|Ranking Member of the House Education and Labor Committee|
January 3, 2019
|Bobby Scott (Education and the Workforce)|
|Chair of the House Education and the Workforce Committee|
January 3, 2017 - January 3, 2019
|Bobby Scott (Education and Labor)|
|Secretary of the House Republican Conference|
January 3, 2013 - January 3, 2017
|Jason T. Smith|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from North Carolina's 5th district
January 3, 2005
|Member of the North Carolina Senate|
1994 - January 1, 2005
|John A. Garwood|
|Constituency||12th District (1994-2003) |
45th District (2003-2005)
Virginia Ann Palmieri
June 29, 1943
|Education||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (BA)|
University of North Carolina at Greensboro (MA, EdD)
Virginia Ann Foxx (née Palmieri; June 29, 1943) is the U.S. Representative for North Carolina's 5th congressional district, which encompasses much of the northwestern portion of the state and a portion of Winston-Salem. Foxx is a member of the Republican Party and served as Secretary of the House Republican Conference from January 2013 until January 2017. She is the ranking member of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce.
Foxx was born in The Bronx, New York, to Dollie (née Garrison) and Nunzio John Palmieri. She was reared in a rural area of Avery County, North Carolina. Foxx grew up in a poor family and first lived in a home with running water and electricity at 14 years old.
While attending Crossnore High School in Crossnore, North Carolina, she worked as a janitor at the school and was the first in her family to graduate from high school. She graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with a bachelor's degree in 1968 and later earned both a Master of Arts in college teaching (1972) and Ed.D (1985) from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. With her husband, Virginia Foxx owned and operated a nursery and landscaping business.
Foxx worked as a research assistant and then an English instructor at Caldwell Community College & Technical Institute and Appalachian State University before moving into university administration. From 1987 until her 1994 entry into politics, she was president of Mayland Community College. Under North Carolina Governor James G. Martin, Foxx served as Deputy Secretary for Management. From 1994 to 2004, Foxx served in the North Carolina Senate.
Foxx was briefly targeted for defeat in the 2006 elections, but the Democrats' top choice, popular Winston-Salem mayor Allen Joines, decided not to run. Joines later said that he didn't have the stomach for the kind of race he felt it would take to defeat Foxx. Her 2006 opponent was Roger Sharpe, whom she defeated.
Roy Carter of Ashe County, North Carolina was Foxx's opponent for her seat in the 2008 election; she won by a substantial margin.
In November 2010, Foxx was reelected with about 65% of the vote.
In November 2014, Foxx was reelected with about 60% of the vote, defeating software developer Josh Brannon.
In November 2016, Foxx was reelected with about 59% of the vote, again over Josh Brannon.
In November 2018, Foxx was reelected with 57% of the vote, defeating DD Adams, a Council Member for the North Ward of Winston-Salem.
The first bill sponsored by Foxx to have been signed into law since 2006, the Hero Act, signed by President Bush on Memorial Day, 2006, allows U.S. troops to increase their retirement savings by investing a portion of their combat pay into Individual Retirement Accounts.
The second bill sponsored by Foxx and subsequently signed into law is the Electronic Pay Stub Act which gives federal employees the choice of receiving their pay stubs electronically. This legislation is projected to save taxpayers millions of dollars. Studies have shown that it costs 10 times more to purchase and distribute paper stubs than it does to distribute electronic stubs. This bill was signed into law in October, 2008.
Shortly after Congress approved the Troubled Asset Relief Program, Foxx identified a provision in the law that allowed her to force consideration of a measure to deny the second, $350 billion, tranche of the TARP bailout. On November 19, 2008, she introduced H.J.Res. 101, which met all of the parliamentary requirements for consideration once the President requested the second tranche.
In the following (111th) Congress, she reintroduced the measure as H.J.Res. 3, and shortly before leaving office, President Bush requested the second tranche, thereby activating the trigger allowing her to commandeer the House floor, although she was not a member of the majority party. Her measure passed the House 270-155; the act was never addressed in the Senate.
During an interview in 2007, Foxx was quoted as saying: "We have the best economy we have had in 50 years."
In April 2009, Foxx expressed opposition to the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, claiming that the murder of Matthew Shepard was not a hate crime. While debating the act at the House of Representatives, she called the murder a "very unfortunate incident" but claimed "we know that that young man was killed in the commitment of a robbery. It wasn't because he was gay." She ultimately called that allegation "a hoax that continues to be used as an excuse for passing hate crimes bills." Some media outlets, including the New York Times,Washington Post, and Huffington Post, criticized her statements. Democrat Debbie Wasserman Schultz, a congressional colleague, did the same. Democratic sources claimed that Matthew Shepard's mother was present at the time of Foxx's statements.
Foxx later retracted her comments, suggesting her use of the word "hoax" was in bad taste. She suggested that Shepard's murder was a tragedy and that his killers had received appropriate justice.
In 2019, Foxx strongly opposed the Equality Act, a bill that would expand the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 to ban discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, and urged Congress members to vote against it.
When commenting on the House version of the reform bill that funds counseling for end-of-life issues, Foxx said, "Republicans have a better solution that won't put the government in charge of people's health care," and "(The plan) is pro-life because it will not put seniors in a position of being put to death by their government." She later said that "we have more to fear from the potential of the Affordable Health Care for America Act passing than we do from any terrorist right now in any country."
Foxx has been a member of the Congressional Caucus on Turkey and Turkish Americans since 2005. Her former son-in-law is a Turkish businessman, Mustafa Özdemir.
In January 2013, Foxx co-sponsored legislation that would stop children born in the United States to undocumented parents from gaining citizenship.
On December 18, 2019, Foxx voted against both articles of impeachment (abuse of power and obstruction of Congress) of President Trump.
Foxx opposes abortion. She voted in support of a bill to repeal a rule requiring state and local governments to distribute federal funds to qualified health centers, even if they perform abortions. WXII 12's Bill O'Neil interviewed Foxx in 2014, asking her if she has any exceptions regarding when an abortion was acceptable. She replied that, even in the case of rape, incest, or the health of the mother, an exception should not be made to justify abortion.
|url=value (help) (PDF). Government Printing Office. August 1, 2006. Retrieved .
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 5th congressional district
| Chair of the House Education Committee
| Ranking Member of the House Education Committee
|Party political offices|
| Secretary of House Republican Conference
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Representatives by seniority