UEFA Super Cup
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UEFA Super Cup

UEFA Super Cup
UEFA Super Cup 2013.png
Founded1972; 48 years ago (1972)
(official since 1973)
RegionEurope (UEFA)
Number of teams2
Current champions
Most successful club(s)
WebsiteOfficial website
2020 UEFA Super Cup

The UEFA Super Cup is an annual super cup football match organised by UEFA and contested by the reigning champions of the two main European club competitions, the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League. It is not recognised as one of UEFA's 'major' competitions.[1][2] The competition's official name was originally the European Super Cup; it was renamed the UEFA Super Cup before the 1995 edition, following a policy of rebranding by UEFA.

From 1972 to 1999, the UEFA Super Cup was contested between the winners of the European Cup/UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. After the discontinuation of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, it has been contested by the winners of the UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup, which was renamed the UEFA Europa League in 2009.

The current holders are Bayern Munich, who won 2-1 after extra time against Sevilla in the 2020 edition. The most successful teams in the competition are Barcelona and Milan, who have won the trophy five times each.

History

The European Super Cup was created in 1971 by Anton Witkamp, a reporter and later sports editor of Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf. The idea came to him in a time when Dutch total football was Europe's finest and Dutch football clubs were enjoying their golden era (especially Ajax). Witkamp was looking for something new to definitely decide which was the best team in Europe and also to further test Ajax's legendary team, led by their star player Johan Cruyff. It was then proposed that the winner of the European Cup would face the winner of the European Cup Winners' Cup. All was set for a new competition to be born. However, when Witkamp tried to get an official endorsement to his competition, the UEFA president turned it down.

The 1972 final between Ajax and Scotland's Rangers is considered unofficial by UEFA,[3] as Rangers were banned from European competition due to the behaviour of their fans during the 1972 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Final. As a result, UEFA refused to endorse the competition until the following season.[4] It was played in two legs and was financially supported by De Telegraaf. Ajax defeated Rangers 6-3 on aggregate and won the first (albeit unofficial) European Super Cup.

The 1973 final, in which Ajax defeated Milan 6-1 on aggregate, was the first Super Cup officially recognised and supported by UEFA.

Although the two-legged format was kept until 1997, the Super Cup was decided in one single match because of schedule issues or political problems in 1984, 1986, and 1991. In 1974, 1981 and 1985, the Super Cup was not played at all: 1974's competition was abandoned because Bayern Munich and Magdeburg could not find a mutually convenient date, 1981's was abandoned when Liverpool could not make space to meet Dinamo Tbilisi, while 1985's was abandoned due to a ban on English clubs' participation preventing Everton from playing Juventus.[3][5]

In the 1992-93 season, the European Cup was renamed the UEFA Champions League and the winners of this competition would face the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup in the European Super Cup. In the 1994-1995 season, the European Cup Winners' Cup was renamed the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. The following season, the Super Cup also renamed the UEFA Super Cup.

After the 1998-99 season, the Cup Winners' Cup was discontinued by UEFA. The 1999 Super Cup was the last one contested by the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup. Lazio, winners of the 1998-99 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, defeated Manchester United, winners of the 1998-99 UEFA Champions League, 1-0.

Barcelona captain Andrés Iniesta lifting the 2015 UEFA Super Cup trophy.

Since then, the UEFA Super Cup was contested between the winners of the UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup. The 2000 Super Cup was the first one contested by the winners of the UEFA Cup. Galatasaray, winners of the 1999-2000 UEFA Cup, defeated Real Madrid, winners of the 1999-2000 UEFA Champions League, 2-1.

In the 2009-10 season, the UEFA Cup was renamed the UEFA Europa League and the winners of this competition would continue to face the winners of the Champions League in the UEFA Super Cup.

In 2013, Chelsea became the first club to contest the Super Cup as holders of all three UEFA club honours, having entered as holders of the Cup Winners' Cup (1998), Champions League (2012), and Europa League (2013). Manchester United shared this honour in 2017 after their Europa League win, having qualified as Cup Winners' Cup holders in 1991.

After 15 consecutive Super Cups being played at Stade Louis II in Monaco between 1998 and 2012, the Super Cup is now played at various stadiums (similar to the finals of the Champions League and the Europa League). It was started with the 2013 edition, which was played at Eden Stadium in Prague, Czech Republic.[6]

Starting in 2014, the date of the UEFA Super Cup was moved from Friday in late August, to Tuesday in mid-August, following the removal of the August international friendly date in the new FIFA International Match Calendar.[7]

Venues

The competition was originally played over two legs, one at each participating club's stadium, except in exceptional circumstances; for instance in 1991 when Red Star Belgrade were not permitted to play the leg in their native Yugoslavia due to the war which was taking place at the time, so instead Manchester United's home leg was only played. Since 1998, the Super Cup was played as a single match at a neutral venue.[8] Between 1998 and 2012, the Super Cup was played at the Stade Louis II in Monaco. Since 2013 various stadiums have been used.

List of venues since 1998

Prizes

Trophy

UEFA Super Cup trophy

The UEFA Super Cup trophy is retained by UEFA at all times. A full-size replica trophy is awarded to the winning club. Forty gold medals are presented to the winning club and forty silver medals to the runners-up.[16]

The Super Cup trophy has undergone several changes in its history. The first trophy was presented to Ajax in 1973. In 1977, the original trophy was replaced by a plaque with a gold UEFA emblem. In 1987, the next trophy was the smallest and lightest of all the European club trophies, weighing 5 kg (11 lb) and measuring 42.5 cm (16.7 in) in height (the UEFA Champions League trophy weighs 8 kg (18 lb) and the UEFA Europa League trophy 15 kg (33 lb)). The new model, which is a larger version of the previous trophy was introduced in 2006 and weighs 12.2 kg (27 lb) and measures 58 cm (23 in) in height.[17]

Until 2008, a team which won three times in a row or five in total received an original copy of the trophy and a special mark of recognition. Since then, the original trophy has been kept exclusively by UEFA. Milan and Barcelona have achieved this honour, winning a total of five times each but the Italian team is the only one which was awarded the official trophy permanently in 2007.

Prize money

As of 2020, the fixed amount of prize money paid to the clubs is as follows:

  • Runner-up: EUR3,800,000
  • Winner: EUR5,000,000

Rules

Currently, the rules of the UEFA Super Cup are that it is a single match, contested in a neutral venue. The match consists of two periods of 45 minutes each, known as halves. If the scores are level at the end of 90 minutes, two additional 15-minute periods of extra time are played. If there is no winner at the end of the second period of extra time, a penalty shoot-out determines the winner. Each team names 23 players, 11 of which start the match. Of the 12 remaining players, a total of 3 may be substituted throughout the match; a fourth substitute is permitted however if the match enters extra time. Each team may wear its first choice kit; if these clash, however, the previous year's Europa League winning team must wear an alternative colour. If a club refuses to play or is ineligible to play then they are replaced by the runner-up of the competition through which they qualified. If the field is unfit for play due to bad weather, the match must be played the next day.[16]

Sponsorship

The UEFA Super Cup's sponsors are the same as the sponsors for the UEFA Champions League. The tournament's current main sponsors are (as of the 2020-21 season)[18]

Adidas is a secondary sponsor and supplies the official match ball and referee uniform.

Individual clubs may wear jerseys with advertising, even if such sponsors conflict with those of the Europa League; however, only one sponsorship is permitted per jersey (plus that of the manufacturer). Exceptions are made for non-profit organisations, which can feature on the front of the shirt, incorporated with the main sponsor, or on the back, either below the squad number or between the player name and the collar.

Tickets

60% of the stadium capacity is reserved for the visiting clubs. The remaining seats are sold by UEFA through an online auction. There are an unlimited number of applications for tickets given out. The 5 euro administration fee is deducted from each applicant and there is no limit to the number of applications each individual can make.[27]

Records and statistics

Winners

By nation

Performance by nation
Nation Winners Runners-up Total
 Spain 15 13 28
 Italy 9 4 13
 England 8 10 18
 Belgium 3 0 3
 Germany[C] 2 7 9
 Netherlands[B] 2 3 5
 Portugal 1 3 4
 Russia 1 1 2
 Soviet Union[D] 1 1 2
 Romania 1 0 1
 Scotland[B] 1 0 1
 Turkey 1 0 1
 France 0 1 1
 Ukraine 0 1 1
 Yugoslavia 0 1 1
Total 45 45 90
Notes
  • A. ^ No competitions were held in 1974, 1981 and 1985.[3][5]
  • B. ^ Excludes the first competition held in 1972, not organised nor recognised by UEFA as an official title.[3]
  • C. ^ Includes West Germany clubs. No East Germany clubs appeared in a final.
  • D. ^ Both Soviet finals appearances were by a Ukrainian SSR club

Individual records

Hat-tricks

See also

References

  1. ^ "Tottenham eye rare European clean sweep". uefa.com. UEFA. 30 May 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Library - Inside UEFA". uefa.com. UEFA. 25 August 2010. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d "Club competition winners do battle". UEFA. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Dynamo bring happy memories". BBC Sport. 16 October 2001. Retrieved 2008.
  5. ^ a b Woods, Tom (14 November 2015). "Everton FC: The forgotten game of the 1985/86 UEFA Super Cup". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ Prague celebrates 2013 Super Cup honour
  7. ^ a b c "UEFA EURO 2020, UEFA Super Cup decisions". UEFA.org. Union of European Football Associations. 30 June 2012.
  8. ^ "UEFA Super Cup: Competition format". UEFA. 31 August 2007. Retrieved 2008.
  9. ^ "Wembley, Amsterdam ArenA, Prague get 2013 finals". UEFA.org. 16 June 2011.
  10. ^ "Georgia's Dinamo Arena embraces UEFA Super Cup 2015". Agenda.ge. 5 March 2014.
  11. ^ "Milan to host 2016 UEFA Champions League final". UEFA.org. 18 September 2014.
  12. ^ "FYR Macedonia to host 2017 UEFA Super Cup". UEFA.com. 30 June 2015.
  13. ^ Tallinn to stage 2018 UEFA Super Cup
  14. ^ "UEFA competitions to resume in August". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 17 June 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  15. ^ "2021 Super Cup to take place in Belfast". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 24 September 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Regulations of the UEFA Super Cup 2015-18 Cycle" (PDF). UEFA. March 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ "The trophy". UEFA. Retrieved 2009.
  18. ^ "UEFA Champions League - UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2015.
  19. ^ "Banco Santander to become UEFA Champions League Partner". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2018.
  20. ^ "Uefa Champions League checks in with Expedia". SportsPro. Retrieved 2018.
  21. ^ "Gazprom renews UEFA Champions League partnership". UEFA. Retrieved 14 August 2019
  22. ^ "HEINEKEN extends UEFA club competition sponsorship". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2018.
  23. ^ Carp, Sam. "Uefa cashes in Mastercard renewal". SportsPro. Retrieved 2018.
  24. ^ "Nissan renews UEFA Champions League Partnership". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2018.
  25. ^ "PepsiCo renews UEFA Champions League Partnership". UEFA.com. UEFA. Retrieved 2018.
  26. ^ "PlayStation® extends UEFA Champions League Partnership". UEFA.com. UEFA. Retrieved 2018.
  27. ^ "UEFA Super Cup ticketing" (PDF). UEFA.com. Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ UEFA.com. "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". UEFA.com. Retrieved .
  29. ^ UEFA.com. "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". UEFA.com. Retrieved .
  30. ^ UEFA.com. "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". UEFA.com. Retrieved .
  31. ^ "Sir Alex Ferguson's UEFA Super Cup regret". manutd.com. 8 August 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  32. ^ "European Cups - Performances by Coach". rsssf.com. 10 August 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  33. ^ "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". uefa.com. 11 August 2015. Retrieved 2017.
  34. ^ "UEFA-Supercup » All-time Topscorers » rank 1 - 50". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 2017.
  35. ^ "Costa sets UEFA Super Cup record with first minute goal against Real Madrid". Goal.com. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  36. ^ "Barcelona 1-0 Shakhtar Donetsk". RTE.ie. 2009-08-28. Retrieved .
  37. ^ "Barcelona 5-4 Sevilla (aet)". BBC Sport. 2015-08-11. Retrieved .
  38. ^ FIFA.com (2012-09-05). "Prolific predators, droughts and a drubbing". FIFA.com. Retrieved .
  39. ^ "Radamel Falcao 21 things you should know". telegraph.co.uk.

External links

Media related to UEFA Super Cup at Wikimedia Commons


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