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|Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha|
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
|Founder and General Secretary of the Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
6 May 1994
22 May 1944
Kalingapatti, Sankarankovil, Madras Presidency, British India (now in Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu, India)
|Political party||Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (from 6 May 1994)|
|Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (till 6 May 1994)|
|Children||Durai Vaiyapuri, Rajalakshmi, Kannagi|
|Residence||Anna Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India|
|Alma mater||St. Xavier's College, Palayamkottai, Presidency College, Chennai , Madras Law College|
Vaiko is an Indian politician. He is a member of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India from Tamil Nadu. He is the founder and General Secretary of the Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK), a political party active mainly in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.He was earlier elected to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India from Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu.
He graduated with a Gold Medal in his Bachelor of arts degree in economics from St. Xavier's College, Palayamkottai and masters from Presidency College, Chennai. He obtained his bachelor's degree in law from Madras Law College. He is an avid reader and orator known for his oratory skills both in Tamil and English. He has two daughters and a son.
Vaiko is now the general secretary of the MDMK party. Vaiko was a part of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and was formerly seen as the ideological protege of former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Kalaignar M.Karunanidhi. Vaiko was detained for more than a year in 1976-77 during the Emergency and for 40 days on charges of organising black flag demonstration against former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's visit to Tamil Nadu in October 1977. He has been arrested multiple times for demonstrations especially during the 1986-87 anti Hindi agitations.
He entered the Rajya Sabha in 1978 and has been member of the Upper House for three terms. He has also been elected to the Lok Sabha twice. In 1993, Vaiko started MDMK due to differences with Karunanidhi.
Vaiko was known as "Lion Of Parliament" due to his vociferous speeches in Parliament. Vaiko protested against Kerala's demand for a new dam at Mullaperiyar and proposed building of dams in Pambar and Siruvani. Vaiko also supported national interlinking of rivers and Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project. Vaiko filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in Madras High Court requesting closure of the copper smelting plant of Sterlite Industries in Tuticorin which did not follow the waste management procedures correctly and leading to the closure of the plant.
Vaiko often goes on foot marches along with his party cadres to attract attention to issues.
Vaiko unequivocally supported LTTE and other organizations fighting for a separate Tamil Eelam country in Sri Lanka. He made a trip to Eelam 1989 at the height of the LTTE's war with Sri Lankan Army when IPKF Indian Peace Keeping Force was at Jaffna. Vaiko was the first member of Parliament and chief of a registered political party in the country to be detained under the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002. He was released after spending 18 months in prison.
In 2008, Criminal Investigation Department of Tamil Nadu police arrested Vaiko on charges of sedition. The charges stemmed from speeches Vaiko made at a party meeting on the Sri Lankan issue and the government's raids into LTTE-held areas on 21 October 2008. After 14 days in judicial custody, Vaiko was released.
In 3 April 2017 Vaiko was jailed in for sedition case filed by DMK in their 2010 regime.
In 2005, Vaiko started the Marumalarchi Blood Donors' Club. Vaiko has launched many engagement programmes in rural areas with the participation of villagers. Vaiko has undergone a month-long padayatra in Tamil Nadu for the interlinking of inter state rivers in India. Vaiko during the time he represented Sivakasi Constituency in Loksabha conducted several medical camps for his constituents. He conducted medical camps for physically disabled people in his constituency with the help of Sri Venkateshwara Medical College, Thirupathi. Thousands of people afflicted by polio attended the camp and were given medical aid including corrective surgery at Thirupathi and Whitefield, Bengaluru and post surgery aid, equipments, etc,. He conducted medical camps for providing Hepatitis B vaccine for children and provided vaccines for 65000 children in his constituency. Considering the logistics and the planning involved for providing the vaccines in three doses to 65000 children, the programme was successful without a hitch. And considering the fact that all these medical camps were organised by Mr. Vaiko without any government help and with his own money, it itself states the philanthropic nature of the leader.
He married Renuka Devi on 14 June 1971. Vaiko enjoys writing in his free time and has authored over 50 books (Tamil & English) apart from regular essays and columns in newspapers.
| Member of Parliament
1998 - 2004