United States Senate Committee On Agriculture
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United States Senate Committee On Agriculture

Senate Agriculture Committee
Standing committee
Active
Seal of the United States Senate.svg
United States Senate
117th Congress
History
FormedDecember 9, 1825
Leadership
ChairDebbie Stabenow (D)
Since February 3, 2021
Ranking memberJohn Boozman (R)
Since February 3, 2021
Structure
Political partiesMajority (11)
Minority (11)
Jurisdiction
Policy areasAgriculture, Crop insurance, Farm bill, Farm credit, Food stamps, Food inspection, Forestry, Home economics, Nutrition, Rural development, Rural electrification, Soil conservation, Soil survey, Water conservation, Watersheds
Oversight authorityAgricultural Marketing Service, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Commodity Credit Corporation, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Farm Credit Administration, Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation, Food and Nutrition Service, Food Safety and Inspection Service, Foreign Agricultural Service, National Agricultural Statistics Service, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Forest Service, USDA Rural Development
House counterpartCommittee on Agriculture
Subcommittees
Meeting place
328A Russell Senate Office Building
Website
https://www.agriculture.senate.gov/
Rules

The Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry is a committee of the United States Senate empowered with legislative oversight of all matters relating to the nation's agriculture industry, farming programs, forestry and logging, and legislation relating to nutrition, home economics, and rural development.[1]

The current Chair is Democrat Debbie Stabenow of Michigan, and the Ranking Member is Republican John Boozman of Arkansas.

History

Founded in 1825 the Committee was formed at the request of Senator William Findlay from Pennsylvania. Arguing that agriculture was as important to national progress as commerce and manufacturing, Findlay succeeded in persuading the full Senate to divide the Committee on Commerce and Manufactures into two separate committees. The Committee on Agriculture was formed by resolution on December 9, 1825.[2]

During the first four decades of the existence of this committee, the need for it was repeatedly called into question. At that time in America, nearly 2/3 of the population was directly engaged in agriculture.[2] As such, issues related to agriculture overlapped with areas covered by other committees and were often referred to those committees instead of the Agriculture Committee.[3]

Following a debate over the necessity of various committees to have need of the services of a dedicated clerk, a Special Committee was formed to investigate ways to "reduce the number and increase the efficiency of the committees."[4] On February 17, 1857, the Special Committee submitted a plan of reorganization for the committees that did not include the Agriculture Committee. During a special session of the Senate, on March 5, 1857, the Senate approved the Special Committees recommendations and the Committee on Agriculture was dissolved.[5]

In 1862, the country was embroiled in the Civil War, a large influx of immigrants was occurring and the nation was moving towards industrialization. That year, President Abraham Lincoln signed the Organic Act recreating the Department of Agriculture.[6]

It became the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry in 1884, a reflection of the growing importance of forests to the country's needs.[7] It was renamed again to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry in 1977. Nutrition was added to the name after the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 directed the Department of Agriculture to "conduct more human nutrition research, establish a national nutrition education program and develop a system to monitor America's nutritional status".[8]

Jurisdiction

In accordance of Rule XXV of the United States Senate, all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects are referred to the Agriculture Committee:

  1. Agricultural economics and research.
  2. Agricultural extension services and experiment stations.
  3. Agricultural production, marketing, and stabilization of prices.
  4. Agriculture and agricultural commodities.
  5. Animal industry and diseases.
  6. Crop insurance and soil conservation.
  7. Farm credit and farm security.
  8. Food from fresh waters.
  9. Food stamp programs.
  10. Forestry, and forest reserves and wilderness areas other than those created from the public domain.
  11. Home economics.
  12. Human nutrition.
  13. Inspection of livestock, meat, and agricultural products.
  14. Pests and pesticides.
  15. Plant industry, soils, and agricultural engineering.
  16. Rural development, rural electrification, and watersheds.
  17. School nutrition programs.[9]

The Agriculture Committee is also charged "to study and review, on a comprehensive basis, matters relating to food, nutrition, and hunger, both in the United States and in foreign countries, and rural affairs, and report thereon from time to time."[9]

Members, 117th Congress

Majority Minority

Subcommittees

Chairs

The committee, under its various names, has been chaired by the following senators:[11]

Committee on Agriculture, 1825-1857

Committee on Agriculture, 1863-1884

Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, 1884-1977

Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, 1977-present

Historical committee rosters

116th Congress

Majority Minority

Subcommittees

Source [16]

115th Congress

Majority Minority

Subcommittees

114th Congress

Majority Minority

Subcomittees

113th Congress

Majority Minority

Committees

See also

References

  1. ^ "Jurisdiction". Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ a b Register of Debates in Congress. December 9, 1825. pp. 5-6.
  3. ^ "Chapter 1: The Committee is Created: 1825-1857". The United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 1825-1998. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ Congressional Globe, December 23, 1856, pp. 182-184.
  5. ^ Journal of the Senate, March 5, 1857, p. 386.
  6. ^ Daniel J. Boorstin (1973), The Americans: The Democratic Experience p. 119, New York: Vintage Press.
  7. ^ U.S. Senate (1976). Temporary Select Committee to Study the Senate Committee System, p. 15. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
  8. ^ "Chapter 7: Borrowing and Credit: 1970-1979". The United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 1825-1998. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Jurisdiction". The United States Senate Committee On Agriculture, Nutrition, & Forestry. Retrieved 2019. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  10. ^ "Subcommittees". Retrieved 2021.
  11. ^ "Chairmen of Senate Standing Committees 1789-present" (PDF). Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ On March 4, 1851, upon convening in special session, the Senate resolved, "That the committees of the Senate at the Executive session shall be formed and constituted the same as at the last session of Congress, except where vacancies have occurred by the expiration of the term of any senator, and in such cases said vacancies shall be filled by the Chair." The terms of both the chairman (Daniel Sturgeon) and 2nd most senior member of this committee having expired, Presley Spruance has been included as chairman on this list.
  13. ^ At the beginning of the 107th Congress in January 2001 the Senate was evenly divided. With a Democratic president and vice president still serving until January 20, the Democratic vice president was available to break a tie, and the Democrats thus controlled the Senate for 17 days, from January 3 to January 20. On January 3 the Senate adopted S. Res. 7 designating Democratic senators as committee chairmen to serve during this period and Republican chairmen to serve effective at noon on January 20, 2001.
  14. ^ On June 6, 2001, the Democrats took control of the Senate after Senator James Jeffords (VT) changed from the Republican Party to Independent and announced that he would caucus with the Democrats.
  15. ^ a b c d "Subcommittees". Retrieved 2018.
  16. ^ "U.S. Senate: Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry". www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2018.

External links


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