The usage share of operating systems is the percentage of computing devices that run each operating system at any particular time. All such figures are necessarily estimates because data about operating system share is difficult to obtain; there are few reliable primary sources--and no agreed methodologies for its collection.
In the personal computing platform area of smartphones and watches Google's Android dominates with over 2.7 billion users. Other mobile phone operating systems include Apple's iOS, KaiOS and Series 30+.
In the area of desktop and laptop computers, Microsoft Windows is generally above 75% in most markets, Apple's macOS at around 20%, Google's ChromeOS at about 5% and Linux at around 2%. All these figures vary somewhat in different markets, and depending on how they are gathered.
Android has been battling Windows for the most used rank, and has often been more popular in the past. On a global scale iOS has never managed close to half the popularity of Windows; however, mobile operating systems (Android plus iOS) had majority use over non-mobile (Windows and e.g. macOS) for close to two years. There are still countries and continents where mobile never got (nowhere) near that popular while on all continents some countries have turned mobile-majority and still are, including Ireland (where for a while iOS alone got more popular than Windows, and later Android alone) in Europe; the most populous countries and most populous continent, Asia as a whole (e.g. China and India; excluding e.g. Russia), is still mobile-majority at 56.37%.
For public Internet servers Linux is generally counted as dominant, powering about twice the number of hosts as Windows Server--which is trailed by many smaller players including traditional mainframe OSs.
This section needs to be updated.August 2018)(
Shipments (to stores) do not mean sales to consumers (not necessarily in the year of shipment), so the use of the numbers as a popularity guide could be misleading. Not only do smartphones sell in higher numbers than traditional PCs – but also as a whole a lot more, by dollar value – with the gap only projected to widen, to well over double.
For 2015 (and earlier), Gartner reports for "the year, worldwide PC shipments declined for the fourth consecutive year, which started in 2012 with the launch of tablets" with 8% decline in PC sales for 2015 (not including cumulative decline in sales over the previous years). Gartner includes Macs (running macOS) in PC sales numbers (but not e.g. iPads and Androids), and they individually had a slight increase in sales in 2015.
On 28 May 2015, Google announced that there are 1.4 billion Android users and 1 billion Google play users, active in May 2015. This changed to 2 billion monthly active users in May 2017.
On 27 January 2016, Paul Thurrott summarized the operating system market, the day after Apple announced "one billion devices":
Apple's "active installed base" is now one billion devices. [..] Granted, some of those Apple devices were probably sold into the market place years ago. But that 1 billion figure can and should be compared to the numbers Microsoft touts for Windows 10 (200 million, most recently) or Windows more generally (1.5 billion active users, a number that hasn't moved, magically, in years), and that Google touts for Android (over 1.4 billion, as of September). My understanding of iOS is that the user base was previously thought to be around 800 million strong, and when you factor out Macs and other non-iOS Apple devices, that's probably about right. But as you can see, there are three big personal computing platforms.
Microsoft backed away from their goal of one billion Windows 10 devices in three years (or "by the middle of 2018") and reported on 26 September 2016 that Windows 10 was running on over 400 million devices, and in March 2019 on more than 800 million.
By late 2016, Android (e.g. Samsung's smartphones) had been explained to be "killing" Apple's iOS market share (i.e. its declining sales of smartphones, not just relatively but also by number of units, when the whole market is increasing) with
the gap between the two is growing ever larger all the time.
According to Gartner, Android now boasts a global market share of 86.2 percent. Apple's iOS is a long way behind with a market share of just 12.9 percent. The rest may as well not even exist [..]
These figures, which cover the second quarter of 2016, show that Android has actually increased its market share by 4 percent over the last year. All other operating systems are down, with iOS losing 1.7 percent [..]
I think it's fair to declare Android the winner in the mobile operating wars at this point.-- makeuseof.com
As of 9 May, 2019, the biggest smartphone companies (by market share) are Samsung, Huawei and Apple, respectively. 
Gartner's own press release said, "Apple continued its downward trend with a decline of 7.7 percent in the second quarter of 2016", which is their decline, based on absolute number of units, that underestimates the relative decline (with the market increasing), along with the misleading "1.7 percent [point]" decline. That point decline means an 11.6% relative decline (from 14.6% down to 12.9%).
Although in units sold Apple is declining, they are almost the only vendor making any profit in the smartphone sector from hardware sales alone. In Q3 2016 for example, they captured 103.6% of the market profits.
In 2015, eMarketer estimated, in the beginning of the year, that the tablet installed base would hit one billion for the first time (with China's use at 328 million, which Google Play doesn't serve or track, and US's second at 156 million). At the end of the year because of cheap tablets – not counted by all analysts – that goal was met (even excluding cumulative sales of previous years) as:
Sales quintupled to an expected 1 billion units worldwide this year, from 216 million units in 2014, according to projections from the Envisioneering Group.
While that number is far higher than the 200-plus million units globally projected by research firms IDC, Gartner and Forrester, Envisioneering analyst Richard Doherty says the rival estimates miss all the cheap Asian knockoff tablets that have been churning off assembly lines.[..]
Forrester says its definition of tablets "is relatively narrow" while IDC says it includes some tablets by Amazon -- but not all.[..]
The top tech purchase of the year continued to be the smartphone, with an expected 1.5 billion sold worldwide, according to projections from researcher IDC. Last year saw some 1.2 billion sold.[..]
Computers didn't fare as well, despite the introduction of Microsoft's latest software upgrade, Windows 10, and the expected but not realized bump it would provide for consumers looking to skip the upgrade and just get a new computer instead.
Some 281 million PCs were expected to be sold, according to IDC, down from 308 million in 2014. Folks tend to be happy with the older computers and keep them for longer, as more of our daily computing activities have moved to the smartphone.[..]
While Windows 10 got good reviews from tech critics, only 11% of the 1-billion-plus Windows user base opted to do the upgrade, according to Microsoft. This suggests Microsoft has a ways to go before the software gets "hit" status. Apple's new operating system El Capitan has been downloaded by 25% of Apple's user base, according to Apple.
This conflicts with statistics from IDC that say the tablet market contracted by 10% in 2015 with only Huawei ranked fifth with big gains, more than doubling their share; for fourth quarter 2015, the five biggest vendors are the same except that Amazon Fire tablets ranked third worldwide, new on the list, enabled by its not quite tripling of market share to 7.9%, with its Fire OS Android-derivative.
This section needs to be updated.August 2018)(
The most recent data from various sources published during the last twelve months is summarized in the table below. All of these sources monitor a substantial number of web sites; statistics related to one web site only are excluded.
Android currently ranks highest, above Windows (incl. Xbox console) systems, every day of the week. iOS is equal to Windows in Sweden, or depending on the day iOS is more used. iOS and Windows 10 are competing at 13%. Windows on mobile systems (i.e. Windows Phone) accounts for 0.51% of the web usage.
"Unknown" operating system (OS) is strangely high in a few countries such as Madagascar where it's at 38.68%. It's possibly in large part since StatCounter uses browser detection to get OS statistics, and there the most common browser have little use and version breakdown shows "Other" at 34.9%, and Opera Mini 4.4 is (next most) popular browser at 22.1% (plus e.g. 3.34% for Opera 7.6). However browser statistics without version-breakdown has Opera at 48.11% with the "Other" category very small.
In China, Android is highest ranked since January 2016 (Windows has since occasionally topped it). In the Asian continent as a whole, Android has been ranked highest since February 2016 and Android alone has majority share. Since August 2015 – Android is ranked first, at 48.36% in May 2016, in the African continent – when it took a big jump ahead of Windows 7, and thereby making Africa join Asia as a mobile-majority continent. China is no longer a desktop-majority country, joins India, that actually has a huge mobile-majority, and then just confirms Asia's huge mobile-majority.
Online usage of Linux kernel derivatives (Google systems + GNU/Linux) exceeds that of Windows. This has been true since some time between January and April 2016, according to W3Counter and StatCounter. But even before that, the figure for all Unix-like OSes, including those from Apple, was higher than that for Windows.
|Source||Date||Microsoft Windows (kernel): 36.84%||Apple XNU: 18.46%||Linux kernel: 40.41%||Others[a]|
|StatCounter Global Stats||Mar 2017||12.98%||4.57%||17.84%||0.41%||2.07%||0%||0.06%||5.17%||13.09%||0.75%||37.93%||0.76%||7.21%|
|StatCounter Global Stats||Dec 2016||12.5%||4.79%||18%||0.46%||2.24%||0.64%||0.09%||4.92%||12.71%||0.86%||37.8%||0.72%||4.61%|
|StatCounter Global Stats||Oct 2016||12.08%||5.21%||18.97%||0.6%||2.44%||0.7%||0.05%||5.3%||12.04%||0.85%||34.46%||0.63%||6.67%|
|StatCounter Global Stats||May 2016||10.27%||6.68%||22.25%||0.73%||3.44%||0.83%||0.8%||5.05%||11.38%||0.91%||31.6%||0.64%||6.15%|
|StatCounter Global Stats||Dec 2015||6.67%||8.5%||26.66%||1.0%||4.75%||0.92%||0.2%||5.51%||10.82%||1.03%||27.01%||0.36%||6.57%|
This section needs to be updated.October 2018)(
Windows is still the dominant desktop OS, but the dominance varies by regions and it has gradually lost market share to other desktop operating systems (not just to mobile) with the slide very noticeable in the US, where macOS has more than tripled, from yearly 2009 to 2017, with Windows there down to 72.76% and Chrome OS at 3.33%, plus traditional Linux at 1.46%.
There is little openly published information on the device shipments of desktop and laptop computers. Gartner publishes estimates, but the way the estimates are calculated is not openly published. Another source of market share of various operating systems is StatCounter basing its estimate on web use (although this may not be very accurate). Also, sales may overstate usage. Most computers are sold with a pre-installed operating system (OS); some users replace that OS with a different one due to personal preference, or install another OS alongside it and use both. Conversely, sales underestimate usage by not counting unauthorized copies. For example, in 2009, approximately 80% of software sold in China were due to copyright infringement. In 2007, the statistics from an automated update of IE7 for registered Windows computers differed with the observed web browser share, leading one writer to estimate that 25-35% of all Windows XP installations were illegal.
The usage share of Microsoft's latest client operating system – Windows 10 – has been slowly increasing since July/August 2016 (while Windows 7 has had a slight decrease at the same time), reaching around 27.15% in December 2016.
Web analysis shows significant variation in different parts of the world. For example, in North America usage of Windows XP has dropped to 2.06%, but in Africa it is still at 11.02% and Asia at 6.63% (even higher in China, but down to 18.21%, tied with Win10 at second) while going down, and has been overtaken by Windows 10. Conversely, macOS in North America claims 16.82% (17.52% in the US) whereas in Asia it is only 4.4%.
The 2019 Stack Overflow developer survey provides no detail about particular versions of Windows. The desktop operating system share among those identifying as Professional Developers was:
In June 2016, Microsoft claimed Windows 10 had half the market share, then in the US (and UK), of all Windows installations (only), as quoted by BetaNews:
Microsoft's Windows trends page [shows] Windows 10 hit 50 percent in the US (51 percent in the UK, 39 percent globally), while [..] Windows 7 was on 38 percent (36 percent in the UK, 46 percent globally). A big reason for the difference in numbers comes down to how they are recorded. [..] actual OS usage (based on web browsing), while Microsoft records the number of devices Windows 10 is installed on. [..] Microsoft also only records Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1 and Windows 10, while NetMarketShare includes both XP and Vista.-- BetaNews
Note, while data seems contradictory and limited, all data is; Microsoft may have good access to computer's installed base statistics, and actual (web) use needs not follow installed base. Also, Microsoft includes tablets (but StatCounter may also for Windows, while it wouldn't for e.g. Android).
Video game store Steam publishes a monthly "Hardware & Software Survey", with the statistics below:
|Month||Microsoft Windows||Mac OS+||Linux+||Other|
^+ These figures are aggregates of the figures reported by Steam, and do not include SteamOS statistics. Also, the statistics reported do not include lesser-used versions, so these figures should be viewed as the minimum usage.
According to research by InsightPortal, there is a clear correlation between the GDP per capita of a country and that country's respective smartphone OS market share, Showing the similar correlation for the richest countries and that poorer countries choose Apple's iPhone in lesser numbers. Data from Google however suggests that people in poorer countries are more likely to buy apps on Android.
Smartphone penetration vs. desktop use, differs substantially by country. While some countries like Russia still measure desktop use high, there at 77% (and smartphones at 19%) this ranges down to a bit under 5% in Mali where Android smartphones have just over 95% share. In most western countries, smartphone use is close to, but still under 50%. Section below has more info on regional trends to smartphones having majority use, that has been achieved globally.
In India Apple's iOS has fallen to third place (and iOS's web browser to sixth) with iPhone market share down to 2.64% (iOS on smartphones plus tablets is also ranked 3rd while the iPad tablets alone have a solid 2nd rank).
This section needs to be updated.August 2018)(
|Gartner||Units sold in quarter||Q1 2017||86.1%||13.7%||N/A||N/A||N/A||0.2%|
|Gartner||Units sold in quarter||Q4 2016||81.7%||17.9%||0.3%||0.0%||N/A||0.1%|
|Gartner||Units sold in quarter||Q3 2016||87.8%||11.5%||0.4%||0.1%||N/A||0.2%|
|Gartner||Units sold in quarter||Q2 2016||86.2%||12.9%||0.6%||0.1%||N/A||0.2%|
|comScore (US only)||US subscribers||Jan 2016||52.8%||43.6%||2.7%||0.8%||N/A||N/A|
|Gartner||Units sold in quarter||Q1 2016||84.1%||14.8%||0.7%||0.2%||N/A||0.2%|
|comScore (US only)||US subscribers||Jan 2015||53.2%||41.3%||3.6%||1.8%||0.1%||N/A|
|comScore (US only)||US subscribers||Jan 2014||51.7%||41.6%||3.2%||3.1%||0.2%||N/A|
|Gartner||Units sold in quarter||Q2 2013||79.0%||14.2%||3.3%||2.7%||0.3%||0.6%|
|Gartner||Units sold in quarter||Q1 2013||74.4%||18.2%||2.9%||3.0%||0.6%||1.0%|
|International Data Corporation||Units shipped in quarter||Q2 2014||84.7%||11.7%||2.5%||0.5%||N/A||0.7%|
|International Data Corporation||Units shipped in quarter||Q1 2013||75.0%||17.3%||3.2%||2.9%||0.6%||0.0%|
|StatCounter Global Stats||Browsing (page view)||Aug 2018||77.28%||19.86%||0.41%||<0.13%||<0.13%||2.45%|
|StatCounter Global Stats||Browsing (page view)||Mar 2015||61.94%||22.64%||2.27%||NA||6.00%||7.09%|
|StatCounter Global Stats||Browsing (page view)||Aug 2014||54.87%||23.57%||2.36%||1.59%||9.73%||7.87%|
|StatCounter Global Stats||Browsing (page view)||Feb 2014||47.57%||22.97%||2.22%||2.62%||14.86%||6.08%|
|Wikimedia (includes tablets)||Browsing (page view)||Mar 2013||25.93%||66.53%||1.85%||2.02%||3.03%||1.12%|
|Strategy Analytics||Units shipped in quarter||Q3 2014||81.3%||13.4%||4.1%||1.0%||N/A||0.2%|
This section needs to be updated.August 2018)(
Tablet computers, or simply tablets, became a significant OS market share category starting with Apple's iPad. In Q1 2018, iOS had 65.03% market share and Android had 34.58% market share. Windows tablets may not get classified as such by some analysts, and thus barely register; e.g. 2-in-1 PCs may get classified as "desktops", not tablets.
Since 2016, in South America (and Cuba in North America), Android tablets have gained majority, that only got wider in 2017 and in Asia Android is in 2017 a bit more popular than the iPad that sank to its lowest 49.05% in October 2015. In Africa, iPad has long lost the battle with Android tablets much more popular while elsewhere the iPad has a safe margin.
As of March 2015 that is the trend in many countries (at least counties where the market isn't saturated) having already gained majority in big countries (India at 63.25%, and in Indonesia at 62.22%) and in the African continent with Android at 62.22% (first to gain Android majority in late 2014), with steady gains from 20.98% in August 2012 (Egypt at 62.37%, Zimbabwe at 62.04%), and South America at 51.09% in July 2015. (Peru at 52.96%). Asia is at 46%. In Nepal, Android gained majority lead in November 2014 but lost it down to 41.35% with iOS at 56.51%. In Taiwan, as of October 2016, Android after having gained a confident majority, has been on a losing streak. China is a major exception to Android gaining market share in Asia (there Android phablets are much more popular than Android tablets, while similar devices get classified as smartphones) where the iPad/iOS is at 82.84% in March 2015., Android has made steady gains to becoming the most popular (is already, in some continents) tablet operating system (based on StatCounter's web use as a proxy, but sales numbers would also confirm);
This section needs to be updated.August 2018)(
According to StatCounter web use statistics (a proxy for all use), smartphones are more popular than desktop computers globally (and Android in particular more popular than Windows).
The desktop is still popular in many countries (while overall down to 44.9% in the first quarter of 2017), smartphones are more popular even in many developed countries (or about to be in more). A few countries on all continents are desktop-minority with Android more popular than Windows; many, e.g. Spain and Poland in Europe, and about half of the countries in South America, and many in North America, e.g. Guatemala, Honduras, Haiti; up to most countries in Asia and Africa with smartphone-majority because of Android, Poland and Turkey in Europe highest with 57.68% and 62.33%, respectively. In Ireland, smartphone use at 45.55% outnumbers desktop use and mobile as a whole gains majority when including the tablet share at 9.12%. Spain is also slightly desktop-minority.
The range of measured mobile web use varies a lot by country, and a StatCounter press release recognizes "India amongst world leaders in use of mobile to surf the internet" (of the big countries) where the share is around (or over) 80% and desktop is at 19.56%, with Russia trailing with 17.8% mobile use (and desktop the rest).
Smartphones (alone, without tablets), first gained majority in December 2016 (desktop-majority was lost the month before), and it wasn't a Christmas-time fluke, as while close to majority after smartphone majority happened again in March 2017.
In the week from 7-13 November 2016, smartphones alone (without tablets) overtook desktop, for the first time (for a short period; non-full-month). Mobile-majority applies to countries such as Paraguay in South America, Poland in Europe and Turkey; and most of Asia and Africa. Some of the world is still desktop-majority, with e.g. in the United States at 54.89% (but no not on all days). However, in some territories of the United States, such as Puerto Rico, desktop is way under majority, with Windows under 30% overtaken by Android.
On 22 October 2016 (and subsequent weekends), mobile showed majority. Since 27 October, the desktop hasn't shown majority, not even on weekdays. And smartphones alone have showed majority since 23 December to the end of the year, with the share topping at 58.22% on Christmas Day. To the "mobile"-majority share then of smartphones, tablets could be added giving a 63.22% majority. While an unusually high top, a similarly high also happened on Monday 17 April 2017, with then only smartphones share slightly lower and tablet share slightly higher, with them combined at 62.88%.
Formerly, according to StatCounter press release, the world has turned desktop-minority; as of October 2016 , at about 49% desktop use for that month, but mobile wasn't ranked higher, tablet share had to be added to it to exceed desktop share.
For the Christmas season (i.e. temporarily, while desktop-minority remains and smartphone-majority on weekends), the last two weeks in December 2016, Australia (and Oceania in general) was desktop-minority for the first time for an extended period, i.e. every day from 23 December.
The UK desktop-minority dropped down to 44.02% on Christmas Day and the for the eight days around to the end of the year. Ireland joined some other European countries with smartphone-majority, for three days after Christmas, topping that day at 55.39%.
In the US, desktop-minority happened for three days on and around Christmas (while a longer four-day stretch happened in November, and happens frequently on weekends).
According to StatCounter web use statistics (a proxy for all use), in the week from 7-13 November 2016, "mobile" (meaning smartphones) alone (without tablets) overtook desktop, for the first time, with them highest ranked at 52.13% (on 27 November 2016) or up to 49.02% for a full week. Mobile-majority applies to countries such as Paraguay in South America, Poland in Europe and Turkey; and the continents Asia and Africa. Large regions of the rest of the world are still desktop-majority, while on some days, the United States, (and North America as a whole) isn't; the US is desktop-minority up to four days in a row, and up to a five-day average. Other examples, of desktop-minority on some days, include the UK, Ireland,Australia (and Oceania as a whole); in fact, at least one country on every continent has turned desktop-minority (for at least a month). On 22 October 2016 (and subsequent weekends), mobile has shown majority. Since 27 October, the desktop hasn't shown majority, not even on weekdays.
Previously, according to a StatCounter press release, the world has turned desktop-minority; as of October 2016 , at about 49% desktop use for that month, with desktop-minority stretching up to an 18-weeks/4-months period from 28 June to 31 October 2016, while whole of July, August or September 2016, showed desktop-majority (and many other long sub-periods in the long stretch showed desktop-minority; similarly only Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays are desktop-minority). The biggest continents, Asia and Africa, have shown vast mobile-majority for long time (any day of the week), as well as several individual countries elsewhere have also turned mobile-majority: Poland, Albania (and Turkey) in Europe and Paraguay and Bolivia in South America.
According to StatCounter's web use statistics, Saturday 28 May 2016, was the day when smartphones ("mobile" at StatCounter, than now counts tablets separately) became a most used platform, ranking first, at 47.27%, above desktops. The next day, desktops slightly outnumbered "mobile" (unless counting tablets with; some analysts count tablets with smartphones or separately while others with desktops – even when most tablets are iPad or Android, not Windows devices).
Since Sunday 27 March 2016, the first day the world dipped to desktop-minority, it has happened almost every week, with by week 11-17 July 2016, the world was desktop-minority, followed by the next week, and in fact also for a three-week period. The trend is still stronger on weekends, with e.g. 17 July 2016 showed desktop at 44.67%, "mobile" at 49.5% plus tablets at 5.7%. Recent weekly data shows a downward trend for desktops.
According to StatCounter web use statistics (a proxy for overall use), on weekends desktops worldwide lose about 5 percent points, e.g. down to 51.46% on 15 August 2015, with the loss in (relative) web use going to mobile (and also a tiny increase for tablets), mostly because Windows 7, ranked 1st on workdays, declines in web use, with it shifting to Android and lesser degree to iOS.
Two continents, have already crossed over to mobile-majority (because of Android), based on StatCounters web use statistics. In June 2015, Asia became the first continent where mobile overtook desktop (followed by Africa in August; while Nigeria had mobile majority in October 2011, because of Symbian – that later had 51% share, then Series 40 dominating, followed by Android as dominating operating system) and as far back as October 2014, they had reported this trend on a large scale in a press release: "Mobile usage has already overtaken desktop in several countries including India, South Africa and Saudi Arabia". In India, desktop went from majority, in July 2012, down to 32%. In Bangladesh desktop went from majority, in May 2013, down to 17%, with Android alone now accounting for majority web use. Just a handful of African countries are still desktop-majority and many have a large mobile majority including Ethiopia and Kenya, where mobile usage is over 72%.
The popularity of mobile use worldwide, has been driven by the huge popularity increase of Android in Asian countries, where Android is highest ranked operating system in the statistics in virtually every south-east Asian country, while it also ranks most popular in almost every African country. Poland has been desktop-minority since April 2015, because of vastly most popular Android there, and other European countries, such as Albania (and Turkey), have also crossed over. South America continent is a little far of losing desktop-majority, but the first country there, Paraguay, has lost it as of March 2015 . Android and mobile browsing in general has also gotten hugely popular in all other continents where desktop has a huge (mostly saturated) desktop base and the trend to mobile is not as clear as a fraction of the total web use.
While some analysts count tablets with desktops (as some of them run Windows), others count them with mobile phones (as the vast majority of tablets run so-called mobile operating systems, such as Android or iOS on the iPad). iPad has a clear lead globally, but has clearly lost the majority to Android in South America, and a number of Eastern European countries such as Poland; lost virtually all African countries and has lost the majority twice in Asia, but gained the majority back (while many individual countries, e.g. India and most of the middle East, have clear Android majority on tablets). Android on tablets is thus second most popular after the iPad.
In March 2015, for the first time in the US the number of mobile-only adult internet users exceeded the number of desktop-only internet users with 11.6% of the digital population only using mobile compared to 10.6% only using desktop; this also means the majority, 78%, use both desktop and mobile to access the internet. Few smaller countries in North America, such as Haiti (because of Android) have gone mobile majority (mobile went to up to 72.35%, and is at 64.43% in February 2016).
Internet based servers' market share can be measured with statistical surveys of publicly accessible servers, such as web servers, mail servers or DNS servers on the Internet: the operating systems powering such servers are found by inspecting raw response messages. This method gives insight only into market share of operating systems that are publicly accessible on the Internet.
There will be differences in the result depending on how the sample is done and observations weighted. Usually the surveys are not based on a random sample of all IP numbers, domain names, hosts or organisations, but on servers found by some other method. Additionally, many domains and IP numbers may be served by one host and some domains may be served by several hosts or by one host with several IP numbers.
|Source||Date||Unix, Unix-like||Microsoft Windows||References|
|Security Space||Feb 2014||<79.3%||N/A||>20.7%|||
The most common operating system for mainframes is IBM's z/OS.
Gartner reported on 23 December 2008, that Linux on System z was used on approximately 28% of the "customer z base" and that they expected this to increase to over 50% in the following five years.
This section needs to be updated.October 2018)(
In June 2017, two AIX computers held rank 493 and 494, the last non-Linux systems before they dropped off the list. Previously AIX had been used in a world's fastest supercomputer ASCI White (the last non-Linux fastest supercomputer), that's been decommissioned since over a decade ago.
|TOP500||Nov 2017||Systems share||100%||N/A|
|TOP500||Nov 2017||Performance share||100%||N/A|
|TOP500||Jun 2017||Systems share||99.6%||0.4%|
|TOP500||Jun 2017||Performance share||99.88%||0.12%|
Historically all kinds of Unix operating systems dominated, and in the end ultimately Linux remains.
|Source||Date||Method||Linux||Unix (not incl. Linux)||Mixed||Microsoft Windows||BSD based (incl. in Unix)||References|
|TOP500||Nov 2016||Systems share||99.6%||0.4%||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|TOP500||Nov 2014||Systems share||97.0%||2.6%||0.2%||0.2%||N/A|||
|TOP500||Nov 2014||Performance share||98.23%||1.67%||0.06%||0.06%||N/A|||
|TOP500||Nov 2013||Systems share||96.4%||2.4%||0.8%||0.4%||0.2%|||
|TOP500||Nov 2013||Performance share||98.0%||1.4%||0.47%||0.13%||0.05%|||
This section needs to be updated.August 2018)(
|Category||Source||Date||Linux||Unix and Unix-like (not incl. Linux)||Windows||In-house||Other|
|Desktop, laptop||Net Applications||September 2018||2.21% (excl. Chrome OS) plus 0.29% ChromeOS||9.52% (macOS)||87.56% (all versions)||0.37%|
|Smartphone, tablet||StatCounter Global Stats||September 2018||73.19% (Android)||24.26% (iOS)||0.36%||2.19%|
|Server (web)||W3Techs||Apr 2017||66.6-37% (of the known-for-sure lower bound of Linux share: Ubuntu 35.8%, Debian 31.9%, CentOS 20.6%, Red Hat (RHEL) 3.3%, Gentoo 2.7%, Fedora 0.9%)||c. 1% (BSD; Unix-like could be up to 30.18%, then "Unknown" needs to be known to be not Linux)
66.6% Unix-like share is mostly Linux; the "Unknown" part, there-of 43.1%, is assumed to be also Linux (for upper bound of that column), could be some non-Linux or e.g. any of the named Linux distributions in the Linux column.
|33.5% (Windows Server 2016, WS2012, WS2008)|
|Supercomputer||TOP500||Nov 2017||100% (Custom)|
|Mainframe||Gartner||Dec 2008||28% (SLES, RHEL)||72% (z/OS) UNIX System Services|
|Video game consoles||VGChartz||Jan 2018||35.04% (PS4, PS3, Vita, PSP)||16.63% (Xbox One, Xbox 360)||48.32% (Switch, Wii U, Wii, 3DS, DS)|
|Embedded||UBM Electronics||Mar 2012||29.44% (Android plus other non-Android Linux)||4.29% (QNX)||11.65% (WCE 7)||13.5% ("Inhouse/custom" is most popular, single choice)||41.1%|
there are three big personal computing platforms. And only one of them is actually declining. We'll see how Windows 10 fares over the long term, but even if Microsoft hits the 1 billion figure in 1-2 years as promised, it will by then still be the smallest of those three platforms.