United States Senate Election in Oregon, 1918
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United States Senate Election in Oregon, 1918
1918 United States Senate elections

← 1916 November 5, 1918[a] 1920 →

32 of the 96 seats in the U.S. Senate, plus 9 seats in special elections
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Cabot Lodge c1916.jpg Oscar W. Underwood.jpg
Leader Henry Cabot Lodge
(Unofficial)
Oscar Underwood
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since March 4, 1919 April 27, 1920
Leader's seat Massachusetts Alabama
Seats before 43 53
Seats after 49 47
Seat change Increase 6 Decrease 6
Seats up 17 24
Races won 23 18

US 1918 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gains      Republican gains
     Democratic holds      Republican holds

The 1918 United States Senate elections were held throughout 1918,[a] the midpoint of Woodrow Wilson's second term as President of the United States. Republicans gained a slim 2-seat control after picking up a net 6 seats (4 in general elections and 2 in special elections).

The change in control meant that the Republicans could deny entry of the United States into the League of Nations. American participation in this new international institution was the centerpiece of Wilson's post-war foreign policy.

It was the first election in which all Class 2 senators were subject to direct or popular election following the enactment of the Seventeenth Amendment, making them the final class under the old system.

Gains and losses

Republicans gained seven seats:

Democrats gained one seat:

Party division

These numbers represent composition at the March 4, 1919 start of the 66th United States Congress. Composition often changes due to deaths, resignations, or party shifting.

  • Majority Party: Republican (49 seats)
  • Minority Party: Democratic (47 seats)
  • Other Parties: 0
  • Total Seats: 96

Source: United States Senate Official Website

Change in composition

Before the September/November elections

After the April 2, 1918 Wisconsin special election.

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Del.
Ran
D37
Colo.
Ran
D36
Ark.
Ran
D35
Ala.
Ran
D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39
Ga.
Ran
D40
Ill.
Ran
D41
Kan.
Ran
D42
La.
Ran
D43
Mont.
Ran
D44
N.C.
Ran
D45
Okla.
Ran
D46
Ore.
Ran
D47
S.C.
Ran
D48
Tenn.
Ran
Majority -> D49
Wyo.
Ran
R39
Miss.
Ran
R40
S.D.
Ran
R41
Texas
Ran
R42
Ky.
Retired
R43
Mich.
Retired
R44
W.Va.
Retired
D52
N.J.
Retired
D51
N.H.
Retired
D50
Va.
Ran
R38
R.I.
Ran
R37
N.M.
Ran
R36
Neb.
Ran
R35
Minn.
Ran
R34
Mass.
Ran
R33
Me.
Ran
R32
Iowa
Ran
R31
Idaho
Ran
R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
Wis.
Gain
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

After the general elections

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Mont.
Re-elected
D37
La.
Re-elected
D36
Ark.
Re-elected
D35
Ala.
Re-elected
D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39
N.C.
Re-elected
D40
Okla.
Re-elected
D41
Tenn.
Re-elected
D42
Texas
Re-elected
D43
Va.
Re-elected
D44
Ga.
Hold
D45
Ky.
Hold
D46
Miss.
Hold
D47
S.C.
Hold
D48
Mass.
Gain
Majority with VP vote ?
R39
S.D.
Re-elected
R40
Wyo.
Re-elected
R41
Mich.
Hold
R42
N.J.
Hold
R43
W.Va.
Hold
R44
Colo.
Gain
R45
Del.
Gain
R46
Ill.
Gain
R47
Kan.
Gain
R48
N.H.
Gain
R38
R.I.
Re-elected
R37
Ore.
Appointee elected
R36
N.M.
Re-elected
R35
Neb.
Re-elected
R34
Minn.
Re-elected
R33
Me.
Re-elected
R32
Iowa
Re-elected
R31
Idaho
Re-elected
R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

After the November special elections

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6
Idaho
Appointee elected
D7
Nev.
Appointee elected
D8
La.
Hold
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39 D40 D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47
S.C.
Hold
R49
Mo.
Gain
Majority ->
R39 R40 R41 R42
N.J.
Appointee elected
R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48
R38 R37
Ore.
Hold
R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7
N.H.
Hold
R8

Complete list of races

Special elections during the 65th Congress

In these special elections, the winner was seated during 1918 or before March 4, 1919; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Wisconsin
(Class 3)
Paul O. Husting Democratic 1914 Incumbent died October 21, 1917.
New senator elected April 2, 1918.
Republican gain.
Idaho
(Class 3)
John F. Nugent Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 5, 1918.
Louisiana
(Class 3)
Walter Guion Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 5, 1918.
Democratic hold.
Missouri
(Class 3)
Xenophon P. Wilfley Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost nomination.
New senator elected November 5, 1918.
Republican gain.
Nevada
(Class 3)
Charles Henderson Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 5, 1918.
New Hampshire
(Class 3)
Irving W. Drew Republican 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 5, 1918.
Republican hold.
New Jersey
(Class 2)
David Baird Republican 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 5, 1918.
Oregon
(Class 2)
Charles L. McNary Republican 1917 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 5, 1918.
Republican hold.
Winner subsequently resigned so winner of the general election could be appointed early.
South Carolina
(Class 2)
Christie Benet Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected November 5, 1918.
Democratic hold.

Elections leading to the 66th Congress

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1919; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama John H. Bankhead Democratic 1907 (Appointed)
1907 (Special)
1911 (Early)
Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas Joseph Robinson Democratic 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado John F. Shafroth Democratic 1913 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Delaware Willard Saulsbury, Jr. Democratic 1913 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Georgia Thomas W. Hardwick Democratic 1914 (Special) Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Idaho William Borah Republican 1907
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois J. Hamilton Lewis Democratic 1913 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Iowa William S. Kenyon Republican 1911 (Special)
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas William Thompson Democratic 1913 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Kentucky George B. Martin Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Louisiana Joseph E. Ransdell Democratic 1912 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine Bert M. Fernald Republican 1916 (Special) Incumbent re-elected September 9, 1918.
Massachusetts John W. Weeks Republican 1913 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Michigan William Alden Smith Republican 1911
1913
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Minnesota Knute Nelson Republican 1895
1901
1907
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi James K. Vardaman Democratic 1912 Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.[23]
Democratic hold.[24]
Montana Thomas J. Walsh Democratic 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska George W. Norris Republican 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
New Hampshire Henry F. Hollis Democratic 1913 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
New Jersey David Baird Republican 1918 (Appointed)
1918 (Special)
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
New Mexico Albert B. Fall Republican 1912 (New state)
1912
(Invalidated)
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina Furnifold Simmons Democratic 1901
1907
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
Oklahoma Robert L. Owen Democratic 1907
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon Charles L. McNary Republican 1917 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected to the next term but not to finish the term.
Winner subsequently appointed to begin next term early when winner of the special election, see above, resigned.
Rhode Island LeBaron B. Colt Republican 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina Christie Benet Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
South Dakota Thomas Sterling Republican 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee John K. Shields Democratic 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas Morris Sheppard Democratic 1913 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia Thomas S. Martin Democratic 1893 (Early)
1899 (Early)
1906
1912
Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia Nathan Goff, Jr. Republican 1913 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Wyoming Francis E. Warren Republican 1890
1893 (Lost)
1895
1901
1907
1913
Incumbent re-elected.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Idaho (Special)

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Louisiana (Special)

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Missouri (Special)

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

Nevada (Special)

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New Hampshire (Special)

New Jersey (Special)

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Oregon (Special)

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Carolina (Special)

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wisconsin (Special)

Wyoming

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b There was a general election September 9, 1918 in Maine, and special elections in April and November 1918.

References

  1. ^ "ID US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ "LA US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ "MO US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ "NV US Senate - Special Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "NH US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ "NJ US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ "OR US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ "AL Senate Race - Nov 03, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ "AR US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ "CO US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ "DE US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ "GA US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ "ID US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ "IL US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ "IA US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ "KS US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ "KY US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ "LA US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^ "ME US Senate Race - Sep 09, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  20. ^ "MA US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ "MI US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ "MN US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  23. ^ Street, William B. (March 21, 1965). "The Man Who Invented The Redneck". The Commercial Appeal.[permanent dead link]
  24. ^ "MS US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ "MT US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  26. ^ "NE US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  27. ^ "NH US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ "NJ US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  29. ^ "NM US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  30. ^ "NC US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  31. ^ "OK US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  32. ^ "OR US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  33. ^ "RI US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  34. ^ "SD US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  35. ^ "TN US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  36. ^ "TX US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  37. ^ "VA US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  38. ^ "WV US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017.
  39. ^ 1919 Official Directory of Wyoming and Election Returns For 1918. W.E. Chaplin, Wyoming Secretary of State. pp. 36-37. Retrieved 2018.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

United_States_Senate_election_in_Oregon,_1918
 



 



 
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