Viceroy of Liangjiang
Get Viceroy of Liangjiang essential facts below. View Videos or join the Viceroy of Liangjiang discussion. Add Viceroy of Liangjiang to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Viceroy of Liangjiang
Map of viceroys in Qing Dynasty of China
Viceroy of Liangjiang
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese?
Simplified Chinese?
Governor-General of the Two Yangtze Provinces and Surrounding Areas Overseeing Military Affairs, Provisions and Funds, Manager of Waterways, Director of Civil Affairs
(full title)
Traditional Chinese,?
Simplified Chinese,?
Manchu name
Manchu script
?


Romanization

The Viceroy of Liangjiang or Viceroy of the Two Jiangs, fully referred to in Chinese as the Governor-General of the Two Yangtze Provinces and Surrounding Areas Overseeing Military Affairs, Provisions and Funds, Manager of Waterways, Director of Civil Affairs, was one of eight regional Viceroys in China proper during the Qing dynasty. The Viceroy of Liangjiang had jurisdiction over Jiangsu, Jiangxi and Anhui provinces. Because Jiangsu and Anhui were previously part of a single province, Jiangnan ("south of the Yangtze"), they were thus known, along with Jiangxi ("west of the Yangtze"), as the two jiangs, hence the name "Liangjiang" ("two Jiangs").

History

The office of Viceroy of Liangjiang originated in 1647 during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor. It was called "Viceroy of the Three Provinces of Jiangdong, Jiangxi and Henan" (?) and headquartered in Jiangning (; present-day Nanjing, Jiangsu). In 1652, the office was renamed "Viceroy of Jiangxi" (?) and its headquarters shifted to Nanchang for a short while before the old system was restored.

During the reign of the Kangxi Emperor, in 1661 and 1674 two separate Viceroy offices were created for Jiangdong and Jiangxi, but they were merged under the Viceroy of Liangjiang later in 1665 and 1682 respectively. The office's name had remained as "Viceroy of Liangjiang" since then.

In 1723, the Yongzheng Emperor ordered that the Viceroy of Liangjiang would concurrently hold the appointments of Secretary of Defence (?) and Right Censor-in-Chief (?) of the Detection Branch () in the Censorate.

In 1831, the Daoguang Emperor put the Viceroy of Liangjiang in charge of the salt trade in the Huai River area.

During the reign of the Xianfeng Emperor, the Taiping rebels captured Jiangning (; present-day Nanjing, Jiangsu) and designated it as their capital. The headquarters of the Viceroy of Liangjiang constantly shifted across different locations, including Yangzhou, Changzhou, Shanghai, Suzhou and Anqing.

In 1866, during the reign of the Tongzhi Emperor, the Viceroy of Liangjiang was also put in charge of trade and commerce in the five treaty ports. He also concurrently held the appointment of "Nanyang Trade Minister" (); cf. "Beiyang Trade Minister" () held by the Viceroy of Zhili.

After the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1912, the former headquarters of the Viceroy of Liangjiang in Nanjing was converted into a Presidential Palace for the President of the Republic of China until 1949.

List of Viceroys of Liangjiang

# Name Portrait Start of term End of term Notes
Viceroy of Jiangnan, Jiangxi and Henan
(1647-1649)
1 Ma Guozhu
19 August 1647 30 September 1649
Viceroy of Liangjiang
(1649-1661)
2 Ma Guozhu
30 September 1649 30 October 1654 Left office due to illness
3 Ma Mingpei
November 1654 23 June 1656 Left office due to illness
4 Lang Tingzuo
3 July 1656 2 November 1661
Viceroy of Jiangnan
(1661-1665)
5 Lang Tingzuo
2 November 1661 4 July 1665
Viceroy of Jiangxi
(1661-1665)
5 Zhang Chaolin
2 November 1661 4 July 1665
Viceroy of Liangjiang
(1665-1911)
6 Lang Tingzuo
4 July 1665 17 December 1668 Left office due to illness
7 Maleji
10 January 1669 5 July 1673 Demoted by two grades and reassigned elsewhere
8 Asihi
29 July 1673 January 1682 Demoted
9 Yu Chenglong
Portrait of Yu Chenglong.jpg 1 February 1682 24 June 1684 Died in office
10 Wang Xinming
1 July 1684 18 April 1687 Reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Min-Zhe
11 Dong Ne
22 April 1687 24 April 1688 Demoted by five grades and reassigned elsewhere
12 Fulata
5 May 1688 22 July 1694 Died in office
13 Fan Chengxun
10 August 1694 15 November 1698 Left office for filial mourning
14 Zhang Penghe
23 December 1698 28 April 1700 Reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Caoyun
Taodai
30 May 1699 Stand-in as the Right Vice Secretary of Personnel
Taodai
28 April 1700 27 June 1700 Stand-in as the Secretary of Justice
15 A?an
1 July 1700 24 December 1706
16 Shaomubu
31 December 1706 August 1709
17 Gali
27 August 1709 10 March 1712 Relieved of his appointment
Lang Tingji
10 March 1712 14 November 1712 Stand-in as the Provincial Governor of Jiangxi
18 Heshou
14 November 1712 22 May 1717 Promoted to Secretary of the Board for the Administration of Outlying Regions
19 Changnai
30 May 1717 November 1722 Died in office
20 Cabina
27 November 1722 18 May 1726 Recalled to the imperial capital
Fan Shiyi
18 May 1726 12 May 1730 Stand-in as the zongbing of Malan Town
Shi Yizhi
12 May 1730 Stand-in as the Left Vice Secretary of Personnel
21 Gao Qizhuo
.jpg 20 June 1730 8 August 1731 Stand-in as the Viceroy of Yun-Guang
Yengi?an
.jpg 8 August 1731 24 October 1732 Stand-in as the Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
Wei Tingzhen
24 October 1732 23 February 1733 Stand-in as the Viceroy of Caoyun
22 Gao Qizhuo
.jpg 23 February 1733 8 October 1733 Recalled back to the imperial capital
Zhao Hong'en
8 October 1733 18 June 1734 Stand-in as the Provincial Governor of Hunan
23 Zhao Hong'en
18 June 1734 10 February 1737 Recalled to the imperial capital
24 Qingfu
10 February 1737 4 November 1737 Reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Yun-Gui
25 Nasutu
4 November 1737 5 December 1739 Left office for filial mourning
26 Hao Yulin
5 December 1739 18 June 1740 Relieved of his appointment
Yang Chaozeng
18 June 1740 26 September 1741 Stand-in as Secretary of Defence
27 Nasutu
26 September 1741 9 May 1742 Reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Min-Zhe
28 Depei
9 May 1742 11 March 1743 Recalled to the imperial capital
29 Yengi?an
.jpg 11 March 1743 28 October 1748
30 Ts'ereng
28 October 1748 11 January 1749 Reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Chuan-Shaan
Yarha?an
?
11 January 1749 25 January 1749 Stand-in
31 Huang Tinggui
25 January 1749 25 July 1751 Reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Shaan-Gan
32 Yengi?an
.jpg 25 July 1751 16 October 1753
Zhuang Yougong
.jpg 11 November 1752 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
Erong'an
24 February 1753 16 October 1753 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangxi
33 Erong'an
16 October 1753 1755 Killed in battle
Yengi?an
.jpg 26 September 1754 29 November 1756 Stand-in as Viceroy of Southern Rivers
34 Yengi?an
.jpg 29 November 1756 9 May 1765 Reassigned to the Imperial Cabinet
35 Gao Jin
9 May 1765 25 February 1779 Died in office
36 Sazai
25 February 1779 21 September 1780 Left office for filial mourning
37 Chen Huizu
21 September 1780 January 1781
Sazai
January 1781 17 February 1783 Acting Viceroy of Liangjiang
38 Sazai
17 February 1783 10 April 1786 Died in office
39 Li Shijie
10 April 1786 30 December 1787 Reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Sichuan
Min Eyuan
11 April 1786 Stand-in as the Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
40 Shulin
11 April 1786 11 July 1790 Dismissed from office
Fusong
11 July 1790 Stand-in as the Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
41 Sun Shiyi
Sun Shiyi.jpg 14 July 1790 25 May 1791 Promoted to Secretary of Personnel
Changlin
25 May 1791 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
42 Shulin
25 May 1791 14 August 1794 Dismissed from office
43 Fugang
14 August 1794 23 January 1795 Demoted
Suringga
14 August 1794 Stand-in as Secretary of Justice
44 Funing
23 January 1795 2 August 1796 Reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Sichuan
Suringga
2 August 1796 6 November 1797 Stand-in as Secretary of Justice
45 Li Fenghan
6 November 1797 18 March 1799 Died in office
46 Fei Chun
18 March 1799 12 August 1803 Reassigned to serve as Secretary of Defence
47 Chen Dawen
12 August 1803 25 February 1805 Reassigned to serve as Left Censor-in-Chief
48 Tiebao
.jpg 25 February 1805 24 August 1809 Dismissed from office
49 Alinbao
24 August 1809 11 January 1810 Died in office
50 Songyun
11 January 1810 26 February 1811 Reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Liangguang
51 Lebao
26 February 1811 27 July 1811 Recalled back to the imperial capital
52 Bailing
27 July 1811 25 December 1816
Songyun
1 December 1816 Stand-in as Grand Secretary
53 Sun Yuting
25 December 1816 9 September 1824 Promoted to Grand Secretary of Tiren Cabinet ()
54 Wei Yuanyu
28 January 1825 7 July 1825 Reassigned to serve as Viceroy of Caoyun
55 Qishan
7 July 1825 5 June 1827 Dismissed from office
Jiang Youxian
19 April 1827 5 June 1827 Stand-in as Grand Secretary of Tiren Cabinet ()
56 Jiang Youxian
5 June 1827 11 October 1830 Recalled to the imperial capital
Tao Zhu
.jpg 24 July 1830 11 October 1830 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
57 Tao Zhu
.jpg 11 October 1830 22 April 1839 Left office due to illness
58 Lin Zexu
Commissioner Lin 2.png 22 April 1839 Reassigned to serve as Viceroy of Liangguang before he assumed office
Chen Luan
22 April 1839 5 January 1840 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
59 Deng Tingzhen
Deng Tingzhen.png 5 January 1840 Reassigned to serve as Viceroy of Yun-Gui before he assumed office
60 Ilibu
21 January 1840 3 May 1841 Recalled to the imperial capital
Linqing
21 January 1840 Stand-in as Viceroy of Caoyun
Yuqian
6 August 1840 10 February 1841 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
61 Yuqian
3 May 1841 22 October 1841 Died in office
Niu Jian
19 October 1841 17 October 1842 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Henan
62 Qiying
Portrait of Keying.jpeg 17 October 1842 19 March 1844
Bichang
6 April 1843 1 December 1843 Stand-in as General of Fuzhou
Sun Shanbao
6 April 1843 1 December 1843 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
Bichang
19 March 1844 21 January 1845 Stand-in as General of Fuzhou
Sun Shanbao
19 March 1844 21 January 1845 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
63 Bichang
21 January 1845 30 April 1847 Promoted to Interior Minister
Lu Jianying
8 March 1847 30 April 1847 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
64 Li Xingyuan
.jpg 30 April 1847 26 April 1849 Left office due to illness
65 Lu Jianying
26 April 1849 6 March 1853 Dismissed from office
Xianghou
6 March 1853 31 March 1853 Stand-in as General of Jiangning
Yang Wending
31 March 1853 27 May 1853 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
66 Yiliang
27 March 1853 5 May 1857
Zhao Dezhe
5 May 1857 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
He Guiqing
5 May 1857 26 July 1857 Stand-in as former Provincial Governor of Zhejiang
67 He Guiqing
26 July 1857 8 June 1860 Dismissed from office
Zeng Guofan
Zeng Guofan.png 8 June 1860 10 August 1860 Stand-in as former Vice Secretary of Defence
Xu Youren
Xu Youren.jpg 8 June 1860 18 June 1860 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu; killed in battle
Xue Huan
18 June 1860 Stand-in as Lieutenant-Governor of Jiangsu
68 Zeng Guofan
Zeng Guofan.png 10 August 1860 6 September 1868 Reassigned to serve as Viceroy of Zhili
Li Hongzhang
Li Hung Chang in 1896.jpg 23 May 1865 7 December 1866 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
69 Ma Xinyi
6 September 1868 29 August 1870 Assassinated in office
Kuiyu
29 August 1870 Stand-in as General of Jiangning
70 Zeng Guofan
Zeng Guofan.png 29 August 1870 20 March 1872 Died in office
He Jing
20 March 1872 25 November 1872 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
Zhang Shusheng
25 November 1872 3 February 1873 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
71 Li Zongxi
3 February 1873 12 January 1875 Left office due to illness
Liu Kunyi
Liu Kunyi LOC ggbain 03677.jpg 12 January 1875 1 September 1875 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangxi
72 Shen Baozhen
Sing Bo-ting2.jpg 30 May 1875 26 December 1879 Died in office
Wu Yuanbing
28 March 1878 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
Wu Yuanbing
26 December 1879 July 1880 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
73 Liu Kunyi
Liu Kunyi LOC ggbain 03677.jpg 27 December 1879 22 August 1881 Recalled to the imperial capital
74 Peng Yulin
22 August 1881 28 October 1881 Dismissed from office
75 Zuo Zongtang
Zuo Zongtang2.jpg 28 October 1881 8 February 1884 Left office due to illness
Yulu
Yulu.jpg 8 February 1884 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Anhui; never assumed office
Zeng Guoquan
?-?.jpg 16 February 1884 6 September 1887 Stand-in as Secretary of Rites
Yulu
Yulu.jpg 6 September 1887 October 1887 Stand-in as Viceroy of Huguang
Zeng Guoquan
?-?.jpg October 1887 22 November 1890 Acting Viceroy of Liangjiang
Shen Bingcheng
22 November 1890 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Anhui
76 Liu Kunyi
Liu Kunyi LOC ggbain 03677.jpg 22 November 1890 7 October 1902 Died in office
Zhang Zhidong
.jpg 2 November 1894 2 January 1896 Stand-in as Viceroy of Huguang
Lu Chuanlin
Lu Chuanlin.jpg 24 December 1899 3 May 1900 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
Li Youfen
7 October 1902 Stand-in as Lieutenant-Governor of Jiangning
Zhang Zhidong
.jpg 7 October 1902 20 March 1903 Stand-in as Viceroy of Huguang
77 Wei Guangtao
Wei Guangtao.jpg 5 December 1902 1 September 1904 Reassigned to serve as Viceroy of Min-Zhe
78 Li Xingrui
1 September 1904 31 October 1904 Died in office
79 Zhou Fu
31 October 1904 2 September 1906 Reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Min-Zhe
Duanfang
Duan Fang.jpg 31 October 1904 2 September 1906 Stand-in as Provincial Governor of Jiangsu
80 Duanfang
Duan Fang.jpg 2 September 1906 28 June 1909 Reassigned to serve as Viceroy of Zhili
Fan Zengxiang
.jpg 28 June 1909 Stand-in as Lieutenant-Governor of Jiangning
81 Zhang Renjun
Zhang Renjun.jpg 28 June 1909 23 January 1912 Dismissed from office
Zhang Xun
Zhangxun.jpg 23 January 1912 Stand-in as Provincial Military Commander of Jiangnan

References

  • Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao) (in Chinese). Volumes 197-199.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Viceroy_of_Liangjiang
 



 



 
Music Scenes