|Goals scored||826 (3.15 per match)|
|Attendance||5,225,403 (19,944 per match)|
|Top scorer(s)||Harry Kane|
The UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying tournament was a football competition that was played from March 2019 to November 2020 to determine the 24 UEFA member men's national teams that advanced to the UEFA Euro 2020 final tournament, to be staged across Europe in June and July 2021. The competition was linked with the 2018-19 UEFA Nations League, giving countries a secondary route to qualify for the final tournament. For the first time since 1976, no team automatically qualified for the UEFA European Championship as the host country.
The national teams of all 55 UEFA member associations entered the qualifying process, with Kosovo taking part for the first time. The group stage draw took place at the Convention Centre Dublin, Republic of Ireland, on 2 December 2018.
|Team[A]||Qualified as||Qualified on||Previous appearances in tournament[B]|
|Belgium||Group I winner||10 October 2019||5 (1972, 1980, 1984, 2000, 2016)|
|Italy||Group J winner||12 October 2019||9 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Russia[C]||Group I runner-up||13 October 2019||11 (1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Poland||Group G winner||13 October 2019||3 (2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Ukraine||Group B winner||14 October 2019||2 (2012, 2016)|
|Spain||Group F winner||15 October 2019||10 (1964, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|France||Group H winner||14 November 2019||9 (1960, 1984, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Turkey||Group H runner-up||14 November 2019||4 (1996, 2000, 2008, 2016)|
|England||Group A winner||14 November 2019||9 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012, 2016)|
|Czech Republic[D]||Group A runner-up||14 November 2019||9 (1960, 1976, 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Finland||Group J runner-up||15 November 2019||0 (debut)|
|Sweden||Group F runner-up||15 November 2019||6 (1992, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Croatia||Group E winner||16 November 2019||5 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Austria||Group G runner-up||16 November 2019||2 (2008, 2016)|
|Netherlands||Group C runner-up||16 November 2019||9 (1976, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)|
|Germany[E]||Group C winner||16 November 2019||12 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Portugal||Group B runner-up||17 November 2019||7 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016)|
|Switzerland||Group D winner||18 November 2019||4 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2016)|
|Denmark||Group D runner-up||18 November 2019||8 (1964, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012)|
|Wales||Group E runner-up||19 November 2019||1 (2016)|
|North Macedonia||Play-off Path D winner||12 November 2020||0 (debut)|
|Hungary||Play-off Path A winner||12 November 2020||3 (1964, 1972, 2016)|
|Slovakia||Play-off Path B winner||12 November 2020||1 (2016)|
|Scotland||Play-off Path C winner||12 November 2020||2 (1992, 1996)|
There was no automatic qualifying berth, and all 55 UEFA national teams, including the 12 national teams whose countries would stage matches, had to compete in the qualifiers for the 24 places at the finals tournament. As the host cities were appointed by UEFA in September 2014, before qualifying, it was possible for the national teams from the host cities to fail to qualify for the finals tournament.
With the creation of the UEFA Nations League starting in 2018, the 2018-19 UEFA Nations League was linked with UEFA Euro qualifying, providing teams another chance to qualify for the tournament. The qualifying process guaranteed that at least one team from each division of the previous Nations League season would qualify for the final tournament (either directly or through the play-offs).
The main qualifying process began with the qualifying group stage in March 2019, instead of late 2018 immediately following the 2018 FIFA World Cup, and ended in November 2019. The qualifiers were played on double matchdays in March, June, September, October and November 2019. As with the 2016 qualifying tournament, the group stage decided 20 of the 24 teams that advanced to the final tournament. Following the admission of Kosovo to UEFA in May 2016, it was announced that the 55 teams would be drawn into 10 groups after the completion of the league phase of the 2018-19 UEFA Nations League, and the draw seeding would be based on the overall rankings of the 2018-19 UEFA Nations League. There were five groups of five teams, and five groups of six teams, with the four UEFA Nations League Finals participants guaranteed to be drawn into groups of five teams (so they could compete in the Nations League Finals in June 2019). The top two teams in each of the 10 groups qualified for the final tournament.
Following the qualifying group stage, the qualifying play-offs took place to determine the remaining four teams for the final tournament. Unlike previous editions, the participants of the play-offs were not decided based on results from the qualifying group stage. Instead, sixteen teams were selected based on their performance in the 2018-19 UEFA Nations League. These teams were divided into four paths, each containing four teams, with one team from each path qualifying for the final tournament. Each league had its own play-off path if at least four teams had not already qualified in the conventional qualifying group stage. The Nations League group winners automatically qualified for the play-off path of their league. If a group winner had already qualified through the qualifying group stage, they were replaced by the next best-ranked team in the same league. However, if there were not enough non-qualified teams in the same league, then the spot would go to the next best team in the overall ranking. However, group winners could not face teams from a higher league.
Each play-off path featured two single-leg semi-finals, and one single-leg final. In the semi-finals, the best-ranked team hosted the fourth-ranked team, and the second-ranked team hosted the third-ranked team. The host of the final was drawn between the winners of the semi-final pairings. The four play-off path winners joined the twenty teams that had already qualified for the final tournament. The UEFA Executive Committee approved the use of the video assistant referee system for the play-offs during their meeting in Nyon, Switzerland on 4 December 2019, the first time the technology was used in the qualifying competition.
If two or more teams were equal on points on completion of the group matches, the following tie-breaking criteria were applied:
To determine the overall rankings of the European Qualifiers, results against teams in sixth place were discarded and the following criteria were applied:
Below is the schedule of the UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying campaign.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe, the qualifying play-offs, originally scheduled for 26 and 31 March 2020, were postponed by UEFA on 17 March 2020. Afterwards, UEFA tentatively scheduled for the matches to take place on 4 and 9 June 2020. However, the play-offs were later postponed indefinitely by UEFA on 1 April 2020. The scheduling of the play-offs was reviewed by the UEFA Executive Committee during their meeting on 17 June 2020. At the meeting, UEFA decided to stage the play-off semi-finals on 8 October 2020, and the finals on 12 November 2020. To facilitate this, an additional matchday was added to both international windows, allowing for triple-headers to be played in order to complete the league phase of the 2020-21 UEFA Nations League as scheduled. The changes to the International Match Calendar for October and November 2020 were approved by the FIFA Council on 25 June 2020.
|Qualifying group stage||Matchday 1||21-23 March 2019|
|Matchday 2||24-26 March 2019|
|Matchday 3||7-8 June 2019|
|Matchday 4||10-11 June 2019|
|Matchday 5||5-7 September 2019|
|Matchday 6||8-10 September 2019|
|Matchday 7||10-12 October 2019|
|Matchday 8||13-15 October 2019|
|Matchday 9||14-16 November 2019|
|Matchday 10||17-19 November 2019|
|Play-offs||Semi-finals||8 October 2020[A]|
|Finals||12 November 2020[B]|
The qualifying group stage draw was held on 2 December 2018, 12:00 CET (11:00 local time), at the Convention Centre Dublin in Dublin, Republic of Ireland. The 55 teams were drawn into 10 groups: five groups of five teams (Groups A-E) and five groups of six teams (Groups F-J).
The teams were seeded based on the 2018-19 UEFA Nations League overall ranking. The four participants of the 2019 UEFA Nations League Finals in June 2019 were placed in a separate pot and drawn into Groups A-D which only had five teams so that they only had to play eight qualifying matches, leaving two free matchdays to play in Nations League Finals. The following restrictions were also applied with computer assistance:
The teams were seeded based on the November 2018 UEFA Nations League overall rankings. Teams in italics are final tournament hosts. Teams in bold qualified for the final tournament.
|Group A||Group B||Group C||Group D||Group E||Group F||Group G||Group H||Group I||Group J|
Republic of Ireland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Matches took place from 21 March to 19 November 2019.
|1||England||8||7||0||1||37||6||+31||21||Qualify for final tournament||—||5-0||5-3||4-0||7-0|
|3||Kosovo||8||3||2||3||13||16||−3||11||Advance to play-offs via Nations League||0-4||2-1||—||1-1||2-0|
|1||Ukraine||8||6||2||0||17||4||+13||20||Qualify for final tournament||—||2-1||5-0||1-0||2-0|
|3||Serbia||8||4||2||2||17||17||0||14||Advance to play-offs via Nations League||2-2||2-4||—||3-2||4-1|
|1||Germany||8||7||0||1||30||7||+23||21||Qualify for final tournament||—||2-4||6-1||4-0||8-0|
|3||Northern Ireland||8||4||1||3||9||13||−4||13||Advance to play-offs via Nations League||0-2||0-0||—||2-1||2-0|
|1||Switzerland||8||5||2||1||19||6||+13||17||Qualify for final tournament||—||3-3||2-0||1-0||4-0|
|3||Republic of Ireland||8||3||4||1||7||5||+2||13||Advance to play-offs via Nations League||1-1||1-1||—||1-0||2-0|
|1||Croatia||8||5||2||1||17||7||+10||17||Qualify for final tournament||—||2-1||3-1||3-0||2-1|
|3||Slovakia||8||4||1||3||13||11||+2||13||Advance to play-offs via Nations League||0-4||1-1||—||2-0||2-0|
|1||Spain||10||8||2||0||31||5||+26||26||Qualify for final tournament||—||3-0||2-1||5-0||4-0||7-0|
|3||Norway||10||4||5||1||19||11||+8||17||Advance to play-offs via Nations League||1-1||3-3||—||2-2||4-0||2-0|
|1||Poland||10||8||1||1||18||5||+13||25||Qualify for final tournament||—||0-0||2-0||3-2||4-0||2-0|
|3||North Macedonia||10||4||2||4||12||13||−1||14[a]||Advance to play-offs via Nations League||0-1||1-4||—||2-1||1-0||3-1|
|5||Israel||10||3||2||5||16||18||−2||11||Advance to play-offs via Nations League||1-2||4-2||1-1||1-1||—||3-1|
|1||France||10||8||1||1||25||6||+19||25||Qualify for final tournament||—||1-1||4-0||4-1||3-0||2-1|
|3||Iceland||10||6||1||3||14||11||+3||19||Advance to play-offs via Nations League||0-1||2-1||—||1-0||2-0||3-0|
|1||Belgium||10||10||0||0||40||3||+37||30||Qualify for final tournament||—||3-1||3-0||6-1||3-0||9-0|
|3||Scotland||10||5||0||5||16||19||−3||15||Advance to play-offs via Nations League||0-4||1-2||—||2-1||3-1||6-0|
|1||Italy||10||10||0||0||37||4||+33||30||Qualify for final tournament||—||2-0||2-0||2-1||9-1||6-0|
|4||Bosnia and Herzegovina||10||4||1||5||20||17||+3||13||Advance to play-offs via Nations League||0-3||4-1||2-2||—||2-1||5-0|
Teams that failed in the qualifying group stage could still qualify for the final tournament through the play-offs. Each league in the UEFA Nations League was allocated one of the four remaining final tournament spots. Four teams from each league that had not already qualified for the European Championship finals competed in the play-offs of their league. The play-off berths were first allocated to each Nations League group winner, and if any of the group winners had already qualified for the European Championship finals, then to the next best ranked team of the league, etc.
The qualifying play-off draw took place on 22 November 2019, 12:00 CET, at the UEFA headquarters in Nyon, Switzerland. The draw followed the path formation rules to determine the play-off paths that the non-group winners would participate in. Four separate draws determining the host of the play-off final of each path also took place between the winners of the semi-final pairings (identified as semi-final 1 for 1 v 4, and semi-final 2 for 2 v 3).
Based on the 16 teams that advanced to the play-offs, the four play-off paths were formed following the path formation rules, starting with League D and working up to League A:
The following four non-group winners from League C (ordered by Nations League ranking) took part in the draw, with one being drawn into Path C, while the remaining three were allocated to Path A:
The team drawn into Path C occupied position C4, while the three teams drawn into Path A occupied positions A2, A3 and A4, following their Nations League ranking.
The following is the composition of the play-off paths:
The following semi-final winners were drawn to host the play-off final:
With host Scotland in Path C, and two other hosts Hungary and Romania to be drawn into Path A or C, it was not possible to prevent one of these paths from containing two host teams. Therefore, the winner of the path with two hosts had to be assigned to two final tournament groups.
|Team 1||Score||Team 2|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||1-1 (a.e.t.) (3-4 p)||Northern Ireland|
|Slovakia||0-0 (a.e.t.) (4-2 p)||Republic of Ireland|
|Northern Ireland||1-2 (a.e.t.)||Slovakia|
|Team 1||Score||Team 2|
|Scotland||0-0 (a.e.t.) (5-3 p)||Israel|
|Serbia||1-1 (a.e.t.) (4-5 p)||Scotland|
|Team 1||Score||Team 2|
There were 826 goals scored in 262 matches, for an average of 3.15 goals per match.
1 own goal
|23||D||Republic of Ireland||8||3||4||1||7||5||+2||13|
|36||J||Bosnia and Herzegovina||8||2||1||5||12||17||−5||7|
Following the completion of the qualifying group stage, UEFA released a "Team of the European Qualifiers" on 29 November 2019. The team featured 11 players based on accumulated scores from the FedEx Performance Zone player rankings, which was based on form from qualifying. Additional weighting was given for teams that played only eight matches.
|Andriy Pyatov|| Ragnar Sigurðsson
| Ioannis Kousoulos
| Harry Kane|