Varna Airport
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Varna Airport

Varna Airport

VarnaAirport logo.png
VAR Terminal2.jpg
Airport typePublic
OwnerRepublic of Bulgaria
OperatorFraport Twin Star Airport Management AD
ServesVarna, Bulgaria
LocationVarna, Bulgaria
Hub for
Elevation AMSL70 m / 230 ft
Coordinates43°13?55?N 27°49?31?E / 43.23194°N 27.82528°E / 43.23194; 27.82528Coordinates: 43°13?55?N 27°49?31?E / 43.23194°N 27.82528°E / 43.23194; 27.82528
VAR is located in Bulgaria
Location of airport in Bulgaria
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 2,517 8,258 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers2,281,134 Increase15.8%
Aircraft movements17,776 Increase11.4%
Source: Bulgarian AIP at EUROCONTROL

Varna Airport (Bulgarian: , Letishte Varna) (IATA: VAR, ICAO: LBWN) is the airport of Varna, the historical maritime capital of Bulgaria. Varna Airport is the third largest airport in Bulgaria. It is located 10 kilometers from the center of Varna near the town of Aksakovo. The airport serves Varna, Golden Sands and northeastern Bulgaria. The busiest season for the airport is from the end of May to the beginning of October.


The history of the airport dates back to 1916 when two sheds for the first hydro-port in Bulgaria were built in the Peinerdzhik area (present-day Chaika residential area).[] Irregular mail-plane service from Sofia to Varna was held between 1919 and 1920 and it was not until 1947 that a permanent airline between the two cities was established. What had grown into Tihina Airport was situated west of the present-day Asparuhov bridge and was indeed quite primitive for the demands of a modern city.[] Thus in 1946 a decision was made and a new airport was constructed several kilometres west of the city, near the village (now town) of Aksakovo, with local people enthusiastically working on the site together with the constructors. Construction and improvement continued throughout the years, with a new terminal built in 1972 and a new runway in 1974.[]

In 2013, a new passenger terminal opened and the one constructed in the 20th century was closed down.

There are domestic and international flights from Varna to about 70 destinations in 25 countries, with Bulgarian and foreign airlines. The airport is close to the Port of Varna and the railway system. The airport has one asphalt-covered runway 09/27 with ILS CAT I system on 09 edge and a parking apron for 24 aircraft. In June 2006 the Bulgarian Government awarded Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide a 35-year-long concession on both Varna and Burgas airports in return for investments exceeding EUR500 million, including a new passenger terminal by 2008.

From 15 October 2011 until 28 February 2012, Varna airport was closed for a reconstruction of the runway. All flights were operated to/from Burgas Airport.[1]

In 2016 the airport handled 1,689,595 passengers - a 20.8% increase compared to 2015.


The runway
Terminal 2 gate area

The airport has three terminals: Terminal 1, built in 1972 (closed), Terminal 3 (opened in June 2007), which was used during the summer season, and the new Terminal 2, opened in August 2013.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 (closed) was extended several times over the years. The departures area had 21 check-in counters and six security checkpoints. In the terminal there were various outlets: cafes, fast food restaurants, currency exchange, and duty-free shops. There were ten boarding gates. The arrivals area had two luggage belts, as well as currency exchange and a tax-free shop. Terminal 1 still has a VIP room and business lounge. In 2010 the VIP room was renovated. As of 2014, all flights, including no-frills, are managed by Terminal 2. Hence, the old terminal is closed except the VIP area.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 started operations on 18 August 2013. In December 2011 the construction work on the new Terminal 2 began. T2 has a capacity of 1,800,000 passengers per year and 25 check-in desks. It covers an area of 18,000 square metres. T2's buildings are designed so that their capacity can be increased as an extension to the existing architectural part. The first passenger service on T2 was a domestic flight to Sofia operated by the national carrier Bulgaria Air and first international passengers served were on a Belavia flight from Minsk. T2 was designed by London-based architecture firm Pascall+Watson.[]

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Varna Airport:[2]

Austrian Airlines Vienna
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Antalya[3]
easyJet Seasonal: Berlin-Schönefeld, London-Gatwick
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
Eurowings Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf
Seasonal charter: Stuttgart
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
Freebird Airlines Europe Seasonal charter: Leipzig/Halle (begins 25 June 2020)[4]
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal: Budapest (begins 07 June 2020),[5]Warsaw-Chopin[6]
Seasonal charter: Katowice[7]
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg[8]
NordStar Seasonal charter: Moscow-Domodedovo[9]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen
Pobeda Seasonal: Moscow-Vnukovo[10]
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
SkyUpSeasonal: Kiev-Boryspil[11]
SmartLynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Riga[12]
Seasonal charter: Tallinn[12]
SmartwingsSeasonal: Brno, Lyon,[13]Nantes, Ostrava, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague
Sunclass Airlines Seasonal charter: Copenhagen,[14]Helsinki,[15]Oslo-Gardermoen,[16]Stockholm-Arlanda[17], Trondheim [16]
SunExpress Deutschland Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Stuttgart
TUI Airways Seasonal: London-Gatwick, Manchester[18]
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels, Ostend/Bruges
Seasonal charter: Lille, Nantes,[19]Paris-Charles de Gaulle
TUI fly Netherlands Seasonal: Amsterdam
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Volotea Seasonal: Nantes
Wizz Air Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin-Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Hamburg, Larnaca, Liverpool, London-Luton, Memmingen, Vienna
Seasonal: Tel Aviv[20]



Busiest routes

Busiest routes at Varna Airport[25][2]
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(Summer 2018)
Russia Moscow Domodedovo Airport
Sheremetyevo Airport
Vnukovo Airport
Azur Air, NordStar, Red Wings Airlines, S7 Airlines
Bulgaria Air
Bul Air, Pobeda, Rossiya, Yakutia Airlines
Bulgaria Sofia Sofia Airport
Bulgaria Air, Wizz Air
Poland Katowice Katowice Airport
Bulgarian Air Charter, Enter Air, Ryanair Sun, Small Planet Airlines, Travel Service, Voyage Air
Poland Warsaw Chopin Airport
Modlin Airport
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Enter Air, Ryanair Sun, Small Planet Airlines
Voyage Air
Germany Leipzig Leipzig/Halle Airport
Bulgarian Air Charter, Condor, Small Planet Airlines, SunExpress Deutschland
Germany Düsseldorf Düsseldorf Airport
Bulgarian Air Charter, Condor, Eurowings, SunExpress Deutschland
Israel Tel Aviv Ben Gurion Airport
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Corendon Airlines, Travel Service, Wizz Air
United Kingdom London Gatwick Airport
Luton Airport
BH Air, easyJet, TUI Airways
Wizz Air
Czech Republic Prague Václav Havel Airport
SmartWings, Travel Service
Russia Saint Petersburg Pulkovo Airport
Bulgaria Air, Red Wings Airlines, Rossiya
Germany Hannover Hannover Airport
Bulgarian Air Charter, Condor, SunExpress Deutschland, Voyage Air
Turkey Istanbul Atatürk Airport
Turkish Airlines
Germany Munich Memmingen Airport
Munich Airport
Wizz Air
Bulgarian Air Charter, Lufthansa, SunExpress Deutschland
Austria Vienna Schwechat Airport
Austrian Airlines, Bulgarian Air Charter, Wizz Air
Germany Berlin Schönefeld Airport
Tegel Airport
Bulgarian Air Charter, easyJet
Bulgarian Air Charter, Sundair
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport
Bulgarian Air Charter, Condor, SunExpress Deutschland
Germany Stuttgart Stuttgart Airport
Bulgarian Air Charter, Eurowings, SunExpress Deutschland, Voyage Air
Belgium Brussels Charleroi Airport
Zaventem Airport
Brussels Airlines, TUI fly Belgium
Germany Cologne Cologne/Bonn Airport
Bulgarian Air Charter, Eurowings, SunExpress Deutschland
Germany Hamburg Hamburg Airport
Bulgarian Air Charter, Germania, SunExpress Deutschland

Ground transport

Bus line 409 connects the airport with Varna city center and resorts nearby (route: Varna Airport - Mall Varna - Varna Bus Station / Grand Mall - City Center - Saints Constantine and Helena - Golden Sands).[26]

Incidents and accidents

  • On 5 June 1992 Balkan Bulgarian Airlines Tupolev 154B overran runway 27 in bad weather conditions. There were no casualties, but the plane was written off.[27]
  • On 24 May 2013, Air VIA flight 502 from Leipzig/Halle to Varna overran runway 09 at Varna Airport after touchdown. Two passengers were injured during evacuation.[28][29]
  • On July 8 2014, Lars Mittank, a German student vacationing in Golden Sands, mysteriously disappeared near Varna Airport. Mittank had been alone in Bulgaria the previous two days and reported to be behaving strangely, and was last seen on security cameras fleeing from the airport into the surrounding forest.

See also


  1. ^ "Varna Airport Closes for Runway Overhaul in October". Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Flight Search".
  3. ^ "Flight Schedules and Airline Availability".
  4. ^ "Tui sends Freebird Europe to Leipzig / Halle - Airbus A320 is stationed in Schkeuditz". 4 October 2019.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Nowe trasy z Polski. Przewo?nik zapowiada inauguracyjny rejs".
  7. ^ "LOT wykona z Katowic rejsy czarterowe dla Rainbow Tours".
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Route map". 25 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Pobeda Airlines LLC, Aeroflot Group - Flights schedule".
  11. ^ Liu, Jim. "SkyUp Airlines S19 network expansion summary as of 01JUL19". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Novaturas Flights en". Novaturas flights.
  13. ^ " - Cheap flights not only around Europe".
  14. ^ "Flight".
  15. ^ "Flights".
  16. ^ a b "Flight".
  17. ^ "Flight".
  18. ^ "Flight Timetable - TUI Airways".
  19. ^ TUI fly Belgium begin seasonal service to Varna on route Lille-Varna-Nantes-Lille
  20. ^ (12 July 2018). "Wizz Air 8 ? ? ".
  21. ^ " "? ?"".
  22. ^
  23. ^ "Monthly traffic figures" (PDF). 2018.
  24. ^ "Monthly traffic figures" (PDF). 2018.
  25. ^ Flightradar24. " - Live flight tracker!". Flightradar24.
  26. ^ "". Archived from the original on 1 September 2013. Retrieved 2015.
  27. ^ Harro Ranter (5 June 1992). "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 154B LZ-BTD Varna Airport (VAR)". Retrieved 2015.
  28. ^ " - ? ? , ? ? ( ? ) - -". Retrieved 2015.
  29. ^ "The Aviation Herald". Retrieved 2015.

External links

Media related to Varna Airport at Wikimedia Commons

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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