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Municipality and town
Ubaque at night
Ubaque at night
Flag of Ubaque
Official seal of Ubaque
Location of the municipality and town inside Cundinamarca Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town inside Cundinamarca Department of Colombia
Ubaque is located in Colombia
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 4°28?59?N 73°56?4?W / 4.48306°N 73.93444°W / 4.48306; -73.93444Coordinates: 4°28?59?N 73°56?4?W / 4.48306°N 73.93444°W / 4.48306; -73.93444
Country Colombia
Department Cundinamarca
ProvinceEastern Province
Founded15 October 1651
Founded byCustodio Lesaca
 o MayorEdgar Orlando Aguas Alba
 o Municipality and town104.96 km2 (40.53 sq mi)
 o Urban
0.14 km2 (0.05 sq mi)
1,867 m (6,125 ft)
 o Municipality and town6,166
 o Density59/km2 (150/sq mi)
 o Urban
Time zoneUTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)
WebsiteOfficial website

Ubaque is a municipality and town of Colombia in the Eastern Province of the department of Cundinamarca. Ubaque borders the municipalities Choachí in the north, Fómeque in the east, Cáqueza and Chipaque in the south and in the west is the Colombian capital Bogotá at 56 km away.[1]


The area around Ubaque was before the Spanish conquest in the 1530s inhabited by the indigenous Muisca, organised in a confederation. The capital of the southern Muisca territories was Bacatá, present-day Bogotá, to the west of Ubaque with ruler Saguamanchica. Ubaque was ruled by a cacique who was loyal to the northern Muisca with capital Hunza until Saguamanchica's successor, the brutal leader Nemequene conquered Ubaque.

The arrival of the Spanish conquerors was revealed to zipa Tisquesusa, succeeding the throne after the death of Nemequene. Tisquesusa reigned the southern Muisca at the time of arrival of the Spanish, led by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada. Mohan Popón who lived in Ubaque told the Muisca ruler that foreigners were coming and Tisquesusa would die "bathing in his own blood".[2]

The troops of De Quesada conquered the Muisca Confederation and on October 15th, 1651 Ubaque was properly founded.

The etymology of Ubaque is not entirely clear. The name could be derived from Ybaque (the Chibcha word for a blooding Eucalyptus tree, common in the Andes) or from the word Ebaque.[1]


Main economical activity of Ubaque, where 98% of the people live in rural areas, is agriculture, particularly potatoes and carrots.[1]

Lake Ubaque

Lake Ubaque

Lake Ubaque or Lake El Cacique is a sacred lake in the religion of the Muisca, located within the boundaries of Ubaque.[3] It was in Ubaque where the last public religious ceremony of the Muisca was performed, on December 27th, 1563.[4]

Born in Ubaque


  1. ^ a b c (in Spanish) Official website Ubaque - accessed 04-05-2016
  2. ^ (in Spanish) Tisquesusa would die bathing in his own blood - Pueblos Originarios - accessed 04-05-2016
  3. ^ Ocampo López, 2007, Ch.V, p.226
  4. ^ Londoño, 2001, p.4


External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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