Virgin Trains USA
Get Virgin Trains USA essential facts below. View Videos or join the Virgin Trains USA discussion. Add Virgin Trains USA to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Virgin Trains USA

Virgin Trains USA
Virgin trains.png
Brightline train at Fort Lauderdale station.jpg
Virgin Trains USA Siemens Charger at Fort Lauderdale in Brightline livery in December 2017
Service typeInter-city rail Higher-speed rail (post 2022)
First service
Virgin Trains USA
All Aboard Florida (2018-19)
Ridership3 million per year (predicted, includes service to Orlando)
Annual ridership579,205 (2018)
Stops3 operational, 1 planned, 2 proposed
EndOrlando (planned)
Distance travelled240 mi (390 km) (includes service to Orlando)
Average journey time1'15" Miami-West Palm Beach
3 hours Miami-Orlando (planned)
Service frequencyHourly Monday through Friday; hourly to bi-hourly Saturday and Sunday
Line(s) usedFlorida East Coast Railway
On-board services
Disabled accessLevel boarding, ADA
Seating arrangements2×2 (smart)
2×1 (select)
Catering facilitiesOnboard service carts
Entertainment facilitiesWi-Fi
Baggage facilitiesChecked baggage available
Rolling stock
  • 10 SCB-40 locomotives (initially)[1]
  • 4 passenger coaches (per trainset)[2]
Track gauge
Operating speed
  • 79 mph (127 km/h) Miami-West Palm Beach
  • 110 mph (180 km/h) West Palm Beach-Cocoa (planned)
  • 125 mph (201 km/h) Cocoa-Orlando (planned)
Fortress Investment Group
Route map

Virgin Trains USA, formerly and currently operating trains as Brightline, is an express inter-city rail system in the United States. It is owned and operated by Fortress Investment Group, with Virgin Group providing branding rights and acting as a minority investor.[3]

Virgin Trains USA operates a single service between Miami and West Palm Beach with a single intermediate stop at Fort Lauderdale.[4]

Virgin Trains USA began operating in January 2018. As of November 2019, it is the only privately owned and operated intercity passenger railroad in the United States.[5]

In 2019 Virgin Trains announced that it had secured funding to extend its route to Orlando, Florida. The extension will consist of 40 mi (64 km) of new track allowing for speeds of 125 mph (201 km/h). The project will also include upgrading 129 mi (208 km) of existing track to allow for passenger trains to operate at 110 mph (180 km/h). When completed in 2022, it will be one of the few higher-speed passenger rail services, known to most people as High Speed Rail (HSR), operated in the United States.[6][7]

Origins and history

Former All Aboard Florida logo
Former Brightline logo

In 2012, Florida East Coast Industries (FECI) announced plans to operate passenger rail service between Miami and Orlando.[8] The cost of all construction was then projected to be $1.5 billion.[9] In March 2013, All Aboard Florida applied for a $1.6 billion Railroad Rehabilitation & Improvement Financing (RRIF) loan, which is administered by the Federal Railroad Administration.[10] In late 2014, the company announced it had applied for a $1.75 billion private activity bond allocation, with proceeds from the bond sale substantially reducing or replacing entirely the amount of the RRIF loan request.[11]

The company received a Finding of No Significant Impact from the Federal Railroad Administration in January 2013, effectively clearing way for work to begin between Miami and West Palm Beach.[12] The Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the full build-out service was released in September 2014,[13][14] and a series of public comment meetings followed. The Final Environmental Impact Statement was released on August 4, 2015.[15] By the beginning of 2015, the company had started site work at the Miami, Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach stations, plus right of way improvements along stretches of the corridor. On November 10, 2015, All Aboard Florida announced that the service would operate under the name Brightline.[16]

Service between Miami and West Palm Beach began on May 19, 2018,[17][18] with service to Orlando projected to start in 2022.[19][20]

Two key counties on the coastal route north of the West Palm Beach station have, for various reasons, been fighting the extension of the rail line through Martin and Indian River Counties in court. One of their objections is that Brightline is a private corporation, so they should not be allowed to issue tax-exempt bonds as if they were a municipality. As of Fall 2018 this legal fight has been going on for four years, during which time no progress on extending the line north of Palm Beach has been made.[21] On December 24, 2018, however, Federal District Judge Christopher Cooper threw out a suit by Indian River County that claimed the U.S. Department of Transportation improperly approved the bond allocation for Brightline, formerly All Aboard Florida. Dismissal of the lawsuit apparently cleared the way for construction of the new rail corridor through the Treasure Coast and Space Coast.[22][23] In April 2019, the company secured $1.75 billion in funding for the Orlando extension, and on April 19, it said construction would begin right away.[24][25][26]

On September 18, 2018, Brightline announced the acquisition of XpressWest, a private company that intends to connect Las Vegas with Southern California via Victorville, California. Brightline announced the intent of purchasing 38 acres of land near the Las Vegas Strip for a station and following the Interstate 15 corridor from Las Vegas to Southern California.[27]

Current Virgin Trains USA trains are powered by diesel-electric locomotives. They operate on Florida East Coast Railway (FEC) between West Palm Beach and Miami. Much of the West Palm Beach-Cocoa segment, currently under construction, will utilize FEC's existing rail corridor. The 40 mi (64 km) segment from Cocoa Beach to Orlando International Airport will be new track built alongside State Road 528.


Construction on Miami Central in 2015
Brightline Train route map

Construction began on the Miami to West Palm Beach section with the laying of new tracks and closure of the temporary surface lots in Government Center, Downtown Miami, in mid 2014.[28] Preliminary work on the Miami station, such as site preparation and demolition, began later in the year.[29] Suffolk Construction is the general contractor for the Miami station.[30] Piles were being set on the four lots of MiamiCentral in early 2015.[31]

On October 29, 2014, work on the Fort Lauderdale station began with the demolition of existing buildings on the site.[32] A groundbreaking ceremony for the West Palm Beach station was held in November 2014.[33] Moss & Associates, of Fort Lauderdale, has been named general contractor for the West Palm Beach and Fort Lauderdale stations.[34]

In January 2015, crews started replacing track throughout the corridor. The system between Miami and West Palm Beach was projected to be operational by the first quarter of 2018, and to Orlando by late 2020.[35][36] All Aboard Florida secured leasing of easement rights alongside the Beachline from the Central Florida Expressway Authority for $1.4 million in December 2015.

Phase 2 of the construction between West Palm Beach and Orlando is behind the original schedule. Company officials had said construction may start in early 2019, with service to Orlando commencing in late 2021 or early 2022.[37] The deadline for the associated bond sale was extended to the end of 2018. The company is also seeking a federal loan to help finance phase 2 construction.[38] As of September 2019, though, only "preliminary" work was being done in the area of Jensen Beach and Sebastian.[39] In October 2019, the company announced temporary closures of the Florida State Road 528 ("BeachLine") highway, to begin path clearing for construction of the Orlando-to-Cocoa portion of the proposed system.[40]

On August 29, 2018, Brightline got the approval for $1.15 billion in tax-free bonds for expansion to Orlando.[41] On December 13, 2018, Company President Patrick Goddard said during an update with the Central Florida Expressway Authority governing board that Brightline would give its contractor a 30-day notice to proceed on the $2.1 billion route on February 1. Construction was scheduled to start in March 2019. Once construction begins, he said, the company intended to complete the route in 30 to 36 months.[42]

The current contractors are the Hubbard Construction Company, Wharton-Smith Inc., The Middlesex Corporation, Granite, and HSR Constructors. These five contractors will be responsible for the development of 170 miles of new track into the completed state-of-the-art intermodal facility located in the new South Terminal at the Orlando International Airport (MCO).[43]


Brightline launched introductory services prior to January 7, 2018, though these runs were not open to the public.[44] Public operations between West Palm Beach and Fort Lauderdale began Saturday, January 13 2018.[45][46]

Service between West Palm Beach and Miami began on May 19, 2018.[17][18]

Other routes and destinations


Virgin Trains USA is in negotiations with the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) to lease right-of-way along the Interstate 4 corridor.[47] Virgin Trains was the only bidder to submit a proposal to construct an intercity rail line along Interstate 4, which has been designated for federally funded high-speed rail.[47] This would be utilized for an extension of the line from Orlando International Airport to Downtown Tampa.[47] Potential stops along this route are the SunRail Meadow Woods station, Walt Disney World, and Lakeland.[47] The current deadline for the negotiations between CFX, FDOT, and Virgin is January 1, 2020.[48]


As part of the initial construction for what was then Brightline, All Aboard Florida said it was considering an extension to Jacksonville, Florida.[49]

Boca Raton

In 2019, Brightline operations sent a letter to the city of Boca Raton about the possibility of adding their city as an infill station along the Florida route. Virgin proposed constructing the station and rail infrastructure while the city would cover access and zoning requirements and costs.[50]


In October 2019, Miami-Dade County allocated $76 million to build a station in Aventura, between Miami and Fort Lauderdale. At the time of the announcement, the projected opening date was October 2020, with until late 2022 to launch service.[51]


In October 2019, Virgin trains USA announced plans to start building a station in PortMiami in 2020.[52]

Las Vegas

When Virgin Trains USA acquired XpressWest, it gained a rail corridor that already had Federal approval. In Fall 2019 Virgin Trains USA announced that they plan on starting construction on a line from Las Vegas, NV to Victorville, CA in the first half of 2020. They expect construction to last for 3 years.[53]

Future expansion

Virgin Trains USA has expressed interest in adding a station on Florida's Treasure Coast and another on the Space Coast between West Palm Beach and Orlando. In August 2018, the company asked cities in the area to submit proposals for station locations. Fort Pierce, which last had passenger train service on July 31, 1968, has expressed interest.[54][55] The city of Stuart has also indicated that it will be negotiating for a potential station.[56]

Virgin Trains USA has indicated that Stuart is the most likely location for a Treasure Coast station, and that Cocoa would make the most sense for a Space Coast station, both because of proximity to Port Canaveral's cruise lines as well as for positioning for future expansion to Jacksonville.[57] Neither station has been committed in writing, and both are pending market studies, as completion of the line to Orlando is the top priority for Virgin.


Train speeds

Upon full buildout of the Miami-Orlando route, trains will operate at up to 79 mph (127 km/h) between Miami and West Palm Beach, up to 110 mph (177 km/h) between West Palm Beach and Cocoa, and up to 125 mph (201 km/h) between Cocoa and the Orlando International Airport.[58] A future extension to Tampa from Orlando would, if constructed, also allow trains to operate at up to 125 mph (201 km/h).[59]

The planned travel time between Miami and Orlando is 3 hours[6]. Driving between the two takes ​ hours using the Florida's Turnpike, and ​ hours using the I-95/SR 528 freeways along the planned train route via Cocoa. The flight time between MIA and MCO is an hour long.

To meet the 3 hour schedule, trains will have to operate with an overall average speed of 80 miles per hour (130 km/h), which is similar to the overall average speed of the Acela Express operating on the Northeast Corridor between New York City and Washington, D.C.[60][61][62]

Pre-existing Miami-Cocoa Corridor upgrades

The project calls for more than $1.5 billion in upgrades to the rail corridor between Miami and Cocoa. The company is double tracking the corridor, improving signaling systems, and upgrading every grade crossing to meet the highest applicable safety standards set by FDOT and Federal Railroad Administration.[63][64] In January 2013, the Federal Railroad Administration issued a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for the Miami-Cocoa phase of the project, effectively clearing the way for work to begin.[65] Part of the corridor safety upgrades includes installing positive train control (PTC), which will enhance Brightline's ability to monitor and control train movements safely.[66]

Quiet zones

Responding to citizen concerns about increased noise from additional horns, All Aboard Florida has stated that it will work with local communities to implement quiet zones where possible.[67] Federal law requires quiet zone requests to originate from the local authority that has jurisdiction over the roadway, not the railroad company.[68]

In August 2014, the company announced a partnership with the Broward and Palm Beach Metropolitan Planning Organizations to implement quiet zones between the city of Hallandale Beach and 15th Street in West Palm Beach.[69] In December 2014, the Miami-Dade Metropolitan Planning Organization approved funding to construct quiet zones between PortMiami and the northern Miami-Dade County line.[70] The quiet zones were originally planned to be in place when Brightline becomes operational between Miami and West Palm Beach by the end of 2017. Brightline started service on January 11, 2018, but various delays in constructing the quiet zones have stretched their in-service date to sometime in March.[71]

On May 14, 2018, quiet zones went into effect in West Palm Beach, in Lake Worth on May 21 and in Boca Raton on May 30. The "no train horn" areas apply to all trains, freight and passenger. [72] Quiet Zones remove the legal duty of a train engineer to sound the horn. Train engineers do still use the horn in quiet zones for emergency situations ( a.k.a. trespasser fouling the tracks ).[73]


The FEC rail corridor includes a number of fixed-span bridges that will be replaced as part of the project. Most do not require United States Coast Guard (USCG) permitting as they do not span significant navigable waterways and clearances will not change. Twelve other bridges--St. Johns River, Eau Gallie River, St. Sebastian River, Crane Creek, Turkey Creek, West Palm Beach Canal, Boynton Canal, Middle River (both the North and South Fork), Oleta River, Arch Creek and Hillsboro Canal--will require permitting by the USCG. In addition, the project calls for significant investment and upgrades to three movable bridges: St. Lucie, Loxahatchee, and New River. These improvements will ensure that bridge mechanical systems for raising and lowering the bridge spans are either fully upgraded or replaced. All Aboard Florida has stated that, prior to it becoming operational, it will start to regularly notify mariners of scheduled bridge closings via the internet, smart phone application and countdown signage on the bridges to enable mariners to have real-time information to decrease wait times at each bridge. Also, the company will station a bridge tender at the New River bridge.[14]


During the first six days of operation, two people were killed in separate incidents at railroad crossings along the line, after they attempted to cross the tracks while the gates were down.[74]

During the first three months of operation, four people were killed by a Virgin Trains USA train when they crossed the tracks illegally, with an additional three persons injured.[75]

The 11th fatality associated with the Virgin Trains USA train occurred on January 1, 2019, after a pedestrian was struck and thrown into a canal.[76] As of November 16, 2019, according to anti-train advocacy group Alliance for Safe Trains, a total of 34 people had been killed in incidents involving Virgin Trains locomotives in Florida,[77] though these include what are likely suicidal encounters.[78]

By analzying FRA data, in December 2019 the AP shared that Virgin Trains USA had the worst per-mile death rate of the nation's 821 railroads.[79]


The proposed line between Cocoa and Orlando is the only segment that does not have existing track or right-of-way owned by FEC. Originally, the Central Florida Expressway Authority (CFX) believed it could accommodate building new tracks for the project within the BeachLine Expressway's 300-foot (91 m) wide right-of-way. This segment of the proposed line will operate at speeds of up to 125 mph (201 km/h)[80][81].

CFX began negotiations with Deseret Ranch, which owns the land just south of the BeachLine, to purchase additional land in order to widen the right-of-way. According to a pact made on July 16, 2013, CFX tentatively agreed to pay $12 million for an extra 200 ft (61 m) along the 22-mile (35 km) BeachLine corridor between Cocoa and Orlando International Airport.[82] In early October 2013, CFX and All Aboard Florida reached a formal purchase agreement for the land required for the right-of-way. Although construction was slated to originally begin in early 2015, construction of the segment started in May 22, 2019.[19][83]

Also in October 2013, the Greater Orlando Aviation Authority (GOAA) board approved development of a station and maintenance facility on Orlando International Airport property, as well as an easement to build track between the station and the mainline to the coast.[84]


Virgin Trains USA is constructing two maintenance facilities. One is a Running Repair Facility, located north of the West Palm Beach station at 601 15th Street, designed for maintenance and minor repair work that does not require the train to be removed from service. The 12-acre site has been under construction since at least January 2016. The land includes vintage industrial buildings that will be renovated for the workshop. The facility, named "workshop b," will include a maintenance pit for access to the underside of the trains and will be able to handle four 10-car train sets.

More extensive maintenance/repair will be accomplished at a second site near the Orlando International Airport Intermodal Terminal[85]


Schematic of rapid transit and passenger rail service in the Miami metropolitan area in 2017. It is unknown when the Tri-Rail Downtown Miami Link is scheduled to be operational.


The route is made up of the following stations, from north to south:

County Station Brightline
in-service date
Time to
Orange County Orlando Airport Planned 180 min Orlando International Airport
Lynx: Links 11, 42, 51, 111, 407 & 436S
SunRail Train to Plane: Link 111 Nonstop Express
Palm Beach County West Palm Beach January 13, 2018 60 min Palm Tran: 1, 40, 41, & The Bolt 1
Palm Trolley: Yellow Line
Tri-Rail Commuter Connector: WPB-1
Broward County Fort Lauderdale January 13, 2018 30 min Broward County Transit (at Central Terminal): 1, 6, 9, 10, 11, 14, 20, 22, 30, 31, 40, 50, 60, 81, US 1 Breeze
Sun Trolley: Downtown Link, Neighborhood Link, & NW Community Link
Tri-Rail Commuter Connector: FL-1, FL-3
Miami-Dade County Virgin MiamiCentral May 19, 2018[17][18] - Metrorail (at Government Center): Green Line, Orange Lines, Downtown Express
Metromover (at Government Center): Omni Loop, Brickell Loop, Inner Loop
Metrobus (at Government Center: 2, 3, 7, 9, 11, 21, 51, 77, 93, 95, S (119), 120, 207, 208, 246, 277, 500
Broward County Transit (at Government Center): 95, 595
Miami Trolley: Coral Way

Tri-Rail Downtown Miami Link (Planned)


Between Miami and West Palm Beach, there are 17 round trips Monday through Friday, and ten and nine on Saturdays and Sundays, respectively.[86]


During the first two and a half months of introductory service between West Palm Beach and Fort Lauderdale, ridership totaled 74,780, increasing from 17,800 in January to 32,900 in March 2018.[87] The company itself announced that the ridership has been triple to what had been expected.[88] The forecast provided to bond investors calls for 240,000 passengers per month by 2020, which includes service to Miami.[89] Analyst Fitch Ratings has said that the company can break even at 56% of their ridership forecast.[88]

At the end of 2018, it was estimated that around 500,000 passengers rode the train.[90] And by August 2019, the train reached its 1 millionth rider.[91]

Ridership Years

Year Ridership
2018 613,130



The three South Florida stations were designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill in association with Zyscovich Architects.[93] Rockwell Group designed the interiors.[94] All three have adjacent parking garages that offer parking at the rate of $6 per day, eff. July 1, 2018.[95]


Virgin MiamiCentral station entrance in 2018

The downtown Miami station, known as Miami (not to be confused with Miami Central Station, now known as Miami Intermodal Center, near Miami International Airport), spans nine acres located just east of Miami-Dade County Hall and includes 3 million square feet of mixed-use development with residential, office and commercial, and a retail concourse. The station connects Brightline with the Metrorail, Metromover, County bus and City of Miami trolley systems.[96] The new Brightline station officially connects the following transit modes: 2 Metrorail stations, 2 Metromover stations, Metrobus, and the future Tri-Rail station. This increases connections to activities and tourist destinations, including the Performing Arts Center, Bayside Market and Bayfront Park. Service to Miami began on May 19, 2018.[17][18]

Fort Lauderdale

Brightline Fort Lauderdale station

The Fort Lauderdale station is located at NW 2nd Avenue between Broward Boulevard and NW 4th Street. The four-acre station site has a 60,000 sq ft (5,574 m2) station and platform. The Brightline train service in Ft. Lauderdale connects to the Sun Trolley and Broward County Transit system.[97] Brightline also owns about three acres of land to the east of the Florida East Coast Railway corridor, where there are plans to build a transit-oriented development.[98]

West Palm Beach

West Palm Beach station

The West Palm Beach station is located between Datura and Evernia Streets and to the west of Quadrille. The two-acre station site has a 60,000 sq ft (5,574 m2) station and platform that connect with the neighborhood's existing vehicular, trolley and pedestrian networks and establish links to the Tri-Rail, Palm Tran Downtown Trolley and Amtrak West Palm Beach station.[99]


In 2017, the new Orlando International Airport Intermodal Terminal at Orlando International Airport was opened.[100] Virgin Trains USA will terminate at this station once the Orlando Extension is built.


Rolling stock

In September 2014, All Aboard Florida announced an order of five Siemens trainsets. Each Brightline train set initially consists of four passenger coaches, with a SCB-40 diesel-electric locomotive on each end.[2] The coaches, with interiors designed by the LAB at Rockwell Group,[101] feature ergonomic seating, Wi-Fi, level boarding, and meet ADA compliance standards. Each trainset holds 240 passengers.[17] Working with All Aboard Florida, the LAB also conceived the Brightline name, brand platform, and visual identity.[102] The entire trainset, including passenger cars, were manufactured by Siemens in its solar-powered plant in Florin, California. Once the route to Orlando is in operation, the trainsets will be expanded to seven coaches, and five more complete trainsets will be purchased.[103][104] The first of five trainsets departed the Siemens factory on December 8, 2016,[105] and arrived in West Palm Beach on December 14.[106] The last trainset arrived in South Florida in October 2017.[107]

Brightline offers two classes of service: "Select" and "Smart," with one and three coaches available on each trainset, respectively. "Select" offers 2x1 and four-to-a-table seating with 50 21-inch (530 mm)-wide seats per car and complimentary snacks and beverages, while the slightly less expensive "Smart" fare coaches seat 66 with narrower 19-inch (480 mm)-wide seats, with snacks and beverages available for purchase.[108][109] Each trainset is able to hold 240 passengers.[17]

Photo Year Make Model Total Power Weight
Brightline Trains at Workshop b.jpg
2017 Siemens Mobility SCB-40 10 units[2] 4,000 hp (3,000 kW)[110] 264,556 lb (120,001 kg)[111]

See also


  1. ^ "Cummins QSK95 achieves Tier 4 certification". Railway Gazette. London. April 6, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Brightline unveils Siemens locomotives and coaches". Railway Gazette. London. June 8, 2016.
  3. ^ Spear, Kevin (November 16, 2018). "Brightline rebranded as Virgin Trains USA in new partnership". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ Rosenberg, Arnie (May 11, 2018). "Brightline trains to start Miami service May 19". USA Today. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ Broadt, Lisa (January 12, 2018). "First ride: Aboard Florida's new Brightline train". King5. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ a b Holsman, Melissa (April 22, 2019). "Virgin Trains sells $1.75 billion in private activity bonds for expansion to Orlando". TCPalm. Port St Lucie, FL: Treasure Coast Newspapers.
  7. ^ Grabar, Henry (June 17, 2014). "The Triumphant Return of Private U.S. Passenger Rail". CityLab. The Atlantic Monthly Group.
  8. ^ "All Aboard Florida plan announced". Railway Gazette. March 28, 2012. Retrieved 2018.[ All Aboard Florida plan announced] Railway Gazette International March 28, 2012
  9. ^ "Quiet zones plans for FEC tracks get boost, as All Aboard Florida picks up costs for some safety upgrades". Palm Beach Post. September 19, 2013.
  10. ^ "All Aboard Florida seeks federal loan". Orlando Sentinel. March 18, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  11. ^ "All Aboard Florida shocker: Rail seeks private financing". Palm Beach Post. October 8, 2014.
  12. ^ "High-speed rail service heads south". Florida Today. Associated Press. July 9, 2014.
  13. ^ "All Aboard Florida - Miami to Orlando Passenger Rail Service". Federal Railroad Authority. Retrieved 2015.
  14. ^ a b "All Aboard Florida - Miami to Orlando Passenger Rail Service Draft Environmental Impact Statement". Federal Railroad Administration. September 19, 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  15. ^ "All Aboard Florida Final Environmental Impact Statement". Federal Railroad Administration. August 4, 2015.
  16. ^ "All Aboard Florida unveils branding of its rail service". The Real Deal Miami. November 9, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Roustan, Wayne K. (May 19, 2018). "All aboard as Brightline launches fast train service to Miami". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ a b c d Jacoby, Kenny (May 19, 2018). "Brightline's inaugural West Palm-to-Miami trip draws crowd, celebration". Retrieved 2018.
  19. ^ a b "F A Q". Brightline. Retrieved 2018.
  20. ^ Hudak, Stephen (June 19, 2018). "Brightline high-speed passenger train gets Orange County OK to lay tracks in wetlands". Retrieved 2018.
  21. ^ "Brightline spending reaches $7.2 million in Martin, Indian River counties, but for what?". TCPalm (Treasure Coast Newspapers). Retrieved 2018.
  22. ^ Rosenberg, Arnie (December 25, 2018). "Judge tosses out Indian River County's lawsuit against All Aboard Florida". TCPalm.
  23. ^ "Florida's Brightline clears legal hurdle, gets financing extension". Bond Buyer.
  24. ^ Forester, Thomas (April 4, 2019). "Brightline secures funding to Orlando, plans to open Walt Disney World station". WPEC.
  25. ^ Lyons, David (April 4, 2019). "Virgin Trains lines up funding for expansion to Orlando". Sun Sentinel.
  26. ^ "Virgin Trains finally set to launch construction of West Palm Beach-to-Orlando link". miamiherald.
  27. ^ "Brightline to Build Express Intercity Passenger Rail Connecting Southern California and Las Vegas" (Press release). Brightline. September 18, 2018.
  28. ^ Chardy, Alfonso (August 25, 2014). "Work begins -- finally -- on Miami-to-Orlando fast train". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2014.
  29. ^ Robbins, John Charles (September 27, 2016). "Brightline passenger rail service 65% built". Miami Today. Retrieved 2017.
  30. ^ Judy, Scott (July 30, 2014). "All Aboard Florida Taps Suffolk to Build Miami Station". ENR Southeast. Retrieved 2015.
  31. ^ Chardy, Alfonso (March 9, 2015). "On track: Details for downtown Miami railway hub are revealed". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 2015.
  32. ^ Turnbell, Michael (October 29, 2014). "Demolition begins for All Aboard Florida's new station". SunSentinel. Retrieved 2018.
  33. ^ Sorentrue, Jennifer (November 12, 2014). "All Aboard Florida to begin construction today on West Palm Beach station". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2015.
  34. ^ Turnbell, Michael (January 20, 2015). "Rail picks contractor for Fort Lauderdale, WPB stations". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 2015.
  35. ^ Sorentrue, Jennifer (November 28, 2017). "Brightline to start limited service in December". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2017.
  36. ^ Sorentrue, Jennifer (July 24, 2017). "Brightline's Orlando leg delayed to 2020". myPalmBeachPost. Cox Media Group. Retrieved 2017.
  37. ^ Powers, Scott (December 13, 2018). "Brightline expects trains to roll into Orlando as soon as 2021". Florida Politics. Retrieved 2018.
  38. ^ "Brightline wins extension to issue bonds for Orlando leg". mypalmbeachpost. May 31, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  39. ^ Virgin Trains expects to begin work Sept. 23 along Treasure Coast, Stuart officials say, Joshua Solomon, Treasure Coast Newspapers, 18 Sep 2019.
  40. ^ Virgin Trains rail construction to trigger Beachline Expressway nighttime closures, Rick Neale, Florida Today, 21 Oct 2019.
  41. ^ Broadt, Lisa (August 29, 2018). "Brightline gets approval for $1.15 billion in tax-free bonds for expansion to Orlando". TC Palm. Retrieved 2018.
  42. ^ Spear, Kevin. "Brightline to start building rail from South Florida to Orlando in March while it rebrands as Virgin Trains".
  43. ^
  44. ^ Sorentrue, Jennifer (January 7, 2018). "Brightline allows passengers onboard for staff training exercises". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2018.
  45. ^ "Happy rails to you: Brightline high-speed trains roll into action". my Palm Beach Post. January 13, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  46. ^ "Brightline slates fares and service date". Railway Age. January 11, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  47. ^ a b c d Brezina-Smith, Veronica; Lynch, Ryan (September 11, 2019). "State Extends Virgin Trains' Deadline for Orlando-to-Tampa Right-of-Way Negotiations". Orlando Business Journal. Archived from the original on November 2, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  48. ^ "Deadline Extended for Virgin Trains' $1.7B Orlando-Tampa Route Negotiations".
  49. ^ Talley, Karen. "All Aboard Florida gains easement, hints at Jacksonville in contract". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2018.
  50. ^ Hristoforidis, Christina (September 12, 2019). "Is the Proposed Brightline Train Station a Good Idea for Boca Raton?". The Boca Raton Tribute. Retrieved 2019.
  51. ^ Hanks, Douglas (October 11, 2019). "Miami-Dade approves $76 million to bring Brightline to Aventura Mall". Miami Herald.
  52. ^
  53. ^ "High-speed California-to-Las Vegas train plan is a go".
  54. ^ Rodriguez, Janny (September 6, 2018). "Brightline considers Fort Pierce train station". WPTV.
  55. ^ Gardner, Keona (September 5, 2018). "Fort Pierce: Brightline wants to build station, hotel at H.D. King site downtown". TC Palm.
  56. ^ Broadt, Lisa (October 23, 2018). "Stuart will pursue Brightline station; city is considering three locations". TCPalm. Retrieved 2018.
  57. ^ Solomon, Joshua (October 25, 2019). "Virgin Trains moving closer to station in Cocoa, leaning toward Stuart". TCPalm. Retrieved 2019.
  58. ^ "South Florida gets first peek at Brightline express train". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. January 11, 2017. Retrieved 2019.
  59. ^ "Brightline-Virgin proposal for Tampa-to-Orlando rail service clears key state hurdle". Tampa Bay Times. November 28, 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  60. ^ "FECI Bringing Private Passenger Rail To Florida By 2014". Metro Jacksonville. Retrieved 2012. FECI envisions a three-hour trip between the cities at an average speed similar to the Acela between New York and Washington, DC... The initial 240-mile project between Orlando and downtown Miami is expected to cost $1 billion.
  61. ^ "ACELA High-Speed Rail Network System". Railway Technology. Retrieved 2012. The 225 mile (362km) New York Penn Station to Washington, DC takes 2 hours 48 minutes, an average of 80mph (129km/h).
  62. ^ Gale, Kevin (March 22, 2012). "Florida East Coast Industries plans Miami-to-Orlando passenger service". South Florida Business Journal. Retrieved 2012.
  63. ^ Parker, Terri (July 23, 2014). "State requires All Aboard Florida to install millions in safety upgrades". WPBF. Retrieved 2015.
  64. ^ "Private passenger train vision calls for double-tracking Florida East Coast". Trains Magazine. March 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  65. ^ "All Aboard Florida Passenger Rail Project FONSI". Federal Railroad Administration. Retrieved 2015.
  66. ^ "Southeast Florida Passenger Rail Update: Sept. 20, 2013 Council Meeting" (PDF). Trasurer Coast Regional Planning Council. Retrieved 2015.
  67. ^ Stone, Rick (August 14, 2014). ""Quiet Zones" Along The FEC Tracks May Silence Critics As Well As Train Whistles". WLRN. Retrieved 2015.
  68. ^ "Federal Railroad Administration's Train Horn & Quiet Zone Rule". Union Pacific. Retrieved 2015.
  69. ^ Reiser, Emon (August 13, 2014). "All Aboard Florida secures funds for Broward-Palm Beach quiet zone". South Florida Business Journal. Retrieved 2015.
  70. ^ Chardy, Alfonso (January 16, 2015). "With "quiet zones' funded for Miami-Dade, All Aboard Florida moves ahead". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2015.
  71. ^ Sorentrue, Jennifer (January 11, 2018). "UPDATE: Quiet zone work to be completed in March, Brightline says". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2018.
  72. ^ Shatzman, Marci (May 30, 2018). "Trains to silence horns at 10 Boca Raton crossings". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 2018.
  73. ^ "FRA Locomotive Horn Sounding and Quiet Zone Establishment". FRA. Retrieved 2019.
  74. ^ Broadt, Lisa (January 17, 2018). "Second person in less than a week killed by high-speed Brightline train in South Florida". USA Today. Retrieved 2018.
  75. ^ Darrah, Nicole (April 8, 2018). "New high-speed Florida train kills 4th person since launching service". Fox News. Retrieved 2018.
  76. ^ "Man's body recovered from canal after collision with Brightline train", South Florida Sun-Sentinel, January 1, 2019.
  77. ^ Smalls, C. Isaiah (November 15, 2019). "A woman is dead after being involved in Brightline crash". Miami Herald.
  78. ^ Brightline and Tri-Rail Have Killed Dozens, Meg O'Connor, Miami New Times, 19 Feb 2019.
  79. ^ [1], Meg O'Connor, Miami New Times, 19 Feb 2019.
  80. ^ "49 U.S.C. 26105 - Definitions". U.S. Government Publishing Office. Retrieved 2018.
  81. ^ "The Development of High Speed Rail in the United States: Issues and Recent Events" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 2012.
  82. ^ Tracy, Dan (July 16, 2013). "Deal could lead to Miami-Orlando train, extended Osceola toll road". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2013.
  83. ^
  84. ^ "All Aboard Florida secures right-of-way, station agreements". Railway Track and Structures. October 4, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  85. ^ Seemuth, Mike (January 18, 2016). "Concrete pours for Brightline facility in West Palm Beach". The Real Deal Miami. Retrieved 2016.
  86. ^ "Schedule". Brightline. 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  87. ^ Broadt, Lisa (June 29, 2018). "Brightline financial documents reveal first quarter ridership, revenue". TCPalm. Retrieved 2018.
  88. ^ a b "Brightline Ridership Triples Expectations; Miami To Start By End Of April". The Next Miami. April 13, 2018.
  89. ^ "Here's How Many Passengers Have Been Riding Brightline Trains". The Next Miami. April 30, 2018.
  90. ^
  91. ^
  92. ^ "Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board::EMMA". Retrieved 2019.
  93. ^ "SOM completes three new Brightline Florida rail stations". Archinect. Retrieved 2018.
  94. ^ "Brightline - Rockwell Group". Retrieved 2018.
  95. ^ Kornfield, Meryl (July 2, 2018). "Brightline's garages start charging customers to park". Retrieved 2018.
  96. ^ "Here Are Leasing Plans And New Renderings For All Aboard Florida's MiamiCentral Station Project". The Next Miami. September 22, 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  97. ^ "Fort Lauderdale". Retrieved 2018.
  98. ^ Wallman, Brittany (May 4, 2014). "Rail firm appears on track to transform Fort Lauderdale". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 2015.
  99. ^ Sorentrue, Jennifer (November 11, 2014). "All Aboard Florida updates WPB station design". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2015.
  100. ^ Fluker, Anjali (August 11, 2014). "Exclusive: What All Aboard Florida rail station may include at Orlando airport". Orlando Business Journal. Retrieved 2015.
  101. ^ Trejos, Nancy (November 9, 2015). "New Florida train service to whisk passengers between Miami and Orlando". USA Today.
  102. ^ "Florida's Brightline to 'take the grey out of travel'". Railway Gazette. November 10, 2015.
  103. ^ "All Aboard Florida Selects Siemens as Train Manufacturer" (Press release). All Aboard Florida. September 11, 2014. Retrieved 2018.
  104. ^ Brinkmann, Paul (September 11, 2014). "Siemens to build All Aboard Florida trains". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2015.
  105. ^ Hendrickson, Eric (December 13, 2016). "First Brightline train on FEC rails". Trains Magazine. Retrieved 2016.
  106. ^ Viglucci, Andres (December 14, 2016). "Take a gander at the very first finished Brightline train, now steaming to South Florida". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2016.
  107. ^ "Fifth Trainset Delivered As Brightline Named Official Train Service Of Miami HEAT" (Press release). Brightline. October 5, 2017. Retrieved 2018 – via PR Newswire.
  108. ^ "Brightline train service begins in South Florida". WFTV 9. January 11, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  109. ^ "Trains". Brightline. Retrieved 2018.
  110. ^ "Brightline going biodiesel". June 5, 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  111. ^ "Charger Diesel-Electric Locomotive: All Aboard Florida" (PDF). Siemens Mobility. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 23, 2016. Retrieved 2016.

External links

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes