United States Department of the Army
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United States Department of the Army
United States Department of the Army
Emblem of the United States Department of the Army.svg
Agency overview
FormedSeptember 18, 1947; 73 years ago (1947-09-18)
Preceding agency
Headquarters
Annual budget$180B (FY2020)
Agency executives
Parent agencyU.S. Department of Defense
Child agency
Websitehttps://www.army.mil/
Seal of the Department of the Army

The United States Department of the Army (DA) is one of the three military departments within the Department of Defense of the United States of America. The Department of the Army is the federal government agency within which the United States Army (USA) is organized, and it is led by the secretary of the Army, who has statutory authority under 10 U.S.C. § 3013 to conduct its affairs and to prescribe regulations for its government, subject to the limits of the law, and the directions of the secretary of defense and the president.

The secretary of the army is a civilian official appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. The highest-ranking military officer in the department is the chief of staff of the Army, who is also a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Other senior officials of the department are the under secretary of the Army (principal deputy to the secretary) and the vice chief of staff of the Army (principal deputy to the chief of staff.)

The Department of War was originally formed in 1789 as an Executive Department of the United States, and was split by the National Security Act of 1947 into the Department of the Army and Department of the Air Force on September 18, 1947. By amendments to the National Security Act of 1947 in 1949, the department of the Army was transformed to its present-day status.

Organizational structure

The Department of the Army is a Military Department within the United States Department of Defense. The department is headed by the secretary of the army, who by statute must be a civilian, appointed by the president with the confirmation by the United States Senate. The secretary of the Army is responsible for, and has the authority to conduct all the affairs of the Department of the Army, subject to the authority, direction and control of the secretary of defense. The Department of the Army is divided between its headquarters at the seat of government and the field organizations of the Army.

By direction of the secretary of defense, the secretary of the Army assigns Army forces, apart from those units performing duties enumerated in 10 U.S.C. § 3013 (i.e. organize, train & equip) or unless otherwise directed, to the operational command of the commanders of the Combatant Commands. Only the secretary of defense (and the president) has the authority to approve transfer of forces to and from Combatant Commands. 10 U.S.C. § 162.

Headquarters, Department of the Army

Chart summarizing the organization of the Department of the Army's Headquarters as of 2010.

Headquarters, Department of the Army is the corporate office of the department which exercises directive and supervisory functions and consists of two separate staffs; the Office of the Secretary of the Army (10 U.S.C. § 3014), the mainly civilian staff; and the Army Staff (10 U.S.C. § 3031 & 10 U.S.C. § 3032), the mainly military staff. The Office of the Secretary and the Army Staff are organized along similar lines, with civilians and military officers both overseeing similar program areas.

Civilian Military
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs Deputy Chief of Staff (G1-Personnel)
Deputy Chief of Staff (G3/5/7-Operations)
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment Deputy Chief of Staff for Installations, G-9
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works Chief of Engineers
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology Deputy Chief of Staff (G4-Logistics)
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Financial Management and Controller Deputy Chief of Staff (G8-Financial Management)
General Counsel of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff (G2-Intelligence)

Office of the Secretary

The Office of the Secretary is led by the secretary of the Army, assisted by the under secretary of the Army and the administrative assistant to the secretary of the Army, who is the senior civilian career official of the department. The Office of the Secretary of the Army, also known as the Army Secretariat, is divided into multiple branches with functional responsibilities, the six most important of which are headed by one of the five assistant secretaries of the Army or the general counsel of the Army, each of whom are civilians appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate.

The Army Staff

The Army Staff is led by the chief of staff of the Army, a four-star general who is the highest-ranking officer in the Army and the Army member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The chief of staff is assisted in managing the Army Staff by the vice chief of staff of the United States Army, a four-star general and second-highest-ranking officer in the Army. The Army Staff is divided into several directorates, each headed by a three-star general.

A key official within the Army Staff is the director of the Army Staff, who is a three-star general. The director is responsible for integrating and synchronizing the work of the Office of the Secretary and the Army Staff so that they meet the goals and priorities of the secretary of the Army. Other key figures within the Army Staff are the sergeant major of the Army, the United States Army judge advocate general, the chief of the Army Reserve, the United States Army provost marshal general, and the United States Army surgeon general. The chief of the National Guard Bureau was previously considered part of the Army Staff, but has been elevated to four-star rank and membership in the Joint Chiefs of Staff; the director of the Army National Guard and the director of the Air National Guard (both three-star positions) report to the chief, National Guard Bureau for strategy and policy, but receive funding and Service-specific guidance from their respective services.[]

Army commands and Army service component commands

Headquarters US Army SSI.png Headquarters, United States Department of the Army (HQDA):

Army Commands Current commander Location of headquarters
United States Army Forces Command SSI.svg United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) GEN Michael X. Garrett Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Army Futures Command SSI.png United States Army Futures Command (AFC) GEN John M. Murray Austin, Texas
AMC shoulder insignia.svg United States Army Materiel Command (AMC) GEN Gustave F. Perna Redstone Arsenal, Alabama
TRADOC patch.svg United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) GEN Paul E. Funk II Fort Eustis, Virginia
Army Service Component Commands Current commander Location of headquarters
U.S. Army Africa Shoulder Sleeve Insignia.jpg United States Army Africa (USARAF)/Ninth Army/United States Army Southern European Task Force MG Roger L. Cloutier, Jr.[1] Caserma Ederle, Vicenza, Italy
United States Army Central CSIB.svg United States Army Central (ARCENT)/Third Army LTG Terry Ferrell Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina
USAREUR Insignia.svg United States Army Europe (USAREUR)/Seventh Army (U.S.) LTG Christopher Cavoli[2] Clay Kaserne, Wiesbaden, Germany
United States Army North CSIB.svg United States Army North (ARNORTH)/Fifth Army LTG Laura J. Richardson Joint Base San Antonio, Texas
USARPAC insignia.svg United States Army Pacific (USARPAC) GEN Paul LaCamera Fort Shafter, Hawaii
UNITED STATES ARMY SOUTH SSI.svg United States Army South (ARSOUTH)/Sixth Army MG Daniel R. Walrath Joint Base San Antonio, Texas
US Army Cyber Command SSI.png United States Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER)[3][4][5] LTG Stephen G. Fogarty Fort Belvoir, Virginia[6]
United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command Logo.svg United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command/United States Army Strategic Command (USASMDC/ARSTRAT) LTG Daniel L. Karbler Redstone Arsenal, Alabama
U.S. Army Special Operations Command SSI (1989-2015).svg United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) LTG Francis M. Beaudette Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Operational Force Headquarters Current commander Location of headquarters
Eighth United States Army CSIB.svg Eighth Army (EUSA)[7] LTG Michael A. Bills Camp Humphreys, South Korea
Direct reporting units Current commander Location of headquarters
Arlington National Cemetery Seal.png Arlington National Cemetery and Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery[8] Katharine Kelley[9](civilian) Arlington, Virginia
US Army ASAALT Insignia.svg United States Army Acquisition Support Center (USAASC)[10] Craig A. Spisak[11](civilian) Fort Belvoir, Virginia
US Army Civilain Human Resources Agnecy seal.png United States Army Civilian Human Resources Agency (CHRA)[12] BG Larry D. Gottardi[13][14] Washington, D.C.
USACE.gif United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) LTG Todd T. Semonite[15] Washington, D.C.
Cid patch color.jpg United States Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC) MG Kevin Vereen Quantico, Virginia
HRCPatch.png United States Army Human Resources Command (HRC)[16] MG Jason T. Evans Alexandria, Virginia
INSCOM.svg United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) MG Christopher S. Ballard Fort Belvoir, Virginia
MEDCOM.png United States Army Medical Command (MEDCOM) LTG R. Scott Dingle Joint Base San Antonio, Texas
United States Army Military District of Washington CSIB.svg United States Army Military District of Washington (MDW) MG Michael L. Howard Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C.
US Army Recruiting Command SSI.png United States Army Recruiting Command (USAREC)[17] MG Frank M. Muth[18] Fort Knox, Kentucky
United States Army Test and Evaluation Command SSI.png United States Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC) MG Joel K. Tyler[19] Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD
US Army War College SSI.png United States Army War College (AWC)[20] MG John S. Kem Carlisle, Pennsylvania
USMA SSI.png United States Military Academy (USMA) LTG Darryl A. Williams West Point, New York

Source: U.S. Army organization[21]

See also

References

  1. ^ March, Meredith (7 August 2018). "USARAF welcomes new commanding general". United States Africa Command.
  2. ^ "Leaders | U.S. Army Europe Leaders". Army.mil. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ "General Orders No. 2014-02" (PDF). Department of the Army. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2015.
  4. ^ "General Orders No. 2010-26: Establishment of the United States Army Cyber Command" (PDF). Department of the Army. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2011.
  5. ^ U.S. Army (1 October 2010). "Army establishes Army Cyber Command". army.mil. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ "list of the most recent Army General Orders (AGO)". Army Electronic Publication System. Archived from the original on 18 July 2016.
  7. ^ "General Orders No. 2012-02: Redesignation and Assignment of Eighth Army as a Subordinate Command of The United States Army Pacific" (PDF). Department of the Army. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Who is Kate Kelley?". allgov.com. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Craig Spisak". asc.army.mil. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ DAGO 2017-03, DESIGNATION OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY CIVILIAN HUMAN RESOURCES AGENCY AND ITS SUBORDINATE ELEMENTS AS DIRECT REPORTING UNIT, apd.army.mil, dated 4 January 2017, last accessed 13 January 2017
  13. ^ "About our Leadership Team". cpol.army.mil. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ BG Larry D. Gottardi. Series: Combined Military Service Digital Photographic Files, 1921 - 2008. catalog.archives.gov. 14 September 2000. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ Lieutenant General Todd T. Semonite, Biography article, undated. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  16. ^ DAGO 2017-04, DESIGNATION OF UNITED STATES ARMY HUMAN RESOURCES COMMAND AND ITS SUBORDINATE ELEMENTS AS DIRECT REPORTING UNIT, apd.army.mil, dated 4 January 2017, last accessed 13 January 2017
  17. ^ AR 10-87, ARMY COMMANDS, ARMY SERVICE COMPONENT COMMANDS, AND DIRECT REPORTING UNITS, apd.army.mil, dated 4 September 2007, last accessed 13 January 2017
  18. ^ "Army recruiting esports gamers for next generation of U.S. soldiers" – via www.cbsnews.com.
  19. ^ https://www.atec.army.mil/index.html] Archived 15 August 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ Organization, United States Army

Bibliography

External links


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