Vascular Bundles
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Vascular Bundles
Types of Vascular bundles
(blue: Xylem, green: Phloem, white: Cambium)
A  concentric, periphloematic
B  concentric, perixylematic
C  radial with inner xylem, here with four xylem-poles, left closed, right open
D  collateral closed
E  collateral open
F  bicollateral open
Cross section of celery stalk, showing vascular bundles, which include both phloem and xylem
Detail of vascular bundle: closed, collateral vascular bundles of the stem axis of Zea mays
Vascular bundle in the leaf of Metasequoia glyptostroboides
The vascular bundle of pine leaf showing xylem and phloem

A vascular bundle is a part of the transport system in vascular plants. The transport itself happens in vascular tissue, which exists in two forms: xylem and phloem. Both these tissues are present in a vascular bundle, which in addition will include supporting and protective tissues.

The xylem typically lies adaxial with phloem positioned abaxial. In a stem or root this means that the xylem is closer to the centre of the stem or root while the phloem is closer to the exterior. In a leaf, the adaxial surface of the leaf will usually be the upper side, with the abaxial surface the lower side. This is why aphids are typically found on the underside of a leaf rather than on the top, since the sugars manufactured by the plant are transported by the phloem, which is closer to the lower surface.

The position of vascular bundles relative to each other may vary considerably: see stele.

Cross section of a leaf showing parts of a vascular bundle
Cross section of a leaf showing parts of a vascular bundle

Bundle-sheath cells

Bundle-sheath cells are photosynthetic cells arranged into tightly packed sheaths around the veins of a leaf. They form a protective covering on leaf veins, and consist of one or more cell layers, usually parenchyma. Loosely arranged mesophyll cells lie between the bundle sheath and the leaf surface. The Calvin cycle is confined to the chloroplasts of these bundle sheath cells in C4 plants.

Further reading

  • Campbell, N. A. & Reece, J. B. (2005). Photosynthesis. Biology (7th ed.). San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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