Walled Villages of Hong Kong
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Walled Villages of Hong Kong

Main entrance of Tai Wai Village.
Model of San Wai () aka. Kun Lung Wai (), displayed in Hong Kong Heritage Museum.
Location of walled villages in Hong Kong

Once common throughout China, walled villages can still be found in southern China and Hong Kong. Most of the walled villages of Hong Kong[1] are located in the New Territories.

History

During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the shore of Guangdong suffered from pirates, and the area of Hong Kong was particularly vulnerable to pirates' attacks. Winding shores, hilly lands and islands and far from administrative centres made Hong Kong an excellent hideout for pirates. Villages, both Punti and Hakka, built walls against them. Some villages even protected themselves with cannons.

Over time, the walls of most walled villages have been partly or totally demolished.

Names

In Punti Cantonese, Wai (?, Walled) and Tsuen (?, Village) were once synonyms, hence most place names which include the word 'wai', were at some point in time a walled village.

Conservation

Two heritage trails of Hong Kong feature walled villages:

Features

Walled villages in Hong Kong are characterised by row houses arranged in a square or rectangular block, where the parallel rows of houses are separated by narrow lanes.[2]

Notable walled villages

Kat Hing Wai

Historic plan of Kat Hing Wai walled village in Kam Tin.

Kat Hing Wai () is a noted Punti walled village in Yuen Long District of Hong Kong.[] It often mistakenly believed to be Hakka, whose people have similar traditions.[] However the Punti people were from Southern China and the first to settle in Hong Kong. Kat Hing Wai's residents speak Cantonese, rather than Hakka.[] Popularly known as Kam Tin, from the name of the area, it is home to about 400 descendants of the Tang Clan, who built the village back in the 17th century.

Kat Hing Wai is a rectangular (100 m x 90 m) walled village. As a family stronghold, Kat Hing Wai has served the Tangs well through the centuries, protecting the residents against bandits, rival clans, and wild tigers. In the Qing Dynasty, a five-metre high blue brick wall and four cannon towers were added to defend against bandits. Today, the village is still completely surrounded by 18-inch-thick walls,[] outside which are the remains of a moat. However, most houses within the walls have been rebuilt in recent years. There is only one narrow entrance, with a pair of iron gates.

Tsang Tai Uk

External view of Tsang Tai Uk.

Tsang Tai Uk (), also known as Shan Ha Wai, is another well-known Hakka walled village in Hong Kong, and one of the best preserved. It is located in Sha Tin, close to the south of the Pok Hong Estate, not far from the Lion Rock Tunnel Road. Built as a stronghold for the Tsang Clan, its construction started in 1847 and took around 20 years to complete. The village is built with granite, grey bricks and solid timber.

Sheung Shui Wai

Sheung Shui Wai (), also known as Sheung Shui Heung (), is one of the very few rural settlements having retained its original moat which was built in 1646. Characterized by its magnificent moat and landscape setting, the walled village is the core of the Liu clan, of which ancestors came originally from Fujian during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). The village is located in Sheung Shui.

Fanling Wai

Houses reflecting in a pond at Fanling Wai.

Fanling Wai () is a walled village in Fanling built by the Pang (?) Clan. It is recognisable with the distinctive pond and layout including features such as cannons and watchtowers. All these elements were crafted to form an integral part of the village setting. Fanling Wai is the centre of the Pang Clan who arrived in Hong Kong late in the Song Dynasty.[3]

Nga Tsin Wai Tsuen

Nga Tsin Wai Tsuen (?) is a walled village in Wong Tai Sin, New Kowloon. It is the only walled village left in the urban built-up areas of Hong Kong. Nga Tsin Wai Tsuen is also the only remaining walled village in Kowloon. It is located near San Po Kong. On 18 July 2007, the government announced its plans to redevelop Nga Tsin Wai Tsuen.[4]

List of walled villages

Remaining walled villages in Hong Kong include:

North District

Name Alternate name Area and
coordinates
Notes
and links
Gate Shrine or
ancestral hall
Watch tower
Fanling Ching Wai
()
Fanling Chung Wai
()
Fanling

22°29?51?N 114°08?07?E / 22.4975°N 114.1353°E / 22.4975; 114.1353 (Fanling Wai)
See "Notable walled villages" above: Fanling Wai.
Fanling Ching Wai 09.jpg
N/A
Fanling Ching Wai 01.jpg
Hung Leng
()
Fanling

22°30?53?N 114°10?04?E / 22.514732°N 114.167813°E / 22.514732; 114.167813 (Hung Leng)
The Hung Shing Temple of Hung Leng was probably built in 1763. It is the centre of the Four Yeuk (; four villages alliance), namely Loi Tung, Lung Yeuk Tau, Lin Ma Hang and Tan Chuk Hang.[5]
HK Fanling HungLeng.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
San Uk Tsai
()
Tam Chuk Hang San Uk Tsai
()[6]
Fanling

22°30?37?N 114°10?45?E / 22.510144°N 114.179228°E / 22.510144; 114.179228 (San Uk Tsai)
San Uk Tsai was probably established before 1688.[6]
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Tan Chuk Hang Lo Wai
()
Fanling

22°30?48?N 114°10?33?E / 22.513414°N 114.175723°E / 22.513414; 114.175723 (Tan Chuk Hang Lo Wai)
Tan Chuk Hang Lo Wai was probably established before 1688. Together with Tan Chuk Hang San Wai (aka. Sheung Tan Chuk Hang), it forms Tan Chuk Hang () village.[6]

12.2f-14 - 12.2f-39

No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Lo Wai
()
Lung Yeuk Tau, Fanling

22°29?52?N 114°09?07?E / 22.497808°N 114.151892°E / 22.497808; 114.151892 (Lo Wai)
One of the "Five Wais" of Lung Yeuk Tau.[7]
LungYeukTau LoWai Outside.jpg
N/A N/A
Ma Wat Wai
()[8][9]
Lung Yeuk Tau, Fanling

22°29?56?N 114°09?00?E / 22.499027°N 114.149998°E / 22.499027; 114.149998 (Ma Wat Wai)
One of the "Five Wais" of Lung Yeuk Tau.[7]
HK Fanling Ma Wat Wai 1.jpg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
San Wai
()
Kun Lung Wai
()[10][11][12]
Lung Yeuk Tau, Fanling

22°30?26?N 114°08?54?E / 22.507121°N 114.14842°E / 22.507121; 114.14842 (San Wai)
One of the "Five Wais" of Lung Yeuk Tau.[7]
Lung Yeuk Tau - San Wai 4.jpg
Kun Lung Wai temple.JPG
Lung Yeuk Tau - San Wai 1.jpg
Tung Kok Wai
()[13]
Ling Kok Wai
()[7]
Lung Yeuk Tau, Fanling

22°30?02?N 114°09?13?E / 22.500589°N 114.153543°E / 22.500589; 114.153543 (Tung Kok Wai)
One of the "Five Wais" of Lung Yeuk Tau.[7]
TungKokWai.jpg
N/A
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Wing Ning Wai
()[14]
Fanling

22°30?06?N 114°09?01?E / 22.501585°N 114.150191°E / 22.501585; 114.150191 (Wing Ning Wai)
One of the "Five Wais" of Lung Yeuk Tau.[7]
HK WingNingWai.JPG
N/A
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Ha Wo Hang
()
Sha Tau Kok

22°31?38?N 114°11?55?E / 22.527322°N 114.198658°E / 22.527322; 114.198658 (Ha Wo Hang)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Heung Yuen Wai
()
Sha Tau Kok

22°31?38?N 114°11?55?E / 22.527322°N 114.198658°E / 22.527322; 114.198658 (Heung Yuen Wai)
Heung Yuen Wai1.jpg
N/A
Heung Yuen Wai1.jpg
Kuk Po Lo Wai
(?)
Sha Tau Kok

22°31?43?N 114°14?18?E / 22.528632°N 114.238294°E / 22.528632; 114.238294 (Kuk Po Lo Wai)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Ma Tseuk Leng
()
Sha Tau Kok

22°32?01?N 114°12?00?E / 22.533473°N 114.199946°E / 22.533473; 114.199946 (Ma Tseuk Leng)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Man Uk Pin
()
Sha Tau Kok

22°31?35?N 114°11?04?E / 22.526382°N 114.184367°E / 22.526382; 114.184367 (Man Uk Pin)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Sheung Wo Hang
()
Wo Hang
()
Sha Tau Kok

22°31?25?N 114°11?43?E / 22.523672°N 114.195193°E / 22.523672; 114.195193 (Sheung Wo Hang)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A N/A
Wai Loi Tsuen
()
Sheung Shui Wai
()
Sheung Shui

22°30?35?N 114°07?21?E / 22.509757°N 114.122589°E / 22.509757; 114.122589 (Wai Loi Tsuen (Sheung Shui Wai))
Built around 1584,[15] Wai Loi Tsuen is the original settlement of Sheung Shui Wai.[16] It is one of the very few rural settlements having retained its original moat.[17] It features a Tin Hau and a Hung Shing temple.[18]
HK WaiNoiTsuen2.JPG
HK WaiLoiTsuenTinHauTemple.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Tai Tau Leng
()
Sheung Shui

22°30?08?N 114°07?21?E / 22.50216°N 114.122628°E / 22.50216; 114.122628 (Tai Tau Leng)
HK TaiTauLeng.JPG
N/A N/A
Hakka Wai
()
Sheung Shui

22°30?11?N 114°07?09?E / 22.503143°N 114.119060°E / 22.503143; 114.119060 (Hakka Wai)
A Hakka walled village located in the Tsung Pak Long area. Construction of the village started in the 1900s-1910s and was completed by 1920.[19]
HK PakLong HakkaWai Entrance.JPG
Tsung Pak Long.jpg
N/A
Ho Sheung Heung Lo Wai
()
Pak Pin Wai
()
Sheung Shui

22°30?39?N 114°06?31?E / 22.510704°N 114.108594°E / 22.510704; 114.108594 (Ho Sheung Heung)
There are four villages in Ho Sheung Heung, namely Nam Pin Wai, Pak Pin Wai, Chung Sum Tsuen and Chung Wai Tsuen (San Tsuen).[20]
Ho Sheung Heung Lo Wai 01.jpg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Ping Kong
()
Sheung Shui

22°29?26?N 114°07?21?E / 22.490513°N 114.122497°E / 22.490513; 114.122497 (Ping Kong)
The village has a Tin Hau Temple.[21][22]
No image available 600 x 200.svg
HK PingKongTinHauTemple.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Muk Wu
()
Ta Kwu Ling

22°32?22?N 114°07?59?E / 22.539359°N 114.1331°E / 22.539359; 114.1331 (Muk Wu)
Muk Wu door 047.jpg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A

Sha Tin District

Name Alternate name Area and
coordinates
Notes
and links
Gate Shrine or
ancestral hall
Watch tower
Tsang Tai Uk
()
Shan Ha Wai
()
Sha Tin

22°22?26?N 114°11?26?E / 22.3738°N 114.1906°E / 22.3738; 114.1906 (Tsang Tai Uk)
(see "Notable walled villages" above)
HK TsangTaiUk MainEntrance.jpg
TsangTaiUk view.jpg
HK TsangTaiUk CornerBlockhouse.JPG
Chik Chuen Wai
()
Tai Wai
()
Tai Wai

22°22?35?N 114°10?44?E / 22.376275°N 114.178783°E / 22.376275; 114.178783 (Tai Wai)
TaiWaiVillage MainEntrance Front 2007.JPG
Hau Wong Temple, Tai Wai Village 01.jpg
N/A
Tin Sam Wai
()
Tai Wai

22°22?09?N 114°10?40?E / 22.369298°N 114.177826°E / 22.369298; 114.177826 (Tin Sam Wai)
Tin Sam was founded in the late Ming Dynasty.[23] Historic buildings in the village include the Choi,[24][25] Leung[26][27] and Liu ancestral halls,[24] and the Entrance Gate, built during the Qing Dynasty.[28]
TinSamWai.jpg
N/A N/A

Tai Po District

Name Alternate name Area and
coordinates
Notes
and links
Gate Shrine or
ancestral hall
Watch tower
Kei Ling Ha Lo Wai
()
Shap Sze Heung, Sai Kung Peninsula

22°24?40?N 114°16?27?E / 22.410999°N 114.274119°E / 22.410999; 114.274119 (Kei Ling Ha Lo Wai)
HK KeiLingHa LoWai.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Chung Sum Wai
()
Tsing Chuen Wai
()
Tai Hang (Tai Po)

22°28?09?N 114°08?59?E / 22.469228°N 114.149808°E / 22.469228; 114.149808 (Chung Sum Wai)
HK ChungSamWai.JPG
N/A
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Fui Sha Wai
()
Tai Hang (Tai Po)

22°28?12?N 114°09?06?E / 22.469915°N 114.151535°E / 22.469915; 114.151535 (Fui Sha Wai)
The walls of Fui Sha Wai were built by the local villagers in the mid-Ming dynasty. Four watchtowers were built in each corner for fortification. Nowadays, Fui Sha Wai still remains as a village exclusively for the Man clan.
HK TaiHang FuiShaWai.JPG
N/A
20180305 151716 HDR.jpg
Pan Chung
()
Tai Po

22°26?43?N 114°09?57?E / 22.445308°N 114.165748°E / 22.445308; 114.165748 (Pan Chung)
A multi-clan village.

[2] [3] #1403
HK PanChung.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Tai Po Tau Shui Wai
()
Tai Po Tau Lo Wai
()[29]
Tai Wo

22°27?09?N 114°09?27?E / 22.452524°N 114.157438°E / 22.452524; 114.157438 (Tai Po Tau Shui Wai)
Tai Po Tau Shui Wai was established during the Song Dynasty by a branch of the Tang Clan of Kam Tin. The enclosing walls were constructed during the Ming Dynasty.[29]
HK TaiPoTau ShuiWai.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg

Tsuen Wan District

Name Alternate name Area and
coordinates
Notes
and links
Gate Shrine or
ancestral hall
Watch tower
Sam Tung Uk
()
Tsuen Wan

22°22?19?N 114°07?13?E / 22.371934°N 114.120223°E / 22.371934; 114.120223 (Sam Tung Uk)
The former Hakka walled village has been converted into the Sam Tung Uk Museum, and is now a declared monument.
SamTungUk.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A

Tuen Mun District

Name Alternate name Area and
coordinates
Notes
and links
Gate Shrine or
ancestral hall
Watch tower
Chung Uk Tsuen
()
Kwong Tin Wai
()
Lam Tei

22°25?44?N 113°59?33?E / 22.428791°N 113.992418°E / 22.428791; 113.992418 (Chung Uk Tsuen)
The Chungs of Chung Uk Tsuen moved from Dongguan during the Ming dynasty.[30]
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Lam Tei Tsuen
()
Wing On Tsuen
()
Lam Tei

22°25?09?N 113°59?02?E / 22.419186°N 113.984023°E / 22.419186; 113.984023 (Lam Tei Tsuen)
Established by the To (?) Clan[31]
HK LamTei WingOnTsuen.JPG
Lam Tei Tsuen 06.jpg
N/A
Nai Wai
()
Wong Kong Wai
()[31]
Lam Tei

22°25?24?N 113°59?19?E / 22.423307°N 113.988609°E / 22.423307; 113.988609 (Nai Wai)
Established by the To (?) Clan[31]

[4] #1229 #1252

HK LamTei NaiWai.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Sun Fung Wai
()
Lam Tei

22°25?28?N 113°59?19?E / 22.424334°N 113.988679°E / 22.424334; 113.988679 (Sun Fung Wai)
A multi-lineage village established around 300 years ago.[32]

[5] #875 #1262

HK SunFungWai EntranceGate.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Tsing Chuen Wai
()
Mak Yuen Wai
()[31]
Lam Tei

22°25?22?N 113°58?55?E / 22.422667°N 113.981861°E / 22.422667; 113.981861 (Tsing Chuen Wai)
Established by the To (?) Clan about 300 years ago. Tin Hau, Kwan Tai and a Qing official are worshipped in the village shrine.

[6][7][8]

HK LamTei TsingChuenWai.JPG
Tsing Chuen Wai 13.jpg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Tuen Mun San Tsuen
(?)
San Tsuen Wai
()
Tai Yuen Wai
()[31]
Lam Tei

22°25?06?N 113°59?04?E / 22.418229°N 113.984436°E / 22.418229; 113.984436 (Tuen Mun San Tsuen)
Established by the To (?) Clan[31]
Tai Yuen Wai 02.jpg
Tai Yuen Wai 06.jpg
N/A
Tuen Tsz Wai
()
Tin Tsz Wai
()[31][33]
Lam Tei

22°25?18?N 113°58?53?E / 22.421537°N 113.981319°E / 22.421537; 113.981319 (Tuen Tsz Wai)
The village was built by the Siu (?) Clan. It was later settled by the To (?) Clan during the Qing Dynasty.[34] The entrance gate was demolished and was rebuilt further east for feng shui reasons.[33]
HK TuenTszWai Front Gateway.JPG
Village shrine of Tuen Tsz Wai 05.jpg
No image available 600 x 200.svg

Wong Tai Sin District

Name Alternate name Area Notes Gate Shrine Coordinates
and References
Nga Tsin Wai Tsuen
(?)
Hing Yau Yu Tsuen
(?)


()

Wong Tai Sin

22°20?06?N 114°11?36?E / 22.335042°N 114.193354°E / 22.335042; 114.193354 (Nga Tsin Wai Tsuen)
See also "Notable walled villages" above.
HK NgaTsinWaiTsuen2.JPG
HK NgaTsinWaiTinHauTemple.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg

Yuen Long District

Name Alternate name Area and
coordinates
Notes
and links
Gate Shrine or
ancestral hall
Watch tower
Mong Tseng Wai
()
Ha Tsuen

22°28?39?N 114°00?12?E / 22.477555°N 114.003347°E / 22.477555; 114.003347 (Mong Tseng Wai)
Entrance gate of Mong Tseng Wai 06.jpg
Mong Tseng Wai village shrine 02.jpg
N/A
San Wai
()
Ha Tsuen

22°27?06?N 113°59?26?E / 22.451724°N 113.990628°E / 22.451724; 113.990628 (San Wai, Ha Tsuen)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A N/A
Sha Kong Wai
()
Nam She
()
Ha Tsuen

22°27?50?N 113°59?27?E / 22.463893°N 113.990761°E / 22.463893; 113.990761 (Sha Kong Wai)
HK ShaKongWai MainEntrance.JPG
HK ChiHongPoJai ShaKongWai.jpg
N/A
Sik Kong Wai
()
Ha Tsuen

22°26?57?N 113°59?31?E / 22.449158°N 113.991985°E / 22.449158; 113.991985 (Sik Kong Wai)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Tseung Kong Wai
()
Lo Wai
()
Ha Tsuen

22°27?01?N 113°59?16?E / 22.450331°N 113.987727°E / 22.450331; 113.987727 (Tseung Kong Wai)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Tin Sam Tsuen
()
Tin Sam Wai
()
Hung Shui Kiu

22°26?07?N 113°59?31?E / 22.435152°N 113.991898°E / 22.435152; 113.991898 (Tin Sam Tsuen)
HK HaTsuen TinSamTsuen.JPG
HK HungShuiKiu TinSamTsuen Shrine.JPG
N/A
Kat Hing Wai
()
Fui Sha Wai
()
Kam Tin

22°26?23?N 114°03?50?E / 22.43971°N 114.064011°E / 22.43971; 114.064011 (Kat Hing Wai)
(see "Notable walled villages" above)

pp.56-58

HK KatHingWai EntranceGate 2014.jpg
 2.JPG
Kat Hing Wai982.jpg
Tai Hong Wai
()
Kam Tin

22°26?27?N 114°03?55?E / 22.440821°N 114.065154°E / 22.440821; 114.065154 (Tai Hong Wai)
pp.56-58 [9]
HK KamTin TaiHongWai EntranceGate.jpg
HK KamTin TaiHongWai MainShrine.jpg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Wing Lung Wai
()
Kam Tin

22°26?24?N 114°04?02?E / 22.440042°N 114.067235°E / 22.440042; 114.067235 (Wing Lung Wai)
The village was founded in the Chenghua reign (1465-1487). The enclosing wall was built in the Kangxi reign (1661-1722). The moat was reclaimed in the 1960s. The village was earlier called Sha Lan Mei () or Wing Lung Wai (; 'Everlasting Dragon'). The name was changed into the present name in 1905.[35]
HK KamTin WingLungWai EntranceGate.JPG
HK KamTin WingLungWai ChungShingTemple.jpg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Kam Hing Wai
()[36]
Kam Tin

22°26?36?N 114°03?41?E / 22.443324°N 114.061466°E / 22.443324; 114.061466 (Kam Hing Wai)
N/A N/A N/A
Sha Po Tsuen
()
Kam Tin

22°27?12?N 114°03?17?E / 22.453374°N 114.054795°E / 22.453374; 114.054795 (Sha Po Tsuen)
HK KamTin ShaPoTsuen.jpg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Hop Shan Wai
()
Pat Heung

22°25?41?N 114°05?13?E / 22.428009°N 114.086948°E / 22.428009; 114.086948 (Hop Shan Wai)
The walled village forms the core of Lin Fa Tei () Village.
HK LinFaTei PatHeung.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Kiu Tau Wai
()
Ping Shan

22°26?35?N 114°00?15?E / 22.443011°N 114.004257°E / 22.443011; 114.004257 (Kiu Tau Wai)
One of the "Three Wais" of this part of Ping Shan.[37]
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Fui Sha Wai
()
Ping Shan

22°26?18?N 114°00?23?E / 22.438439°N 114.006388°E / 22.438439; 114.006388 (Fui Sha Wai)
One of the "Three Wais" of this part of Ping Shan.[37]
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Sheung Cheung Wai
()
Sheung Cheung Wai
()
Ping Shan

22°26?48?N 114°00?24?E / 22.446739°N 114.006539°E / 22.446739; 114.006539 (Sheung Cheung Wai)
One of the "Three Wais" of this part of Ping Shan.[37] Built about 200 years ago by a line of the Tang Clan from nearby Hang Tau Tsuen.[38] The lower storey of the southwest watchtower remains.[39]
HK PingShan SheungCheungWai.JPG
Ping Shan - Sheung Cheung Wai - Shrine.jpg
Ping Shan - Sheung Cheung Wai.jpg
Shek Po Tsuen
()
Shek Po Wai
()
Ping Shan

22°26?27?N 113°59?46?E / 22.440731°N 113.996217°E / 22.440731; 113.996217 (Shek Po Tsuen)
HK EntranceGate ShekPoWai.jpg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Lam Hau Tsuen
()
Ping Shan

22°26?06?N 114°01?06?E / 22.434992°N 114.018248°E / 22.434992; 114.018248 (Lam Hau Tsuen)
HK PingShan EntranceGate LamHauTsuen.JPG
HK Shrine LamHauTsuen PingShan.JPG
N/A
Shan Ha Tsuen
()
Ping Shan[40]

22°25?56?N 114°00?59?E / 22.432301°N 114.016279°E / 22.432301; 114.016279 (Shan Ha Tsuen)
HK PingShan ShanHaTsuen.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Yan Shau Wai
()
San Tin

22°30?06?N 114°04?30?E / 22.501667°N 114.074958°E / 22.501667; 114.074958 (Yan Shau Wai)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Shek Wu Wai
()
San Tin

22°29?31?N 114°04?21?E / 22.491963°N 114.072452°E / 22.491963; 114.072452 (Shek Wu Wai)
HK SanTin EntranceGate ShekWuWai.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Pok Wai
()
San Tin

22°27?56?N 114°03?08?E / 22.465567°N 114.052331°E / 22.465567; 114.052331 (Pok Wai)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Ma Tin Tsuen
()
Shap Pat Heung

22°26?22?N 114°01?25?E / 22.439415°N 114.023600°E / 22.439415; 114.023600 (Ma Tin Tsuen)
HK ShapPatHeung MaTinTsuen.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Tin Liu Tsuen
()
Shap Pat Heung

22°25?58?N 114°01?29?E / 22.432659°N 114.024738°E / 22.432659; 114.024738 (Tin Liu Tsuen)
The main shrine of the village is dedicated to Tai Wong, who is considered to be the protective deity of the village. Rebuilt in 1935, it lies on the central axis of the village together with the Entrance Gate.[41]
HK ShapPatHeung TinLiuTsuen EntranceGate.JPG
HK ShapPatHeung TinLiuTsuen MainShrine.JPG
N/A
Muk Kiu Tau Tsuen
(?)
Shap Pat Heung

22°25?45?N 114°01?29?E / 22.429304°N 114.024706°E / 22.429304; 114.024706 (Muk Kiu Tau Tsuen)
HK ShapPatHeung MukKiuTauTsuen EntranceGate.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Shui Tsiu San Tsuen
(?)
Shap Pat Heung

22°25?32?N 114°01?41?E / 22.425522°N 114.028128°E / 22.425522; 114.028128 (Shui Tsiu San Tsuen)
Front gate was destroyed and rebuilt in 2017 by village residents. Some ruins from original buildings still remain.
HK ShapPatHeung ShuiChiuSanTsuen.JPG
HK ShapPatHeung ShuiTsiuSanTsuen FukHingTong (Shrine).JPG
N/A
Pak Sha Tsuen
()
Shap Pat Heung

22°25?17?N 114°01?17?E / 22.421452°N 114.021485°E / 22.421452; 114.021485 (Pak Sha Tsuen)
HK PakShaWai Entrance.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Shui Pin Wai
()
Wang Chau

22°26?41?N 114°01?07?E / 22.444826°N 114.01853°E / 22.444826; 114.01853 (Shui Pin Wai)
N/A
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Chung Sam Wai
()
Wang Chau

22°27?14?N 114°01?37?E / 22.453761°N 114.026896°E / 22.453761; 114.026896 (Chung Sam Wai)
HK WangChau ChungSamWai.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
N/A
Tai Tseng Wai
()
Wang Chau

22°27?47?N 114°01?14?E / 22.462993°N 114.020643°E / 22.462993; 114.020643 (Tai Tseng Wai)
[10]
HK TaiTsengWai EntranceGate.jpg
HK TaiTsengWai Shrine.jpg
N/A
Nam Pin Wai
()
Yuen Long Kau Hui

22°26?51?N 114°01?59?E / 22.447448°N 114.033032°E / 22.447448; 114.033032 (Nam Pin Wai)
HK NamBinWai.jpg
Tai Wong Temple Cheung Shing Street 01.jpg
N/A
Sai Pin Wai
()
Yuen Long Kau Hui

22°26?53?N 114°01?56?E / 22.448132°N 114.03221°E / 22.448132; 114.03221 (Sai Pin Wai)
HK SaiPinWai.JPG
YuenKwanYiTaiTemple2014.JPG
N/A
Tai Wai Tsuen
()
22°26?49?N 114°02?16?E / 22.447055°N 114.037670°E / 22.447055; 114.037670 (Tai Wai Tsuen) Yuen Long Kau Hui

The village was founded by the Wong clan and the Choi clan around the early 16th century.[42]

[11]
HK ShapPatHeung TaiWaiTsuenN.JPG
Tai Wai Tsuen 08.jpg
N/A
Ying Lung Wai
()
Yuen Long Kau Hui

22°26?50?N 114°02?13?E / 22.447188°N 114.036905°E / 22.447188; 114.036905 (Ying Lung Wai)
The village was established by a branch of the Kam Tin Tangs, who were originally in Nam Pin Wai but moved to the area to establish the village due to feng shui reasons.[43]
HK ShapPatHeung YingLunWai.JPG
Ying Lung Wai 16.jpg
N/A
Tai Kiu
()
West of Yuen Long Kau Hui

22°26?48?N 114°01?37?E / 22.446695°N 114.026855°E / 22.446695; 114.026855 (Tai Kiu)
HK TaiYiuTsuen Gateway.JPG
N/A N/A

Other fenced villages

A number of old villages in Hong Kong have a wall, built for defensive or feng shui purposes, and an entrance gate, but are not considered as traditional walled villages. They include:

Name Alternate name Area and
coordinates
Notes
and links
Gate Shrine or
ancestral hall
Watch tower
Pak Mong
()
Lantau Island, Islands District
22°17?43?N 113°58?17?E / 22.29537°N 113.97129°E / 22.29537; 113.97129 (Pak Mong)
HK TungChung EntranceGate PakMong.jpg
N/A
HK TungChung PakMongTsuen Watchtower.jpg
Sha Lo Wan Tsuen
(?)
Lantau Island, Islands District

22°17?07?N 113°54?09?E / 22.285178°N 113.902587°E / 22.285178; 113.902587 (Sha Lo Wan Tsuen)
Sha Lo Wan Tsuen Entrance Gate 02.jpg
N/A N/A
Wing Ning Tsuen
()
Lung Yeuk Tau, Fanling, North District

22°30?04?N 114°09?03?E / 22.50103°N 114.1508°E / 22.50103; 114.1508 (Wing Ning Tsuen)
Lung Yeuk Tau - Wing Ning Tsuen.jpg
N/A N/A
Chow Tin Tsuen
()
Ta Kwu Ling, North District

22°32?10?N 114°08?43?E / 22.535984°N 114.145249°E / 22.535984; 114.145249 (Chow Tin Tsuen)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Lai Chi Wo
()
Sha Tau Kok, North District

22°31?37?N 114°15?34?E / 22.526811°N 114.259333°E / 22.526811; 114.259333 (Lai Chi Wo)
Hakka village.
HK LaiChiWo MainEntranceGateway.JPG
HK LaiChiWo HipTinTemple & HokShanMonastery.JPG
N/A
Sheung Yiu Village
()
Pak Tam Chung, Sai Kung District

22°23?33?N 114°19?18?E / 22.392464°N 114.321689°E / 22.392464; 114.321689 (Sheung Yiu)
Hakka village.
Image-Sheung Yiu Folk Museum2.JPG
N/A N/A
Pak Sha O
()
Sai Kung North, Tai Po District

22°26?56?N 114°19?10?E / 22.4489°N 114.31955°E / 22.4489; 114.31955 (Pak Sha O)
HK PakShaO HoResidence EntranceHall.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
HK PakShaO HoResidence Watchtower.JPG
Pak Sha O Ha Yeung
()
Sai Kung North, Tai Po District

22°27?29?N 114°19?31?E / 22.458068°N 114.325200°E / 22.458068; 114.325200 (Pak Sha O Ha Yeung)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Tung Tau Tsuen
()
Ha Tsuen, Yuen Long District

22°27?11?N 113°59?34?E / 22.452966°N 113.99272°E / 22.452966; 113.99272 (Tung Tau Tsuen (Ha Tsuen))
HK HaTsuen TungTauTsuen EntranceGate.jpg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Wang Toi Shan Wing Ning Lei
()
Pat Heung, Yuen Long District

22°26?31?N 114°05?45?E / 22.442013°N 114.095724°E / 22.442013; 114.095724 (Wang Toi Shan Wing Ning Lei)
HK WangToiShan WingNingLei EntranceGate.JPG
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Wing Ping Tsuen
()
San Tin, Yuen Long District

22°30?02?N 114°04?35?E / 22.50061°N 114.076515°E / 22.50061; 114.076515 (Wing Ping Tsuen)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Yeung Ka Tsuen
()
Shap Pat Heung, Yuen Long District

22°24?40?N 114°01?14?E / 22.411001°N 114.020630°E / 22.411001; 114.020630 (Yeung Ka Tsuen)
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
No image available 600 x 200.svg
Ng Uk Tsuen
()
Wang Chau, Yuen Long District

22°27?53?N 114°01?17?E / 22.464680°N 114.021255°E / 22.464680; 114.021255 (Ng Uk Tsuen)
The village features a Tin Hau Temple.

[12]
HK WangChau NgUkTseng EntranceGate.jpg
Tin Hau Temple, Tai Tseng Wai 01.jpg
N/A

Non-walled 'wai'

The following villages are neither current nor former walled villages, despite the wai in their name:[44]

See also

References

  1. ^ Wertz, Richard R. "The Cultural Heritage of China :: The Arts :: Architecture :: Walled Villages of Hong Kong". www.ibiblio.org. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ Jeffrey W. Cody and James R. Richardson (1997). "Urbanizing forest and Village Trees in Hong Kong's Sha Tin Valley, 1976-1997" (PDF). Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review. IX (1): 24.
  3. ^ Planning Department - Historical Background
  4. ^ HK Yahoo News
  5. ^ Antiquities Advisory Board. Historic Building Appraisal: Hung Shing Temple, Hung Leng Tsuen
  6. ^ a b c Agreement No. CE 45/2008 (CE) Liantang / Heung Yuen Wai Boundary Control Point and Associated Works -Environmental Impact Assessment Report. Appendix 12.2f: Detailed Records of Identified Built Heritage Features within CHIA Study Area of the Lau Shui Heung Tunnel Section (South Tunnel)
  7. ^ a b c d e f Antiquities and Monuments Office: Lung Yeuk Tau Heritage Trail
  8. ^ Antiquities and Monuments Office: Ma Wat Wai: Declared monument on AMO website
  9. ^ Ma Wat Wai
  10. ^ Antiquities and Monuments Office: Kun Lung Gate Tower: Declared monument
  11. ^ Antiquities and Monuments Office: Kun Lung Walls
  12. ^ Antiquities and Monuments Office: San Wai
  13. ^ Antiquities and Monuments Office: Tung Kok Wai
  14. ^ Antiquities and Monuments Office: Wing Ning Wai
  15. ^ Antiquities and Monuments Offices: Ha Pak Tsuen - History
  16. ^ Christopher DeWolf, "At the end of the line: Sheung Shui Village", CNN GO, 5 May, 2010
  17. ^ Planning Department: Fanling & Sheung Shui - Historical Background
  18. ^ East Rail Extension Project: Test Pits Results and Cross-Section Drawings. Items #219, 220, 221 on map: [1]
  19. ^ Antiquities Advisory Board. Historic Building Appraisal: Hakka Wai - Residential Houses
  20. ^ Antiquities and Monuments Office: Ho Sheung Heung: History
  21. ^ Lonely Planet: Ping Kong
  22. ^ Chinese Temples Committee: Tin Hau Temple, Ping Kong
  23. ^ Antiquities Advisory Board. Historic Building Appraisal: Entrance Gate, Tin Sam
  24. ^ a b Antiquities Advisory Board. Historic Building Appraisal: Choi Ancestral Hall, No. 142 Tin Sam
  25. ^ Antiquities Advisory Board. Historic Building Appraisal: Che Kung Temple, Che Kung Miu Road, Tai Wai
  26. ^ SCL - NEX/2206 EIA Study for Tai Wai to Hung Hom Section. Environmental Impact Assessment Report.Appendix 4.3. Built Heritage Survey. October 2011
  27. ^ East Rail Extensions - Tai Wai to Ma On Shan. Environmental Impact Assessment Report. Archaeological and Cultural Resources, 1999
  28. ^ SCL - NEX/2206 EIA Study for Tai Wai to Hung Hom Section, Final Environmental Impact Assessment Report, Figure 4.2.1. Locations of Known Built Heritages (Sheet 1 of 8), October 2011. Shows the location of the historic buildings of Tin Sam Village.
  29. ^ a b Antiquities and Monuments Office: Tai Po Tau Shui Wai
  30. ^ Brief Information_ on proposed Grade III Items. Item #689 Archived 21 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ a b c d e f g Antiquities and Monuments Office: Tsing Chuen Wai - History
  32. ^ Brief Information on proposed Grade III Items. Item #875 Archived 21 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ a b Tuen Tsz Wai Building Complex, Hulu Culture
  34. ^ Antiquities and Monuments Office: Tuen Tsz Wai - History
  35. ^ Brief Information on Proposed Grade III Items. Item #906 Archived 22 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  36. ^ Introduction to 1444 Historic Buildings. Item #505
  37. ^ a b c Antiquities and Monuments Office: Ping Shan Heritage Trail
  38. ^ Antiquities and Monuments Office: Sheung Cheung Wai
  39. ^ Antiquities Advisory Board. Historic Building Appraisal: Entrance Gate, Sheung Cheung Wai, Hang Tau Tsuen
  40. ^ Brief history of Shan Ha Tsuen
  41. ^ Introduction to 1444 Historic Buildings, p.913
  42. ^ Antiquities Advisory Board. Historic Building Appraisal: Entrance Gate, Tai Wai Tsuen, Yuen Long
  43. ^ Antiquities Advisory Board. Historic Building Appraisal: No. 24 Lee Yick Street, Yuen Long Kau Hui
  44. ^ Ip, Hing-fong (1995). An historical geography of the walled villages of Hong Kong (Postgraduate Thesis, Master of Philosophy). University of Hong Kong.

External links

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Walled_villages_of_Hong_Kong
 



 



 
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