United States Senate Committee On Interstate and Foreign Commerce
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United States Senate Committee On Interstate and Foreign Commerce

Senate Commerce Committee
Standing committee
Active
Seal of the United States Senate.svg
United States Senate
116th Congress
History
FormedFebruary 4, 1977
Leadership
ChairRoger Wicker (R)
Since January 9, 2019[1]
Ranking memberMaria Cantwell (D)
Since January 9, 2019[2]
Structure
Political partiesMajority (15)
Minority (12)
Jurisdiction
Policy areasAviation, Coast Guard, Coastal zone management, Common carriers, Communications, Competitiveness, Consumer protection, Highways and highway safety, Inland waterways, Internet, Navigation, Interstate commerce, Marine conservation, Marine fisheries, Merchant Marine, Oceanography, Outer Continental Shelf lands, Panama Canal, Product safety and liability, Rail, Science policy of the United States, Sport, Standards of weights and measures, Tourism, Transportation generally, Weather and climate change
Oversight authorityCoast Guard, CPSC, CPB, Department of Commerce, Department of Transportation, FAA, FCC, FMCSA, FRA, FMC, FTC, MARAD, NASA, NHTSA, NOAA, NIST, NSF, NTIA, NTSB, PHMSA, STB, TSA, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
House counterpartCommittee on Energy and Commerce
Subcommittees
Meeting place
512 Dirksen Senate Building
Website
https://www.commerce.senate.gov/
Rules
Charles Bolden, nominee for Administrator of NASA, center, and Lori Garver, right, nominee for deputy administrator of NASA, testify at their confirmation hearing before the Committee in 2009.

The United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation is a standing committee of the United States Senate.[3] Besides having broad jurisdiction over all matters concerning interstate commerce, science and technology policy, and transportation, the Senate Commerce Committee is one of the largest of the Senate's standing committees, with 27 members in the 116th Congress. Composed of six subcommittees, the Committee's Chair is Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS) and its Ranking Member is Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-WA). The majority office is housed in the Dirksen Senate Office Building, and the minority office is located in the Hart Senate Office Building.[3]

History

The Committee has its roots in the Committee on Commerce and Manufacturers, which served as a standing committee in the early-1800s. This committee was split in two in the 1820s and remained in this configuration until the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. Under the LRA, the number of standing committees was dramatically decreased to streamline increase congressional efficiency and increase institutional strength. As a result, the Committee on Commerce, the Committee on Manufactures, the Committee on Interstate Commerce, and the Committee on Interoceanic Canals were combined into the United States Senate Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. In 1977, as a part of widespread committee reorganization, the Committee renamed the Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation and given additional oversight jurisdiction over nonmilitary aeronautical and space sciences, including the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

The original progenitors of this committee were:

Jurisdiction

In accordance of Rule XXV of the United States Senate, all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects is referred to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation:

  1. "Coast Guard;
  2. Coastal zone management;
  3. Communications;
  4. Highway safety;
  5. Inland waterways, except construction;
  6. Interstate commerce;
  7. Marine and ocean navigation, safety, and transportation, including navigational aspects of deepwater ports;
  8. Marine fisheries;
  9. Merchant marine and navigation;
  10. Nonmilitary aeronautical and space sciences;
  11. Oceans, weather, and atmospheric activities;
  12. Panama Canal and interoceanic canals generally, except as provided in subparagraph (c);
  13. Regulation of consumer products and services, including testing related to toxic substances, other than pesticides, and except for credit, financial services, and housing;
  14. Regulation of interstate common carriers, including railroads, buses, trucks, vessels, pipelines, and civil aviation;
  15. Science, engineering, and technology research and development and policy;
  16. Sports;
  17. Standards and measurement;
  18. Transportation; and,
  19. Transportation and commerce aspects of Outer Continental Shelf lands."[4]

The Senate Commerce Committee is also charged to "study and review, on a comprehensive basis, all matters relating to science and technology, oceans policy, transportation, communications, and consumer affairs, and report thereon from time to time."[5]

Members, 116th Congress

Majority Minority

Members, 115th Congress

Majority Minority

Source[6]

Subcommittees

Chairs

Committee on Commerce and Manufactures, 1816-1825

Committee on Commerce, 1825-1947

Committee on Interstate Commerce, 1887-1947

Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1947-1961

Committee on Commerce, 1961-1977

Chairman Party State Years
Warren G. Magnuson Democratic Washington 1961-1977

Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 1977-present

References

  1. ^ "Wicker Named Chairman of the Commerce Committee" (Press release). January 9, 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "Cantwell Outlines Key Issues for Commerce Committee in 116th Congress" (Press release). January 16, 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Senate Committee On Commerce, Science, & Transportation - About". U.S. Senate Committee On Commerce, Science, & Transportation.
  4. ^ "Rules of the United States Senate". U.S. Senate Committee on Rules and Administration. Retrieved 2019.This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ https://www.rules.senate.gov/rules-of-the-senate
  6. ^ "U.S. Senate: Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation". www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2017.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

United_States_Senate_Committee_on_Interstate_and_Foreign_Commerce
 



 



 
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