Visa Requirements For Thai Citizens
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Visa Requirements For Thai Citizens

Visa requirements for Thai citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Thailand by the authorities of other states. As of July 2020, Thai citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 78 countries and territories, ranking the Thai passport 66th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1] Thailand is also a part of ASEAN and has visa-free access to these countries and vice versa.

Visa requirements map

Visa requirements for Thai citizens
  Thailand
  Visa not required
  Visa obtainable on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Pre-arrival visa required

Visa requirements

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa required[3]
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa required[5]
  • There are no visa requirements for entry into Andorra, but it can only be accessed by passing through France or Spain. A multiple entry visa is required to re-enter either France or Spain when leaving Andorra.
  • All visitors can stay for 3 months.
 Angola Visa required[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[7]
 Argentina Visa not required[8] 90 days
 Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[9] 120 days
 Australia Visa required[10]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[11]
 Austria Visa required[12]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[13] 30 days[14]
 Bahamas Visa required[15]
 Bahrain Visa on arrival[16] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa required[17]
 Barbados Visa not required[18] 90 days
 Belarus Visa required[19]
  • Visas are issued on arrival at the Minsk International Airport if the support documents were submitted not later than 3 business days before expected date of arrival.[20]
 Belgium Visa required[21]
 Belize Visa required[22]
  • Free Visitor's Permit on arrival with valid U.S. visa
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[23][24] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[25]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[26] 90 days
  • Free if apply in advance.
  • Fee $95.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[27]
 Botswana Visa required[28]
 Brazil Visa not required[29] 90 days
 Brunei Visa not required[30] 14 days
 Bulgaria Visa required[31]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[32]
 Burundi Visa required[33]
 Cambodia Visa not required[34] 14 days
 Cameroon Visa required[35]
 Canada Visa required[36]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[37]
 Central African Republic Visa required[38]
 Chad Visa required[39]
 Chile Visa not required[40] 90 days
 China Visa required[41]
 Colombia Visa required[42]
  • Visa free for holders of valid visa for Schengen area or the US.[43]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[44] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[45]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[46]
 Costa Rica Visa required[47]
  • Visa free for holders of valid U.S. visa or Canada visa.
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[48] 3 months
 Croatia Visa required[49]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[50]
  • Can be acquired from the airline.
 Cyprus Visa required[51]
 Czech Republic Visa required[52]
 Denmark Visa required[53]
 Djibouti eVisa[54] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[55] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[56] 30 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Egypt Visa required[58]
  • Transit Without Visa if Holders of onward tickets for a max transit time of 48 hours (up to 2 days), Leaving the airport is permitted for passengers with transit time longer than 6 hours. Passengers with transit time of less than 6 hours may leave the transit area but not the airport. [59]
 El Salvador Visa required[60]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[61]
 Eritrea Visa required[62]
 Estonia Visa required[63]
 Eswatini Visa required[64]
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[65] 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[68] 120 days
 Finland Visa required[69]
 France Visa required[70]
 Gabon eVisa[71]
 Gambia Visa required[72]
  • An entry clearance must be obtained from the Gambian Immigration prior to travel.[73]
 Georgia Visa not required[74] 1 year
 Germany Visa required[75]
 Ghana Visa required[76]
 Greece Visa required[77]
 Grenada Visa required[78]
 Guatemala Visa required[79]
 Guinea eVisa[80] 90 days
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[81] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[82]
 Haiti Visa not required[83] 90 days
 Honduras Visa required[84]
 Hungary Visa required[85]
 Iceland Visa required[86]
 India e-Visa[87] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][88]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[89] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[90] 30 days[91]
 Iraq Visa required[92] 15 days
 Ireland Visa required[93]
  • Visa waiver for UK 'C' visa holders until October 2016. Entry permitted only if first point of entry to the Common Travel Area is in the UK.[94]
 Israel Visa required[95]
  • Holders of a confirmation issued by the Israeli Ministry of Interior, traveling in a group of 10 or more can obtain a visa on arrival.
 Italy Visa required[96]
 Jamaica Visa required[97]
 Japan Visa not required[98] 15 days
 Jordan Visa on arrival[99] 90 days
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[100] 30 days
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[101] 90 days
 Kiribati Visa required[102]
 North Korea Visa required[103]
 South Korea Visa required[104]
 Kuwait Visa required[105]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa / Visa on arrival[106] 30 days
 Laos Visa not required[108] 30 days
 Latvia Visa required[109]
 Lebanon Visa required[110]
 Lesotho eVisa[111][112]
 Liberia Visa required[113]
  • Pre-arranged visa can be obtained on arrival.
 Libya Visa required[114]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[115]
 Lithuania Visa required[116]
 Luxembourg Visa required[117]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[118] 90 days
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[119][120] 30 days
  • Can extend for a total of 90 days.
 Malaysia Visa not required[121] 30 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[122][123] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[124]
 Malta Visa required[125]
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[126] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[127]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[128] 60 days
 Mexico Visa required[129]
  • No visa required for holders of a valid visa issued by Canada, Japan, USA, United Kingdom or a Schengen Member State and holders of an APEC Business Travel Card if traveling on business
 Micronesia Visa not required[130] 30 days
 Moldova eVisa[131] 90 days
  • Need invitation letter to apply for eVisa, except for holders of a residence permit or a valid visa (except Transit Visa) issued by an EU Member State or a state party to the Schengen Agreement[132]
 Monaco Visa required[133]
 Mongolia Visa not required[134] 30 days
 Montenegro Visa required[135]
 Morocco Visa required[136]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[137] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa not required[138] 14 days[139]
 Namibia Visa on arrival[140] 3 months
 Nauru Visa on arrival[141]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[142] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[143]
 New Zealand Visa required[144]
  • May transit without a visa.[145]
 Nicaragua Visa on arrival[146] 30 days
 Niger Visa required[147]
 Nigeria Visa required[148]
 North Macedonia Visa required[149]
 Norway Visa required[150]
 Oman eVisa[151] 30 days
 Pakistan Electronic Travel Authorization[152]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for tourism purposes.[153]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[154]
  • Online Visa eligible.[155]
 Palau Visa on arrival[156] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[157] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[158] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa required[159]
 Peru Visa not required[160] 180 days
 Philippines Visa not required[161] 30 days
 Poland Visa required[162]
 Portugal Visa required[163]
 Qatar Visa not required[164] 30 days
 Romania Visa required[165]
 Russia Visa not required[166] 30 days
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[167] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis eVisa[168]
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[169] 42 days
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[170] 30 days
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[171] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[172]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[173]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[174]
 Senegal Visa on arrival[175] 90 days
 Serbia Visa required[176]
 Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival[178] 30 days
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[179]
 Singapore Visa not required[180] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa required[181]
 Slovenia Visa required[182]
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[183] 90 days
 Somalia Visa on arrival[184] 30 days
 South Africa Visa not required[185] 30 days
 South Sudan Electronic Visa[186]
  • Obtainable online[187]
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel[188]
 Spain Visa required[189]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[190] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[191]
 Suriname eVisa[192]
 Sweden Visa required[193]
  Switzerland Visa required[194]
 Syria Visa required[195]
 Tajikistan eVisa[196] 45 days
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[197]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[198][199] 90 days
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[200] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[201] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[202]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[203]
 Tunisia Visa required[204]
 Turkey Visa not required[205] 30 days
 Turkmenistan Visa required[206]
  • Transit visa is required.
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[207] 30 days
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[208] 90 days
 Ukraine eVisa[210] 30 days
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[211]
  • Electronic visa through specified airlines is available to passengers.
 United Kingdom Visa required[212]
 United States Visa required[213]
 Uruguay Visa required[214]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[215][216] 30 days
  • 5-day visa-free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[217]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[218] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa required[219]
 Venezuela Visa required[220]
 Vietnam Visa not required[221] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[222]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[223] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa[224]

Territories

Visa requirements for Thai citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[225]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[226][227]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa not required The same rules as for visiting Russia apply.[228]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[229][230]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[231] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa required[232]
 Gibraltar Visa required[233]
 Guernsey Visa required[234]
 Isle of Man Visa required[235]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[236] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[237]
 Jersey Visa required[238]
 Kosovo Visa required[239]
  • Visa is not required for holders of a valid biometric residence permit issued by one of the Schengen member states or a valid multi-entry Schengen Visa , a holder of a valid Laissez-Passer issued by United Nations Organizations, NATO, OSCE, Council of Europe or European Union a holder of a valid travel documents issued by EU Member and Schengen States, United States of America, Canada, Australia and Japan based on the 1951 Convention on Refugee Status or the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, as well as holders of valid travel documents for foreigners (max. 15 days stay)[240]
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa required[241][242] Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[243]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[244]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[245][246]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[247][248]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[249]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[250]
 Mayotte Visa required[251]
 Réunion Visa required[251]
 Ascension Island eVisa[252][253]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena eVisa[254][255]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[256]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[257][258]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[259]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
China Hainan Visa not required[260] 30 days. Available at Haikou Meilan International Airport and Sanya Phoenix International Airport.
Visa not required for 30 days for traveling on an organized tour in a tourist group of 5 or more people.[261]
 Hong Kong Visa not required[262] 30 days
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for all of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and parts of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[263][264][265][266][267]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[268]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[269]
 Macao Visa not required[270] 30 days
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[271]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[272] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[273]
 Republic of China (Taiwan) Visa not required[274] 14 days (Temporary measure only; valid until 31 July 2020.[275]Also Visitor Visa for Tourism Purposes for 30 days.[276]
  • Visa applications must be done online and submitted to a Taipei Economic and Cultural Office.[277]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[278][279][280]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana'a or Aden.[281]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)f
 Anguilla Visa required[282]
 Aruba Visa required[283] Visa free if U.S., U.K., Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[284]
 Bermuda Visa not required 90 days.
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa required[285] Visa free if U.S., U.K., Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[284]
 British Virgin Islands Visa required[286] Permanent residents of the United States, Canada or the United Kingdom do not require a visa.
 Cayman Islands Visa required[287] Up to 30 days visa-free for permanent residents of and traveling directly from: Canada, USA or UK.[288] Visa free for cruise ship passengers leaving on same day as arrival.[289]
 Curacao Visa required[290] Visa free if U.S., U.K., Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[284]
France French Guiana Visa required[291]
France French West Indies Visa required French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.[292]
 Greenland Visa required[232]
 Montserrat eVisa[293] Multiple entry eVisa valid for 1 year can be obtained through the internet, prior to departure.
 Puerto Rico Visa required[294]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa required[251]
 Sint Maarten Visa required[295] Visa free if U.S., U.K., Canada or Schengen Area resident permit holder or cruise ship passenger staying not more than 48 hours[284]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa required[296] Visa required as of 1 April 2015.
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[297]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 American Samoa Entry permit required[298]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[299]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[300]
 Cook Islands Visa not required[301] 31 days[302]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[303]
 French Polynesia Visa required[304]
 Guam Visa required[305]
 New Caledonia Visa required[251]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[306]
 Niue Visa not required 30 days[307]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[308][309][310]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[311][312][313][314][315][316][317]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa required[251]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa required[318]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[319][320]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Bouvet Island Bouvet Island, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[321][322][323][324][325][326][327][328][329][330][331][332]

APEC Business Travel Card

  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[333]

1 - up to 90 days
2 - up to 60 days
3 - up to 59 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[334]

  • no need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by  Canada and  United States)
  • undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members
  • expedited scheduling of visa interview (United States)

Non-visa restrictions

Blank passport pages

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[335] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[336]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[337]

Passport validity length

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[338] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[339] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[340]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland and the United Kingdom also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[341][342] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[343]

Criminal record

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[344] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. [345]

Israeli stamps

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[346] Lebanon,[347] Libya,[348] Sudan,[349] Syria,[350] and Yemen[351] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Passports are not stamped at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[352]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity

Due war between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the latter bars entry of Armenians and all foreigners of Armenian descent.[353][354]

So far as feasible it bans any visits by foreigners to Nagorno-Karabakh (the main zone under conflict)[355] being the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh, its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxar? ?skipara, Barxudarl?, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreigners entering such places will be permanently banned from entering Azerbaijan[356] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[357] As of 2 September 2019, the list had 852 people.

On request, the notionally independent, pro-Armenian authorities of the largely unrecognised zone may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper to help to avoid third-party later detection of travel history.

Biometrics

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[358]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[359][360] Argentina,[361] Brunei, Cambodia,[362] China,[363] Ethiopia,[364] Ghana, Guinea,[365] India, Japan,[366][367] Kenya (and photo),[368] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[369] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[370] Singapore, South Korea,[371] Taiwan, Thailand,[372] Uganda[373] and the United States.

Many countries require a photo be taken of each person entering.

The United States, among countries who do not fully implement exit controls (long mandated by its legislature),[374][375][376] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[377] Its Department of Homeland Security in 2016 said it would greatly increase the biometric data it collects at the borders.[378]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[379] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[380][381] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at three land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[382][383]

See also

References and Notes

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2020 Q3" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  4. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  5. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  6. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  7. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  8. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  9. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  10. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  11. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 2016.
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  368. ^ "Immigration & Visas FAQs". Kenya Airports Authority. Retrieved 2019. Will visitors still have their digital photo and fingerprints taken at the immigration desk on arrival? Yes, the need to have photos and fingerprints taken upon arrival is to authenticate that the person who applied for the Visa is the same person at the port of entry
  369. ^ "Malaysia". CountryReports. Retrieved 2018.
  370. ^ "Saudi Arabia mandates fingerprints and biometrics for foreigners - SecureIDNews". secureidnews.com. Retrieved 2017.
  371. ^ F_161. "S Korea to scan fingerprints of suspicious foreign visitors - People's Daily Online". peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2017.
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  375. ^ Lipton, Eric (21 May 2013). "U.S. Quietly Monitors Foreigners' Departures at the Canadian Border". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019. Long demanded by lawmakers in Congress, it is considered a critical step to developing a coherent program to curb illegal immigration, as historically about 30 percent to 40 percent of illegal immigrants in the United States arrived on tourist visas or other legal means and then never left, according to estimates by Homeland Security officials.
  376. ^ LIPTON, Eric (15 December 2006). "Administration to Drop Effort to Track if Visitors Leave". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019. Efforts to determine whether visitors actually leave have faltered. Departure monitoring would help officials hunt for foreigners who have not left, if necessary. Domestic security officials say, however, it would be too expensive to conduct fingerprint or facial recognition scans for land departures.
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  381. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn't the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system.
  382. ^ "Singapore tests eye scans at immigration checkpoints". Reuters. 6 August 2018. Retrieved 2019. Singapore has started scanning travellers' eyes at some of its border checkpoints, its immigration authority said on Monday, in a trial of expensive technology that could one day replace fingerprint verification.
  383. ^ Lee, Vivien (6 August 2018). "5 Reasons We Prefer Iris Scans To Fingerprint Checks At Our Borders In Singapore". Retrieved 2019. The iris technology could potentially scan irises covertly, as opposed to the scanning of thumbprints which necessitates active participation from travellers.
Notes



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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