United States House Election, 2006
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United States House Election, 2006
2006 United States House of Representatives elections

← 2004 November 7, 2006 2008 →

All 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and 4 (of the 5) non-voting members
218 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Pelosi Official Photograph.JPG SpeakerHastert.jpg
Leader Nancy Pelosi Dennis Hastert
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since January 3, 2003 January 3, 1999
Leader's seat California 8th Illinois 14th
Last election 202 232
Seats before 201 229
Seats won 233 202
Seat change Increase 31 Decrease 27
Popular vote 42,338,795 35,857,334
Percentage 52.29% 44.28%
Swing Increase 5.5% Decrease 5.1%

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Seats won 0
Seat change Decrease 1
Popular vote 417,895
Percentage 0.51%
Swing Decrease 0.1%

2006 House elections.svg
Results:      Democratic hold      Democratic gain      Republican hold

The 2006 United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 7, 2006, to elect members to the United States House of Representatives. It took place in the middle of President George W. Bush's second term in office. All 435 seats of the House were up for election. Those elected served in the 110th United States Congress from January 3, 2007, until January 3, 2009. The incumbent majority party, the Republicans, had won majorities in the House consecutively since 1994, and were defeated by the Democrats who won a majority in the chamber, ending 12 years in opposition.

The Republicans had won a 232-seat majority in 2004, and by election day 2006 the party held 229 seats, the Democrats had 201 and there was 1 Independent (who caucused with the Democrats). There were also four vacancies. Republicans held a 28-seat advantage, and Democrats needed to pick up 15 seats to take control of the House, which had had a Republican majority since January 1995. The public's perception of George W. Bush, the handling of the war in Iraq, and a series of political scandals involving mostly congressional Republicans took their toll on the party at the ballot box.[1]

The final result was a 31-seat pickup for the Democrats, including the pickup of the Vermont at-large seat, previously held by Independent Bernie Sanders (who ran instead for U.S. Senate), who caucused with the Democrats. Democrats defeated 22 Republican incumbents and won eight open Republican-held seats. Republicans won no seats previously held by Democrats and defeated no Democratic incumbents for the first time since the Republican party's founding.[2] It was the largest seat gain for the Democrats since the 1974 elections. Among the new Democrats were the first Muslim in Congress (Keith Ellison) and the first two Buddhists (Mazie Hirono and Hank Johnson). As a result of the Democratic victory, Nancy Pelosi became the first woman and the first Californian elected Speaker of the House.[3]

President Bush meets with Nancy Pelosi and Steny Hoyer (then House Minority Leader and Minority Whip, respectively) at the Oval Office in the White House. The President congratulated Pelosi and Hoyer on their newfound majority and vowed to work with them until his presidency was over. Regarding Pelosi's elevation to Speaker of the House, Bush commented "This is a historic moment".

Results

A number of organizations and individuals made predictions about the election, some for the House as a whole and some for both that and individual races.

?
233 202
Democratic Republican
Summary of party changes
  3-5 Democratic seat pickup
  1-2 Democratic seat pickup
e o d Summary of the November 7, 2006, United States House of Representatives election results
Party Seats Popular vote
2004 2006 Net
Change
% Vote % +/-
Democratic Party 202 233 Increase 31 53.6% 42,338,795 52.3% +5.5%
Republican Party 232 202 Decrease 30 46.4% 35,857,334 44.3% -5.1%
  Libertarian Party - - - - 656,764 0.8% -0.1%
  Independent 1 0 Decrease 1 - 417,895 0.5% -0.1%
  Green Party - - - - 243,391 0.3% -
  Constitution Party - - - - 91,133 0.1% -0.1%
  Independence Party - - - - 85,815 0.1% -
  Reform Party - - - - 53,862 0.1% -
  Peace and Freedom Party - - - - 27,467 <0.1% -
  Socialist Workers Party - - - - 17,089 <0.1% -
  Unity Party - - - - 5,508 <0.1% -
  Conservative Party - - - - 4,468 <0.1% -
  Withdraw Troops Now Party - - - - 3,176 <0.1% -
  Impeach Now Party - - - - 3,005 <0.1% -
  Natural Law Party - - - - 2,882 <0.1% -
  Pirate Party - - - - 2,201 <0.1% -
  Diversity Is Strength Party - - - - 1,619 <0.1% -
  Moderate Choice Party - - - - 1,363 <0.1% -
  Patriot Movement Party - - - - 1,179 <0.1% -
  Politicians Are Crooks Party - - - - 998 <0.1% -
  American Freedom Party - - - - 996 <0.1% -
  A New Direction Party - - - - 992 <0.1% -
  Liberty Union Party - - - - 721 <0.1% -
  Remove Medical Negligence Party - - - - 614 <0.1% -
  Pro Life Conservative Party - - - - 586 <0.1% -
  American Party - - - - 475 <0.1% -
  Socialist Party - - - - 385 <0.1% -
  Other parties - - - - 1,154,824 1.4% -0.1%
Totals 435 435 - 100.0% 80,975,537 100.0% -
Voter turnout: 36.8%
Sources: Election Statistics - Office of the Clerk
Popular vote
Democratic
52.29%
Republican
44.28%
Libertarian
0.81%
Green
0.29%
Others
2.33%
House seats
Democratic
53.56%
Republican
46.44%

Voter demographics

Vote by demographic subgroup
Demographic subgroup DEM GOP Other % of
total vote
Total vote 52 44 4 100
Ideology
Liberals 87 11 2 20
Moderates 60 38 2 47
Conservatives 20 78 2 32
Party
Democrats 93 7 n/a 38
Republicans 8 91 1 36
Independents 57 39 4 26
Gender
Men 50 47 3 49
Women 55 43 2 51
Marital status
Married 48 51 1 68
Unmarried 64 34 2 32
Gender by marital status
Married men 47 51 2 35
Married women 48 50 2 33
Unmarried men 62 36 2 14
Unmarried women 66 32 2 18
Race/ethnicity
White 47 51 2 79
Black 89 10 1 10
Asian 62 37 1 2
Other 55 42 3 2
Hispanic (of any race) 69 30 1 8
Gender by race
White men 44 53 3 39
White women 49 50 1 40
Non-white men 75 23 2 9
Non-white women 78 21 1 11
Religion
Protestant 44 54 2 55
Catholic 44 55 1 26
Jewish 87 12 1 2
Other religion 71 25 4 6
None 74 22 4 11
Religious service attendance
More than weekly 38 60 2 17
Weekly 46 53 1 28
Monthly 57 41 2 12
A few times a year 60 38 2 25
Never 67 30 3 15
White evangelical or born-again Christian
White evangelical or born-again Christian 28 70 2 24
Everyone else 59 39 2 76
Age
18-29 years old 60 38 2 12
30-44 years old 53 45 2 24
45-59 years old 53 46 1 34
60 and older 50 48 2 29
Sexual orientation
LGBT 75 24 1 3
Heterosexual 52 46 2 97
Education
Not a high school graduate 64 35 1 3
High school graduate 55 44 1 21
Some college education 51 47 2 31
College graduate 49 49 2 27
Postgraduate education 58 41 1 18
Family income
Under $15,000 67 30 3 7
$15,000-30,000 61 36 3 12
$30,000-50,000 56 43 1 21
$50,000-75,000 50 48 2 22
$75,000-100,000 52 47 1 16
$100,000-150,000 47 51 2 13
$150,000-200,000 47 51 2 5
Over $200,000 45 53 2 5
Union households
Union 64 34 2 23
Non-union 49 49 2 77
Region
Northeast 63 35 2 22
Midwest 52 47 1 27
South 45 53 2 30
West 54 43 3 21
Community size
Urban 61 37 2 30
Suburban 50 48 2 47
Rural 48 50 2 24

Source: CNN exit poll[4]

Open seats

Winning margins in all House races

In the election, there were 32 open seats: 28 incumbents not seeking re-election and four vacancies. Of the 28 incumbents, 18 were Republicans, 9 Democrats, and 1 an independent.

The four vacancies were New Jersey's 13th congressional district, to be filled at the same time as the general election with the winner taking office in November immediately after the votes were certified; Texas's 22nd congressional district, with a separate special election on the same day; and Ohio's 18th congressional district and Florida's 16th congressional district, which did not have special elections to fill the vacancies before January 2007. New Jersey's 13th congressional district had been held by Democrat Bob Menendez, Texas's 22nd congressional district had been held by Republican Tom DeLay, Ohio's 18th congressional district had been held by Republican Robert Ney, and Florida's 16th congressional district had been held by Republican Mark Foley.

In addition to the open seats, two incumbents (Democrat Cynthia McKinney in Georgia's 4th congressional district and Republican Joe Schwarz in Michigan's 7th congressional district), were defeated in their party's respective primaries, adding two seats to the number of races where the incumbent was not up for re-election in November.

Election predictions

The following table rates the competitiveness of selected races from around the country according to Sabato's Crystal Ball. Races not included should be considered safe for the incumbent's party. (Incumbents not running for re-election have parentheses around their name.)

District Incumbent Crystal Ball[5] Rothenberg Political Report[6] Result
AZ-1 Renzi (R) Tossup Republican Hold Tossup/Tilt R Renzi (R)
AZ-5 Hayworth (R) Tossup Democratic Gain Tossup/Tilt D Mitchell (D)
AZ-8 (Kolbe) (R) Likely D Democrat Favored Giffords (D)
CA-4 Doolittle (R) Leans R Tossup/Tilt R Doolittle (R)
CA-11 Pombo (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup McNerney (D)
CA-50 Bilbray (R) Leans R Republican Favored Bilbray (R)
CO-4 Musgrave (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt R Musgrave (R)
CO-5 (Hefley) (R) Safe R Republican Favored Lamborn (R)
CO-6 Tancredo (R) Likely R Safe R Tancredo (R)
CO-7 (Beauprez) (R) Likely D Democrat Favored Perlmutter (D)
CT-2 Simmons (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Courtney (D)
CT-4 Shays (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Shays (R)
CT-5 Johnson (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt D Murphy (D)
FL-8 Keller (R) Likely R Safe R Keller (R)
FL-9 (Bilirakis) (R) Likely R Safe R Bilirakis (R)
FL-13 (Harris) (R) Lean D Tossup/Tilt D Buchanan (R)
FL-16 (Foley) (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Mahoney (D)
FL-22 Shaw (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Klein (D)
GA-8 Marshall (D) Leans D Tossup/Tilt D Marshall (D)
GA-12 Barrow (D) Tossup Democratic Hold Tossup/Tilt D Barrow (D)
ID-1 (Otter) (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt R Sali (R)
IL-6 (Hyde) (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Roskam (R)
IL-8 Bean (D) Lean D Tossup/Tilt D Bean (D)
IL-10 Kirk (R) Lean R Safe R Kirk (R)
IN-2 Chocola (R) Lean D Lean D Donnelly (D)
IN-3 Souder (R) Likely R Safe R Souder (R)
IN-7 Carson (D) Likely D Safe D Carson (D)
IN-8 Hostettler (R) Likely D Democrat Favored Ellsworth (D)
IN-9 Sodrel (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt D Hill (D)
IA-1 (Nussle) (R) Lean D Lean D Braley (D)
IA-2 Leach (R) Lean R Safe R Loebsack (D)
IA-3 Boswell (D) Lean D Lean D Boswell (D)
KS-2 Ryun (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Boyda (D)
KY-2 Lewis (R) Lean R Republican Favored Lewis (R)
KY-3 Northup (R) Tossup Republican Hold Tossup/Tilt R Yarmuth (D)
KY-4 Davis (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt R Davis (R)
LA-3 Melanchon (D) Likely D Safe D Melanchon (D)
MI-7 (Schwarz) (R) Likely R Safe R Walberg (R)
MN-1 Gutknecht (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Walz (D)
MN-2 Kline (R) Likely R Safe R Kline (R)
MN-6 (Kennedy) (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Bachmann (R)
NE-3 (Osborne) (R) Tossup Republican Hold Republican Favored Smith (R)
NV-2 (Gibbons) (R) Leans R Republican Favored Heller (R)
NV-3 Porter (R) Tossup Republican Hold Tossup/Tilt R Porter (R)
NH-1 Bradley (R) Likely R Safe R Shea-Porter (D)
NH-2 Bass (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt D Hodes (D)
NJ-7 Ferguson (R) Lean R Lean R Ferguson (R)
NM-1 Wilson (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Wilson (R)
NY-3 King (R) Likely R Republican Favored King (R)
NY-19 Kelly (R) Tossup Republican Hold Republican Favored Hall (D)
NY-20 Sweeney (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Tossup/Tilt D Gillibrand (D)
NY-24 (Boehlert) (R) Lean D Tossup/Tilt D Arcuri (D)
NY-25 Walsh (R) Tossup Republican Hold Tossup/Tilt R Walsh (R)
NY-26 Reynolds (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Reynolds (R)
NY-29 Kuhl (R) Lean R Tossup/Tilt R Kuhl (R)
NC-8 Hayes (R) Lean R Safe R Hayes (R)
NC-11 Taylor (R) Lean D Tossup/Tilt D Shuler (D)
OH-1 Chabot (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Chabot (R)
OH-2 Schmidt (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Schmidt (R)
OH-6 (Strickland) (D) Likely D Safe D Wilson (D)
OH-12 Tiberi (R) Likely R Lean R Tiberi (R)
OH-15 Pryce (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Lean D Pryce (R)
OH-18 (Ney) (R) Lean D Lean D Space (D)
PA-4 Hart (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Altmire (D)
PA-6 Gerlach (R) Lean D Pure Tossup Gerlach (R)
PA-7 Weldon (R) Lean D Lean D Sestak (D)
PA-8 Fitzparick (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Murphy (D)
PA-10 Sherwood (R) Lean D Lean D Carney (D)
TX-17 Edwards (D) Likely D Safe D Wilson (D)
TX-22 (DeLay) (R) Tossup Democratic Pickup Pure Tossup Lampson (D)
TX-23 Bonilla (R) Lean R Lean R Rodriguez (D)
VT-AL (Sanders) (D) Likely D Democrat Favored Welch (D)
VA-2 Drake (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Drake (R)
VA-10 Wolf (R) Lean R Safe R Wolf (R)
WA-8 Reichert (R) Tossup Republican Hold Tossup/Tilt R Reichert (R)
WV-1 Mollahan (D) Likely D Safe D Mollahan (D)
WV-2 Capito (R) Likely R Safe R Capito (R)
WI-8 (Green) (R) Tossup Republican Hold Pure Tossup Kagen (D)
WY-AL Cubin (R) Tossup Republican Hold Republican Favored Cubin (R)

Seats that changed party

Thirty Republican seats were picked up by Democrats, and one seat held by an independent was picked up by a Democrat. No Democratic seats were picked up by Republicans.

  • Arizona's 5th congressional district: Early in the cycle, incumbent J. D. Hayworth (R) appeared on his way to an easy reelection. However, his seat may have become more competitive after the Congressional Page scandal broke. Democrats fielded a locally well-known candidate in State Senator Harry Mitchell, a former Mayor of Tempe. Mitchell has been a political force in his home town, one of the largest communities in the district, and Democrats became enthusiastic about his candidacy. The 5th leans Republican, but not overwhelmingly. The district includes, in addition to Tempe, Scottsdale, the prime real estate of the Phoenix area. On election night, Mitchell defeated Hayworth, 50% to 46%.
Campaign signs including for Graf (R), Giffords (D) and Quick (I)
  • Arizona's 8th congressional district: Incumbent Jim Kolbe (R) announced on November 23, 2005, that he would not seek re-election in 2006.[] His district, located in Southeastern Arizona and based in the suburbs of Tucson, is Republican-leaning, but competitive: President Bush won the district with 53% of the vote in 2004 (although only 50% in 2000). The Democratic primary in September was won by former State Senator Gabrielle Giffords, who resigned from the Arizona Legislature on December 1, 2005, in preparation for the campaign. Randy Graf, a former state Representative who lost to Kolbe in the 2004 primary, won the September 2006 Republican primary. He defeated current state Representative Steve Huffman, whom both Kolbe and the National Republican Congressional Committee supported. The NRCC reportedly became concerned that Graf (a supporter of the Minuteman Project, and a sponsor of an unsuccessful bill that would let patrons carry guns into bars and restaurants), was too conservative to win the district. The NRCC committed $122,000 for a television ad in support of Huffman, which ran the week before the primary. The Democratic party shared that assessment -- prior to the primary, it spent nearly $200,000, "a large part of that for advertisements critical of Mr. Huffman in an effort to help Mr. Graf's candidacy."[7] In late September, the national GOP canceled about $1 million in advertising support.[8]Libertarian David Nolan and independent Jay Quick also ran for the seat. Giffords went on to win by a 54% to 42% margin. (For details, see 2006 Arizona's 8th congressional district election.)
  • California's 11th congressional district: Longtime incumbent Richard Pombo (R) won reelection in 2004 by a reasonably comfortable 61% to 39% margin. However, Pombo became associated with the ethical and legal scandals revolving around Jack Abramoff and became the subject of an investigation, which eroded his popular support. In addition, Rolling Stone listed him as one of the ten worst congressmen. The Democratic candidate who garnered the 39% in 2004, Jerry McNerney, joined that race as a write-in candidate two weeks before the primary election. In 2006, McNerney was challenged in the primary by Steve Filson. Filson was backed by the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee but was upset by McNerney in the primary. Pombo was challenged for the Republican nomination by former Representative Pete McCloskey. Pombo won 63% of the primary vote to 32% for McCloskey.[9] McCloskey eventually endorsed McNerney.[10] The eleventh district is largely composed of Oakland suburbs and leans Republican. McNerney defeated Pombo 53% to 47% on election night.
  • Connecticut's 2nd congressional district: Incumbent Rob Simmons (R), a Vietnam War veteran and former CIA agent, won reelection by 54% to 46% in 2004, in a Democratic-leaning district encompassing eastern Connecticut, including Norwich and New London. The 2002 nominee, former state Representative Joe Courtney, decided to make another run. Even though in the past Simmons had been able to win elections in the Democratic-leaning district by painting himself as a moderate, the seat is perennially competitive. The results were so close on election night that the race was not settled until a week later. A recount was completed on November 14, 2006, with the final results giving Joe Courtney an 83-vote victory over Rob Simmons.[11] It was the closest house race of 2006.
  • Connecticut's 5th congressional district: Although incumbent Nancy Johnson (R) won with at least 60% of the vote in 2004 and faced a difficult challenge (running against a fellow incumbent in a redrawn district) in 2002, winning with just 54%, she was still a Republican in a swing district. While the 5th is Connecticut's most conservative region, John Kerry won the district by about 1100 votes in 2004 and Al Gore won it when Johnson represented it as the 6th District in 2000. The district is located in Northwestern Connecticut and includes a large portion of Waterbury, Danbury, the wealthy western suburbs of Hartford, and small rural towns. Johnson faced a credible challenge from state Senator Chris Murphy. She was popular in the district, but with Bush's rating in New England at rock bottom, a Democratic victory was possible. Early in the cycle, this race was considered the least competitive of the three Republican-held seats in Connecticut, but Murphy defeated Johnson on election night, winning 56% to 44%.
  • Florida's 16th congressional district: This Republican-leaning South Florida district, which includes West Palm Beach and Port St. Lucie on the state's east coast, and Port Charlotte on the west coast, was represented by Mark Foley, head of the Missing and Exploited Children's Caucus. However, Foley resigned September 29, 2006, due to revelations of inappropriate contacts of a sexual nature with underage male congressional pages. The scandal immediately ballooned to include the Republican leadership's involvement in a possible cover-up, and it soon brought down Republicans nationwide. Florida law bars state parties from replacing candidates on the ballot. Within the district, the scandal created strong backlash against any Republican replacement due to Foley's name remaining on the ballot, and, by extension, made the race, which had earlier been written off by most as a "safe" Republican seat, highly competitive. Businessman Tim Mahoney, a surprisingly well-funded challenger in a seemingly uncompetitive race, quickly became favored to win. The Republican replacement, businessman Joe Negron, ran an effective "Punch Foley for Negron" campaign, but lost in a closer than expected race, with 48% to Mahoney's 49%.[12]
  • Florida's 22nd congressional district: Republican E. Clay Shaw had been in Congress since 1981, and had represented the 22nd District since 1993. The district voted for John Kerry over George Bush in 2004, but re-elected Shaw with 63% against a last minute replacement Democrat. In 2000, Shaw won a close race by 599 votes in a district that Al Gore won by 4%, but in 2002, he was redistricted into a slightly less Democratic district and scored an easy victory. The district includes wealthy areas of Palm Beach County and Broward County including Boca Raton and parts of Fort Lauderdale The revelation that Shaw was being treated for a second time for lung cancer may have affected his re-election chances. This year, Shaw faced a challenge from well-funded state senator Ron Klein. Klein won on election day 51% to 47%.
  • Indiana's 2nd congressional district: Chris Chocola (R) was first elected in 2002 by a 50% to 46% margin. Democrat Joe Donnelly, who lost to Chocola 54% to 45% in 2004, ran again in 2006. Democrats blamed Donnelly's 2004 loss on a lack of funding from the national party that allowed Chocola to outspend Donnelly by a two-to-one margin. President Bush visited the South Bend-centered district seven times between 2000 and 2006, suggesting that Chocola was vulnerable. Chocola's popularity was also affected by the unpopularity of GOP Governor Mitch Daniels; among other things, Daniels decided to lease a toll road that runs through the district to a foreign corporation. Daniels also pushed to move the entire state to daylight saving time, which was opposed by local residents. In the campaign, Chocola attacked Donnelly for being delinquent in paying property taxes. On election night, Donnelly defeated Chocola 54% to 46%.
  • Indiana's 8th congressional district: John Hostettler (R), who had only a 34% approval rating, was challenged by Vanderburgh County Sheriff Brad Ellsworth in this swing district that includes Evansville and Terre Haute. Hostettler had a history of winning tough reelections, but Ellsworth was considered to be his strongest opponent. The district has been nicknamed "The Bloody Eighth" due to its frequent ousting of incumbent congressmen, which has occurred in 1958, 1966, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1994, and 2006. Despite the competitive nature of the district, Hostettler was traditionally slow to raise money and lagged far behind his opponent in fundraising totals throughout the election. Rumors circulated in September that Hostettler had essentially given up on his campaign when he failed to hold any events on Labor Day weekend, the traditional kickoff of the campaign season. In the end, Ellsworth defeated Hostettler by a 61%-39% margin, the most lopsided loss for a House incumbent since 1994.
  • Indiana's 9th congressional district: In 2004, incumbent Mike Sodrel (R) defeated then-incumbent Baron Hill by only 1,425 votes, the smallest winning percentage in any congressional race that year.[13] Hill ran in 2006 to reclaim his seat in this Southeast Indiana district that includes Bloomington and New Albany. He defeated anti-war challenger Gretchen Clearwater in the May 2 primary. Factors cited in the race included Sodrel being a self-described staunch Republican Party loyalist in an evenly divided district, Hill lacking the advantages of incumbency in 2006, and (according to Democrats) Hill's superior constituent service compared to Sodrel's. Hill defeated Sodrel 50% to 46%.
  • Iowa's 1st congressional district: Incumbent Jim Nussle (R) left his seat in Congress to run for governor. This district is Democratic-leaning, and of the open seats was one of the most likely to change hands. It contains most of northeastern Iowa including large cities such as Dubuque, the Quad Cities and Waterloo. Nussle had been reelected in 2000 and 2004 with 55% of the vote but Al Gore and John Kerry won the district in those same years. In 2006, businessman Mike Whalen won the Republican nomination while attorney Bruce Braley was the Democratic nominee. Braley defeated Whalen 55 percent to 43 percent. (For details, see 2006 Iowa's 1st congressional district election.)
  • Iowa's 2nd congressional district: Incumbent Jim Leach (R) received 59% of the vote in 2004. Before the election, this was the most Democratic seat held by a Republican, as measured by presidential candidates' performances in the district. However, Leach had consistently won here since 1976, helped by his reputation for strong integrity. Also helping him was his status as one of the most liberal Republicans in the House. As a result, Leach traditionally won large numbers of crossover votes from Democrats and was expected to do so again. The Democrats nominated David Loebsack, a political science professor at small Cornell College in Mount Vernon, Iowa. Despite Leach's appeal and seniority, Loebsack prevailed on election night by a 51% to 49% margin. Leach's defeat made him the most senior House member to lose re-election in 2006 and the most senior member to lose re-election since 36-year incumbent Phil Crane lost in 2004 in an upset to Melissa Bean.
  • Kansas's 2nd congressional district: Incumbent Jim Ryun (R), a leading conservative, won re-election by 56% to 41% in 2004 and had held his seat for five terms. This year, Ryun faced a rematch with Democrat Nancy Boyda, who also ran against him in 2004. The district is home to Topeka, Manhattan (location of Kansas State University), Leavenworth, Pittsburg, and half of the liberal college town of Lawrence, home of the University of Kansas. Despite being held by Ryun, the seat had a history of electing Democrats and before 1994, Democrats held the seat for 20 out of 24 years. However, gerrymandering had made the seat tilt more Republican, and Ryun was thought to be secure. However, Ryun faced controversy over a Washington, D.C. real estate purchase, and in the wake of scandals that rocked Washington, D.C., this had a major effect on local voters, far more than had been expected. Boyda was also helped by the reelection of popular Democratic Governor Kathleen Sebelius. Boyda defeated the incumbent Ryun 51% to 47%, in one of the most shocking results of the night.
  • Kentucky's 3rd congressional district: Incumbent Anne Northup (R) had been a target for the Democrats since her election in 1996; in 2004 and 2000, John Kerry and Al Gore both won her Louisville-centered congressional district by two percent, and Bill Clinton won the district by double-digit margins during the 1990s. While Northup had generally run close races, she won 60% of the vote in the 2004 election. Redistricting after the 2000 census added a few more suburban Republicans to the district, according to Congressional Quarterly. The Democratic candidate was John Yarmuth, the founder of local free publication LEO. In spite of Northup's electoral success, excellent constituent services, and popularity among blue-collar voters in southern Louisville, Democrats saw this race as winnable, calling attention to Northup's 91% lockstep voting record with an unpopular President Bush. Northup led in most polls until October, when Yarmuth began to gain. By election night, the race had become highly competitive. House Majority Leader John Boehner referred to Northup as the Republicans' "canary in the coal mine", meaning that her fortunes would portend the outcome of House elections nationwide. This proved to be a correct assessment, as on election night, Yarmuth defeated Northup 51% to 48% and Republicans lost control of the House.
  • Minnesota's 1st congressional district: Incumbent Gil Gutknecht (R) was reelected in his Southern Minnesota district with 60% of the vote in 2004. A member of the 1994 Republican Revolution, Gutknecht had promised not to run for a seventh term when first elected. Though not expected to be significant, the broken promise proved to be a factor in his defeat. Geography teacher Tim Walz was the Democratic nominee and ran a much stronger campaign than expected, helped by the massive decline in President George W. Bush's popularity in Minnesota. Walz defeated Gutknecht 53%-47%.[14]
  • New Hampshire's 1st congressional district: Republican incumbent Jeb Bradley was seeking a third term. Rochester Democratic chair Carol Shea-Porter won the nomination in a major upset against better funded and party-favored state House Democratic Leader Jim Craig. Although this was the one house district in New England Bush carried in 2004, and Bradley had won it handily in the past, the President was highly unpopular throughout New England, which gave Democrats an opening. Still, most thought that Bradley was the strong favorite to win. Shea-Porter defeated Bradley 52% to 48% in the most shocking upset of the night, along with the victories of David Loebsack and Nancy Boyda.
  • New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district: Incumbent Charles Bass (R) won reelection in 2004 with 58% percent of the vote, even as his district was won by John Kerry 52% to 47%. Bass, a political moderate, easily defeated primary challenges from Berlin Mayor Bob Danderson and Mary Maxwell. The Democratic nominee, Paul Hodes, an attorney, was also the 2004 Democratic nominee. In late September, a top Bass staffer resigned after news stories that a U.S. Government computer in Bass's DC office had been used to post anonymous concern troll messages to NH blogs. In these messages, "IndyNH" claimed to be a supporter of Paul Hodes who was discouraged by Bass's unbeatable lead. Hodes defeated Bass on election day, 53% to 46%.
  • New York's 19th congressional district: Incumbent Sue Kelly (R) had rarely faced stiff competition since her initial election in 1994, but the Democratic primary attracted six contenders in 2006, two of whom dropped out before the primary. Former Ulster County Legislator John Hall, who was once a member of the popular rock band, Orleans, won the Democratic nomination with 49% of the vote in a multi-candidate primary. An October 26 Majority-Watch poll had him leading 49% to 47%.[15] Several factors played into Kelly's defeat, including the extremely weak GOP showing in the senatorial and gubernatorial races, her reluctance to answer questions about the Mark Foley Page Scandal (notoriously, she literally ran away from television cameras at one point), and Hall's quirky campaign style, which included an appearance on the satirical Comedy Central program The Colbert Report. Hall defeated Kelly 51% to 49%. Following Hall's election, Stephen Colbert took credit for the victory and attributed it entirely to Hall's appearance on the show. Hall appeared several days later to satirically thank the host for his seat in Congress.
  • New York's 20th congressional district: Incumbent John E. Sweeney (R) had never faced a particularly competitive election until 2006. His competitive district fueled a strong challenge from attorney Kirsten Gillibrand. In April 2006, Sweeney was allegedly sighted intoxicated at a fraternity party.[16] On October 31, a week before the election, a On October 31, a week before the electionpolice report surfaced that documented a 911 call from his wife asking for help because her husband was "knocking her around the room". Despite denials from both Sweeney and his wife, the report proved to be a turning point and Gillibrand was victorious on election night, 53% to 47%. (For details, see 2006 New York's 20th congressional district election.)
  • New York's 24th congressional district: Incumbent Sherwood Boehlert (R) announced his retirement after 24 years, making this a seat of considerable focus for the Democrats in the run up to the mid terms. Boehlert is considered a moderate Republican, and the district is considered to be competitive. George Bush won by 53% in the 2004 election, but by only 3,000 votes in the 2000 presidential election. The Republican nominee was state Senator Ray Meier, while the Democratic nominee was Oneida County District Attorney Mike Arcuri. Both were locally popular and proven vote-getters and the race was a toss-up. Arcuri defeated Meier 54% to 45%.
  • Ohio's 18th congressional district: Bob Ney (R), the incumbent since 1995, part of the Jack Abramoff Indian lobbying scandal, withdrew from the race in early August 2006,[18] before pleading guilty a month later to criminal charges. Zack Space, the law director of the city of Dover, was the surprise winner of the Democratic nomination. Ney's formal withdrawal on August 14 resulted in a special election to choose his replacement; Ohio state Senator Joy Padgett won with about 65% of the vote. Her candidacy was subsequently damaged by news reports about her business and personal bankruptcies. Space defeated Padgett, 62% to 38%.
  • Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district: Jason Altmire (D) upset incumbent Republican Melissa Hart in a surprise victory for the Democrats in this suburban Pittsburgh district. Altmire's background was in health care policy and legislative relations; he was overseer of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center's Office of Charitable Giving before leaving to run for office in June 2005. Hart had seemed untouchable only a few months before the election, and Hart had seemed untouchable only a few months before the electionwas still generally expected to win on Election Day. Hart blamed her defeat on Altmire's campaign ads that tied her with the locally unpopular president.[19] Altmire defeated Hart, 52% to 48%.
  • Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district: Curt Weldon (R) won reelection with 59% of the vote in 2004, but represents a Democratic-leaning district that incorporates much of Delaware County in suburban Philadelphia. He faced retired Navy Vice Admiral Joe Sestak (D). On October 13, it was reported that Weldon and his daughter were being investigated by the FBI, and two days later the FBI raided his daughter's residence.[20][21] Between Sestak's fundraising abilities,[22] and the investigation of Weldon and his daughter, Sestak defeated Weldon, 56% to 44%.
  • Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district: Mike Fitzpatrick (R) won election for the first time in 2004 by a wide 56-42 margin over Virginia "Ginny" Schrader, but his district, based in suburban Bucks County, is politically moderate, having voted for Democratic presidents and Republican congressmen since 1992. His Democratic opponent in 2006 was retired Captain Patrick Murphy, an Iraq War veteran of the Army's 82nd Airborne. The Iraq War was the major issue of the campaign. In 2005, Murphy proposed a plan for phased withdrawal; Fitzpatrick stood by President Bush's stay-the-course policy through most of the campaign, before calling for a new plan. Ultimately, Murphy defeated Fitzpatrick by 1,518 votes.
  • Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district: Don Sherwood (R) had strong backing as a result of redistricting in this heavy GOP district. The Democrats didn't even field a candidate to run against him in 2002 and 2004. But in 2005 details were made public regarding a five-year affair between Sherwood and Cynthia Ore, who sued Sherwood for $5.5 million alleging physical abuse. On November 8, 2005, the two settled out of court for an undisclosed amount. Sherwood was expected to win the Republican primary easily over teacher Kathy Scott, as she had very little money or campaign staff, but she polled a surprising 44% of the vote against him. His Democratic opponent was professor and U.S. Naval Reserve officer Chris Carney. Carney led in the polls for most of the fall. Carney defeated Sherwood 53% to 47%. For details, see 2006 Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district election.
  • Texas's 22nd congressional district: Incumbent former House Majority Leader Tom DeLay (R) won the primary, then retired, leaving his seat vacant, and dropped out of the re-election race. These events followed a number of corruption charges that made DeLay the focus of a September 28, 2005, indictment by a grand jury in Travis County (which includes Austin) over his campaign finances related to Texans for a Republican Majority (TRMPAC) and another political action committee, ARMPAC. In 2004, DeLay won 55% of the vote against a relatively unknown Democrat, environmental lawyer Richard Morrison, even though George W. Bush carried the suburban Houston district with 64% of the vote. Democrats sued to keep DeLay as the Republican nominee when he withdrew, citing a lack of proof of residence outside the district, since Texas law does not allow a party to replace its nominee unless the candidate cannot run due to extraordinary circumstances or if he or she moves away. The Democrats won the suit, and DeLay was forced to remain on the ballot or leave his party without a nominee. Republicans quickly rallied around Shelley Sekula-Gibbs to run a write-in campaign to defeat Nick Lampson the Democratic nominee. Lampson defeated Sekula-Gibbs 52%-42%.
  • Texas's 23rd congressional district: In 2004, incumbent Henry Bonilla (R) received nearly 70% of the vote. However, his district, which includes several heavily Republican suburbs of San Antonio, as well as Big Bend National Park and much of Texas' border with Mexico, had to be changed after a mid-2006 U.S. Supreme Court ruling that the redistricting efforts of the Texas Legislature violated Voting Rights Act protection of minorities -- largely Hispanic Laredo was in the 23rd District until the redistricting. On August 4, a federal court redrew the district and removed the portion of Webb County that was in the district, eliminating the possibility of a rematch with Cuellar, and added a heavily Democratic portion of San Antonio, the home base of liberal former congressman Ciro Rodriguez. Rodriguez ran against Bonilla in the all-candidate primary on November 7.[23] The winner of the now somewhat irrelevant Democratic primary, Vietnam War combat veteran Rick Bolanos, also ran in the November 7 election. The realigned district is less Republican than the previous version, but Bonilla was still favored against the crowded field of six Democrats, including Rodriguez and Bolanos, and one Independent candidate. A majority was required in this special election to avoid a runoff between the top two contenders. Bonilla won the November 7 election with 49% of the vote, but failed to get the needed 50% of the vote to avoid the runoff. In that runoff, he faced Rodriguez, who got 20% of the special election vote. Bonilla was seen as being the favorite. He ignored Rodriguez until the final days, then ran TV ads portraying him as politically aligned with some Islamic terror supporters, which backfired. In the special election however, Rodriguez was able to portray himself as part of an incoming majority, which would help retain federal funding for programs in the district. Rodriguez defeated Bonilla in the runoff 54% to 46%.

Alabama

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Alabama 1 R+12 Jo Bonner Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 2 R+13 Terry Everett Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 3 R+4 Mike D. Rogers Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 4 R+16 Robert Aderholt Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 5 R+6 Robert Cramer Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 6 R+25 Spencer Bachus Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 7 D+17 Artur Davis Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

Alaska

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Alaska at-large R+14 Don Young Republican 1973 Incumbent re-elected.

Arizona

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Arizona 1 R+2 Rick Renzi Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 2 R+9 Trent Franks Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 3 R+6 John Shadegg Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 4 D+14 Ed Pastor Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 5 R+4 J. D. Hayworth Republican 1994 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Arizona 6 R+12 Jeff Flake Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 7 D+12 Raul Grijalva Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 8 R+1 Jim Kolbe Republican 1984 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

Arkansas

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Arkansas 1 R+1 Marion Berry Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas 2 EVEN Vic Snyder Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas 3 R+11 John Boozman Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas 4 EVEN Mike Ross Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.

California

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
California 1 D+10 Mike Thompson Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 2 R+13 Wally Herger Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
California 3 R+7 Dan Lungren Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 4 R+11 John Doolittle Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
California 5 D+14 Doris Matsui Democratic 2005 Incumbent re-elected.
California 6 D+21 Lynn Woolsey Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 7 D+19 George Miller Democratic 1974 Incumbent re-elected.
California 8 D+36 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 1987 Incumbent re-elected.
California 9 D+38 Barbara Lee Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 10 D+8 Ellen Tauscher Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
California 11 R+3 Richard Pombo Republican 1992 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
California 12 D+22 Tom Lantos Democratic 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tom Lantos (Democratic) 76.1%
  • Michael Moloney (Republican) 23.9%
California 13 D+22 Pete Stark Democratic 1972 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Pete Stark (Democratic) 74.9%
  • George Bruno (Republican) 25.1%
California 14 D+18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 15 D+14 Mike Honda Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
California 16 D+16 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
California 17 D+17 Sam Farr Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 18 D+3 Dennis Cardoza Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
California 19 R+10 George Radanovich Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
California 20 D+5 Jim Costa Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
California 21 R+13 Devin Nunes Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
California 22 R+16 Bill Thomas Republican 1978 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
California 23 D+9 Lois Capps Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 24 R+5 Elton Gallegly Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
California 25 R+7 Howard McKeon Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 26 R+4 David Dreier Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
California 27 D+13 Brad Sherman Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
California 28 D+25 Howard Berman Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
California 29 D+12 Adam Schiff Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
California 30 D+20 Henry Waxman Democratic 1974 Incumbent re-elected.
California 31 D+30 Xavier Becerra Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 32 D+17 Hilda Solis Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
California 33 D+36 Diane Watson Democratic 2001 Incumbent re-elected.
California 34 D+23 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 35 D+33 Maxine Waters Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
California 36 D+11 Jane Harman Democratic 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
California 37 D+27 Juanita Millender-McDonald Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
California 38 D+20 Grace Napolitano Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 39 D+13 Linda Sánchez Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
California 40 R+8 Ed Royce Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 41 R+9 Jerry Lewis Republican 1978 Incumbent re-elected.
California 42 R+10 Gary Miller Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 43 D+13 Joe Baca Democratic 1999 Incumbent re-elected.
California 44 R+6 Ken Calvert Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 45 R+3 Mary Bono Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 46 R+6 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
California 47 D+5 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
California 48 R+8 John Campbell Republican 2005 Incumbent re-elected.
California 49 R+10 Darrell Issa Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
California 50 R+5 Brian Bilbray Republican 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
California 51 D+7 Bob Filner Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 52 R+9 Duncan Hunter Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
California 53 D+12 Susan Davis Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.

Colorado

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Colorado 1 D+18 Diana DeGette Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 2 D+8 Mark Udall Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 3 R+6 John Salazar Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 4 R+9 Marilyn Musgrave Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 5 R+16 Joel Hefley Republican 1986 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Colorado 6 R+10 Tom Tancredo Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 7 D+2 Bob Beauprez Republican 2002 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

Connecticut

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Connecticut 1 D+14 John Larson Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut 2 D+8 Rob Simmons Republican 2000 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Connecticut 3 D+12 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut 4 D+5 Chris Shays Republican 1987 Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut 5 D+4 Nancy Johnson Republican 1982 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

Delaware

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Delaware at-large D+7 Michael Castle Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.

Florida

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Florida 1 R+19 Jeff Miller Republican 2001 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 R+2 Allen Boyd Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 3 D+17 Corrine Brown Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 4 R+16 Ander Crenshaw Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 5 R+5 Ginny Brown-Waite Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 6 R+8 Cliff Stearns Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 7 R+3 John Mica Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 8 R+3 Ric Keller Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 9 R+4 Michael Bilirakis Republican 1982 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Florida 10 D+1 Bill Young Republican 1970 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 11 D+11 Jim Davis Democratic 1996 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Florida 12 R+5 Adam Putnam Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 13 R+4 Katherine Harris Republican 2002 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Florida 14 R+10 Connie Mack IV Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 15 R+4 Dave Weldon Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 16 R+2 Vacant Incumbent Mark Foley (Republican) resigned September 29, 2006.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Florida 17 D+35 Kendrick Meek Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 18 R+4 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 1989 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 19 D+21 Robert Wexler Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 20 D+18 Debbie Wasserman Schultz Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 21 R+6 Lincoln Diaz-Balart Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 22 D+4 E. Clay Shaw Jr. Republican 1980 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Florida 23 D+29 Alcee Hastings Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 24 R+3 Tom Feeney Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 25 R+4 Mario Diaz-Balart Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

Georgia

Georgia's delegation was redistricted in 2005.[]

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Georgia 1 R+14 Jack Kingston Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 2 D+2 Sanford Bishop Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 3 R+19 Lynn Westmoreland
Redistricted from the 8th district
Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 4 D+22 Cynthia McKinney Democratic 2002 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Hank Johnson (Democratic) 75.4%
  • Catherine Davis (Republican) 24.6%
Georgia 5 D+25 John Lewis Democratic 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 6 R+19 Tom Price Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 7 R+19 John Linder Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 8 R+8 Jim Marshall
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 9 R+24 Nathan Deal
Redistricted from the 10th district
Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 10 R+14 Charlie Norwood
Redistricted from the 9th district
Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 11 R+18 Phil Gingrey Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 12 D+2 John Barrow Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 13 D+10 David Scott Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

Hawaii

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Hawaii 1 D+7 Neil Abercrombie Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Hawaii 2 D+10 Ed Case Democratic 2002 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.

Idaho

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Idaho 1 R+19 C. L. Otter Republican 2000 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Idaho 2 R+23 Mike Simpson Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.

Illinois

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Illinois 1 D+35 Bobby Rush Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 2 D+35 Jesse Jackson Jr. Democratic 1995 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 3 D+10 Dan Lipinski Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 4 D+31 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 5 D+18 Rahm Emanuel Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 6 R+3 Henry Hyde Republican 1974 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Illinois 7 D+35 Danny Davis Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Danny Davis (Democratic) 86.7%
  • Charles Hutchinson (Republican) 13.3%
Illinois 8 R+5 Melissa Bean Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 9 D+20 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 10 D+4 Mark Kirk Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 11 R+1 Jerry Weller Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 12 D+5 Jerry Costello Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 13 R+5 Judy Biggert Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 14 R+5 Dennis Hastert Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 15 R+6 Tim Johnson Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 16 R+4 Donald Manzullo Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 17 D+5 Lane Evans Democratic 1982 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Illinois 18 R+5 Ray LaHood Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 19 R+8 John Shimkus Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.

Indiana

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Indiana 1 D+8 Pete Visclosky Democratic 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 2 R+4 Chris Chocola Republican 2002 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Indiana 3 R+16 Mark Souder Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 4 R+17 Steve Buyer Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 5 R+20 Dan Burton Republican 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 6 R+11 Mike Pence Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 7 D+9 Julia Carson Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 8 R+9 John Hostettler Republican 1994 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Indiana 9 R+7 Mike Sodrel Republican 2004 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

Iowa

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Iowa 1 D+5 Jim Nussle Republican 1990 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Iowa 2 D+7 Jim Leach Republican 1976 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Iowa 3 D+1 Leonard Boswell Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Iowa 4 EVEN Tom Latham Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Iowa 5 R+8 Steve King Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

Kansas

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Kansas 1 R+20 Jerry Moran Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 2 R+7 Jim Ryun Republican 1996 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Kansas 3 R+4 Dennis Moore Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 4 R+12 Todd Tiahrt Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.

Kentucky

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Kentucky 1 R+10 Ed Whitfield Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 2 R+13 Ron Lewis Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 3 D+2 Anne Northup Republican 1996 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Kentucky 4 R+12 Geoff Davis Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 5 R+8 Hal Rogers Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 6 R+7 Ben Chandler Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.

Louisiana

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Louisiana 1 R+18 Bobby Jindal Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 2 D+28 Bill Jefferson Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected in runoff.[26]
Louisiana 3 R+5 Charlie Melancon Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 4 R+7 Jim McCrery Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 5 R+10 Rodney Alexander Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 6 R+7 Richard Baker Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 7 R+7 Charles Boustany Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.

Maine

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Maine 1 D+6 Tom Allen Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 2 D+4 Mike Michaud Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

Maryland

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Maryland 1 R+10 Wayne Gilchrest Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 2 D+8 Dutch Ruppersberger Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 3 D+7 Ben Cardin Democratic 1986 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Maryland 4 D+30 Albert Wynn Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 5 D+9 Steny Hoyer Democratic 1981 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 6 R+13 Roscoe Bartlett Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 7 D+25 Elijah Cummings Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 8 D+20 Chris Van Hollen Jr. Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

Massachusetts

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Massachusetts 1 D+15 John Olver Democratic 1991 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 2 D+11 Richard Neal Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 3 D+11 Jim McGovern Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 4 D+17 Barney Frank Democratic 1980 Incumbent re-elected. Barney Frank (Democratic) Unopposed
Massachusetts 5 D+9 Marty Meehan Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 6 D+10 John Tierney Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 7 D+18 Ed Markey Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 8 D+31 Mike Capuano Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 9 D+15 Stephen Lynch Democratic 2001 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 10 D+8 Bill Delahunt Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.

Michigan

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Michigan 1 R+2 Bart Stupak Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 2 R+9 Pete Hoekstra Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 3 R+9 Vern Ehlers Republican 1993 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 4 R+3 Dave Camp Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 5 D+12 Dale Kildee Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 6 R+2 Fred Upton Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 7 R+2 Joe Schwarz Republican 2004 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Michigan 8 R+2 Mike Rogers Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 9 EVEN Joe Knollenberg Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 10 R+4 Candice Miller Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 11 R+1 Thad McCotter Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 12 D+13 Sander Levin Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 13 D+32 Carolyn Kilpatrick Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 14 D+33 John Conyers Jr. Democratic 1964 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 15 D+13 John Dingell Democratic 1955 Incumbent re-elected.

Minnesota

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Minnesota 1 R+1 Gil Gutknecht Republican 1994 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Minnesota 2 R+3 John Kline Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 3 R+1 Jim Ramstad Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 4 D+13 Betty McCollum Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 5 D+21 Martin Sabo Democratic 1978 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Minnesota 6 R+5 Mark Kennedy Republican 2000 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Minnesota 7 R+6 Collin Peterson Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 8 D+4 Jim Oberstar Democratic 1974 Incumbent re-elected.

Mississippi

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Mississippi 1 R+10 Roger Wicker Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 D+10 Bennie Thompson Democratic 1993 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 3 R+13 Chip Pickering Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 4 R+16 Gene Taylor Democratic 1989 Incumbent re-elected.

Missouri

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Missouri 1 D+26 Lacy Clay Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 2 R+9 Todd Akin Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 3 D+8 Russ Carnahan Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 4 R+11 Ike Skelton Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 5 D+12 Emanuel Cleaver Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 6 R+5 Sam Graves Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 7 R+14 Roy Blunt Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 8 R+11 Jo Ann Emerson Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 9 R+7 Kenny Hulshof Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.

Montana

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Montana at-large R+11 Denny Rehberg Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.

Nebraska

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Nebraska 1 R+11 Jeff Fortenberry Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska 2 R+9 Lee Terry Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska 3 R+24 Tom Osborne Republican 2000 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Republican hold.

Nevada

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Nevada 1 D+9 Shelley Berkley Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Nevada 2 R+8 Jim Gibbons Republican 1996 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Nevada 3 D+1 Jon Porter Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

New Hampshire

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
New Hampshire 1 EVEN Jeb Bradley Republican 2002 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New Hampshire 2 D+3 Charlie Bass Republican 1994 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

New Jersey

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
New Jersey 1 D+14 Rob Andrews Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 2 D+4 Frank LoBiondo Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 3 D+3 Jim Saxton Republican 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 4 R+1 Chris Smith Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 5 R+4 Scott Garrett Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 6 D+12 Frank Pallone Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 7 R+1 Mike Ferguson Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 8 D+12 Bill Pascrell Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 9 D+13 Steve Rothman Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 10 D+34 Don Payne Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 11 R+6 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 12 D+8 Rush Holt Jr. Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 13 D+23 Vacant Incumbent Bob Menendez (Democratic) resigned January 18, 2006.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.

New Mexico

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
New Mexico 1 D+2 Heather Wilson Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New Mexico 2 R+6 Steve Pearce Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
New Mexico 3 D+6 Tom Udall Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.

New York

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
New York 1 D+3 Tim Bishop Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 2 D+7 Steve Israel Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 3 D+2 Peter King Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Peter King (Republican) 56.0%
  • David Mejias (Democratic) 44.0%
New York 4 D+9 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 5 D+18 Gary Ackerman Democratic 1983 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 6 D+38 Gregory Meeks Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 7 D+28 Joseph Crowley Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 8 D+28 Jerrold Nadler Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 9 D+14 Anthony Weiner Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 10 D+41 Ed Towns Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 11 D+40 Major Owens Democratic 1982 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
New York 12 D+34 Nydia Velazquez Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 13 D+1 Vito Fossella Republican 1997 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 14 D+26 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 15 D+43 Charles Rangel Democratic 1970 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 16 D+43 Jose Serrano Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 17 D+21 Eliot Engel Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 18 D+10 Nita Lowey Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Nita Lowey (Democratic) 70.7%
  • Richard A. Hoffman (Republican) 29.3%
New York 19 R+1 Sue Kelly Republican 1994 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 20 R+3 John Sweeney Republican 1998 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 21 D+9 Mike McNulty Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 22 D+6 Maurice Hinchey Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 23 EVEN John McHugh Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 24 R+1 Sherwood Boehlert Republican 1982 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 25 D+3 Jim Walsh Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 26 R+3 Tom Reynolds Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 27 D+7 Brian Higgins Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 28 D+15 Louise Slaughter Democratic 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 29 R+5 Randy Kuhl Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.

North Carolina

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
North Carolina 1 D+9 G. K. Butterfield Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 2 R+3 Bob Etheridge Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 3 R+15 Walter Jones Jr. Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 4 D+6 David Price Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 5 R+15 Virginia Foxx Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 6 R+17 Howard Coble Republican 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 7 R+3 Mike McIntyre Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 8 R+3 Robin Hayes Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 9 R+12 Sue Myrick Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 10 R+15 Patrick McHenry Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 11 R+7 Charles Taylor Republican 1990 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
North Carolina 12 D+11 Mel Watt Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 13 D+2 Brad Miller Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

North Dakota

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
North Dakota at-large R+13 Earl Pomeroy Democratic-NPL 1992 Incumbent re-elected.

Ohio

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Ohio 1 R+1 Steve Chabot Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 2 R+13 Jean Schmidt Republican 2005 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 3 R+3 Mike Turner Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 4 R+14 Mike Oxley Republican 1981 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Ohio 5 R+10 Paul Gillmor Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 6 EVEN Ted Strickland Democratic 1992 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Ohio 7 R+6 Dave Hobson Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 8 R+12 John Boehner Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 9 D+9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 10 D+6 Dennis Kucinich Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 11 D+33 Stephanie Tubbs Jones Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 12 R+1 Pat Tiberi Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 13 D+6 Sherrod Brown Democratic 1992 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Ohio 14 R+2 Steve LaTourette Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 15 R+1 Deborah Pryce Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 16 R+4 Ralph Regula Republican 1972 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ralph Regula (Republican) 58.3%
  • Tom Shaw (Democratic) 41.7%
Ohio 17 D+14 Tim Ryan Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 18 R+6 Bob Ney Republican 1994 Incumbent retired and then resigned November 3, 2006.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

Oklahoma

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Oklahoma 1 R+13 John Sullivan Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Oklahoma 2 R+5 Dan Boren Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Oklahoma 3 R+18 Frank Lucas Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Oklahoma 4 R+13 Tom Cole Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Oklahoma 5 R+12 Ernest Istook Republican 1992 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Republican hold.

Oregon

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Oregon 1 D+6 David Wu Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon 2 R+11 Greg Walden Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon 3 D+18 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon 4 EVEN Peter DeFazio Democratic 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Peter DeFazio (Democratic) 62.3%
  • Jim Feldkamp (Republican) 37.6%
Oregon 5 D+1 Darlene Hooley Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.

Pennsylvania

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Pennsylvania 1 D+36 Bob Brady Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 2 D+39 Chaka Fattah Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 3 R+2 Phil English Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 4 R+3 Melissa Hart Republican 2000 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Pennsylvania 5 R+10 John Peterson Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 6 D+2 Jim Gerlach Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jim Gerlach (Republican) 50.7%
  • Lois Murphy (Democratic) 49.3%
Pennsylvania 7 D+4 Curt Weldon Republican 1986 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Pennsylvania 8 D+3 Mike Fitzpatrick Republican 2004 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Pennsylvania 9 R+15 Bill Shuster Republican 2001 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 10 R+8 Don Sherwood Republican 1998 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Pennsylvania 11 D+5 Paul Kanjorski Democratic 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 12 D+5 John Murtha Democratic 1974 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 13 D+8 Allyson Schwartz Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 14 D+22 Mike Doyle Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 15 D+2 Charlie Dent Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 16 R+11 Joe Pitts Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 17 R+7 Tim Holden Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 18 R+2 Tim Murphy Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 19 R+12 Todd Platts Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.

Rhode Island

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Rhode Island 1 D+16 Patrick Kennedy Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Rhode Island 2 D+13 Jim Langevin Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
South Carolina 1 R+10 Henry E. Brown Jr. Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 R+9 Joe Wilson Republican 2001 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 R+14 J. Gresham Barrett Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 R+15 Bob Inglis Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 R+6 John Spratt Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 D+11 Jim Clyburn Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.

South Dakota

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
South Dakota at-large R+10 Stephanie Herseth Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.

Tennessee

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Tennessee 1 R+14 William L. Jenkins Republican 1996 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Tennessee 2 R+11 Jimmy Duncan Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jimmy Duncan (Republican) 77.7%
  • John Greene (Democratic) 22.3%
Tennessee 3 R+8 Zach Wamp Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Zach Wamp (Republican) 65.7%
  • Brent Benedict (Democratic) 34.3%
Tennessee 4 R+3 Lincoln Davis Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Lincoln Davis (Democratic) 67.5%
  • Kenneth Martin (Republican) 32.5%
Tennessee 5 D+6 Jim Cooper Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 R+4 Bart Gordon Democratic 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 7 R+12 Marsha Blackburn Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 8 EVEN John Tanner Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Tanner (Democratic) 73.2%
  • John Farmer (Republican) 26.8%
Tennessee 9 D+18 Harold Ford Jr. Democratic 1996 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.

Texas

Texas's 22nd district was held by Tom DeLay who had resigned. The Democratic Party sued to prevent the Republican Party from replacing Tom DeLay (who was determined to be the candidate in March 2006) with another candidate. The courts agreed with the Democratic Party and the Supreme Court has refused to hear the appeal. On August 8, 2006, Tom DeLay officially withdrew his name as the Republican candidate. (The court decision did not allow the Republican Party from changing its candidate, however it did not prevent Tom DeLay from withdrawing altogether.)[27]

Texas's 23rd district was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the United States, which ordered the district re-drawn. This affected the 15th, 21st, 23rd, 25th, and 28th districts, which had a blanket primary on Election Day, followed by a runoff on December 6 in District 23, where no candidate got a majority of the vote.

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Texas 1 R+17 Louie Gohmert Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 2 R+12 Ted Poe Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 3 R+17 Sam Johnson Republican 1991 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 4 R+17 Ralph Hall Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 5 R+16 Jeb Hensarling Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 6 R+15 Joe Barton Republican 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 7 R+16 John Culberson Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 8 R+20 Kevin Brady Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 9 D+21 Al Green Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 10 R+13 Michael McCaul Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 11 R+25 Mike Conaway Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 12 R+14 Kay Granger Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 13 R+18 Mac Thornberry Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 14 R+14 Ron Paul Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 15 D+3 Ruben Hinojosa Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 16 D+9 Silvestre Reyes Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 17 R+18 Chet Edwards Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 18 D+23 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 19 R+25 Randy Neugebauer Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 20 D+8 Charlie Gonzalez Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 21 R+13 Lamar Smith Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 22 R+15 Shelley Sekula-Gibbs Republican 2006 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Texas 23 R+4 Henry Bonilla Republican 1992

Incumbent lost re-election in run-off (district
was declared unconstitutional by
Supreme Court in August 2006
and redrawn). Democratic gain.
New member elected.

Texas 24 R+15 Kenny Marchant Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 25 D+1 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 26 R+12 Michael Burgess Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 27 R+1 Solomon Ortiz Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 28 R+1 Henry Cuellar Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 29 D+8 Gene Green Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 30 D+26 Eddie Bernice Johnson Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 31 R+15 John Carter Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 32 R+11 Pete Sessions Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.

Utah

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Utah 1 R+26 Rob Bishop Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Utah 2 R+17 Jim Matheson Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Utah 3 R+22 Chris Cannon Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.

Vermont

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Vermont at-large D+8 Bernie Sanders Independent 1990 Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

Virginia

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Virginia 1 R+9 Jo Ann Davis Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 2 R+6 Thelma Drake Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 3 D+18 Bobby Scott Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 4 R+5 Randy Forbes Republican 2001 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Randy Forbes (Republican) 76.1%
  • Albert Burckard (Ind. Green) 23.4%
Virginia 5 R+6 Virgil Goode Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 6 R+11 Bob Goodlatte Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 R+11 Eric Cantor Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 8 D+14 Jim Moran Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 9 R+7 Rick Boucher Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 10 R+5 Frank Wolf Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 11 R+1 Tom Davis Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Tom Davis (Republican) 55.5%
  • Andrew Hurst (Democratic) 43.6%
  • Fernando Greco (Ind. Green) 0.9%

Washington

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Washington 1 D+7 Jay Inslee Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 2 D+3 Rick Larsen Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 3 EVEN Brian Baird Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 4 R+13 Doc Hastings Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 5 R+7 Cathy McMorris Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 6 D+6 Norm Dicks Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 7 D+30 Jim McDermott Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 8 D+2 Dave Reichert Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 9 D+6 Adam Smith Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.

West Virginia

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
West Virginia 1 R+6 Alan Mollohan Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 2 R+5 Shelley Capito Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 3 EVEN Nick Rahall Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Nick Rahall (Democratic) 69.4%
  • Kim Wolfe (Republican) 30.6%

Wisconsin

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Wisconsin 1 R+2 Paul Ryan Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 2 D+13 Tammy Baldwin Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 3 D+3 Ron Kind Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 4 D+20 Gwen Moore Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 5 R+12 Jim Sensenbrenner Republican 1978 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 6 R+5 Tom Petri Republican 1979 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 7 D+2 Dave Obey Democratic 1969 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 8 EVEN Mark Green Republican 1998 Retired to run for Governor.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

Wyoming

District Incumbent Results Candidates
District 2004 CPVI Representative Party First
elected
Wyoming at-large R+19 Barbara Cubin Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.

Non-voting delegates

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Results Candidates
American Samoa at-large Eni Faleomavaega Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
District of Columbia at-large Eleanor Holmes Norton Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Guam at-large Madeleine Bordallo Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
U.S. Virgin Islands at-large Donna Christian-Christensen Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.

See also

References

  1. ^ "So Why Did the Democrats Win?". Time Magazine. November 15, 2006. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ Don Rose (December 26, 2006). "Democratic sweep may be long-lasting". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2014.
  3. ^ "Democrats win House, promise new direction". CNN. November 8, 2006. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ "CNN.com - Elections 2006". CNN. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ [1], as of November 6, 2006
  6. ^ [2], As of November 6, 2006
  7. ^ Archibold, Randal C. (September 11, 2006). "In Cost and Vitriol, Race in Arizona Draws Notice". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010.
  8. ^ Jon Kamman (September 22, 2006). "GOP cancels $1 mil in Graf ad support". The Arizona Republic.
  9. ^ "California's 11th district primary election results". Archived from the original on 2006-06-16. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "McCloskey Bucks GOP, Backs Democrat". A Stand for Justice. Associated Press. July 24, 2006.
  11. ^ "Recount Gives Courtney Win In 2nd District". NBC Connecticut. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007.
  12. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives / Florida 16". America Votes 2006. CNN.
    Official results from Florida Secretary of State
  13. ^ Lee, Mara (July 2, 2006). "Candidates cash in on celebrities". Evansville Courier & Press.
  14. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives / Minnesota 01". America Votes 2006. CNN.
  15. ^ [3]
  16. ^ Tomlin, John (April 27, 2006). "Congressman Socializes with Students". Concordiensis. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008.
  17. ^ "Shuler keeps lead for US House" (PDF) (Press release). Public Policy Polling. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 15, 2006.
  18. ^ Stout, David (August 7, 2006). "Ohio Congressman Will Not Seek Re-election". The New York Times.
  19. ^ "Altmire Pulls Off Upset Against Melissa Hart". KDKA-TV. November 8, 2006. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007.
  20. ^ John Shiffman, Mitch Lipka and Patrick Kerkstra (October 16, 2006). "Agents raid homes of Rep. Curt Weldon's daughter, close friend". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on November 13, 2006.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  21. ^ "FBI raids home of Weldon's daughter, friend in influence probe". WHDH-TV. Associated Press. October 16, 2006. Archived from the original on November 17, 2006.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  22. ^ Giroux, Greg (October 13, 2006). "Navy Vet Sestak Coming Closer to Sinking Weldon in Pa. 7". CQPolitics.com. Archived from the original on October 27, 2006.
  23. ^ [4]
  24. ^ [5]
  25. ^ Incumbent Mark Foley resigned on September 29, 2006, simultaneously withdrawing from the race. Republican leaders in this district chose Joe Negron to replace Foley, but due to Florida election law, Foley's name remained on the ballot, and all votes for Foley counted as votes for Negron.
  26. ^ Because Bill Jefferson did not win 50% of the vote in the November 7, 2006, election (technically an "open primary" in Louisiana), he faced a runoff election against Louisiana State Representative Karen Carter on December 9, 2006. Jefferson was victorious, earning 57% of the vote to Carter's 43%.
  27. ^ Gamboa, Suzanne (August 8, 2006). "DeLay to Make Way for Write-In Candidate". The Washington Post.

External links

See also


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