Virginia's 10th Congressional District
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Virginia's 10th Congressional District

Virginia's 10th congressional district
Virginia US Congressional District 10 (since 2013).tif
Virginia's 10th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
Distribution
  • 85.53% urban[1]
  • 14.47% rural
Population (2019)857,693[2]
Median household
income
$132,226[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+6[3]

Virginia's tenth congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is currently represented by Democrat Jennifer Wexton, who was first elected in 2018.

The district includes all of Clarke, Frederick, and Loudoun counties, parts of Fairfax and Prince William counties, and the independent cities of Manassas, Manassas Park and Winchester. The district closely matches Virginia's voting patterns in statewide races with nearly identical margins as the final statewide results.

Beginning when it was re-created in 1952, the 10th district was in Republican hands for 60 of 66 years, including long stints in office by Joel Broyhill (1953-74) and Frank Wolf (1981-2014). Barbara Comstock, a former aide to Wolf, succeeded him after the 2014 election.[4] Wexton defeated Comstock in the 2018 midterms, becoming only the second Democrat to win it.

Demographics

According to Larry Sabato's Crystal Ball, this district has many "wealthy and highly-educated voters" as of 14 April 2016.[5] Specifically, whites represent about 61% of the population, and immigrants (largely Hispanic and Asian) represent over 20%. Just over half of adults hold at least a four-year college degree. The median income is $120,384.[6]

The 10th district has 35,500 federal workers. By comparison, the 1st district has 46,900; the 11th has 51,900; and the 8th has 81,100.[7] The eastern part of the district is home to Dulles Airport and technology, telecom and aerospace companies including Verizon Business Global LLC and Aeronautical Systems Inc.[8]

History

The modern 10th congressional district was formed in 1952. For the next two decades, it consisted of Arlington, Alexandria and most of Fairfax County. As a result of redistricting following the 1970 census, it lost Alexandria and was pushed westward to take in Loudoun County. Joel T. Broyhill had represented it since its creation, but lost in the 1974 wave to Democrat Joseph L. Fisher. Fisher held the seat for three terms before losing to Republican Frank Wolf in 1980. Wolf easily held the seat until his retirement in 2014. That year, the seat was won by fellow Republican Barbara Comstock, a state delegate and former aide to Wolf. Comstock served for two terms before losing to Democratic State Senator Jennifer Wexton in 2018.

Voting

Virginia's 10th congressional district used to be a Republican stronghold, having once voted by double-digit margins for Republican candidates. In 2000, ten-term incumbent Republican Congressman Frank Wolf won over 80% of the vote and did not face a Democratic opponent. Two years later, Wolf defeated his Democratic challenger John Stevens by 43 points. In 2004, President George W. Bush won the district by 11 points. In recent years, the district has become much friendlier to Democrats due to population growth in the Washington, D.C. suburbs. In 2012, Mitt Romney narrowly carried the district by a point, while in 2016, Hillary Clinton won the district by 10 points.

In 2017, Democrats scored major gains in the state legislative elections, leaving Comstock as the only elected Republican above the county level in much of the district. Ralph Northam also easily carried the district in the gubernatorial race. This proved to be a precursor to Comstock's defeat by Wexton a year later.

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
1992 President Bush 50%-33%[9]
1996 President Dole 54%-38%[]
Senator Warner 60%-40%[]
1997 Governor Gilmore 62%-37%[]
Lieutenant Governor Hager 59%-37%[]
Attorney General Earley 62%-38%[]
2000 President Bush 56%-41%[10]
Senator Allen 59%-41%[]
2001 Governor Earley 54%-45%[]
Lieutenant Governor Katzen 57%-41%[]
Attorney General Kilgore 65%-35%[]
2004 President Bush 55%-44%[10]
2008 President Obama 51%-48%[11]
2012 President Romney 50%-49%[12]
2013 Governor Cuccinelli 48%-47%-5%[13]
Lieutenant Governor Northam 52%-48%[14]
Attorney General Obenshain 50%-50%[15]
2014 Senator Gillespie 52%-46%[16]
2016 President Clinton 52%-42%[17]
2017 Governor Northam 57%-43%[18]
Lieutenant Governor Fairfax 54%-46%
2018 Senator Kaine 60%-38%[19]
2020 President Biden 58%-39%[20]

Recent election results

1970s

1970 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Joel T. Broyhill (Incumbent) 67,468 54.53
Democratic Harold O. Miller 56,255 45.47
Total votes 123,723 100.00
Republican hold
1972 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Joel T. Broyhill (Incumbent) 101,138 56.26
Democratic Harold O. Miller 78,638 43.74
Write-ins 2 <0.01
Total votes 179,778 100.00
Republican hold
1974 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph L. Fisher 67,184 53.62
Republican Joel T. Broyhill (Incumbent) 56,649 45.21
Independent Francis J. Speh 1,465 1.17
Write-ins 6 <0.01
Total votes 125,304 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican
1976 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph L. Fisher (Incumbent) 103,689 54.72
Republican Vincent F. Callahan Jr. 73,616 38.85
Independent E. Stanley Rittenhouse 12,124 6.40
Write-ins 60 0.03
Total votes 189,489 100.00
Democratic hold
1978 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph L. Fisher (Incumbent) 70,892 53.35
Republican Frank Wolf 61,981 46.64
Write-ins 9 0.01
Total votes 132,882 100.00
Democratic hold

1980s

1980 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf 110,840 51.14
Democratic Joseph L. Fisher (Incumbent) 105,883 48.85
Write-ins 21 0.01
Total votes 216,744 100.00
Republican gain from Democratic
1982 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 86,506 52.74
Democratic Ira M. Lechner 75,361 45.94
Independent Scott R. Bowden 2,162 1.32
Write-ins 6 <0.01
Total votes 164,035 100.00
Republican hold
1984 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 158,528 62.50
Democratic John P. Flannery II 95,074 37.49
Write-ins 23 <0.01
Total votes 253,625 100.00
Republican hold
1986 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 95,724 60.20
Democratic John G. Milliken 63,292 39.80
Write-ins 7 <0.01
Total votes 159,023 100.00
Republican hold
1988 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[30]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 188,550 68.09
Democratic Bob L. Weinberg 88,284 31.88
Write-ins 74 0.03
Total votes 276,908 100.00
Republican hold

1990s

1990 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 103,761 61.46
Democratic N. MacKenzie Canter III 57,249 33.91
Independent Barbara S. Minnich 5,273 3.12
Independent Lyndon LaRouche 2,293 1.36
Write-ins 249 0.15
Total votes 168,825 100.00
Republican hold
1992 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 144,471 63.59
Democratic Raymond E. Vickery Jr. 75,775 33.35
Independent Alan R. Ogden 6,874 3.03
Write-ins 71 0.03
Total votes 227,191 100.00
Republican hold
1994 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[33]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 153,311 87.34
Independent Alan R. Ogden 13,687 7.80
Independent Robert L. Rilee 8,267 4.71
Write-ins 266 0.15
Total votes 175,531 100.00
Republican hold
1996 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[34]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 169,266 72.02
Democratic Bob L. Weinberg 59,145 25.17
Independent Gary A. Reams 6,500 2.77
Write-ins 102 0.04
Total votes 235,013 100.00
Republican hold
1998 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[35]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 103,648 71.60
Democratic Cornell W. Brooks 36,476 25.20
Independent Robert A. Buchanan 4,506 3.11
Write-ins 125 0.09
Total votes 144,755 100.00
Republican hold

2000s

2000 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 238,817 84.20
Independent Brian M. Brown 28,107 9.91
Independent Marc A. Rossi 16,031 5.65
Write-ins 682 0.24
Total votes 283,637 100.00
Republican hold
2002 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 115,917 71.72
Democratic John B. Stevens Jr. 45,464 28.13
Write-ins 234 0.14
Total votes 161,615 100.00
Republican hold
2004 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 205,982 63.77
Democratic James R. Socas 116,654 36.11
Write-ins 375 0.12
Total votes 323,011 100.00
Republican hold
2006 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[39]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 138,213 57.32
Democratic Judy Feder 98,769 40.96
Libertarian Wilbur N. Wood III 2,107 0.87
Independent Neeraj C. Nigam 1,851 0.77
Write-ins 194 0.08
Total votes 241,134 100.00
Republican hold
2008 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 223,140 58.80
Democratic Judy Feder 147,357 38.83
Independent Neeraj C. Nigam 8,457 2.23
Write-ins 526 0.14
Total votes 379,480 100.00
Republican hold

2010s

2010 Virginia's 10th congressional district election[41]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 131,116 62.87
Democratic Jeff Barnett 72,604 34.81
Libertarian Bill Redpath 4,607 2.21
Write-ins 229 0.11
Total votes 208,556 100.00
Republican hold
2012 Virginia's 10th Congressional District election[42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Wolf (Incumbent) 214,038 58.41
Democratic Kristin Cabral 142,024 38.76
Independent Kevin Chisholm 9,855 2.69
Write-in 527 0.14
Total votes 366,444 100
Republican hold
2014 Virginia's 10th Congressional District election[43]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Barbara Comstock 125,914 56.49%
Democratic John Foust 89,957 40.36%
Libertarian Bill Redpath 3,393 1.52%
Independent Brad Eickholt 2,442 1.10%
Independent Greens Dianne Blais 946 0.42%
Write-in 258 0.12%
Total votes 222,910 100%
Republican hold
2016 Virginia's 10th Congressional District election[44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Barbara Comstock (Incumbent) 210,791 52.69% -3.8%
Democratic LuAnn Bennett 187,712 46.92% +6.56%
Write-in 1,580 0.39% +0.27%
Total votes 400,083 100% +79.48%
Republican hold
2018 Virginia's 10th Congressional District election[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jennifer Wexton 206,356 56.1% +9.2%
Republican Barbara Comstock (Incumbent) 160,841 43.7% -9.0%
Write-in 598 0.2% -0.2%
Total votes 367,795 100% -8.4%
Democratic gain from Republican

2020s

2020 Virginia's 10th Congressional District election[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jennifer Wexton (incumbent) 268,734 56.5% +0.4%
Republican Aliscia Andrews 206,253 43.4% -0.3%
Write-in 559 0.1% -0.1%
Total votes 475,546
Democratic hold

List of members representing the district

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1789
SamuelGriffin.jpg
Samuel Griffin
Pro-Administration March 4, 1789 -
March 3, 1791
1st
2nd
Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
Anti-Administration March 4, 1791 -
March 3, 1793
Carter B. Harrison Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 -
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
5th
Elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Re-elected in 1797.
Retired.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 -
March 3, 1799
Edwin Gray Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 -
March 3, 1803
6th
7th
Elected in 1799.
Re-elected in 1801.
Redistricted to the 19th district.
John Dawson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 -
March 3, 1813
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Re-elected in 1809.
Re-elected in 1811.
Redistricted to the 11th district.
Aylett Hawes Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 -
March 3, 1817
13th
14th
Redistricted from the 9th district and re-elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Retired.
George F. Strother Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 -
February 10, 1820
15th
16th
Elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Resigned.
Vacant February 11, 1820 -
November 12, 1820
16th
Thomas L. Moore Democratic-Republican November 13, 1820 -
March 3, 1823
16th
17th
Elected to finish Strother's term in August 1820 and seated November 13, 1820.
Re-elected in 1821.
Retired.
WilliamCRives.png
William C. Rives
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 -
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
21st
Elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
Resigned to become U.S. Minister to France.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 -
April 17, 1829
Vacant April 18, 1829 -
January 24, 1830
21st
William F. Gordon Jacksonian January 25, 1830 -
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
Elected in 1829 to finish Rives's term and seated January 25, 1830.
Re-elected in 1831.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
Joseph W. Chinn Jacksonian March 4, 1833 -
March 3, 1835
23rd Elected in 1833.
Lost re-election.
John Taliaferro Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 -
March 3, 1837
24th
25th
26th
27th
Elected in 1835.
Re-elected in 1837.
Re-elected in 1839.
Re-elected in 1841.
Retired.
Whig March 4, 1837 -
March 3, 1843
WilliamLucasVA.jpg
William Lucas
Democratic March 4, 1843 -
March 3, 1845
28th Elected in 1843.
Lost re-election.
Henry Bedinger III Democratic March 4, 1845 -
March 3, 1849
29th
30th
Elected in 1845.
Re-elected in 1847.
Lost re-election.
RichardParkerVA.jpg
Richard Parker
Democratic March 4, 1849 -
March 3, 1851
31st Elected in 1849.
Elected Virginia Circuit Court judge.
Charles J. Faulkner 1806-1884 - Brady-Handy.jpg
Charles J. Faulkner
Whig March 4, 1851 -
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1851.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Z Kidwell.jpg
Zedekiah Kidwell
Democratic March 4, 1853 -
March 3, 1857
33rd
34th
Elected in 1853.
Re-elected in 1855.
Retired.
SherrardClemens.jpg
Sherrard Clemens
Democratic March 4, 1857 -
March 3, 1861
35th
36th
Elected in 1857.
Re-elected in 1859.
Retired.
WilliamGayBrownSr.jpg
William G. Brown
Unionist March 4, 1861 -
March 3, 1863
37th Elected in 1861.
Retired.
Inactive March 4, 1863 -
June 19, 1863
38th Civil War
District eliminated June 20, 1863
District recreated March 4, 1885
John Randolph Tucker 1823-1897 - Brady-Handy.jpg
John R. Tucker
Democratic March 4, 1885 -
March 3, 1887
49th Elected in 1884.
Retired.
Jacob Yost Republican March 4, 1887 -
March 3, 1889
50th Elected in 1886.
Lost re-election.
Henry St. George Tucker III 2.jpg
Henry S. Tucker III
Democratic March 4, 1889 -
March 3, 1897
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
Elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Retired.
Jacob Yost Republican March 4, 1897 -
March 3, 1899
55th Elected in 1896.
.
Julian Quarles.jpg
Julian M. Quarles
Democratic March 4, 1899 -
March 3, 1901
56th Elected in 1898.
Retired.
Henry D. Flood.jpg
Henry D. Flood
Democratic March 4, 1901 -
December 8, 1921
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
Elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Died.
Vacant December 9, 1921 -
March 20, 1922
67th
Henry St. George Tucker III 2.jpg
Henry S. Tucker III
Democratic March 21, 1922 -
July 23, 1932
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Elected to finish Flood's term.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Died.
Vacant July 24, 1932 -
November 7, 1932
72nd
Joel W. Flood Democratic November 8, 1932 -
March 3, 1933
Elected to finish Tucker's term.
Retired.
District eliminated March 4, 1933
District re-created January 3, 1953
JoelBroyhill.jpg
Joel T. Broyhill
Republican January 3, 1953 -
December 31, 1974
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
Elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Lost re-election.
Vacant December 31, 1974 -
January 3, 1975
93rd
Joseph L. Fisher.jpg
Joseph L. Fisher
Democratic January 3, 1975 -
January 3, 1981
94th
95th
96th
Elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Lost re-election.
Franklinwolf.jpeg
Frank R. Wolf
Republican January 3, 1981 -
January 3, 2015
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
Elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Retired.
Barbara Comstock official photo, 114th Congress (cropped).jpg
Barbara Comstock
Republican January 3, 2015 -
January 3, 2019
114th
115th
Elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Lost re-election.
Jennifer Wexton, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Jennifer Wexton
Democratic January 3, 2019 -
present
116th
117th
Elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Historical district boundaries

2003-2013

See also

References

  1. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Geography Program". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ a b Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  4. ^ McCaffrey, Scott (July 20, 2018). "Ex-Del. Brink: Wexton has edge, but count Comstock out at your peril". Inside Nova.
  5. ^ Kondik, Kyle; Skelley, Geoffrey. "House 2016: How a Democratic Wave Could Happen". University of Virginia Center for Politics. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ Brownstein, Ronald (July 20, 2018). "There are absolutely two Americas. Sometimes in the same state". NBC.
  7. ^ Portnoy, Jenna (August 1, 2018). "Rep. Comstock, running for reelection, won't vote for a government shutdown no matter how much Trump wants one". Washington Post.
  8. ^ Edgerton, Anna (August 9, 2018). "A 'Killer Campaigner' for the GOP Swims Against a Blue Tide in Virginia". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on September 30, 2020. Retrieved 2020.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  9. ^ Virginia Department of Elections. Official election results. The Library of Virginia.
  10. ^ a b "Presidential Results by Congressional District, 2000-2008".
  11. ^ Virginia State Board of Elections: Results by District, 2008 Presidential election. Accessed February 11, 2015.
  12. ^ Virginia State Board of Elections: Results by District, 2012 Presidential election. Accessed February 11, 2015.
  13. ^ "Governor>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 2020.
  14. ^ "Lieutenant Governor>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 2020.
  15. ^ "Attorney General>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ "Turnout by Congressional District". The Virginia Public Access Project. Retrieved 2020.
  17. ^ "Daily Kos Elections' presidential results by congressional district for the 2016 and 2012 elections". Daily Kos. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ "2017 Governor's Election Results by US Congressional District". VPAP. Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^ "2018 U.S. Senate Results by Congressional District". The Virginia Public Access Project. Retrieved 2018.
  20. ^ https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2012/11/19/1163009/-Daily-Kos-Elections-presidential-results-by-congressional-district-for-the-2012-2008-elections
  21. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1970election.pdf
  22. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1972election.pdf
  23. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1974election.pdf
  24. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1976election.pdf
  25. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1978election.pdf
  26. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1980election.pdf
  27. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1982election.pdf
  28. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1984election.pdf
  29. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1986election.pdf
  30. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1988election.pdf
  31. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1990election.pdf
  32. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1992election.pdf
  33. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1994election.pdf
  34. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1996election.pdf
  35. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1998election.pdf
  36. ^ "2000 ELECTION STATISTICS".
  37. ^ "2002 ELECTION STATISTICS".
  38. ^ "2004 ELECTION STATISTICS".
  39. ^ "2006 Election Statistics".
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  42. ^ "November 6, 2012 General Election Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on May 12, 2013. Retrieved 2012.
  43. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  44. ^ "2016 November General". Results.elections.virginia.gov. Retrieved 2017.
  45. ^ "2018 November General". Results.elections.virginia.gov. Retrieved 2018.
  46. ^ "2020 November General". Results.elections.virginia.gov. Retrieved 2020.

External links

Coordinates: 39°04?33?N 77°51?24?W / 39.07583°N 77.85667°W / 39.07583; -77.85667


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