|UN General Assembly|
Resolution 66 (I)
|Date||14 December 1946|
|Meeting no.||Sixty fourth|
|Subject||Transmission of information under Article 73e of the Charter [relating to non-self-governing territories]|
Chapter XI of the United Nations Charter refers to a non-self-governing territory (NSGT) as a territory "whose people have not yet attained a full measure of self-government." In practice, a NSGT is a territory deemed by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) to be "non-self-governing". Chapter XI of the UN Charter also includes a "Declaration on Non-Self-Governing Territories" that the interests of the occupants of dependent territories are paramount and requires member states of the United Nations in control of such territories to submit annual information reports concerning the development of those territories. Since 1946, the UNGA has maintained a list of non-self governing territories under member states' control. Since its inception, dozens of territories have been removed from the list, typically when they attained independence or internal self-government, while other territories have been added as new administering countries joined the United Nations or the General Assembly reassessed the status of certain territories.
Since 1961 the list has been maintained by the Special Committee on Decolonization.
Chapter XI of the UN Charter contains a Declaration Concerning Non-Self-Governing Territories. Article 73(e) requires UN member states to report to the United Nations annually on the development of NSGTs under their control. From the initial reports provided by eight member states (Australia, Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States), a list was compiled in 1946 listing 72 NSGTs. In several instances, administering states were later allowed to remove dependent territories from the list, either unilaterally (as in the case of French overseas territories such as French Polynesia), or by a vote of the General Assembly (as in the cases of Puerto Rico, Greenland, the Netherlands Antilles, and Suriname).
The list draws its origins from the period of colonialism and the Charter's concept of non-self-governing territories. As an increasing number of formerly colonized countries became UN members, the General Assembly increasingly asserted its authority to place additional territories on the list and repeatedly declared that only the General Assembly had the authority to authorize a territory's being removed from the list upon attainment of any status other than full independence. For example, when Portugal joined the United Nations it contended that it did not control any non-self-governing territory, claiming that areas such as Angola and Mozambique were an integral part of the Portuguese state, but the General Assembly rejected this position. Similarly, Western Sahara was added in 1963 when it was a Spanish colony. Similarly with Namibia, which was seen, due to its former status as a League of Nations mandate territory, as a vestige of German colonial legacy in Africa, until it was removed in 1990 upon its independence. A set of criteria for determining whether a territory is to be considered "non-self-governing" was established in General Assembly Resolution 1541 (XV) of 1960. Also in 1960, the General Assembly adopted Resolution 1514 (XV), promulgating the "Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples", which declared that all remaining non-self-governing territories and trust territories were entitled to self-determination and independence. The following year, the General Assembly established the Special Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (sometimes referred to as the Special Committee on Decolonization, or the "Committee of 24" because for much of its history the committee was composed of 24 members), which reviews the situation in non-self-governing territories each year and reports to the General Assembly. A revised list in 1963 listed 64 NSGTs.
The list remains controversial in some countries for various reasons:
One reason for controversy is that the list includes some dependencies that have democratically chosen to maintain their current status, or have had a referendum in which there were not enough votes for a change of status, or in some cases (such as United States Virgin Islands) simply had an insufficient number of voters participate.
Gibraltar is largely a self-governing British territory on the tip of the Iberian Peninsula with a population of about 30,000 people, whose territory is claimed by Spain. It continues to be listed as an NSGT though its residents expressed a preference in two referendums to retain the status quo. In 1967, they were asked whether to retain their current status or to become part of Spain. The status quo was favoured by 12,138 votes to 44. In 2002, a proposal for a joint British-Spanish administration of the territory was voted down by 17,900 votes to 187. (The "no" vote accounted for more than 85% of Gibraltar's entire electorate). The United Nations did not recognise either referendum, with the 1967 referendum being declared in contravention of previous UN resolutions. The Spanish government does not recognize any right of the current Gibraltar inhabitants to self-determination, on the grounds that they are not the original population of the territory, but residents transferred by the colonial power, the United Kingdom.
The territory of Tokelau divides political opinion in New Zealand. In response to attempts at decolonizing Tokelau, New Zealand journalist Michael Field wrote in 2004: "The UN ... is anxious to rid the world of the last remaining vestiges of colonialism by the end of the decade. It has a list of 16 territories around the world, virtually none of which wants to be independent to any degree." Field further notes that Patuki Isaako, who was head of Tokelau's government at the time of a UN seminar on decolonization in 2004, informed the United Nations that his country had no wish to be decolonized, and that Tokelauans had opposed the idea of decolonization ever since the first visit by UN officials in 1976.
In 2006, a UN-supervised referendum on decolonization was held in Tokelau, where 60.07% of voters supported the offer of self-government. However, the terms of the referendum required a two-thirds majority to vote in favor of self-government. A second referendum was held in 2007, in which 64.40% of Tokelauans supported self-government, falling short of the two-thirds majority by 16 votes. This led New Zealand politician and former diplomat John Hayes, on behalf of the National Party, to state that "Tokelau did the right thing to resist pressure from [the New Zealand government] and the United Nations to pursue self-government". In May 2008, the United Nations' Secretary General Ban Ki-moon urged colonial powers "to complete the decolonization process in every one of the remaining 16 Non-Self-Governing Territories". This led the New Zealand Herald to comment that the United Nations was "apparently frustrated by two failed attempts to get Tokelau to vote for independence from New Zealand".
The Falkland Islands is a British Overseas Territory with a population of 2,500 people and an autonomous government, that is also claimed by Argentina. In March 2013, the Falkland Islands government organised a referendum on the status of the territory. With a 92% turnout, 99.8% of Falkland Islanders voted to maintain the status quo, with only 3 islanders favouring a change.
A lack of population and landmass is an issue for at least one territory included on the list: the British overseas territory Pitcairn Islands. With a population of around 50 and a total area of 47 km2 (18.1 sq mi), it is too small to be realistically viable as an independent state. Four other territories--Tokelau, Montserrat, the Falkland Islands and Saint Helena--are less populous than any UN member state presently.
In addition, some territories are financially dependent on their administering state.
Another criticism is that a number of the listed territories, such as Bermuda (see Politics of Bermuda), the Falkland Islands and Gibraltar, consider themselves completely autonomous and self-governing, with the "administering power" retaining limited oversight over matters such as defence and diplomacy. In past years, there were ongoing disputes between some administering powers and the Decolonization Committee over whether territories such as pre-independence Brunei and the West Indies Associated States should still be considered "non-self-governing", particularly in instances where the administering country was prepared to grant full independence whenever the territory requested it. These disputes became moot as those territories eventually received full independence.
Territories that have achieved a status described by the administering countries as internally self-governing - such as Puerto Rico, the Netherlands Antilles, and the Cook Islands - have been removed from the list by vote of the General Assembly, often under pressure of the administering countries.
Some territories that have been annexed and incorporated into the legal framework of the controlling state (such as the overseas regions of France) are considered by the UN to have been decolonized, since they then no longer constitute "non-self-governing" entities; their populations are assumed to have agreed to merge with the former parent state. However, in 1961, the General Assembly voted to end this treatment for the "overseas provinces" of Portugal such as Angola and Mozambique, which were active foci of United Nations attention until they attained independence in the mid-1970s.
Territories have also been removed for other reasons. In 1972, for example, Hong Kong (then administered by the United Kingdom) and Macau (then administered by Portugal) were removed from the list at the request of the People's Republic of China, which had just been recognized as holding China's seat at the United Nations due to the PRC's belief that their status should be resolved by bilateral negotiations.
On 2 December 1986, New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France, was reinstated on the list of non-self-governing territories, an action to which France objected. Within France it has had the status of a collectivité sui generis, or a one-of-a-kind community, since 1999. Under the 1998 Nouméa Accord, its Territorial Congress had the right to call for three referendums on independence between 2014 and 2018. The first referendum was held on 4 November 2018, with independence being rejected.
French Polynesia was also reinstated on the list on 17 May 2013, in somewhat contentious circumstances. Having been re-elected President of French Polynesia in 2011 (leader of local government), Oscar Temaru asked for it to be re-inscribed on the list; it had been removed in 1947. (French Polynesia is categorised by France as an overseas country, in recognition of its self-governing status.) During the year 2012, Oscar Temaru engaged in intense lobbying with the micro-states of Oceania, many of which, the Solomon Islands, Nauru and Tuvalu, submitted to the UN General Assembly a draft of a resolution to affirm "the inalienable right of the population of French Polynesia to self-determination and independence".
On 5 May 2013, Temaru's Union for Democracy party lost the legislative election to Gaston Flosse's pro-autonomy but anti-independence Tahoera'a Huiraatira party; obtaining only 11 seats against the party of Gaston Flosse, with 38 seats, and the autonomist party A Ti'a Porinetia with 8 seats.
At this stage, the United Nations General Assembly was due to discuss French Polynesia's re-inscription on the list twelve days later, in accordance with a motion tabled by Solomon Islands, Tuvalu and Nauru. On 16 May, the Assembly of French Polynesia, with its new anti-independence majority, adopted a motion asking the United Nations not to restore the country to the list. On 17 May, despite French Polynesia's opposition, and France's, the country was restored to the list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. Temaru was present for the vote, on the final day of his mandate as President. The United Nations affirmed "the inalienable right of the people of French Polynesia to self-determination and independence".
A few hours before the UN review of the resolution, during its first meeting, the new Territorial Assembly adopted by 46 votes to 10 a "resolution" expressing the desire of Polynesians to maintain their autonomy within the French Republic. In spite of this resolution adopted by the parties representing 70% of the Polynesian voters, the UN General Assembly inscribed French Polynesia on the list of the territories to be decolonized during its plenary assembly of 17 May 2013. France did not take part in this session while the United States, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom disassociated themselves from this resolution.
Also controversial are the criteria set down in 1960 to 1961 by the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514 (XV),United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1541 (XV), Principle 12 of the Annex, and United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1654 (XVI) which only focused on colonies of the Western world, namely Australia, Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This list of administering states was not expanded afterwards.
Nevertheless, some of the 111 members who joined the UN after 1960 gained independence from countries not covered by Resolution 1541 and were themselves not classified as "Non-Self-Governing Territories" by the UN. Of these that joined the UN between 1960 and 2008, 11 were independent before 1960 and 71 were included on the list (some as a group). Twenty new UN countries resulted from breakup of Second World states: six were part of Yugoslavia, two were part of Czechoslovakia, and 12 were part of the Soviet Union (Ukraine and Belarus already had UN seats before the dissolution of the USSR, whose seat was reused by the Russian Federation without acceding anew). Out of the other nine, seven[which?] (mostly Arab) were colonies or protectorates of the "Western" countries, and one each was a non-self-governing part of Ethiopia (later independent Eritrea) and Pakistan (East Pakistan, later independent Bangladesh). Territories like Tibet (administered by China) and Siberia (or parts thereof; administered by the Soviet Union, later by Russia) have never been on the list. Western New Guinea (also known as West Papua), which was ceded to Indonesia, is also not on the list as well as Sarawak and Sabah, which were handed to Malaya during its territorial expansion through the formation of Malaysia in 1963. In 2018, the government of Vanuatu started seeking international support to have West Papua added to the list in 2019.
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The following 17 territories are currently included on the list.
|Territory||Administering state||Domestic legal status||Other claimant(s)||Population||Area||Referendums||See also|
|American Samoa||United States||Unincorporated unorganized territory||None||55,519||200 km2 (77 mi2)||No official referendum has been held.||Politics of American Samoa|
|Anguilla||United Kingdom||Overseas Territory||None||14,108||96 km2 (37 mi2)||No official referendum has been held.||Politics of Anguilla|
|Bermuda||United Kingdom||Overseas Territory||None||62,000||57 km2 (22 mi2)||A 1995 Bermudian independence referendum was held. 74% were not in favour of independence.||Politics of Bermuda|
|British Virgin Islands||United Kingdom||Overseas Territory||None||28,103||153 km2 (59 mi2)||No official referendum has been held.||Politics of the British Virgin Islands|
|Cayman Islands||United Kingdom||Overseas Territory||None||55,500||264 km2 (102 mi2)||No official referendum has been held.||Foreign relations of the Cayman Islands|
|Falkland Islands||United Kingdom||Disputed||Argentina||2,500||12,173 km2 (4,700 mi2)||Two status referendums have been held in 1986 and 2013, with both voting for continued British sovereignty of the islands.||Falkland Islands sovereignty dispute|
|French Polynesia[A]||France||Overseas country||None||271,000||4,000 km2 (1,544 mi2)||No official referendum has been held.||Politics of French Polynesia|
|Gibraltar||United Kingdom||Disputed||Spain||29,752||6 km2 (2 mi2)||There were referendums in 1967 and in 2002.||Status of Gibraltar|
|Guam||United States||Unincorporated organized territory||None||159,358||540 km2 (208 mi2)||Three status referendums have been held, one in 1976 and two in 1982 (one in January and the other in September), with all three of them supporting Commonwealth status.||Politics of Guam|
|Montserrat||United Kingdom||Overseas Territory||None||5,000||103 km2 (40 mi2)||No official referendum has been held.||Government of Montserrat|
|New Caledonia||France||Sui generis collectivity||None||252,000||18,575 km2 (7,172 mi2)||There were referendums in 1987, 2018 and 2020. All three were disapproved but the 2018 and 2020 results were close.||Politics of New Caledonia|
|Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands||United Kingdom||Overseas Territory||None||50||36 km2 (14 mi2)||No official referendum has been held.||Politics of the Pitcairn Islands|
|Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha||United Kingdom||Overseas Territory||None||5,396||310 km2 (120 mi2)||No official referendum has been held.||Politics of Saint Helena|
|Tokelau||New Zealand||Territory||None||1,411||12 km2 (5 mi2)||There were two referendums on self-determination in Tokelau in 2006 and 2007, however both failed to reach the required 2/3 yes margins.||Politics of Tokelau|
|Turks and Caicos Islands||United Kingdom||Overseas Territory||None||31,458||948 km2 (366 mi2)||No official referendum has been held.||Politics of the Turks and Caicos Islands|
|Western Sahara[B]|| Spain
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
|619,060||266,000 km2 (102,703 mi2)||The UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara has attempted to organize a referendum since 1991, but none has been held so far.||Political status of Western Sahara|
|United States Virgin Islands||United States||Unincorporated organized territory||None||106,405||352 km2 (136 mi2)||A 1993 United States Virgin Islands status referendum was held. The status quo was widely preferred among voters however the result was invalidated due to low turnout.||Politics of the United States Virgin Islands|
The following territories were originally listed by UN General Assembly Resolution 66 (I) of 14 December 1946 as Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territory. The dates show the year of independence or other change in a territory's status which led to their removal from the list, after which information was no longer submitted to the United Nations.
|Trust / Territory||Change in status||Current status||Administering state||Population||Area / km2||Area / mi2||Year removed||See also|
|Alaska||Granted statehood||U.S. state||United States||683,478||1,700,130||656,424||1959||Legal status of Alaska|
|Netherlands Antilles||Granted more autonomy||Constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands:
Special municipalities of the Netherlands:
|Netherlands||225,369||960||371||1951||Politics of Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, and the Netherlands Antilles|
|Cocos (Keeling) Islands||Voted to integrate into Australia||External territory of Australia||Australia||596||14||5||1984||Shire of Cocos|
|Cook Islands||Gained self-rule||Free association with New Zealand||New Zealand||12,271||237||92||1965||Politics of the Cook Islands|
|Greenland||Incorporated into Denmark as Greenland County (1953). Gained home rule as a Country within the Kingdom of Denmark (1979). Increased autonomy (2009).||Autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark||Denmark||57,564||2,166,086||836,330||1954||Politics of Greenland|
|Guadeloupe||Became two overseas departments (full integration with the French Republic)||Overseas department and region of France:
Overseas collectivities of France:
|France||408,000||1,628||629||1947||Politics of Guadeloupe, Saint Barthélemy, and Saint Martin|
|French Guiana||Became an overseas department (full integration with the French Republic)||Overseas department and region of France||France||209,000||83,534||32,253||1947||Politics of French Guiana|
|Hawaii||Granted statehood||U.S. state||United States||1,283,388||28,311||10,931||1959||Legal status of Hawaii|
|British Hong Kong||Removed from the list on request of China||Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (since 1 July 1997):
|United Kingdom||7,018,636||1,092||422||1972||Politics of Hong Kong|
|Portuguese Macau||Removed from the list on request of China||Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (since 20 December 1999):
|Portugal||545,674||28||11||1972||Politics of Macau|
|Martinique||Became two overseas departments (full integration with the French Republic)||Overseas department and region of France||France||401,000||1,128||436||1947||Politics of Martinique|
|New Caledonia[a]||Became an overseas territory (semi-autonomous collectivity of the French Republic)||Sui generis collectivity of France||France||224,824||19,060||7,359||1947||Politics of New Caledonia|
|Niue||Gained self-rule||Free association with New Zealand||New Zealand||1,444||260||100||1974||Politics of Niue|
|Northern Mariana Islands||Became a Commonwealth||Unincorporated territory of the United States with Commonwealth status||United States||53,883||168||65||1990||Politics of the Northern Mariana Islands|
|Panama Canal Zone||Removed from the list on request of Panama||Part of Colón and Panamá provinces of Panama||United States||1947||Politics of Panama|
|French Polynesia[b]||Became an overseas territory (semi-autonomous collectivity of the French Republic)||Overseas country of France:
Overseas collectivity of France:
Wallis and Futuna
|France||298,256||4,441||1,715||1947||Politics of French Polynesia and Wallis and Futuna|
|Puerto Rico||Became a Commonwealth||Unincorporated territory of the United States with Commonwealth status||United States||3,958,128||8,870||3,420||1952||Political status of Puerto Rico|
|Réunion||Became an overseas department (full integration with the French Republic)||Overseas department and region of France||France||793,000||2,512||970||1947||Politics of Réunion|
|Saint Pierre and Miquelon||Became an overseas territory (semi-autonomous collectivity of the French Republic)||Overseas collectivity of France||France||7,044||242||93||1947||Politics of Saint Pierre and Miquelon|
|Non-self-governing territory||State joined||Current status||Administering state||Population||Area / km2||Area / mi2||Year removed||See also|
|British Cameroons||Northern Cameroons joined Nigeria
Southern Cameroons joined Cameroon
|Adamawa and Taraba states of Nigeria, Northwest and Southwest provinces of Cameroon||United Kingdom||1961||Politics of Nigeria|
Politics of Cameroon
|Ifni||Integrated into Morocco||Sidi Ifni, Guelmim-Oued Noun, Morocco||Spain||51,517||1,502||580||1969||Politics of Morocco|
|Portuguese India||Annexed by India||The Indian state of Goa and the union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and of Daman and Diu||Portugal||1961||Annexation of Goa|
|French India||Integrated into India||Puducherry union territory and Chandannagar of West Bengal state of India||France||973,829||492||190||1947||Coup d'état of Yanaon, Puducherry Legislative Assembly|
|Netherlands New Guinea||Integrated into Indonesia as Irian Jaya||Papua and West Papua provinces of Indonesia||Netherlands||420,540||162,371||1963||Act of Free Choice|
|North Borneo||Integrated into Malaya to form Malaysia||Malaysian state of Sabah and the federal territory of Labuan||United Kingdom||285,000||76,115||29,388||1963||Malaysia Agreement|
|São João Batista de Ajuda||Integrated into the Republic of Dahomey (now Benin)||Ouidah commune, Atlantique department, Benin||Portugal||1961||Politics of Benin|
|Colony of Sarawak||Integrated into Malaya to form Malaysia||Malaysian state of Sarawak||United Kingdom||546,385||124,450||48,050||1963||Malaysia Agreement|
|British Togoland||Joined British Gold Coast colony||Volta, Northern and Upper East Region of Ghana||United Kingdom||1957||Foreign relations of Ghana|
||(Independent as)||Administering state||Population||Area / km2||Area / mi2||Year removed||See also|
|Aden Protectorate||South Yemen||United Kingdom||285,192||111,013||1967||Yemeni unification in 1990|
|Portuguese Angola||Angola||Portugal||1,246,700||481,354||1975||Including the enclave of Cabinda|
|British Leeward Islands||Antigua||Antigua and Barbuda||United Kingdom||1981|
|Bahamas||The Bahamas||United Kingdom||13,878||5,358||1973|
|Bechuanaland Protectorate||Botswana||United Kingdom||1966|
|Brunei||Brunei Darussalam||United Kingdom||5,765||2,220||1984|
|French Cameroun||Cameroon||France||1960||Trust Territory|
|Portuguese Cape Verde||Cape Verde||Portugal||4,033||1,557||1975|
|Belgian Congo||Congo Léopoldville||Belgium||16,610,000||2,344,858||905,355||1960|
|British Cyprus||Cyprus||United Kingdom||9,251||3,572||1960|
|Dutch East Indies||Indonesia (excluding Western New Guinea)||Netherlands||1950|
|East Timor||East Timor||Indonesia||688,711||15,007||5,794||2002||Politics of East Timor|
|Portuguese Timor||Indonesia||Portugal||15,007||5,794||2002||Indonesian occupation of East Timor|
|French Equatorial Africa||French Congo||Republic of the Congo||France||1960|
|French Equatorial Africa||French Gabon||Gabon||France||1960|
|French Equatorial Africa||Ubangi Shari||Central African Republic||France||1960|
|French Equatorial Africa||French Chad||Chad||France||1960|
|Fiji Islands||Fiji||United Kingdom||1970|
|Gambia Colony and Protectorate||The Gambia||United Kingdom||10,380||4,007||1965|
|Gilbert and Ellice Islands||Kiribati||United Kingdom||1979|
|Gilbert and Ellice Islands||Tuvalu||United Kingdom||1978|
|Gold Coast||Ghana||United Kingdom||1957|
|British Guiana||Guyana||United Kingdom||1966|
|Dutch Guiana||Suriname||Netherlands||475,996||163,270||63,039||1975||Politics of Suriname|
|Spanish Guinea||Equatorial Guinea||Spain||28,051||10,828||1968|
|British Honduras||Belize||United Kingdom||145,000||22,966||8,867||1981|
|French Indochina||Kingdom of Laos||France||1949|
|French Indochina||Democratic Republic of Vietnam||France||1945||Vietnamese unification in 1976|
|French Indochina||State of Vietnam||France||1949||Vietnamese unification in 1976|
|Colony of Jamaica||Jamaica||United Kingdom||11,100||4,444||1962|
|Colony of Kenya||Kenya||United Kingdom||1963||Formed by the unification of the Colony of Kenya and the Kenya Protectorate|
|British Leeward Islands||Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla||St. Kitts and Nevis||United Kingdom||1983||Separated from Anguilla, which is still a non-self-governing territory|
|Malayan Union||Federation of Malaya||United Kingdom||132,364||51,106||1957||Later became Malaysia|
|Colony of Malta||Malta||United Kingdom||316||121||1964|
|British Mauritius||Mauritius||United Kingdom||2,040||787||1968|
|French protectorate of Morocco||Morocco||France||1956|
|Trust Territory of Nauru||Nauru||Australia||21||8||1968|
|New Hebrides||Vanuatu||Anglo-French Condominium||100,000||12,189||4,706||1980|
|British Nigeria||Nigeria||United Kingdom||1960|
|Northern Rhodesia||Zambia||United Kingdom||3,545,200||752,618||290,587||1964|
|Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands||Marshall Islands||United States||68,000||180||70||1990||Independent states in free association with the United States|
|Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands||Federated States of Micronesia||United States||111,000||702||271||1990||Independent states in free association with the United States|
|Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands||Palau||United States||20,956||459||177||1994||Independent states in free association with the United States|
|Territory of Papua and New Guinea||Papua New Guinea||Australia||1975|
|Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe||São Tomé and Príncipe||Portugal||1,001||372||1975|
|Sierra Leone Colony and Protectorate||Sierra Leone||United Kingdom||71,740||27,699||1961|
|Singapore||Federation of Malaya||United Kingdom||4,608,167||693||268||1963||Singapore first became a state of Malaysia in 1963, before becoming independent in 1965.|
|British Solomon Islands||Solomon Islands||United Kingdom||28,896||11,157||1978|
|British Somaliland||State of Somaliland||United Kingdom||1960||Joined the Trust Territory of Somalia within a week to form Somalia|
|Trust Territory of Somaliland||Somalia||Italy||1960||Joined the State of Somaliland to form Somalia|
|South West Africa||Namibia||South Africa||2,088,669||825,418||318,696||1990||Foreign relations of Namibia|
|Southern Rhodesia||Zimbabwe||United Kingdom||6,930,000||390,580||150,804||1980|
|Tanganyika||Tanganyika||United Kingdom||1963||Trust Territory. Later joined with the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, now Tanzania|
|French Togoland||Togo||France||1960||Trust Territory|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Trinidad and Tobago||United Kingdom||5,128||1,978||1962|
|Uganda Protectorate||Uganda||United Kingdom||1962|
|French West Africa||French Sudan||Ivory Coast||France||1960|
|French West Africa||French Sudan||Mali||France||1960|
|French West Africa||French Sudan||Mauritania||France||1960|
|French West Africa||French Guinea||Guinea||France||1958|
|French West Africa||French Dahomey||Dahomey||France||1960|
|French West Africa||Colony of Niger||Niger||France||1960|
|French West Africa||Colony of Niger||Senegal||France||1960|
|French West Africa||Colony of Niger||Upper Volta||France||1960|
|Western Samoa Trust Territory||Western Samoa||New Zealand||1962|
|British Windward Islands||Dominica||United Kingdom||1978|
|British Windward Islands||Grenada||United Kingdom||1974|
|British Windward Islands||St. Lucia||United Kingdom||1979|
|British Windward Islands||St. Vincent and the Grenadines||United Kingdom||1979|
|Sultanate of Zanzibar||Kenya||United Kingdom||1963||Protectorate of Kenya. Formed by the unification of the Colony of Kenya and the Kenya Protectorate.Under Zanzibari sovereignty, administered by the UK|
|Zanzibar||People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba||United Kingdom||2,643||1,020||1963||Later joined with the Republic of Tanganyika to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, now Tanzania|
Gibraltar is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom and is self-governing in all matters but defence.