United States Presidential Election in Wisconsin, 1904
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United States Presidential Election in Wisconsin, 1904
1904 United States presidential election in Wisconsin

← 1900 November 8, 1904 1908 →
  President Roosevelt - Pach Bros.tif AltonBParker.png EugeneVictorDebs.png
Nominee Theodore Roosevelt Alton B. Parker Eugene V. Debs
Party Republican Democratic Social Democratic
Home state New York New York Indiana
Running mate Charles W. Fairbanks Henry G. Davis Benjamin Hanford
Electoral vote 13 0 0
Popular vote 280,315 124,205 28,240
Percentage 63.21% 28.01% 6.37%

Wisconsin Presidential Election Results 1904.svg
County Results

President before election

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican

Elected President

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican

The 1904 United States presidential election in Wisconsin was held on November 8, 1904 as part of the 1904 United States presidential election. State voters chose thirteen electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Background and vote

Wisconsin during the Third Party System was a Republican-leaning but competitive state whereby historically anti-Civil War German Catholic counties stood opposed to highly pro-war and firmly Republican Yankee areas.[1] However, following the Populist movement, whose inflationary monetary policies were opposed by almost all urban classes and viewed as dangerously radical by rural German Catholics,[2] Wisconsin's upper classes, along with the majority of workers who followed them, completely fled from William Jennings Bryan's agrarian and free silver sympathies.[3]

Wisconsin would henceforth become almost a one-party polity dominated by the Republican Party.[4] The Democratic Party became entirely uncompetitive outside the previously anti-Yankee areas adjoining Lake Michigan in the eastern part of the state. As Democratic strength weakened severely after 1894 - although the state did develop a strong Socialist Party to provide opposition to the GOP - Wisconsin developed the direct Republican primary in 1903 and this ultimately created competition between the "League" under Robert M. La Follette, and the conservative "Regular" faction.[5]

Neither Republican incumbent Theodore Roosevelt nor Democratic nominee Alton B. Parker would campaign in Wisconsin, as the state had been amongst the most Republican in the nation in both the 1896 and 1900 presidential elections. No official polls were taken in the state, but Frederick W. Cotzhausen, a lifelong Milwaukee Democrat, said during October that the state would vote strongly for Roosevelt.[6]

Wisconsin would vote powerfully for Roosevelt, who defeated Parker more than two-to-one, and beat William McKinley's 1896 performance by almost four percent. Roosevelt was the first Republican to carry Calumet County.[7]

Results

1904 United States presidential election in Wisconsin[8]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Theodore Roosevelt 280,315 63.21% 13
Democratic Alton B. Parker 124,205 28.01% 0
Social Democratic Eugene V. Debs 28,240 6.37% 0
Prohibition Silas Swallow 9,872 2.23% 0
People's Thomas E. Watson 560 0.13% 0
Socialist Labor Charles H. Corregan 249 0.06% 0
Totals 442,632 100.0% 13

Results by county

County Theodore Roosevelt[9]
Republican
Alton Brooks Parker[9]
Democratic
Eugene Victor Debs[10]
Social Democratic
Silas Comfort Swallow[10]
Prohibition
Thomas Edward Watson[10]
Populist
Charles Hunter Corregan[10]
Socialist Labor
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # % # % # % # %
Adams 1,399 79.90% 273 15.59% 29 1.66% 48 2.74% 2 0.11% 0 0.00% 1,126 64.31% 1,751
Ashland 3,406 71.40% 1,004 21.05% 235 4.93% 117 2.45% 5 0.10% 3 0.06% 2,402 50.36% 4,770
Barron 3,575 78.30% 625 13.69% 103 2.26% 243 5.32% 9 0.20% 11 0.24% 2,950 64.61% 4,566
Bayfield 2,665 84.98% 350 11.16% 32 1.02% 81 2.58% 1 0.03% 7 0.22% 2,315 73.82% 3,136
Brown 6,027 65.84% 2,667 29.13% 329 3.59% 109 1.19% 8 0.09% 14 0.15% 3,360 36.71% 9,154
Buffalo 2,147 68.35% 911 29.00% 10 0.32% 64 2.04% 9 0.29% 0 0.00% 1,236 39.35% 3,141
Burnett 1,262 86.50% 82 5.62% 36 2.47% 67 4.59% 9 0.62% 3 0.21% 1,180 80.88% 1,459
Calumet 1,736 54.97% 1,258 39.84% 117 3.70% 38 1.20% 9 0.28% 0 0.00% 478 15.14% 3,158
Chippewa 3,744 66.49% 1,670 29.66% 59 1.05% 141 2.50% 12 0.21% 5 0.09% 2,074 36.83% 5,631
Clark 4,091 75.68% 1,050 19.42% 79 1.46% 184 3.40% 1 0.02% 1 0.02% 3,041 56.25% 5,406
Columbia 4,730 67.53% 1,907 27.23% 158 2.26% 206 2.94% 3 0.04% 0 0.00% 2,823 40.31% 7,004
Crawford 2,279 61.08% 1,362 36.50% 32 0.86% 58 1.55% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 917 24.58% 3,731
Dane 11,041 63.51% 5,679 32.66% 242 1.39% 419 2.41% 4 0.02% 1 0.01% 5,362 30.84% 17,386
Dodge 4,248 44.91% 5,005 52.91% 68 0.72% 133 1.41% 4 0.04% 1 0.01% -757 -8.00% 9,459
Door 2,689 80.51% 515 15.42% 33 0.99% 100 2.99% 3 0.09% 0 0.00% 2,174 65.09% 3,340
Douglas 4,564 72.94% 974 15.57% 549 8.77% 130 2.08% 11 0.18% 29 0.46% 3,590 57.38% 6,257
Dunn 3,303 81.25% 546 13.43% 84 2.07% 123 3.03% 7 0.17% 2 0.05% 2,757 67.82% 4,065
Eau Claire 4,343 73.08% 1,224 20.60% 198 3.33% 160 2.69% 12 0.20% 6 0.10% 3,119 52.48% 5,943
Florence 562 85.41% 83 12.61% 5 0.76% 8 1.22% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 479 72.80% 658
Fond du Lac 7,027 59.58% 4,417 37.45% 149 1.26% 178 1.51% 22 0.19% 1 0.01% 2,610 22.13% 11,794
Forest 991 82.51% 160 13.32% 24 2.00% 23 1.92% 2 0.17% 1 0.08% 831 69.19% 1,201
Gates 1,415 81.51% 247 14.23% 23 1.32% 49 2.82% 1 0.06% 1 0.06% 1,168 67.28% 1,736
Grant 5,804 64.52% 2,886 32.08% 77 0.86% 219 2.43% 8 0.09% 1 0.01% 2,918 32.44% 8,995
Green 2,992 62.05% 1,466 30.40% 139 2.88% 219 4.54% 5 0.10% 1 0.02% 1,526 31.65% 4,822
Green Lake 2,181 60.92% 1,269 35.45% 43 1.20% 84 2.35% 3 0.08% 0 0.00% 912 25.47% 3,580
Iowa 3,328 64.58% 1,639 31.81% 21 0.41% 162 3.14% 3 0.06% 0 0.00% 1,689 32.78% 5,153
Iron 1,250 81.12% 246 15.96% 16 1.04% 25 1.62% 3 0.19% 1 0.06% 1,004 65.15% 1,541
Jackson 2,746 82.76% 479 14.44% 1 0.03% 92 2.77% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2,267 68.32% 3,318
Jefferson 3,669 47.67% 3,778 49.09% 99 1.29% 147 1.91% 2 0.03% 1 0.01% -109 -1.42% 7,696
Juneau 3,234 70.11% 1,244 26.97% 42 0.91% 79 1.71% 12 0.26% 2 0.04% 1,990 43.14% 4,613
Kenosha 3,293 60.86% 1,592 29.42% 440 8.13% 77 1.42% 5 0.09% 4 0.07% 1,701 31.44% 5,411
Kewaunee 1,578 49.72% 1,457 45.90% 100 3.15% 36 1.13% 3 0.09% 0 0.00% 121 3.81% 3,174
La Crosse 5,506 61.76% 3,089 34.65% 119 1.33% 190 2.13% 7 0.08% 4 0.04% 2,417 27.11% 8,915
Lafayette 2,875 58.19% 1,928 39.02% 28 0.57% 106 2.15% 1 0.02% 3 0.06% 947 19.17% 4,941
Langlade 2,105 65.72% 1,018 31.78% 31 0.97% 46 1.44% 2 0.06% 1 0.03% 1,087 33.94% 3,203
Lincoln 2,850 70.39% 1,004 24.80% 109 2.69% 69 1.70% 14 0.35% 3 0.07% 1,846 45.59% 4,049
Manitowoc 4,626 53.28% 3,274 37.71% 687 7.91% 93 1.07% 1 0.01% 2 0.02% 1,352 15.57% 8,683
Marathon 6,144 63.24% 3,225 33.19% 177 1.82% 159 1.64% 4 0.04% 7 0.07% 2,919 30.04% 9,716
Marinette 3,977 77.30% 816 15.86% 195 3.79% 144 2.80% 11 0.21% 2 0.04% 3,161 61.44% 5,145
Marquette 1,604 65.47% 752 30.69% 10 0.41% 81 3.31% 2 0.08% 1 0.04% 852 34.78% 2,450
Milwaukee 32,587 46.21% 18,560 26.32% 18,340 26.01% 934 1.32% 30 0.04% 61 0.09% 14,027 19.89% 70,512
Monroe 3,892 66.77% 1,749 30.01% 35 0.60% 146 2.50% 7 0.12% 0 0.00% 2,143 36.76% 5,829
Oconto 3,279 73.70% 1,024 23.02% 65 1.46% 71 1.60% 6 0.13% 4 0.09% 2,255 50.69% 4,449
Oneida 1,710 75.50% 375 16.56% 130 5.74% 46 2.03% 2 0.09% 2 0.09% 1,335 58.94% 2,265
Outagamie 5,949 63.65% 3,143 33.63% 113 1.21% 136 1.46% 3 0.03% 2 0.02% 2,806 30.02% 9,346
Ozaukee 1,492 47.52% 1,501 47.80% 112 3.57% 27 0.86% 6 0.19% 2 0.06% -9 -0.29% 3,140
Pepin 1,033 73.21% 342 24.24% 3 0.21% 30 2.13% 1 0.07% 2 0.14% 691 48.97% 1,411
Pierce 3,492 82.28% 594 14.00% 25 0.59% 130 3.06% 3 0.07% 0 0.00% 2,898 68.28% 4,244
Polk 2,985 85.55% 296 8.48% 98 2.81% 101 2.89% 2 0.06% 7 0.20% 2,689 77.07% 3,489
Portage 3,633 61.09% 2,168 36.46% 44 0.74% 101 1.70% 1 0.02% 0 0.00% 1,465 24.63% 5,947
Price 2,202 80.10% 401 14.59% 71 2.58% 73 2.66% 2 0.07% 0 0.00% 1,801 65.51% 2,749
Racine 5,573 55.61% 2,584 25.79% 1,454 14.51% 258 2.57% 147 1.47% 5 0.05% 2,989 29.83% 10,021
Richland 2,698 61.51% 1,340 30.55% 49 1.12% 296 6.75% 3 0.07% 0 0.00% 1,358 30.96% 4,386
Rock 7,972 71.65% 2,348 21.10% 463 4.16% 319 2.87% 23 0.21% 2 0.02% 5,624 50.54% 11,127
Sauk 4,805 67.53% 1,914 26.90% 53 0.74% 343 4.82% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2,891 40.63% 7,115
Sawyer 782 75.92% 205 19.90% 13 1.26% 29 2.82% 1 0.10% 0 0.00% 577 56.02% 1,030
Shawano 3,684 72.56% 1,239 24.40% 24 0.47% 117 2.30% 11 0.22% 2 0.04% 2,445 48.16% 5,077
Sheboygan 6,121 57.18% 3,430 32.04% 901 8.42% 200 1.87% 33 0.31% 19 0.18% 2,691 25.14% 10,704
St. Croix 3,898 68.33% 1,569 27.50% 109 1.91% 116 2.03% 10 0.18% 3 0.05% 2,329 40.82% 5,705
Taylor 1,725 67.81% 728 28.62% 44 1.73% 43 1.69% 3 0.12% 1 0.04% 997 39.19% 2,544
Trempealeau 3,560 75.54% 981 20.81% 10 0.21% 157 3.33% 5 0.11% 0 0.00% 2,579 54.72% 4,713
Vernon 4,744 82.35% 762 13.23% 28 0.49% 220 3.82% 6 0.10% 1 0.02% 3,982 69.12% 5,761
Vilas 1,467 79.08% 322 17.36% 39 2.10% 25 1.35% 1 0.05% 1 0.05% 1,145 61.73% 1,855
Walworth 4,892 73.42% 1,370 20.56% 135 2.03% 263 3.95% 3 0.05% 0 0.00% 3,522 52.86% 6,663
Washburn 989 77.33% 207 16.18% 49 3.83% 32 2.50% 1 0.08% 1 0.08% 782 61.14% 1,279
Washington 2,565 52.00% 2,243 45.47% 68 1.38% 55 1.11% 0 0.00% 2 0.04% 322 6.53% 4,933
Waukesha 5,247 62.63% 2,693 32.14% 231 2.76% 205 2.45% 1 0.01% 1 0.01% 2,554 30.48% 8,378
Waupaca 5,471 81.34% 942 14.01% 73 1.09% 237 3.52% 3 0.04% 0 0.00% 4,529 67.34% 6,726
Waushara 3,140 87.34% 325 9.04% 27 0.75% 96 2.67% 4 0.11% 3 0.08% 2,815 78.30% 3,595
Winnebago 7,720 62.63% 4,006 32.50% 311 2.52% 263 2.13% 17 0.14% 9 0.07% 3,714 30.13% 12,326
Wood 4,002 67.02% 1,673 28.02% 195 3.27% 96 1.61% 5 0.08% 0 0.00% 2,329 39.01% 5,971
Totals 280,315 63.21% 124,205 28.01% 28,240 6.37% 9,872 2.23% 560 0.13% 249 0.06% 156,110 35.20% 443,441

References

  1. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 381-382, 414 ISBN 978-0-691-16324-6
  2. ^ Phillips; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 384
  3. ^ Sundquist, James; Politics and Policy: The Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson Years, p. 526 ISBN 0815719094
  4. ^ Burnham, Walter Dean; 'The System of 1896: An Analysis'; in The Evolution of American Electoral Systems, pp. 178-179 ISBN 0313213798
  5. ^ Hansen, John Mark; Shigeo Hirano, and Snyder, James M. Jr.; 'Parties within Parties: Parties, Factions, and Coordinated Politics, 1900-1980'; in Gerber, Alan S. and Schickler, Eric; Governing in a Polarized Age: Elections, Parties, and Political Representation in America, pp. 165-168 ISBN 978-1-107-09509-0
  6. ^ 'Will Vote for Roosevelt'; Appleton Post, October 20, 1904, p. 4
  7. ^ Menendez, Albert J. The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 337-339 ISBN 0786422173
  8. ^ "1904 Presidential General Election Results - Wisconsin". Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ a b Géoelections; Popular Vote at the Presidential Election for 1904 (.xlsx file for EUR15)
  10. ^ a b c d Géoelections; Popular Vote for Eugene V. Debs (1904) (.xlsx file for EUR15)

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