, GreenwoodNorth end of MS 3 overlap; US 49W north and US 49E merge into US 49
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also

Related Routes

Special routes

References

  1. ^ "U.S. Route Number Database" (Dec 2009 ed.). American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ Official Mississippi Highway Map of 1960 retrieved September 7, 2011
  3. ^ Official Mississippi State Highway Map, retrieved September 7, 2011
  4. ^ Official Mississippi Hurricane Evacuation Map, retrieved September 7, 2011
  5. ^ https://law.justia.com/codes/mississippi/2013/title-65/chapter-3/special-designations-of-portions-of-highway-system-and-bridges/section-65-3-71.17/
  6. ^ Bluesman at 100; Ever at a crossroads (c) 2011 Los Angeles Times, retrieved September 14, 2011
  7. ^ "Emmett Till Museum Archived 2011-07-11 at the Wayback Machine." Village of Glendora. Retrieved on October 17, 2010.
  8. ^ "Minutes of the Meeting" (PDF). Arkansas State Highway Commission. March 20, 1963. pp. 903-904. Retrieved 2013.
  9. ^ "Minutes of the Meeting" (PDF). Arkansas State Highway Commission. April 26, 1978. pp. 269-270. Retrieved 2013.
  10. ^ "Minutes of the Meeting" (PDF). Arkansas State Highway Commission. April 25, 1979. p. 66. Retrieved 2013.
  11. ^ Official Mississippi Highway Map of 1936, retrieved September 29, 2011
  12. ^ Planning and Research Division (2010). "Arkansas Road Log Database". Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. Archived from the original (ZIP) on June 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011.

External links

Route map:

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U.S._Route_49
 



 



 
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