United States Presidential Election in Ohio, 2004
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United States Presidential Election in Ohio, 2004
2004 United States presidential election in Ohio

← 2000 November 2, 2004 2008 →
  George-W-Bush.jpeg John F. Kerry.jpg
Nominee George W. Bush John Kerry
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Texas Massachusetts
Running mate Dick Cheney John Edwards
Electoral vote 20 0
Popular vote 2,859,768 2,741,167
Percentage 50.81% 48.71%

Ohio 2004 election.svg
County Results

President before election

George W. Bush
Republican

Elected President

George W. Bush
Republican

The 2004 United States presidential election in Ohio took place on November 2, 2004, and was part of the 2004 United States presidential election. Voters chose 20 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president, the record lowest from Ohio at the time since 1828.

Ohio was won by incumbent President George W. Bush by a 2.1% margin of victory. Prior to the election, most news organizations considered the Buckeye state as a swing state. The state's economic situation gave hope for Senator Kerry. In the end, the state became the deciding factor of the entire election. Kerry conceded the state, and the entire election, the morning following election night, as Bush won the state and its 20 electoral votes. The close contest was the subject of the documentary film ...So Goes the Nation, the title of which is a reference to Ohio's 2004 status as a crucial swing state.

As of the 2016 election, this was the last time Hamilton County voted for a Republican presidential candidate.

Primaries

Campaign

Predictions

There were 12 news organizations that made state-by-state predictions of the election. Here are their last predictions before election day.[1]

  1. D.C. Political Report: Slight Republican
  2. Associated Press: Toss-up
  3. CNN: Kerry
  4. Cook Political Report: Toss-up
  5. Newsweek: Toss-up
  6. New York Times: Toss-up
  7. Rasmussen Reports: Toss-up
  8. Research 2000: Toss-up
  9. Washington Post: Battleground
  10. Washington Times: Battleground
  11. Zogby International: Tied
  12. Washington Dispatch: Kerry

Polling

Pre-election polling showed a lot of volatility throughout the general election. In September, Bush was gaining momentum here, reaching over 50% in several polls and even reaching double digit margins in some. But in October, Kerry gained back momentum as he started winning many of the polls, leading with from 48% to as high as 50%. The last 3 polls averaged Kerry leading 49% to 48%.[2]

Fundraising

Bush raised $7,349,944.[3] Kerry raised $3,428,504.[4]

Advertising and visits

Both candidates campaigned heavily. Bush visited the state 18 times to Kerry's 23 times.[5] Almost every week, over $10 million was spent on television advertising.[6]

Analysis

CNN Exit polling showed that Bush barely won the state. Among male voters, he won with 52%. Among female voters, it was tied 50-50. Also, 53% of the voters approved of Bush's job as president.[7]

Bush dominated in the rural areas, while Kerry dominated and won most of the counties with large populations. Overall, Bush won most of the counties and congressional districts in the state. All the congressional districts Kerry won were in the northern section of the state.[8] As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Hamilton County voted for the Republican candidate.

Results

2004 United States presidential election in Ohio[8]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican George W. Bush 2,859,768 50.81% 20
Democratic John Kerry 2,741,167 48.71% 0
Independent Michael Badnarik 14,676 0.3% 0
Independent Michael Peroutka 11,939 0.2% 0
Totals 5,625,613 100.00% 20
Voter turnout (Voting age population) 65.3%

Results by county

County George Walker Bush
Republican
John Forbes Kerry
Democratic
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total
# % # % # % # %
Adams 7,653 63.78% 4,280 35.67% 66 0.55% 3,373 28.11% 11,999
Allen 32,585 66.13% 16,483 33.45% 206 0.42% 16,102 32.68% 49,274
Ashland 16,171 64.89% 8,555 34.33% 194 0.78% 7,616 30.56% 24,920
Ashtabula 21,039 46.33% 24,061 52.99% 309 0.68% -3,022 -6.66% 45,409
Athens 10,847 36.10% 18,997 63.23% 200 0.67% -8,150 -27.13% 30,044
Auglaize 17,012 73.87% 5,904 25.64% 115 0.50% 11,108 48.23% 23,031
Belmont 15,589 46.79% 17,574 52.74% 157 0.47% -1,985 -5.96% 33,320
Brown 12,647 63.58% 7,140 35.89% 105 0.53% 5,507 27.68% 19,892
Butler 109,866 65.87% 56,234 33.71% 702 0.42% 53,632 32.15% 166,802
Carroll 7,695 54.54% 6,298 44.64% 117 0.83% 1,397 9.90% 14,110
Champaign 11,718 62.41% 6,967 37.11% 90 0.48% 4,751 25.30% 18,775
Clark 34,938 50.78% 33,534 48.74% 331 0.48% 1,404 2.04% 68,803
Clermont 62,946 70.69% 25,885 29.07% 211 0.24% 37,061 41.62% 89,042
Clinton 12,938 70.26% 5,417 29.42% 59 0.32% 7,521 40.84% 18,414
Columbiana 25,754 52.07% 23,426 47.36% 283 0.57% 2,328 4.71% 49,463
Coshocton 9,277 57.12% 6,878 42.35% 87 0.54% 2,399 14.77% 16,242
Crawford 13,885 63.69% 7,773 35.65% 143 0.66% 6,112 28.04% 21,801
Cuyahoga 221,606 32.89% 448,486 66.56% 3,674 0.55% -226,880 -33.67% 673,766
Darke 18,307 69.56% 7,849 29.82% 161 0.61% 10,458 39.74% 26,317
Defiance 11,393 61.54% 6,975 37.68% 144 0.78% 4,418 23.87% 18,512
Delaware 53,142 66.05% 27,048 33.62% 265 0.33% 26,094 32.43% 80,455
Erie 18,601 46.41% 21,408 53.42% 67 0.17% -2,807 -7.00% 40,076
Fairfield 42,697 62.92% 24,774 36.51% 384 0.57% 17,923 26.41% 67,855
Fayette 7,375 62.73% 4,334 36.87% 47 0.40% 3,041 25.87% 11,756
Franklin 237,252 45.12% 285,800 54.35% 2,772 0.53% -48,548 -9.23% 525,824
Fulton 13,639 62.13% 8,224 37.46% 90 0.41% 5,415 24.67% 21,953
Gallia 8,577 61.30% 5,364 38.34% 51 0.36% 3,213 22.96% 13,992
Geauga 30,358 60.21% 19,840 39.35% 221 0.44% 10,518 20.86% 50,419
Greene 48,377 61.03% 30,530 38.51% 365 0.46% 17,847 22.51% 79,272
Guernsey 9,961 55.84% 7,768 43.54% 111 0.62% 2,193 12.29% 17,840
Hamilton 222,404 52.50% 199,499 47.09% 1,731 0.41% 22,905 5.41% 423,634
Hancock 25,101 70.50% 10,343 29.05% 162 0.45% 14,758 41.45% 35,606
Hardin 8,436 63.03% 4,889 36.53% 60 0.45% 3,547 26.50% 13,385
Harrison 4,274 52.71% 3,780 46.61% 55 0.68% 494 6.09% 8,109
Henry 9,901 65.56% 5,110 33.83% 92 0.61% 4,791 31.72% 15,103
Highland 12,212 66.08% 6,194 33.51% 76 0.41% 6,018 32.56% 18,482
Hocking 6,935 52.55% 6,173 46.78% 88 0.67% 762 5.77% 13,196
Holmes 8,466 75.47% 2,695 24.02% 57 0.51% 5,771 51.44% 11,218
Huron 14,834 57.96% 10,585 41.36% 173 0.68% 4,249 16.60% 25,592
Jackson 8,585 59.90% 5,699 39.76% 49 0.34% 2,886 20.14% 14,333
Jefferson 17,184 47.25% 19,019 52.30% 163 0.45% -1,835 -5.05% 36,366
Knox 17,081 63.11% 9,828 36.31% 157 0.58% 7,253 26.80% 27,066
Lake 62,193 51.05% 59,049 48.47% 581 0.48% 3,144 2.58% 121,823
Lawrence 15,457 55.79% 12,111 43.71% 138 0.50% 3,346 12.08% 27,706
Licking 49,014 61.72% 30,051 37.84% 351 0.44% 18,963 23.88% 79,416
Logan 14,471 67.63% 6,825 31.90% 102 0.48% 7,646 35.73% 21,398
Lorain 61,196 43.48% 78,965 56.11% 569 0.40% -17,769 -12.63% 140,730
Lucas 87,106 39.56% 132,536 60.19% 547 0.25% -45,430 -20.63% 220,189
Madison 11,120 63.92% 6,200 35.64% 78 0.45% 4,920 28.28% 17,398
Mahoning 48,712 36.70% 83,069 62.58% 950 0.72% -34,357 -25.88% 132,731
Marion 17,171 58.69% 11,930 40.78% 157 0.54% 5,241 17.91% 29,258
Medina 48,183 56.77% 36,264 42.73% 420 0.49% 11,919 14.04% 84,867
Meigs 6,273 58.24% 4,437 41.19% 61 0.57% 1,836 17.05% 10,771
Mercer 15,649 74.92% 5,117 24.50% 122 0.58% 10,532 50.42% 20,888
Miami 34,005 65.67% 17,611 34.01% 164 0.32% 16,394 31.66% 51,780
Monroe 3,424 44.30% 4,243 54.90% 62 0.80% -819 -10.60% 7,729
Montgomery 138,361 48.97% 142,977 50.60% 1,215 0.43% -4,616 -1.63% 282,553
Morgan 3,757 56.07% 2,873 42.88% 70 1.04% 884 13.19% 6,700
Morrow 10,475 64.15% 5,775 35.37% 79 0.48% 4,700 28.78% 16,329
Muskingum 22,251 57.25% 16,421 42.25% 191 0.49% 5,830 15.00% 38,863
Noble 3,841 58.73% 2,654 40.58% 45 0.69% 1,187 18.15% 6,540
Ottawa 12,075 51.92% 11,114 47.79% 68 0.29% 961 4.13% 23,257
Paulding 6,205 62.81% 3,610 36.54% 64 0.65% 2,595 26.27% 9,879
Perry 7,855 51.72% 7,257 47.78% 76 0.50% 598 3.94% 15,188
Pickaway 14,160 61.97% 8,578 37.54% 112 0.49% 5,582 24.43% 22,850
Pike 6,519 51.84% 5,989 47.63% 67 0.53% 530 4.21% 12,575
Portage 35,583 46.43% 40,674 53.07% 389 0.51% -5,091 -6.64% 76,646
Preble 13,733 65.01% 7,274 34.43% 119 0.56% 6,459 30.57% 21,126
Putnam 14,370 76.24% 4,392 23.30% 87 0.46% 9,978 52.94% 18,849
Richland 36,892 59.63% 24,645 39.84% 330 0.53% 12,247 19.80% 61,867
Ross 17,229 54.40% 13,977 44.13% 463 1.46% 3,252 10.27% 31,669
Sandusky 16,198 55.94% 12,653 43.70% 104 0.36% 3,545 12.24% 28,955
Scioto 18,257 51.87% 16,823 47.80% 117 0.33% 1,434 4.07% 35,197
Seneca 15,885 58.85% 10,958 40.60% 148 0.55% 4,927 18.25% 26,991
Shelby 16,204 70.90% 6,534 28.59% 116 0.51% 9,670 42.31% 22,854
Stark 92,211 48.93% 95,338 50.59% 907 0.48% -3,127 -1.66% 188,456
Summit 118,553 42.91% 156,578 56.67% 1,173 0.42% -38,025 -13.76% 276,304
Trumbull 40,976 37.89% 66,673 61.65% 495 0.46% -25,697 -23.76% 108,144
Tuscarawas 23,825 55.53% 18,854 43.94% 225 0.52% 4,971 11.59% 42,904
Union 15,869 70.12% 6,665 29.45% 96 0.42% 9,204 40.67% 22,630
Van Wert 10,678 72.02% 4,094 27.61% 54 0.36% 6,584 44.41% 14,826
Vinton 3,251 54.82% 2,651 44.70% 28 0.47% 600 10.12% 5,930
Warren 68,035 72.06% 26,043 27.58% 341 0.36% 41,992 44.47% 94,419
Washington 17,480 58.07% 12,475 41.44% 146 0.49% 5,005 16.63% 30,101
Wayne 31,879 61.49% 19,786 38.16% 183 0.35% 12,093 23.32% 51,848
Williams 12,040 64.60% 6,481 34.77% 118 0.63% 5,559 29.82% 18,639
Wood 33,592 53.03% 29,401 46.41% 353 0.56% 4,191 6.62% 63,346
Wyandot 7,256 65.70% 3,707 33.57% 81 0.73% 3,549 32.14% 11,044
Totals 2,858,727 50.82% 2,739,952 48.70% 26,952 0.48% 118,775 2.11% 5,625,631
George W. Bush John Kerry Total
Counties won 72 16 88
Best score Putnam County (76.2%) Cuyahoga County (66.6%) .
Counties won under statewide margin (2.12%) 1 1 2
Clark County (2.1%) Stark County (1.7%) .
Counties won under nationwide margin (2.46%) 1 1 2
Clark County (2.1%) Stark County (1.7%) .

By congressional district

Bush won thirteen of eighteen congressional districts.[9]

District Bush Kerry Representative
1st 51% 49% Steve Chabot
2nd 64% 36% Rob Portman
Jean Schmidt
3rd 54% 46% Mike Turner
4th 65% 34% Mike Oxley
5th 61% 39% Paul Gillmor
6th 51% 49% Ted Strickland
7th 57% 43% David Hobson
8th 64% 35% John Boehner
9th 42% 58% Marcy Kaptur
10th 41% 58% Dennis Kucinich
11th 18% 81% Stephanie Tubbs Jones
12th 51% 49% Pat Tiberi
13th 44% 56% Sherrod Brown
14th 53% 47% Steven LaTourette
15th 50% 50% Deborah Pryce
16th 54% 46% Ralph Regula
17th 37% 63% Tim Ryan
18th 57% 43% Bob Ney


Electors

Technically the voters of Ohio cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. Ohio is allocated 20 electors because it has 18 congressional districts and 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 20 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 20 electoral votes. Their chosen electors then vote for president and vice president. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them. An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector.

The electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 13, 2004, to cast their votes for president and vice president. The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in their respective capitols.

The following were the members of the Electoral College from the state. All 20 were pledged for Bush/Cheney.

  1. Spencer R. Raleigh
  2. Joyce M. Houck
  3. Betty Jo Sherman
  4. Gary C. Suhadolnik
  5. Randy Law
  6. Leslie J. Spaeth
  7. David Whipple Johnson
  8. Robert S. Frost
  9. Alex R. Arshinkoff
  10. Phil A. Bowman
  11. Jon Allison
  12. Katharina Hooper
  13. Pernel Jones
  14. Henry M. Butch O'Neill
  15. William O. Dewitt
  16. Karyle Mumper
  17. Owen V. Hall
  18. Merom Brachman
  19. Kirk Schuring
  20. Billie Jean Fiore

Objection to certification of Ohio's electoral votes

On January 6, 2005, Senator Barbara Boxer joined Representative Stephanie Tubbs Jones of Ohio in filing a Congressional objection to the certification of Ohio's Electoral College votes due to alleged irregularities including disqualification of provisional ballots, alleged misallocation of voting machines, and disproportionately long waits in predominantly African-American communities.[10][11] The Senate voted the objection down 74-1; the House voted the objection down 267-31.[10] It was only the second Congressional objection to an entire State's electoral delegation in U.S. history; the first instance was in 1877, when all the electors from three southern states were challenged, and one from Oregon.[10][12] (An objection to a single faithless elector was filed in 1969.)[10]

References

  1. ^ http://www.dcpoliticalreport.com/members/2004/Pred2.htm#NW[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/USPRESIDENT/GENERAL/CAMPAIGN/2004/polls.php?fips=39
  3. ^ "George W Bush - $374,659,453 raised, '04 election cycle, Republican Party, President". www.campaignmoney.com. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ "John F Kerry - $345,826,176 raised, '04 election cycle, Democratic Party, President". www.campaignmoney.com. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ "CNN.com Specials". www.cnn.com. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ "CNN.com Specials". www.cnn.com. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "CNN.com Election 2004". www.cnn.com. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ a b Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ http://www.swingstateproject.com/diary/4161/
  10. ^ a b c d Ted, Barrett (January 6, 2005), "Bush carries Electoral College after delay", CNN, archived from the original on April 23, 2009, retrieved 2009
  11. ^ Barbara, Boxer (January 6, 2005), Press Release of Senator Boxer: Statement On Her Objection To The Certification Of Ohio's Electoral Votes, archived from the original on June 7, 2008, retrieved 2009
  12. ^ "Electoral Commission Deliberation", Hayes vs. Tilden: The Electoral College Controversy of 1876-1877, HarpWeek, retrieved 2009

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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