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VMFA AW -122
Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 122
VMFA122 New Logo
VMFA-122 Insignia
ActiveMarch 1, 1942-present
Country United States of America
Branch United States Marine Corps
RoleClose air support
Air interdiction
Aerial reconnaissance
Part ofMarine Aircraft Group 13
3rd Marine Aircraft Wing
Garrison/HQMarine Corps Air Station Yuma
Nickname(s)The Flying Leathernecks (December, 2016-Present)
Werewolves (January, 2008-December, 2016)
Crusaders (1957-January 4, 2008)
Candystripers (WWII)
Werewolves (WWII)
"The Last Blue Collar Squadron"
Tail CodeDC
Mascot(s)Mach Altus
EngagementsWorld War II
* Battle of New Georgia
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Commanding OfficerLtCol. John D. Dirk
Executive OfficerMaj. Kelly
Sergeant MajorSgtMaj. Stephen J. Lutz Jr.
Col. Gregory "Pappy" Boyington
MajGen. Marion E. Carl
LtCol. John Fogg
Aircraft flown
FighterF4F Wildcat
F4U Corsair
FH-1 Phantom
F2H Banshee
F6F Hellcat
F9F Panther
FJ Fury
F-8 Crusader
F-4 Phantom
F/A-18A/C Hornet
F-35B Lightning II

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 122 (VMFA-122) is a United States Marine Corps fighter attack squadron flying the F-35B Lightning II. The squadron is based out of Marine Corps Air Station Yuma, AZ and falls under the command of Marine Aircraft Group 13 (MAG-13) and the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing (3rd MAW). In December 2016, VMFA-122 officially became known as the "Flying Lethernecks." Yet another name change was ordered at this time as their fate to transition to F-35B neared, and paired with it higher visibility and the concern to not offend anyone using the otherwise rich-in-history name "Crusader." Their traditional raído call sign is "Nickel". On November 14, 2017, VMFA-122 opened a new chapter of their history, transitioning from the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18C Hornet to the Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning II and moving from MCAS Beaufort and MAG-31, 2nd MAW to MCAS Yuma and MAG-13, 3rd MAW.


Conduct anti-air warfare and offensive air support operations in support of Fleet Marine Forces from advance bases, expeditionary airfields, and aircraft carriers, and to conduct such other air operations as may be directed.


World War II

Marine Fighter Squadron 122 (VMF-122) was commissioned on March 1, 1942 at Camp Kearny in San Diego, California. Outfitted with the F4F Wildcat, the squadron, then known as the "Candystripers", saw their first combat tour in October 1942. During this tour they were part of the Cactus Air Force at Henderson Field and also operated out of Espiritu Santo. In April 1943, while under the command of Major Pappy Boyington, the squadron transitioned to the F4U Corsair and accounted for 35½ kills. The squadron's first combat tour ended on July 23, 1943 after which they returned to Marine Corps Air Station Miramar on August 16. For the next year after their return to the States, the squadron was reorganized and retrained at Marine Corps Air Station El Centro, California.[1]

Squadron logo from WWII
Lower left Major Boyington with pilots of VMF-122 (Not VMF-214;see designation of life vest in center)

For its second tour, VMF-122's flight echelon embarked upon the escort carrier USS Hollandia in July 1944 while the ground echelon steamed out on the USS Tryon. Beginning in October 1944 the echelons were reunited and began operating from an airstrip on Peleliu. At times they provided close air support for Marines during the Battle of Peleliu at distances of just over 1000 yards from where they took off. The squadrons ability to provide napalm and rockets, both new weapons systems, greatly aided in the destruction of the last Japanese strongholds on the island.[2] For the remainder of the war they remained on the island conducting combat operations until August 1945.

Following the surrender of Japan, VMF-122 returned home to Marine Corps Auxiliary Air Station Oak Grove, North Carolina in January 1946. They remained there for less than two years before being moved to MCAS Beaufort which was followed by another move to Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina.[3]


FJ-2s of VMF-122 on the USS Coral Sea in 1955.

The squadron was reactivated in November 1947, flying the FH Phantom, becoming the first Marine squadron to employ jet-propelled aircraft. During this time, the squadron also fielded the first and only Marine aerial demonstration team known as the "Flying Leathernecks". They toured the country for two years before being disbanded with the transition to the F2H Banshee. In April 1951, the squadron became the first Marine jet squadron to be both day and night qualified for carrier operations. On 15 May 1951, the squadron deployed from Naval Air Station Quonset Point aboard the USS Oriskany to the Mediterranean Sea, returning to the Marine Corps Air Station, Cherry Point in early October 1951. In 1952, they again transitioned to the F9F Panther and after a Mediterranean cruise in 1953, they were assigned to Marine Aircraft Group 24 at MCAS Cherry Point.

January 1954 again saw the squadron transitioning aircraft, this time to the FJ Fury. The next few years saw a litany of small deployments on board a multitude of aircraft carriers. The squadron relocated to Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort in September 1957 and in December of that year they became the first squadron in the Marine Corps to fly the F-8 Crusader. It was at this time that they transitioned from being the "Candystripers" to the new nickname of "Crusaders." The squadron became VMF(AW)-122 upon receiving all weather capable F-8Es in 1962. That year they also deployed to Key West, Florida to fly combat air patrol during the Cuban missile crisis.

Vietnam War

F-4B at MCAS El Toro, 1966

In 1964, VMF(AW)-122 deployed to Naval Air Facility Atsugi for a year and returned to Marine Corps Air Station El Toro in January 1965. While at MCAS El Toro they transitioned to the F-4B Phantom and were redesignated VMFA-122. They deployed to the Republic of Vietnam in August 1967 and operated from Da Nang Air Base. For the next five months, the squadron flew 2540 sorties and delivered 4800 tons of ordnance. In February 1968, while supporting Marines during the Siege of Khe Sanh the squadron flew 629 sorties and dropped 1300 tons of ordnance. They rotated to Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni in September 1968 and returned to Vietnam during the summer of 1969, this time operating from Chu Lai Air Base.

1970s through 1990s

VMFA-122 F-4S at MCAS Cherry Point, 1 June 1985.

Following their time in Vietnam, the Crusaders were assigned to MCAS Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii in September 1970. They were then ordered to MCAS Iwakuni, Japan as a Joint Chiefs of Staff directive to counter a North Vietnamese offensive against South Vietnam. The squadron returned to Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii on 27 December 1972. On August 14, 1974, VMFA-122 was placed in a cadre status in anticipation of becoming the Marine Corps' first F-14A squadron. With the decision not to accept the Tomcat into the Marine Corps inventory, VMFA-122 was reactivated at MCAS Beaufort, South Carolina and refitted with the F-4J in September 1975. On September 25, 1985, VMFA-122 flew its last F-4 sortie, completing 20 years of service as a F-4 "Phantom" squadron.

On January 22, 1986, the squadron began a new era with the acceptance of its first F/A-18A Hornet. Throughout the 1980s, 1990s, and into the 2000s (decade), VMFA-122 conducted multiple training deployments to Europe and throughout the United States.

Global War on Terror

F/A-18 at Al Asad in 2009.

In October 2001, the Crusaders increased their combat capabilities by transitioning to the F/A-18C. The squadron participated in the Unit Deployment Program (UDP), completing eleven deployments to the Western Pacific. From July 2002 to July 2003, the Crusaders completed a year-long UDP due to the "stop-move" order implemented by the Marine Corps. This allowed Hornet squadrons from Beaufort to deploy to Kuwait in anticipation of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) in January 2003. The Crusaders were dispatched from MCAS Iwakuni to many locations in the Pacific Rim, including Marine Corps Air Facility Kaneohe Bay in Hawaii and Clark AB in the Philippines. In January 2005, the "Crusaders" continued the UDP rotation, deploying to MCAS Iwakuni, Japan. In September 2006 the "Crusaders" again returned to MCAS Iwakuni with detachments to Clark AB in the Philippines, Kadena Air Force Base on Okinawa, and Khorat, Thailand.

Prior to another squadron deployment in support of OIF later in 2008, the squadron's commander reverted the unit to their older World War II nickname, the Werewolves.[4] The squadron began its first combat deployment in more than 30 years when it left MCAS Beaufort on August 29, 2010 for Kandahar Airfield, KAF.[5][6] The Werewolves returned from their seven-month deployment on March 21, 2009.[7] In April, 2012, the new commander of VMFA-122, LtCol Wiegel, decided the squadron would revert to the "Crusaders" nickname. However, after the nonprofit Military Religious Freedom Foundation threatened to sue the military under the Establishment Clause to forbid the Crusaders name and logo, the Marine Deputy Commandant for aviation directed VMFA-122 to revert the unit identification back to "Werewolves."[8]

Unit awards

A unit citation or commendation is an award bestowed upon an organization for the action cited. Members of the unit who participated in said actions are allowed to wear on their uniforms the awarded unit citation. VMFA-122 has been presented with the following awards:

Streamer Award Year(s) Additional Info
U.S. Navy Presidential Unit Citation streamer.png Presidential Unit Citation Streamer 7 August - 9 December 1942 Guadalcanal-Tulagi
Navy Unit Commendation streamer (USMC).svg Navy Unit Commendation Streamer 15 September 1944 - 31 January 1945 Peleliu-Western Carolines
Streamer NDS.PNG National Defense Service Streamer with three Bronze Stars 1950-1954, 1961-1974, 1990-1995, 2001-present Korean War, Vietnam War, Gulf War, War on Terrorism
Streamer VS.PNG Vietnam Service Streamer

Iraq Campaign streamer (USMC).svg Iraq Campaign Streamer

Streamer gwotE.PNG Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Streamer

Global War on Terrorism Service Medal streamer.png Global War on Terrorism Service Streamer 2001-present

See also


  1. ^ Sherrod History of USMC Aviation in WWII, p.457.
  2. ^ Simmons A History, p.166.
  3. ^ Crowder USMC Aviation, p.47.
  4. ^ Hilliard, Dan (January 5, 2008). "Attack squadron changes commanders, moniker". Leatherneck Magazine.
  5. ^ Donohue, Patrick (August 13, 2008). "Bittersweet: Air Station to welcome home squadrons while others deploy". The Beaufort Gazette. Retrieved .[dead link]
  6. ^ Donohue, Patrick (August 30, 2008). "A tearful goodbye as squadrons depart for Iraq". =The Beaufort Gazette. Archived from the original on 2008-09-10. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Cpl. Zahn, Christopher (March 27, 2009). "Welcome Home - Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 122 Werewolves Return". Digital Video and Image Distribution System. Retrieved .
  8. ^ Huus, Kari (May 24, 2012). "Marine Werewolves transform into Crusaders, and back again". MSNBC. Archived from the original on May 28, 2012. Retrieved .


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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