|Founded||1961 (taken over by UEFA in 1995)|
|Number of teams||50|
|Last champions|| Braga|
|Most successful club(s)||VfB Stuttgart (3 titles)|
The UEFA Intertoto Cup (abbreviated as UI Cup), originally called the International Football Cup, was a summer football competition for European clubs that had not qualified for one of the major UEFA competitions, the Champions League, the UEFA Cup and until 1999, the Cup Winners' Cup. The competition was discontinued after the 2008 tournament. Teams who originally would have entered the Intertoto Cup now directly enter the qualifying stages of the UEFA Europa League from this point.
The tournament was founded in 1961-62, but was only taken over by UEFA in 1995. Initially, the tournament ended with a single champion, who received the Intertoto Cup. Starting in 1967, the tournament ended with a number of group winners (7 to 14 winners, see below), who received cash prizes. When UEFA took on the tournament, it became a qualifier for the UEFA Cup, with 2 to 11 Intertoto winners (see below) advancing to the Second qualifying round of the UEFA Cup.
Any club who wished to participate had to apply for entry, with the highest placed clubs (by league position in their domestic league) at the end of the season entering the competition. The club did not have to be ranked directly below the clubs which had qualified for another UEFA competition; if the club which was in that position did not apply, they would not be eligible to compete, with the place instead going to the club which did apply.
The cup billed itself as providing both an opportunity for clubs who otherwise would not get the chance to enter the UEFA Cup and as an opportunity for sports lotteries (or pools) to continue during the summer. This reflects its background, which was as a tournament solely for football pools. In 1995, the tournament came under official UEFA sanctioning and UEFA Cup qualification places were granted. Initially, two were provided; this was increased to three after one year; but in 2006, it was again increased to the final total of 11.
The Intertoto Cup was the idea of Malmö FF chairman Eric Persson and the later FIFA vice-president and founder of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, Ernst B. Thommen, and the Austrian coach Karl Rappan, who coached the Swiss national team at the 1938 FIFA World Cup and at the 1954 World Cup. The "Cup for the Cupless" was also heavily promoted by the Swiss newspaper Sport. It derived its name from Toto, the German term for football pools.
Thommen, who had set up football betting pools in Switzerland in 1932, had a major interest in having purposeful matches played in the summer break. UEFA were initially disinclined to support the tournament, finding its betting background distasteful; nevertheless they permitted the new tournament but refrained from getting officially involved. Clubs which qualified for one of the official continental competitions, such as the European Champions Cups and Cup Winners Cup, were not allowed to participate.
The first tournament was held in 1961 as the International Football Cup (IFC). Initially the Cup had a group stage, which led to knock-out matches culminating in a final. By 1967, it had become difficult to organize the games, and so the knock-out rounds and the final were scrapped, leaving the tournament without a single winner. Instead, group winners received prizes of CHF10,000-15,000.
By 1995, UEFA had reconsidered their opinion, took official control of the tournament and changed its format. Initially, two winners were given a place in the UEFA Cup. The success of one of the first winners, Bordeaux, in reaching the final of the 1995-96 UEFA Cup encouraged UEFA to add a third UEFA Cup place in 1996.
Many clubs disliked the competition and saw it as disruptive in the preparation for the new season. As a consequence, they did not nominate themselves for participation even if entitled. In particular, following its 1995 relaunch, clubs in England were sceptical about the competition; after initially being offered three places in the cup, all English top division teams rejected the chance to take part. Following the threat of bans of English teams from all UEFA competitions, the situation was eventually resolved with three English clubs entering weakened teams, and none of them qualified.
In following years, UEFA made it possible for nations to forfeit Intertoto places. For example, in 1998, Scotland, San Marino and Moldova forfeited their places, and England, Portugal, and Greece forfeited one of their two, Crystal Palace being the sole English entrant despite finishing bottom of the Premier League. Other clubs have built upon their success in the UI Cup, following it up with great campaigns in the UEFA Cup. Furthermore, UEFA rejected this assertion that the tournament is disruptive. They point out that in the 2004-05 season, two of the three 2004 Intertoto Cup winners went on to qualify directly for the Champions League, whilst the 3rd one qualified by winning its 3rd qualifying round tie (Schalke and Lille directly, Villarreal by winning their 3rd qualifying round tie).
In December 2007, following the election of new UEFA president Michel Platini, it was announced that the Intertoto Cup would be abolished as of 2009. This was a part of a range of changes that were to be made to the UEFA Cup/Champions League System. Instead of teams qualifying for the Intertoto Cup, they will now qualify directly for the qualifying stages of the UEFA Europa League, which was expanded to four rounds to accommodate them.
When the competition was taken over by UEFA in 1995, the format was both a group stage and a knock-out stage; 60 teams were split into 12 groups of five with the 16 best teams then contesting the knock-out stage with two-legged ties at each stage, the two winning finalists qualifying for the UEFA Cup. In 1996 and 1997, just the 12 group winners entered the knock-out round, with now three finalists advancing. Nations were allocated places according to their UEFA coefficients, much as with other UEFA tournaments.
The group stage was scrapped for the 1998 tournament, which became a straight knock-out tournament, with clubs from more successful nations entering at a later stage. This arrangement lasted until 2005.
From the 2006 tournament, the format for the Cup changed. There were three rounds instead of the previous five, and the 11 winning teams from the third round went through to the second qualifying round of the UEFA Cup. The clubs which were furthest in the UEFA Cup would each be awarded with a trophy. The first club that received that trophy (a plaque) was Newcastle United.
Only one team from each national association was allowed to enter. However, if one or more nations did not take up their place, the possibility was left open for nations to have a second entrant. Seedings and entry were determined by each association. Teams from the weakest federations entered at the first round stage, while those from mid-level federations entered in the second round, and those from the strongest federations entered in the third round.
The results shown are the aggregate total over two legs unless otherwise noted.
|1961-62||Ajax||Feyenoord||4 - 2*|
|1962-63||Inter Bratislava||Padova||1 - 0*|
|1963-64||Inter Bratislava||Polonia Bytom||1 - 0*|
|1964-65||Polonia Bytom||SC Leipzig||5 - 4|
|1965-66||Lokomotive Leipzig||IFK Norrköping||4 - 1|
|1966-67||Eintracht Frankfurt||Inter Bratislava||4 - 3|
|* - Single match finals (although 1962-63 has been unofficially reported (http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/intertoto.html) as over two legs)|
During this time there were no competition winners, as only group stages were contested. The outright winners (determined by their best champions) are marked in bold.
|Year||Group A1||Group A2||Group A3||Group A4||Group A5||Group A6||Group B1||Group B2||Group B3||Group B4||Group B5||Group B6||Group B7||Group B8|
|1967||Lugano||Feyenoord||Lille||Lierse||-||-||Hannover 96||Zagbie Sosnowiec||Polonia Bytom||Gothenburg||Ruch Chorzów||Ko?ice||KB||Fortuna Düsseldorf|
|1968||Nuremberg||Ajax||Sporting||Feyenoord||Español||ADO Den Haag||Karl-Marx-Stadt||Empor Rostock||Slovan Bratislava||Ko?ice||Lokomotíva Ko?ice||Odra Opole||Eintracht Braunschweig||Legia Warsaw|
|1970||Slovan Bratislava||Hamburger SV||Union Teplice||MVV||Ko?ice||-||Eintracht Braunschweig||Slavia Prague||Marseille||Öster||Wis?a Kraków||Austria Salzburg||Baník Ostrava||Polonia Bytom|
|Year||Group 1||Group 2||Group 3||Group 4||Group 5||Group 6||Group 7||Group 8||Group 9||Group 10||Group 11||Group 12|
|1969||Malmö FF||Szombierki Bytom||SpVgg Fürth||?ilina||Norrköping||Jednota Tren?ín||Frem||Wis?a Kraków||Odra Opole||-||-||-|
|1971||Hertha BSC||Stal Mielec||Servette||T?inec||Åtvidaberg||Eintracht Braunschweig||Austria Salzburg||-||-||-||-||-|
|1972||Nitra||Norrköping||Saint-Étienne||Slavia Prague||Slovan Bratislava||Eintracht Braunschweig||Hannover 96||VÖEST Linz||-||-||-||-|
|1973||Hannover 96||Slovan Bratislava||Hertha BSC||Zürich||Rybnik||Union Teplice||Feyenoord||Wis?a Kraków||Nitra||Öster||-||-|
|1974||Zürich||Hamburger SV||Malmö FF||Standard Liège||Slovan Bratislava||Spartak Trnava||Duisburg||Baník Ostrava||Ko?ice||CUF||-||-|
|1975||Tirol Innsbruck||VÖEST Linz||Eintracht Braunschweig||Zagbie Sosnowiec||Zbrojovka Brno||Rybnik||Åtvidaberg||1. FC Kaiserslautern||Belenenses||?elik Zenica||-||-|
|1976||Young Boys||Hertha BSC||Union Teplice||Baník Ostrava||Zbrojovka Brno||Spartak Trnava||Internacionál Bratislava||Öster||Djurgården||Vojvodina||Widzew ?ód?||-|
|1977||Halmstad||Duisburg||Internacionál Bratislava||Slavia Sofia||Slavia Prague||Frem||Jednota Tren?ín||Slovan Bratislava||Öster||Pogo? Szczecin||-||-|
|1978||Duisburg||Slavia Prague||Hertha BSC||Eintracht Braunschweig||Malmö FF||Lokomotiva Ko?ice||Tatran Pre?ov||Maccabi Netanya||Grazer AK||-||-||-|
|1979||Werder Bremen||Grasshopper||Eintracht Braunschweig||Bohemians Prague||Spartak Trnava||Zbrojovka Brno||Pirin Blagoevgrad||Baník Ostrava||-||-||-||-|
|1980||Standard Liège||Bohemians Prague||Maccabi Netanya||Sparta Prague||Nitra||Halmstad||Malmö FF||Gothenburg||Elfsborg||-||-||-|
|1981||Wiener Sportclub||Standard Liège||Werder Bremen||Budu?nost||AGF||Molenbeek||Gothenburg||Stuttgarter Kickers||Cheb||-||-||-|
|1982||Standard Liège||Widzew ?ód?||AGF||Lyngby||Admira Wacker Mödling||Bohemians Prague||Brage||Öster||Gothenburg||-||-||-|
|1983||Twente||Young Boys||Pogo? Szczecin||Maccabi Netanya||Sloboda Tuzla||Bohemians Prague||Gothenburg||Hammarby||Fehérvár||Vítkovice||-||-|
|1984||Bohemians Prague||AGF||Fortuna Düsseldorf||Standard Liège||AIK||Malmö FF||Videoton||Maccabi Netanya||Zürich||GKS Katowice||-||-|
|1985||Werder Bremen||Rot-Weiss Erfurt||Gothenburg||AIK||Wismut Aue||Sparta Prague||Górnik Zabrze||Maccabi Haifa||Baník Ostrava||Újpesti Dózsa||MTK Hungária||-|
|1986||Fortuna Düsseldorf||Union Berlin||Malmö FF||Rot-Weiss Erfurt||Sigma Olomouc||Újpesti Dózsa||Brøndby||Lyngby||Lech Pozna?||Gothenburg||Slavia Prague||Carl Zeiss Jena|
|1987||Carl Zeiss Jena||Pogo? Szczecin||Wismut Aue||Tatabánya||Malmö FF||AIK||Etar Veliko Tarnovo||Brøndby||-||-||-||-|
|1988||Malmö FF||Gothenburg||Baník Ostrava||Austria Wien||Young Boys||1. FC Kaiserslautern||Ikast FS||Carl Zeiss Jena||Grasshopper||Karlsruher SC||Bayer Uerdingen||-|
|1989||Luzern||Boldklubben 1903||Tirol Innsbruck||Grasshopper||Tatabánya||Næstved||Örebro||Sparta Prague||Baník Ostrava||Örgryte||1. FC Kaiserslautern||-|
|1990||Neuchâtel Xamax||Tirol Innsbruck||Lech Pozna?||Slovan Bratislava||Malmö FF||GAIS||Luzern||First Vienna||Chemnitz||Bayer Uerdingen||Odense||-|
|1991||Neuchâtel Xamax||Lausanne-Sports||Austria Salzburg||Dukla Banská Bystrica||Boldklubben 1903||Grasshopper||Bayer Uerdingen||Dunajská Streda||Tirol Innsbruck||Örebro||-||-|
|1992||Copenhagen||Siófok||Bayer Uerdingen||Karlsruher SC||Rapid Wien||Lyngby||Slovan Bratislava||Aalborg||Slavia Prague||Lokomotiv Gorna Oryahovitsa||-||-|
|1993||Rapid Wien||Trelleborg||Norrköping||Malmö FF||Slavia Prague||Zürich||Young Boys||Dynamo Dresden||-||-||-||-|
|1994||Halmstad||Young Boys||AIK||Hamburger SV||Békéscsaba||Slovan Bratislava||Grasshopper||Austria Wien||-||-||-||-|
The results shown are the aggregate total over two legs. Listed are each year's three teams (two in 1995) that won the final matches, qualifying them for the UEFA Cup.
|1996||Karlsruher SC||Standard Liège||3-2|
|Guingamp||Rotor Volgograd||2-2 (a)|
|1999||Montpellier||Hamburger SV||2-2 (3-0 pen.)|
|West Ham United||Metz||3-2|
|Celta Vigo||Zenit Saint Petersburg||4-3|
|Paris Saint-Germain||Brescia||1-1 (a)|
|Troyes||Newcastle United||4-4 (a)|
|Schalke 04||Slovan Liberec||3-1|
|Villarreal||Atlético Madrid||2-2 (3-1 pen.)|
|Marseille||Deportivo La Coruña||5-3|
Listed are all 11 teams that won the Intertoto Cup, qualifying for the UEFA Cup. The outright winners (determined by the best performance in the UEFA Cup) are marked in bold.
|2006||Newcastle United||Auxerre||Grasshopper||OB||Marseille||Hertha BSC|
|2007||Hamburger SV||Atlético Madrid||AaB||Sampdoria||Blackburn Rovers||Lens|
|Leiria||Rapid Wien||Hammarby IF||O?elul Gala?i||Tobol|
|2008||Braga||Aston Villa||Deportivo La Coruña||VfB Stuttgart||Rosenborg||Napoli|
From 2006 onwards, the final round was no longer termed as the "Final", but instead simply as the "Third Round". In addition, there were 11 winners, compared to three under the old system. The clubs which progressed furthest in the UEFA Cup were awarded with a trophy (plaque).
|Club||Winners||Runners-up||Years won||Years runner-up|
|Hamburger SV||2||1||2005, 2007||1999|
|VfB Stuttgart||2||0||2000, 2002||--|
|Schalke 04||2||0||2003, 2004||--|
|West Ham United||1||0||1999||--|
|Zenit Saint Petersburg||0||1||--||2000|
|Deportivo La Coruña||0||1||--||2005|
|Nation||Winners||Runners-up||Winning and group champion clubs||Runner-up and group runners-up clubs|
|Czechoslovakia||62||34||Slovan Bratislava (8), Banik Ostrava (7), Bohemians Prague (6), Slavia Prague (6), Inter Bratislava (4), Ko?ice (4), Nitra (3), Sparta Prague (3), Spartak Trnava (3), Union Teplice (3), Zbrojovka Brno (3), Jednota Trencin (2), Lokomotiva Kosice (2), DAC Dunajská Streda, Dukla Banská Bystrica, Cheb, Sigma Olomouc, Tatran Pre?ov, T?inec, Vítkovice, ?ilina||Slavia Prague (5), Bohemians Prague (3), Cheb (3), Inter Bratislava (3), Nitra (2), Sigma Olomouc (2), Sparta Prague (2), Spartak Trnava (2), Zbrojovka Brno (2), ?ilina (2), DAC Dunajská Streda, Dukla Prague, Jednota Trencin, Ko?ice, Slovan Bratislava, Tatran Pre?ov, Union Teplice, Vítkovice|
|Germany||50||46||Eintracht Braunschweig (7), Hamburg (5), Hertha Berlin (5), Bayer Uerdingen (4), Werder Bremen (4), Duisburg (3), Fortuna Düsseldorf (3), Hannover 96 (3), Kaiserslautern (3), Karlsruhe (3), Stuttgart (3), Schalke 04 (2), Dynamo Dresden, Eintracht Frankfurt, Nuremberg, SpVgg Fürth, Stuttgarter Kickers||Duisburg (5), Kaiserslautern (5), Werder Bremen (5), Arminia Bielefeld (3), Bayer Leverkusen (3), Hertha Berlin (3), Bochum (2), Fortuna Düsseldorf (2), Hannover 96 (2), Karlsruhe (2), Saarbrücken (2), 1860 Münich, Bayer Uerdingen, Borussia Dortmund, Eintracht Braunschweig, Eintracht Frankfurt, Hallescher, Hamburg, Kickers Offenbach, Lokomotive Leipzig, Schalke 04, Stuttgarter Kickers, Wolfsburg|
|Sweden||46||28||Malmö FF (10), IFK Göteborg (8), Öster (5), AIK (4), Halmstad (3) IFK Norrköping (3), Atvidaberg (2), Elfsborg (2), Hammarby (2), Örebro (2), Brage, Djurgården, GAIS, Örgryte, Trelleborg||Malmö FF (8), Atvidaberg (2), IFK Göteborg (2), IFK Norrköping (2), Kalmar (2), Örgryte (2), Öster (2), Djurgården, Häcken, Halmstad, Hammarby, Helsingborg, Landskrona, Örebro, Trelleborg|
|Poland||25||27||Pogo? Szczecin (3), Polonia Bytom (3), Wisla Kraków (3), Lech Pozna? (2), Odra Opole (2), ROW Rybnik (2), Widzew ?ód? (2), Zaglebie Sosnowiec (2), Górnik Zabrze, Katowice, Legia Warsaw, Ruch Chorzów, Szombierki Bytom||Zaglebie Sosnowiec (4), Górnik Zabrze (2), Gwardia Warsaw (2), Katowice (2), Legia Warsaw (2), Polonia Bytom (2), Ruch Chorzów (2), Szombierki Bytom (2), Wisla Kraków (2), Lech Pozna?, LKS ?ód?, Odra Opole, Pogo? Szczecin, ROW Rybnik, Widzew ?ód?, Zawisza Bydgoszcz|
|Switzerland||22||15||Grasshopper (6), Young Boys (5), Zürich (4), Luzern (2), Neuchâtel Xamax (2), Lausanne Sports, Lugano, Servette||Grasshopper (4), Lausanne Sports (2), Zürich (2), Aarau, Basel, Grenchen, Lugano, Sion, St. Gallen, Young Boys|
|Denmark||21||30||AGF (3), Lyngby (3), Aalborg (2), B 1903 (2), Brøndby (2), Frem (2), Odense (2), Copenhagen, Ikast, KB, Næstved, Silkeborg||Odense (7), AGF (4), KB (4), Vejle (4), Brøndby (2), Esbjerg (2), Lyngby (2), Næstved (2), Frem, Hvidovre, Silkeborg|
|Austria||20||32||Wacker/Tirol Innsbruck (4), Rapid Vienna (3), Salzburg (3), Ried, Sturm Graz, Austria Vienna (2), VÖEST Linz (2), Admira, First Vienna, Grazer AK, Ried, Sturm Graz, Wiener Sportclub||Sturm Graz (5), Wacker/Tirol Innsbruck (5), LASK Linz (4), Admira (3), Austria Vienna (3), First Vienna (3), Salzburg (3), VÖEST Linz (2), Austria Klagenfurt, Pasching, Rapid Vienna, Wiener Sportclub|
|France||19||9||Marseille (3), Auxerre (2), Lens (2), Lille (2), Bastia, Bordeaux, Guingamp, Lyon, Montpellier, Paris Saint-Germain, Rennes, Saint-Étienne, Strasbourg, Troyes||Auxerre, Bordeaux, Caen, Lille, Metz, Montpellier, RCF Paris, Rennes, Saint-Étienne|
|East Germany||12||9||Carl Zeiss Jena (3), Chemnitz/Karl-Marx-Stadt (2), Rot-Weiss Erfurt (2), Wismut Aue (2), Empor Rostock, Lokomotive Leipzig, Union Berlin||Lokomotive Leipzig (3), Carl Zeiss Jena (2), Chemnitz/Karl-Marx-Stadt (2), Dynamo Dresden, Magdeburg|
|Hungary||9||12||Tatabánya (2), Újpest (2), Videoton (2), Békéscsaba, MTK, Siófok||Vác (3), Honvéd (2), Videoton (2), Gy?r, MTK, Pécsi, Siófok, Zalaegerszegi|
|Netherlands||9||11||Feyenoord (3), Ajax (2), Twente (2), ADO Den Haag, MVV||ADO Den Haag (3), Armsterdam, Feyenoord, Groningen, Heerenveen, NAC Breda, PSV, Twente, Utrecht|
|Spain||8||5||Villarreal (2), Atlético Madrid, Celta de Vigo, Deportivo La Coruña, Español, Málaga, Valencia||Villarreal (2), Atlético Madrid, Deportivo La Coruña, Valencia|
|Belgium||7||15||Standard Liège (5), Lierse, Molenbeek||Standard Liège (8), Gent (2), Anderlecht, Beveren, Liège, Molenbeek, Royal Antwerp|
|Italy||6||3||Bologna, Juventus, Napoli, Perugia, Sampdoria, Udinese||Bologna, Brescia, Padova|
|England||6||1||Aston Villa (2), Blackburn Rovers, Fulham, Newcastle United, West Ham United||Newcastle United|
|Israel||5||6||Maccabi Netanya (4), Maccabi Haifa (1)||Maccabi Haifa (2), Bnei Sakhnin, Hapoel Be'er Sheva, Hapoel Tel Aviv, Maccabi Petah Tikva|
|Portugal||5||6||Belenenses, Braga, CUF, Leiria, Sporting||Vitória Guimarães (2), Belenenses, CUF, Leiria, Vitória Setúbal|
|Bulgaria||4||13||Etar Veliko Tarnovo, Lokomotiv Gorna Oryahovitsa, Pirin Blagoevgrad, Slavia Sofia||Pirin Blagoevgrad (3), Slavia Sofia (3), Chernomorets Burgas (2), Lokomotiv Sofia (2), Cherno More Varna, Marek Dupnitsa, Spartak Varna|
|Yugoslavia||4||6||Budu?nost, ?elik Zenica, Sloboda Tuzla, Vojvodina||Vojvodina (3), Olimpija Ljubljana, Rad, Sloboda Tuzla|
|Romania||2||5||O?elul Gala?i, Vaslui||Rapid Bucure?ti (2), CFR Cluj, Farul Constan?a, Gloria Bistri?a|
|Norway||1||7||Rosenborg||Bryne (2), Lillestrøm (2), Vålerenga (2), Viking|
|Czech Republic||1||4||Slavia Prague||Sigma Olomouc (2), Slavia Prague, Slovan Liberec|
|Slovakia||1||1||Slovan Bratislava||Slovan Bratislava|
|Russia||5||FC Moscow, Rotor Volgograd, Rubin Kazan, Saturn, Zenit St. Petersburg|
|Greece||3||Larissa, OFI Crete, Panionios|
|Ukraine||3||Chornomorets Odessa, Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk, Tavriya Simferopol|
|Moldova||2||Dacia Chi?in?u, Tiraspol|
The clubs which qualify for ... the UEFA Cup and which subsequently go furthest in the competition each receive a UEFA Intertoto Cup trophy