Wacken Open Air
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Wacken Open Air

Wacken Open Air
Festivalgelände - 2017215225222 2017-08-03 Wacken - Sven - 1D X MK II - 1539 - B70I9471.jpg
The logo of the Wacken Open Air festival is a bull head Skull
Genre Heavy metal, hard rock and all its sub-genres
Dates July, August
Location(s) Wacken, Germany
Years active 1990-present
Founded by Thomas Jensen, Holger Hübner, Andreas Göser and Jörg Jensen. Both last had left enterprise in 1993[1][2][3]
Website
wacken.com
Wacken Open Air 2014 Main Stages

Wacken Open Air (W:O:A) is a summer open-air heavy metal music festival. It takes place annually in the village of Wacken in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany, 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Hamburg.

The festival was first held in 1990 as a small event with about 800 visitors and six local German bands.[4] W:O:A is usually held at the beginning of August and lasts four days. It is currently considered the biggest heavy-metal festival in the world.[5][6] In 2011, the festival attracted 80,000 festival visitors and 6,000 personnel for a total of roughly 86,000 attendees.[7]

The festival traditionally ends on the first Sunday in August, and at midnight the following Monday tickets go on sale for the next year. Remarkably, all 75,000 tickets were sold out within 48 hours for 2014,[8][9] 12 hours for 2015,[10] and 23 hours for 2016,[11] despite the fact that the lineup (with the exception of rumors or headliners) had not been announced. In 2017, the festival was sold out thirteen times in a row. The non-optional basic ticket price for all four days, including camping for a week, was EUR220 in 2017 and will be for 2018 as well. [12] In 2017, over 170 bands were playing on eight stages.[13]

The international significance of the festival is shown by the attendees in recent years consisting of 30% foreigners, with up to 10% non-Europeans, from about 30-40 different countries all around the world. Many metal fans travel from half a world away just to stand in cow meadows before stages set in the middle of nowhere.[14][15][16] In 2017, an official count confirmed visitors from over 80 different nations at the festival.[17][18][19] A lot of metalheads, metal and hard rock bands worldwide are keen to make the journey to "The Mecca of Heavy Metal Culture" (Sam Dunn / Metal: A Headbanger's Journey ), "The Holy Land" (Wacken 3D - a 2014 movie shown in Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and Italy),[20][21] "The Cathedral of Heavy Metal" (Paul O'Neill / Trans-Siberian Orchestra),[22] or "The Summit of Heavy Metal" (Thomas Gabriel Fischer / Celtic Frost)[23] at least once in their lifetime, just for the experience.[24]

Village of Wacken during W:O:A

The citizens of Wacken (~1,800 in number) can attend for free, which turns W:O:A into a kind of public holiday due because the village joins in the fun. Everywhere, private biergartens are set up and bands play out on the street. The friendly north-Germans offer a warm welcome to those associated with "the scary looking, devil worshipers", whose aggression--Headbanging, Wall of death, or screaming--is just for during the concert, the festival being considered for the most part quite peaceful and safe. Nearly every citizen offers support, from farmers offering shelter in their barns and transportation to the venue, to kids earning pocket money by helping to transport beer and food, to homeowners offering metalheads the use of toilet facilities. Such support is good business as well, as about an additional EUR20,000,000 are spent in the Wacken area every year by festival visitors. The amazing villagers are one reason why W:O:A sells out immediately. During the festival, the village itself becomes a sightseeing attraction for people who have no tickets nor love of metal and hard rock at all, but who just enjoy watching metalheads from the sidelines. According to a police report of 2016, up to 110,000 people in total visited the village and the festival every day that year, making Wacken for a week the third-largest city in Schleswig-Holstein. The award-winning documentary Full Metal Village by Korean Cho Sung-Hyung deals with the relations between villagers and the festival goers; the film making the village internationally known beyond the music scene.

Festival crowds

The W:O:A audience, bands, and artists informally address each other as "Wacken", which is its own legend and another reason why the festival sells out without billing.

Wacken is not about the bands, isn't it?! It is about the people who come to Wacken. That what is about.

Vibe

German crowds in general tend to interact well and are outgoing during shows, which creates musical comradeship among those who enjoy this kind of crossing of emotional boundaries--crowdsurfing and moshing--with a little bit of beer intoxication by ten o'clock.

To quote some band members from 25 Years Louder Than Hell - The W:O:A documentary:

It is one of the best crowds in the world, actually!

People have just fun. They celebrate every note. Sometimes I think it doesn't matter who is on stage. They just into it and that's unique worldwide.

It is the consensus among the bands that the most impressive sight and experience is standing on stage in front of the sea of 70,000 - 80,000 metalheads, who display national flags from every part of the world, and who are going completely nuts during the shows, developing a one-of-a-kind energy, which is transmitted to the stage and inspires the bands into giving everything and performing their all-time best shows. Some bands become demanding of the crowd. In 2015, there was a memorable moment during a show by Rock Meets Classic, when a too-sedate Wacken audience, who had come to listen to a classical orchestra, was berated by "chief animator" Dee Snider, of Twisted Sister, that they weren't singing loud enough and doing their part to live up to the fame of Wacken crowds. Then, after some dry exercises with "We're Not Gonna Take It" and "I Wanna Rock", Snider adjusted the sound to 120 decibels and finished with "Highway to Hell", so that the show got noticed in Kiel 70 kilometres (43 mi) away.

Looks, clothing, styles and self-expressions

Wacken crowds are famous for crazy appearances and self-expression. The well-known photo session by Pep Bonet, in his collection book we the republic of wacken, dealt with Wacken crowds in 180 pages and on 2 CDs.[25] Shortly before, during, and after the festival, German nationwide newspapers and magazines, such as Der Spiegel or Süddeutsche Zeitung, compete for the funniest pictures of the annual W:O:A event, so that the entire country has something to laugh about.[26][27][28][29][30] Therefore, Wacken is often compared with Burning Man festival in Nevada or Fusion Festival in Lärz, but just for Hard 'n Heavy fans.

Although officially there is no dress code, in line with the metal subculture the crowd dresses in particular styles. Black is color of first choice, especially a T-shirt featuring a favorite band or a W:O:A T-shirt of the current or a previous year the wearer attended. Kutte with patches of favorite bands, leather, kilts, studs, spikes, and chains are also popular. A special Wacken fashion is Viking, day-after the apocalypse (e.g. Mad Max), or medieval looks. The rest is crazy free style reminding one a little of Carnival and even a non-conforming white tuxedo would be a possibility. Some visitors don't care about dressing at all.

In the early years, the visitors were noticed for their long hair, piercings, and tattoos, but such is too common to be worth mentioning these days:

If you want to be someone special, don't get a tattoo!

Family and community feeling

Most of Wacken crowd are regular visitors. Many of them keep score by getting W:O:A tattoos, with stars for every year attended, or by a collection of entrance badges. A few couples were married at W:O:A, on stage in front of hundreds of metalheads who cried "their f--king eyes out" during the ceremonies.[31][32] Others had their honeymoons at the festival or became engaged.[33] For some visitors the festival is the highlight of the year, not just concerning music, but for their entire life, and the place they desire to be all the time. That's where the nickname "The Holy Land" comes from.

I think that is something very special to Wacken that is a all-day thing and people are here all-day. Hangover!? What ever. It's time to get up. It's time to rock. It's fucking raining?! We don't care. We are covered with mud?! We don't care. That is their time in a year. This their time to go. Just let it all loose. Forget all the problems and raid.

Even it sounds properly wicked for some people (ER: by up to 90,000 people), it is like a huge family party.[35][36][37]

They are all sorts of awful things going on in the world you look at the moment. Newspapers, you see it on the TV. All this bullshit, people going around killing people, murdering people in the name of religion or what ever the fucking is.I don't give a shit, quite frankly. Because the one thing all of us stand for; this is family! This is not one nation. This is not one race. This is not one religion. These are all religions. Every race. Every color. Every person. Every gender, it use to be two or a few more. - You know what?! - We are all family in this together and everybody is welcome. And the answer to the bullshit is going on out there at the moment; is not to be full of hated, it is to be full of love and light and music and a lot of beer!

That shows you how connected people are in the metal world, because it is a really deep, deep, deep emotional thing for our fans as music is. The great thing about metal is it doesn't matter what generation you in, it doesn't matter what kind of life-level you at, it doesn't matter how much money you got. This comradely, this metal spirit, that really unite us together with that sound and particularly with these festivals. This is a great celebration. This Wacken is one of the most important festivals in the world. And this not only for the bands, but for all these metalheads. All these metalheads see each other once a year at Wacken. And these keep us a home, a special vibe, strong and powerful.

Demographics

According to a 2015 survey of 808 visitors the crowd consisted of the following demographics:[40]

Age: <16 years 0,2%, 16-17 years 2.5%, 18-25 years 17.5%, 26-29 years 29.8%, >30 years 29.7% and 0.9% N/A. Average 27.2 years.

Educational level: High school or similar 40.3%, advanced technical college entrance qualification 19.9%, secondary school level 30.8%, without degree 0.6% and 6% N/A.

Money spent during W.O:A: >EUR400 13.1%, EUR301-400 12%, EUR201-300 24.3%, EUR101-200 32.4%, EUR51-100 12.1%, EUR26-50 2.5%, EUR11-25 0.4%, <= EUR10 0.5% and 2.7% N/A. Average EUR250.80.

Distance traveled to W:O:A: >700 km 25.4%, 601-700 km 11.6%, 501-600 km 8.5%, 301-500 km 18.8%, 201-300 km 9.7%, 101-200 km 6.9%, 51-100 km 7.7%, 25-50 km 4.7%, <25 km 5.7% and 1% N/A.

A home for the elderly of Itzehoe takes frequently field trips to the festival, to celebrate their over-70 parties, because Wacken seems to be the perfect spot to find out that one is still alive. Hosts grant them free passes. The metalheads show their admiration and respect to the seniors by hailing them with "Waaacken" battle cries and showing the Sign of the horns. The elderly patrons, up to 99 years old, admire mostly the peaceful, huge gathering for music; which were unknown in their youth.[32]

Deep Purple attempted to explain Wacken as a fountain of youth at Wacken 2013:

As you get older the world changes on you and the world becomes a more serious place and lot people do tend to forget what they like when they were kids; and when they do come to a Rock'n'Roll show and they are few kids in the audience. The kids actually remind them what is like being 18 again. And then those guys or those women they forget that they are 55 or 60 and they become 15 years old kids again. And it is an amazing thing to see happen.

I see that all around here. The music has a great power to move people.

Numbers

Since 2011, the hosts have set the target number of attendees at 84,500 people. 75,000 tickets are sold, a third of those being reserved for foreign visitors. An additional 5,000 tickets are reserved for a special guest list of the hosts, mostly with backstage passes. Free passes go to the 1,800 villagers of Wacken and the up to currently 180 bands and their crews. In 2017, 5,000 are for organizational staff. Passes for a couple of hundred of officials and emergency personnel--such as police officers, customs officers (searching for drugs), regulatory authorities, fire fighters and paramedics--are also needed.

In 2011, the hosts decided to not let the festival grow any further, despite the huge demand for tickets. There were several reasons for this decision: First, logistical problems. Wacken is a small village and the entire festival infrastructure must be built up from scratch beginning two weeks before each festival--stages, fresh water, camping grounds, toilets, showers, power, food and beverage supplies, etc. Further growth would create demands that could not be satisfied. Second, safety. Local authorities got very sensitive regarding security after the Love Parade disaster, in 2010, when 21 people died from suffocation and 500 more were injured. Therefore, every festival has to meet the highest safety standards, which are strictly controlled by regulatory authorities nowadays, and which would be hard to meet with a further increase in attendance. Third, so as to not jeopardize the acceptance of the festival by the village, due to the strain caused by higher numbers of visitors. And last, to keep the festival grounds concentrated, which otherwise would have to be expanded.

Camping ground

In 2017, W:O:A established 2.4-square-kilometre (0.93 sq mi) camping ground, directly connected to the core festival area, for visitors.

Beer pipeline and brewery

In order to make the event more Eco-friendly, the festival organizers decided to have a 7 kilometer (4 mile) beer pipeline installed on site for the 2017 edition in order to cut down on traffic and waste.[42][43] To complete the supply chain Wacken has had its own brewery since 2016. [44]

Band and artist selection

The Winners of Metal Battle 2017, the Mexican Band Jet Jaguar. [45]

Although the W:O:A lineup is strictly by invitation (the last known successful exception was a request by the Scorpions for 2006), in 2003 about 3,000 bands applied for a chance to perform at the festival. In 2004, the festival hosts decided to establish the Wacken Metal Battle,[46] which is now one of the world's prestigious up-and-coming music competitions. [47]

The Metal Battle starts with national competitions in each of up to 30 countries. The list of countries is changed annually. Depending on the size of the metal scene, up to 400 local bands in each country compete, for a total of up to 4,000 bands. The winners of the play-offs are invited to perform in a final competition, to play for 20 minutes at the W:O:A in front of a crowd of up to 6,000 die-hard metalheads. In the early years, the winners of the finals got a record deal with Nuclear Blast; today it is prize money, equipment, and worldwide recognition for the top five bands. However, every band gets exposure to a Who's Who of the international rock music business in attendance - to music magazine and mainstream media reporters; promoters; record label, festival and concert agents; and, lastly, metal fans and bands from all over the world. Most band performances are recorded and edited to high quality video and are published on different video platforms, including "Metal Battle TV" and "Wacken TV", CDs, DVDs, etc., or are broadcast on television.

Before the Metal Battle, the festival founders had established the "Wacken Evolution Tent" (W.E.T.) in 1997, which, in 2012, was replaced by the much bigger "Bullhead City Circus" tent, where younger bands got the opportunity to rock a big crowd. Some upcoming big bands, such as In Flames, Children of Bodom, Immortal, and Heaven Shall Burn, started at the W.E.T. or other small stages; and later performed on the main stages at Wacken as stars or headliners. Big bands and established artists perform in the Bullhead City Circus, just for the opportunity to be a part of this metal family meeting. Therefore, most metal and hard rock bands in the world, even some of the world`s biggest bands, such as Metallica, Scorpions, Deep Purple or Iron Maiden[48][49][50][51][52], consider it an honor to get invited to the festival.[53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60][61][62][63][64]

Recordings, broadcasts, and video documentaries

Dozens of bands have recorded their live acts at W:O:A on video and sell them on DVD or Blu-ray, and of course audio CDs; bands such as Scorpions, Deep Purple, Judas Priest, Alice Cooper, Twisted Sister, Saxon, Motörhead, Heaven & Hell, Europe, Dream Theater[], Nightwish, Rose Tattoo, Ministry, Savatage, Tygers of Pan Tang, Airbourne, Sabaton, Dimmu Borgir, Immortal, Emperor, Running Wild, Circle II Circle, At the Gates, Sacred Reich, Grave Digger, Rage, Danko Jones, Avantasia, Unisonic, Hansen & Friends, Hypocrisy, Die Apokalyptischen Reiter, Bloodbath, Atheist, Exodus, Megaherz, Gorgoroth, God Seed, Atrocity, Degradead, and Arch Enemy[65]. These bands' appearances and the international crowds they draw have made W:O:A famous in the global metal community.

The 2016 Wacken appearance by Iron Maiden set a new German festival streaming record, and was watched by about 550,000 people worldwide, live online, in addition to being broadcast worldwide by ARTE TV.

In 2016, at W:O:A, an entire festival was recorded in °360 VR for the first time ever, by Sam Dunn and a VR Camera team.[66] In 2017, people from about 150 countries used the H360°, V360° VR, HD stream offer by a sponsor to watch, live, online, some concerts, the festival or the village.[67][68][69] In 2017, many remote-enabled, fixed-view records, without using a VR headset, were already available on different video platforms, including German public television broadcast services.[70][71]

Lineups 1990 - current

1990

Wacken Open Air 1990, the first incarnation of the festival, was held on Friday, 24 August and Saturday, 25 August.

Lineup
Friday Saturday

Skyline

5th Avenue
Ax'n Sex
Motoslug
Sacret Season
Wizzard

1991

Wacken Open Air 1991 was held on Friday, 23 August and Saturday, 24 August.

Lineup

Bon Scott (AC/DC Tribute Band)
Gypsy Kyss
Kilgore
Life Artist

Ruby Red
Shanghai'd Guts
Skyline

1992

Wacken Open Air 1992 was held on Friday, 21 August and Saturday, 22 August.

Lineup

5th Avenue
Asmodis
Ax'n Sex
Bad Sister
Bai Bang
Blind Guardian
De La Cruz
Doc Eisenhauer
Dr. Hörp
Eddie E.
Highlander
Ides of March
Incubator

Jolly Hangman
Mama's Boys
Morbid Mind
Motoslug
Pagan Spell
Paradise
Play'n'Bleed
Saitensprünge
Saxon ("Our first time at Wacken," noted Biff Byford. "It proved a huge eye-opener for us, because Germany is now Saxon's second home. Eighty thousand fans singing 'Denim and Leather' is quite a sight to behold."[72])
Störspatzen of Des
STS 8 Mission
The Waltons
Vivian

1993

Wacken Open Air 1993 was held from Friday, 20 August to Sunday, 22 August, and was headlined by Doro and Fates Warning.

Main Stage
Friday Saturday Sunday

Piracee
Railway
Gorefest
Skew Siskin
Riverdogs
Doro
Bon Scott

Heavenward
Restless Blondes
Saintcatee
Warpath
Plan B
Jingo de Lunch
Trespass
Holocaust
Fates Warning
Highlander

Abi Wallenstein
Toy
RAX
Bad Sister
Châlice
Vivian
Ax'n Sex

Party Stage
Friday Saturday

Fast Lover
Blue Velvet
Bai Bang
Samael
Gary Hughes
Sahara
Ballroom Bones
Stoney Rudolph

Torment
Grinning Sinner
Häwi Mädels
Jack's Hammer
Noisy Act of Protest
Michael Dickes (acoustic)
Riverdogs (acoustic)
Buddy Lackey
Sahara
5th Avenue

1994

Wacken Open Air 1994 was held on Friday, 19 August and Saturday, 20 August, and was headlined by Paul Di'Anno's Killers.

Main Stage
Friday Saturday

Suiciety
Pagandom
Skyclad
The Tea Party

Saintcatee
Chemical Breath
Decision D
U.K. Subs
Gamma Ray
Rausch
Paul Di'Anno's Killers

Party Stage
Friday Saturday

Moray
Many Acts of Maniacs
Deceased
Stoney Rudolph & The Happy McCardies
Hannes Bauer & Orchestra
The Waltons
Tears for Beers

Roan
Riff Raff
Easy Livin' (Uriah Heep feat. Markus Grosskopf)
Torment
Ace Öf Spades
Ken Tamplin
Prollhead
Atrocity
Dixie Gunworks

1995

Wacken Open Air 1995 was held on Friday, 19 May and Saturday, 20 May, and was headlined by D:A:D and Tiamat.

Lineup

5th Avenue
Amentia
Angra
Bad Sister
Châlice
Creep
D:A:D
Dark at Dawn
Das Auge Gottes
Depressive Age
Dixie Gunworks

Ghosts of Dawn
Graue Zellen
Hate Squad
Laberinto
More About Dogs
Morgoth
Paragon
Phantoms of Future
Pothead
Power of Expression
Pretty Maids

Prime
Rape
Revelation
Schweisser
Solitude Aeturnus
Temple of the Absurd
Tiamat
Trauma
Trieb
Vanden Plas
Vocation

1996

Wacken Open Air 1996 was held on Friday, 9 August and Saturday, 10 August, and was headlined by Böhse Onkelz.

Double Main Stage
Friday Saturday

Grind Machine
Big Nothing
Desert Storm
Bad Sister
Dice
Grave Digger
Pyogenesis

Gorefest
The Gathering
The Exploited
Crematory
Kreator
Tom Angelripper
Asylum

Gorn
Ricochet
Whils
Sieges Even
Dritte Wahl
Temple of the Absurd
Manos
Secret Discovery
Vicki Vomit

Atrocity
Randalica
Schweisser
Oomph!
Kingdom Come
Dimple Minds
Böhse Onkelz
Tom Angelripper
Ramones Mania
(Ramones tribute band)

1997

Wacken Open Air 1997 was held on Friday, 8 August and Saturday, 9 August, and was headlined by Motörhead.

W.E.T. Stage
Friday Saturday

Don Bosco
Steiger
Paunch
Sceptic Acceptance
Mummlox
In Flames
Dismember
Late September Dogs

Entrust
Gainsay
Headcase
Fox Force Five
The Automanic
Totenmond
Torment
Umbra et Imago
Grinning Sinner
Soilent Green

1998

Wacken Open Air 1998 was held on Friday, 7 August and Saturday, 8 August. The festival was headlined by Savatage, JBO, Blind Guardian, and Doro.

W.E.T./Black Stages
Friday Saturday

Third Teeth
Incubator
Telltalehard
Custard
God Dethroned
Soulburn
Stigmata IV
Dew-Scented
Darkseed

Krabathor
Manos
Children of Bodom
Am I Blood
Benediction
Tankard
Crematory
Skyclad
Temple of the Absurd

Murder One
Lost Resistance
Night in Gales
Silent Scream
Suidakra
Borknagar
Postmortem
Old Man's Child
Crack Up
Raise Hell
Disbelief
Sadist

Heavenwood
Agathodaimon
Skyclad
Hades Almighty
Dritte Wahl
Gorgoroth
Vader
Covenant
Hypocrisy
Grober Spass

1999

Wacken Open Air 1999 was held from Thursday, 5 August to Saturday, 7 August.

History Stage Party Stage
Friday Saturday

In Aeternum
Graveworm
House of Spirits
Eisregen
Sinister
Temple of the Absurd
Pariah
Freedom Call
Warhammer
Die Apokalyptischen Reiter
Enslaved
The Waltons
Vicki Vomit

Powergod
Totenmond
Richthofen
Roland Grapow & Band
Sinner
Girlschool
Napalm Death
Eläkeläiset
Reverend Jürgen & Igor

The Crown
Memory Garden
Threshold
Dark Tranquillity
Marduk
Angra
Axxis
Jaguar
Nevermore
Warrant
Umbra et Imago

W.E.T. Stage
Thursday Friday Saturday

Tankwart
Skyclad

Paragon
Bewitched
The Sygnet
Brainstorm
Mystic Circle
Killers (French metal band)
Immortal
God Dethroned
Jag Panzer

Mindfeed
Paradox
Lefay
Labyrinth
Steel Prophet
Agent Steel
Destiny's End
Razor
Torment
Solitude Aeturnus
Whiplash

2000

Wacken Open Air 2000 was held from Thursday, 3 August to Saturday, 5 August.

Party Stage
Friday Saturday

Dark at Dawn
Gaskin
October 31
Desperados
Pink Cream 69
Artillery
Liege Lord

SHARD
Late Nite Romeo
Agathodaimon
Pain
Solstice
Demon
Spiritual Beggars
Heir Apparent
Raise Hell
Engine

W.E.T. Stage
Friday Saturday

Deranged
Savage
Lock Up
Grim Reaper
Praying Mantis
Black Sweden
Breaker

Mob Rules
Nightmare
Steel Attack
Squealer
Vanishing Point
Hades
Jacobs Dream
Skew Siskin
Knorkator
Twisted Tower Dire

2001

Wacken Open Air 2001 was held from Thursday, 2 August to Saturday, 4 August.

W.E.T. Stage
Friday Saturday

Bionix
Crystal Shark
16 Hell Ventiler
Smoke Blow
Sacraphyx
Circle of Grief
Wizard (canceled)
Behemoth
Silent Force

Kju
The Traceelords
Chinchilla
The Centre of Gravity
Paragon
Lost Horizon
Arch Enemy
Night in Gales

2002

Wacken Open Air 2002 was held from Thursday, 1 August to Saturday, 3 August.

W.E.T. Stage
Friday Saturday

Antagonist
Justice
Withering Surface
Fleshcrawl
Alabama Thunderpussy
Heavenly
Mob Rules
Primordial

Eisregen

Victims of Madness
Centre of Gravity
Kalmah
Hollenthon
Vision Divine
Dream Evil
Suidakra
Mörk Gryning
Nightmare

2003

Wacken Open Air 2003 was held from Thursday, 31 July to Saturday, 2 August.

Party Stage
Friday Saturday

The Quill
Seventh One
Dark Age
Lotto King Karl
Die Apokalyptischen Reiter
Assassin
Lordi

Raunchy
Twisted Tower Dire
Evidence One
Eidolon
Kataklysm
Sinner
Sonata Arctica

W.E.T. Stage
Friday Saturday

Obscenity
V8 Wankers
Psychopunch
Oratory
Raise Hell
Symphorce
Rotting Christ

Human Fortress
Graveworm
Callenish Circle
Cryptic Wintermoon
Bai Bang
Ancient Rites
Heaven Shall Burn
Darkane
Breed 77

2004

Wacken Open Air 2004 was held from Thursday, 5 August to Saturday, 7 August.

W.E.T. Stage
Friday Saturday

Methedras
Vanguard
Artefact
Engine of Pain
Gutbucket
Astral Doors
Hobbs' Angel of Death
Misery Index
Suffrage

Dr. Rock
Everfest
Thora
Voodoma
Supersoma
Reckless Tide
Gun Barrel
Disbelief
Griffin

2005

Wacken Open Air 2005 was held from Wednesday, 3 August to Saturday, 6 August.

W.E.T. Stage
Thursday Friday Saturday

Doomfoxx
Hatesphere

Victims of Madness
Snake Eye
Gorilla Monsoon
Sinners Bleed
Hatedrive
Vanguard
jp:Saeko
Suidakra
Reckless Tide
Mucc
Cataract
Metalium
Potentia Animi
Teräsbetoni
Contradiction

Stigma
Unleash the Fury
Manifest
Agonizer
Tuatha de Danann
Machine Men
Hard Time
Panic Cell
Noise Forest
Regicide
Endhammer
Primordial
Endstille
Goddess of Desire

Jim Beam Stage
Thursday Friday Saturday

Mambo Kurt

Doomfoxx
Los Los

Doomfoxx

2006

Carnivore performing live at W:O:A 2006

Wacken Open Air 2006 was held from Wednesday, 2 August to Saturday, 5 August.

W.E.T. Stage
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Mambo Kurt

Gutlock
Malefactor
Transilvanian Beat Club
Mortal Sin
C.O.R.
Mambo Kurt

Monster Joe
Würm
Cadaveric Crematorium
Kottak
Nikki Puppet
Gorilla Monsoon
Fleshgore
Vreid
Krypteria
Dezperadoz
Hellfueled
Metal Inquisitor
Battlelore

Morbus Gravis
Drone
InfiNight
The Dogma
Suidakra
Tourettes
We
Lake of Tears
Krieger
Obscenity
Delirious
Forever Slave

2007

Wacken Open Air 2007 was held from Wednesday, 1 August to Saturday, 4 August. The festival was headlined by Blind Guardian, Saxon, Iced Earth, and Immortal.

2008

Wacken Open Air 2008 was held from Wednesday, 30 July to Saturday, 2 August. The festival was headlined by Iron Maiden, Children of Bodom, Avantasia, and Nightwish.

Exodus' set was filmed for their 2010 live DVD Shovel Headed Tour Machine: Live At Wacken & Other Assorted Atrocities

W.E.T. Stage
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Threat
Metakilla
Sweet Savage
Mambo Kurt

Concept Insomnia
Negur? Bunget
Alestorm

The Fading
The Rotted
Destructor
Autumn
Stam1na
Psychopunch
Nifelheim
van Canto
Saltatio Mortis
Excrementory Grindfuckers

Ripsaw
Evocation
Before the Dawn
Enemy of the Sun
Powerwolf
Warbringer
Torture Squad
Dream of an Opium Eater
Watain
Lord Belial
The Bones

2009

Wacken Open Air 2009 was held from Wednesday, 29 July to Saturday, 1 August, and marked the festival's 20th year.

Kampfar were originally scheduled to perform on the Party Stage on Saturday, but were forced to cancel their appearance due to personal reasons. Their slot was filled by Onkel Tom.

W.E.T. Stage
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Victims of Madness
Bai Bang
Bon Scott
Onkel Tom
Mambo Kurt

X-Plod
Furion
5th Avenue
The Waltons
Drone
Bloodwork
Grand Magus

Leave Scars
Reason to Kill
Ade
Insidead
Scarred
Kielwater
Irr
Beneath
Silence Means Death
Callejón
Bring Me the Horizon
Whiplash
Nervecell
Insidious Disease
Eths
Sarke
Pentagram (Chile)

None
Cadaver Race
A Fine Day to Exit
Crisix (Crysys)
T.A.N.K (Think of A New Kind)
Trinitys Blood
Ferium
Split Heaven
The Fading
Trouble
U.K. Subs
Engel
Turisas
Tracedawn
Torment

Medieval Stage
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Fejd
Ragnaröek

Reincarnatus
Cumulo Nimbus

Swashbuckle
Ingrimm

Adorned Brood
Rabenschrey
Feuerschwanz

2010

Grave Digger featuring Doro on W:O:A main stage

Wacken Open Air 2010 was held from Wednesday, 4 August to Saturday, 7 August. The festival was headlined by Iron Maiden, Alice Cooper, Mötley Crüe, and Slayer.

Several bands played special sets at the festival. Corvus Corax played a show entitled "Wacken Burns" to close out the main stage performances on Friday.

W.E.T. Stage
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Victims of Madness
Void Creation+
No Dawn+
Snakebite+
Raging Mob+
Dymytry+
By the Patient+
Forever Storm+
Battle Beast+?
Frontal+
Vice+
Total Riot+
Wistaria+
Missing in Action+
Penthagon+
Soul Stealer+
Mambo Kurt

Orcus O Dis+
Seven Ends+
Demolished+
The Sixpounder+
Prayers of Sanity+
Altar+
Vita Imana+
Katana+
Hathors+
Cangaço+
Black Out Beauty+
Ghost Brigade
MacBeth
Crisix (Crysys)
Gojira

Brutus
Dead Means Nothing
Skanners
Astral Doors
Hackneyed
Mad Max
The Other
Eternal Legacy
Evile
Lizzy Borden
Broilers
Holy Grail
Secrets of the Moon
Ihsahn
Imperium Dekadenz
Raven

Nightmare
The New Black
Degradead
Crucified Barbara
End of Green
Die Kassierer
Metsatöll
Varg
Debauchery
Solstafir
Lake of Tears
Rotting Christ
Despised Icon
Killing Machine
The Devil's Blood

+ - Metal Battle 2010 finalists
? - Metal Battle 2010 winner
Wackinger Stage
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Lord of the Lost
Fiddler's Green
Red Hot Chilli Pipers

Svartsot
Sevron
Vaxination

Torfrock
Hanggai

Letzte Instanz
Schelmish
DJ Cool
Equilibrium

The Keltics
Týr
Orden Ogan

Red Bull Bus Bullhead City Tent
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

9mm

Apocalyptica
(surprise act)

Spit Like This

The Circus of Horrors

2011

Wacken Open Air 2011 was held from Thursday, 4 August to Saturday, 6 August. The festival was headlined by Blind Guardian, Judas Priest, Ozzy Osbourne, Motörhead, Airbourne and Sepultura.

W.E.T. Stage
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Mother of God+
Leash Eye+
Dust Bolt+
Hammercult+?
Virginia Clemm+
Death Clocks+
Mortal Strike+
Aphyxion+
Noein+
Atrum+
Voltax+
Paralytic+
Eccentric Pendulum+
Nekrost+
Powerstroke+
Mambo Kurt

Tanker+
Sacramental+
Seven Stitches+
Achren+
Exquisite Pus+
Golem+
Rude Revelation+
X-Tinxion+
Coldwar+
Bucovina+
Aeon Throne+
Omnicide+
Battle Beast
Pneuma

Pharao
Volcano
Pussy Sister
Skálmöld
The Prophecy 23
Khold
Negator
Deadlock
Blowsight
Suidakra
Sirenia
Tsujder
Accuser
Skindred
Slime
Shraphead

The Murder of My Sweet
Triosphere
Hellsaw
Torture Squad
Stormzone
Hämatom
Shining
Skeletonwitch
In Solitude
Warrant
Blowsight
Hail of Bullets
Tokyo Blade
Venomin James
Ghost
Tauthr

+ - Metal Battle 2011 finalists
? - Metal Battle 2011 winner

2012

Wacken Open Air 2012 was held from Thursday, 2 August to Saturday, 4 August.

Rain Shatter Band from Guadalajara, México. In the Bullhead City Circus Stage W:O:A 2012
Bullhead City Circus
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Inquisitor+
Victims of Madness
Rust2Dust+
Fateful Finality+
RavenBlood+
Gothic+
Midnight Priest+
Electric Hellride+
Lord Shades+
Ease of Disgust+
Cold Snap+
Gone Postal+
Helmut+
Devil's Note+
MindthreaT+
Shredhead+
Hamferð+?
Rain Shatter+
Zygnema+
Epsilon+
Opifex+
Frantic Amber+
Disquiet+
Corpse Garden+
Warpath+
Mambo Kurt

Russkaja
Faanefjell+
Dead by April
Exuviated+
Wölli & Die Band Des Jahres
Hone Your Sense+
Kellermensch
The Falling+
Winterstorm
Amaranthe
Hammercult
Keule
Chthonic
Channel Zero
Unearth
Circle II Circle
Mono Inc.

FDJ
Yaksa
Warbringer
Liquid Meat
Crimes of Passion
Darkest Hour
The Black Dahlia Murder
Graveyard
Decapitated
Red Fang
D.R.I.
We Butter the Bread with Butter
Jim Breuer
Gehenna
Aura Noir
Kobra and the Lotus
Insomnium
Ghost Brigade

Agro
Eschenbach
Manticora
Manimals
Massacre
WETO
Kylesa
Megaherz
Moonspell
(acoustic show)
Sylosis
Nasum
Djerv
Warrior Soul
Suicide Silence
Dio Disciples
Riotgod
Winterfylleth
Leningrad Cowboys

+ - Metal Battle 2012 finalists
? - Metal Battle 2012 Winner
Wackinger Stage
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Russkaja
Saor Patrol
Vogelfrey
Santiano

Santiano
Saor Patrol
Vogelfrey
Panteón Rococó
Torfrock

Saor Patrol
Vogelfrey
Eisenherz
Russkaja

Santiano
Ingrimm
Vogelfrey
Russkaja
Diablo Swing Orchestra

The Scorpions announced the W:O:A appearance would be the last festival show in Germany ever, in line of the planned end of their carrier and coming departure, but they changed their mind and continued later due "pressure" of their fans and still go on.[77][78]

2013

Wacken Open Air 2013 was held from Thursday, 1 August to Saturday, 3 August.

Bullhead City Circus
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Harpyie
Victims of Madness
Spring and Autumn
Chronosphere
J.T. Ripper
SIC
An Apple a Day
Infanteria
Nine Treasures
BackJumper
Overoth
Asthma
Vengha
Rotten State
Crimson Shadows
Ophidian I
Kill With Hate
Midnight Scream
Count to Six
Trallery
Devoid
Utopium
GOD: The Barbarian Horde
Karma Zero
Mambo Kurt

Russkaja
La Chudra
Behold the Grave
Rotten Souls
Gnida
Mysterious Priestess
Industrial City
Cancelled
Eskimo Callboy
9mm
Haggard
Soulless
Alpha Tiger
Die Kassierer
Ragnarok
Dezperadoz

Benighted
Eat the Gun
Stahlmann
Nachtblut
Naglfar
Dr. Living Dead!
Kamikaze Kings
Black Messiah
Mustasch
Heaven's Basement
Legion of the Damned
Whitechapel
Leprous
Anvil
Uli Jon Roth
Bullet

Hate Squad
Chrome Molly
Run Liberty Run
Null DB
Spitfire
Dew-Scented
Secret Sphere
Serum 114
Rebattered
Emergency Gate
Fozzy
Dunderbeist
Kärbholz
Kryptos
Hardcore Superstar
Suidakra

Wackinger Stage
Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Impius Mundi
Pampatut
Coppelius
Fejd
Feuerschwanz
Russkaja
Santiano

Pampatut
Feuerschwanz
Rabenschrey
Versengold
Faun

Harpyie
Impius Mundi
Mr. Hurley & Die Pulveraffen
Pampatut
Ignis Fatuu
Feuerschwanz

Harpyie
Pampatut
Mr. Hurley & Die Pulveraffen
Impius Mundi
Feuerschwanz
Finsterforst

2014

Wacken Open Air 2014 was held from Thursday, 31 July to Saturday, 2 August.
The confirmed bands Death Angel and Iced Earth canceled their summer shows including Wacken Open Air.

Party Stage
Friday Saturday

Russkaja
Knorkator
Hellyeah
Santiano
Carcass
Saltatio Mortis

Prong
August Burns Red
Hatebreed
JBO
Van Canto & Special Guests+

+ - Performance included following Special Guests:
Tarja Turunen, Victor Smolski, Chris Boltendahl, Andre Matos and Jörg Michael

2015

Wacken Open Air 2015 was held from Thursday, 30 July to Saturday, 1 August.

2016

Wacken 2016 was held from Thursday 4 August to Saturday 6 August.

There was also a tribute to the late Lemmy Kilmister of Motörhead, who died on 28 December 2015. The tribute was filmed by Franco-German TV Network Arte and released as a 24-minute music video documentary Born to Lose, Lived to Win - A Farewell to Lemmy Kilmister.[79] The former members of the band Dio, touring since 2011 as Dio Disciples after the death of vocalist Dio, performed for the first time with a hologram of him.[80][81] In total 158 bands performed on eight stages, including Blue Öyster Cult.[82]

2017

Wacken 2017 was held from Thursday 3 August to Saturday 5 August.

First bands announced:

Amon Amarth, Apocalyptica, ASP, Aura Noir, Avantasia, Candlemass, Cypecore, Emperor, Europe, Fates Warning, Grand Magus, Hämatom, Heaven Shall Burn, Kreator, Lacuna Coil, Mayhem (performing De Mysteriis Dom Sathanas), Napalm Death, Orange Goblin, Paradise Lost, Powerwolf, Rage, Saltatio Mortis, Soilwork, Sonata Arctica, Tankard, Trivium, Turbonegro.[83]

2018

Wacken 2018 will be held from Thursday 2 August to Saturday 4 August.

First bands announced[84]:

Alien Weaponry, Amaranthe, Amorphis, Arch Enemy, Attic, AWS, Bannkreis, Behemoth, Belphegor, Children of Bodom, Deserted Fear, Diablo BLVD, Die Apokalyptischen Reiter, Dimmu Borgir, Dirkschneider, Dokken, Doro, Evil Invaders, Enslaved, Epica, Firewind, In Extremo, In Flames, Judas Priest, Knorkator, Korpiklaani, Long Distance Calling, Lovebites, Madball, Mantar, Mr. Big, Nails, Night Demon, Nightwish, Nocturnal Rites, Oomph!, Riot V, Running Wild, Samael, Sarke, Sepultura, Spoil Engine, The Charm The Fury, Unzucht, Vallenfyre, Vince Neil, W.A.R., Walking Dead on Broadway, Watain.

Wacken Rocks

2009

Wacken Rocks South

27-29 August 2009: 9mm, Agathodaimon, Age of Evil, Alestorm, AM/FM, Axxis, Bai Bang, Chrome Molly, Cripper, Debauchery, Der W, Dezperados, Doro, Drone, Edguy, Eisbrecher, Fatal Smile, Feuerschwanz, Five and the Ted One, Flotsam & Jetsam, Frei.Wild, Girlschool, Grave Digger, Hämatom, Hank III & Assjack, Heaven Shall Burn, Herman Frank Band, In Extremo, Krypteria, The New Black, Parity Boot, SAHG, Secrets of the Moon, Slayer, Stainless Steel, Stratovarius, Suidakra, Tribe, U.D.O., Volbeat, and Warpath.

Wacken Rocks Seaside

28-30 August 2009: Age of Evil, Agathodaimon, Alestorm, Axxis, Bai Bang, Cripper, Debauchery, Der W, Dezperadoz, Dirty Deeds, Doro, Edguy, Eisbrecher, Fatal Smile, Five and the Red One, Flotsam & Jetsam, Frei.Wild, Girlschool, Hank III, Herman Frank Band, Heaven Shall Burn, In Extremo, J.B.O, Kneipenterroristen, Krypteria, Mob Rules, Ohrenfeindt, Parity Boot, SAHG, Secrets of the Moon, Slayer, Stratovarius, Suidakra, Glitter, Torfrock, Tribe, U.D.O, Victims of Madness, Volbeat, and Warpath.

Video

See also

References

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External links

Coordinates: 54°01?42?N 9°21?22?E / 54.02833°N 9.35611°E / 54.02833; 9.35611


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