Walker's Texas Division
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Walker's Texas Division
Walker's Texas Division Battle Flag

Walker's Greyhounds was the popular name for a division of the Confederate States Army under Major-General John George Walker, composed exclusively of units from Texas. It fought in the Western Theater and the Trans-Mississippi Department, gaining its nickname because the men were able to move long distances rapidly on foot.

Gen. John George Walker

Organization

Walker's Greyhounds, also known as Walker's Texas Division, was mustered at Camp Nelson, Arkansas, in July 1862. It was placed under the command of Maj. Gen. John George Walker in November 1862, and remained under his command until the end of the war. The division served exclusively in the Trans-Mississippi Department. When General Walker was given a district command in late 1864 the division was given to Maj. Gen. John H. Forney.

Composition

1st Brigade

Col. Overton C. Young
Brig. Gen. James M. Hawes
Brig. Gen. Thomas N. Waul
Brig. Gen. Wilburn H. King
Col. Richard B. Hubbard

  • 12th (Young's 8th) Infantry
  • 18th Infantry (transferred to the 4th Brigade)
  • 22nd Infantry
  • 13th (Dismounted) Cavalry
  • 29th (Dismounted) Cavalry (joined in 1865)
  • Haldeman's Battery

2nd Brigade

Brig. Gen. Horace Randal
Brig. Gen. Robert Plunket Maclay

  • 11th Infantry
  • 14th Infantry
  • 28th (Dismounted) Cavalry (later transferred to the 4th Brigade)
  • 6th (Gould's) (Dismounted) Cavalry Battalion
  • Daniel's Battery

3rd Brigade

Col. George M. Flournoy
Brig. Gen. Henry E. McCulloch
Brig. Gen. William R. Scurry
Brig. Gen. Richard Waterhouse

  • 16th Infantry (later transferred to the 4th Brigade)
  • 17th Infantry
  • 19th Infantry
  • 16th (Dismounted) Cavalry
  • 2nd Partisan Rangers (joined in 1865)
  • 3rd Texas Infantry (only during the Red River Campaign)
  • Edgar's Battery

Original 4th Brigade

Brig. Gen. James Deshler[1]

4th Brigade (1865)

Brig. Gen. Wilburn H. King

  • 16th Infantry
  • 18th Infantry
  • 28th (Dismounted) Cavalry
  • 34th (Dismounted) Cavalry
  • Wells' Cavalry Battalion

Major engagements

Vicksburg Campaign

The Greyhounds fought at the Battle of Milliken's Bend and the Battle of Young's Point, incidental engagements of the Vicksburg Campaign, in June 1863. They remained in northern Louisiana for several months, and then returned to Arkansas in late 1863.

Red River Campaign

Sent from Arkansas to Louisiana again in April 1864, they served as part of Lt. Gen. Richard Taylor's Army at the significant Confederate victories at the Battle of Mansfield (April 8, 1864), and the Battle of Pleasant Hill (April 9, 1864), critical engagements in the Red River Campaign.

Camden Expedition

Rushed back to Arkansas by Tran-Mississippi Department Commander Edmund Kirby Smith, they fought at the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry on April 30, 1864, the last engagement of the Camden Expedition.

Mustered out

In March 1865, the division was ordered to Hempstead, Texas. The division was awaiting the arrival of Confederate President Jefferson Davis in order to make the Last Stand of the Confederacy at Hempstead, Texas. Davis failed to arrive, and with the war over and the main Confederate armies having surrendered, approximately 8,000 CS Soldiers constituting the remnants of the much depleted division simply went home from Hempstead, Texas, in late May 1865.

See also

References

  1. ^ The original 4th Brigade was detached and captured at the Battle of Arkansas Post on January 11, 1863.
  • Lowe, Richard G., Walker's Texas Division, Louisiana State University Press, 2004.
  • Blessington, Joseph P. (1875). The campaigns of Walker's Texas division. New York: Lange, Little & Co.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Walker's_Texas_Division
 



 



 
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