The 1936 South Carolina United States Senate election was held on November 2, 1936 to select the U.S. Senator from the state of South Carolina. Incumbent Democratic Senator James F. Byrnes won the Democratic primary and defeated two Republican candidates in the general election to win another six-year term.
Senator James F. Byrnes was opposed in the Democratic primary by Thomas P Stoney, who served as mayor of Charleston between 1923 and 1931, and Army colonel William C. Harllee. Byrnes was criticized for his enthusiastic support of the President Roosevelt's New Deal and both Stoney and Harillee argued that the New Deal's agriculture programs were destroying states' rights in South Carolina and bringing the state into the fold of a federal bureaucracy, but Byrnes responded by stating the New Deal was needed to assist South Carolinians during the economic hardships of the Great Depression and pointed out that agricultural prices had improved because of it. The attacks on Byrnes would be very ineffective and he went on to win the primary with over 87% of the vote.
|James F. Byrnes||257,247||87.1|
|Thomas Porcher Stoney||25,627||8.7|
|William Curry Harllee||12,551||4.2|
Since the end of Reconstruction in 1877, the Democratic Party dominated the politics of South Carolina and its statewide candidates were never seriously challenged. Byrnes did not campaign for the general election as there was no chance of defeat. The Republicans were split between two factions that wanted to control the spoils system should a Republican victory occur in the Presidential election. They did not compete against Byrnes, but were rather competing against each other to show the national Republican Party who held more influence in the state.
|Democratic||James F. Byrnes (incumbent)||113,696||98.6||-1.4|
|Republican||Joseph Augustis Tolbert||961||0.8||N/A|
|Republican||Marion W. Seabrook||702||0.6||N/A|