Wanzhou District
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Wanzhou District
Wanzhou

The Yangtze River / Three Gorges reservoir at Wanzhou
The Yangtze River / Three Gorges reservoir at Wanzhou
Wanzhou District in Chongqing
Wanzhou District in Chongqing
Coordinates: 30°48?27?N 108°24?31?E / 30.8076°N 108.4086°E / 30.8076; 108.4086Coordinates: 30°48?27?N 108°24?31?E / 30.8076°N 108.4086°E / 30.8076; 108.4086
CountryPeople's Republic of China
MunicipalityChongqing
Area
 o District3,457 km2 (1,335 sq mi)
 o Urban
80 km2 (30 sq mi)
Population
(2013)
 o District1,753,500
 o Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 o Urban
 (2018)[1]
700,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
GDP2013
 - TotalCNY 70.23 billion
(US$ 11.46 billion)
 - Per capitaCNY 43,197
(US$ 7,047)
Licence plate prefix?F
Websitewz.gov.cn

Wanzhou District (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Wànzh?u Q?) is Chongqing's second most populated urban core area on the upper reaches of the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River in China. It is currently governed as a district of Chongqing Municipality, bordering Sichuan to the northwest and Hubei to the southeast. It was formerly known as Wanxian or Wan County (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Wànxiàn). Prior to Chongqing's formation as a direct-controlled municipality, Wanzhou was part of Sichuan province. The urban core of Wanzhou is 228 km (142 mi) away from Chongqing's city proper.

"Wanzhou" literally means "myriad-prefecture", where "a myriad rivers converge and a myriad traders gather" (). Due to the construction of the Three Gorges Dam, 47% of Wanzhou's old urban area will be underwater by the time the reservoir is filled. Buildings in the submerged area have been torn down and new ones rebuilt on higher ground.

History

An old stone bridge

The district was part of Wanxian Prefecture (?), then the prefectural Wanxian City (). It was renamed to Wanzhou in late 1990s.

It was part of Quren County of Ba Commandery () in the Qin Dynasty. It became Yangqu County () in 216 (the Eastern Han Dynasty). In 230 (the Shu-Han Kingdom), it was renamed to Nanpu (); in 553 (the Western Wei dynasty), to Yuquan (); in 557 (Northern Zhou Dynasty), to Anxiang (); in 584, to Wanchuan (); and in 598 (Sui Dynasty), to Nanpu again.

In 619 (Tang Dynasty), Nanpu Commandery () was established. In 625, the name was changed to Pu Prefecture (), and in 634, to Wan Prefecture (; Wànzh?u). In 1373 (Yuan Dynasty), Wan was demoted to a county (; Wànxiàn).

In the 19th century, it was known in English as Wanhsien and Wan County. In 1935, it became Wanxian Prefecture (?). On December 12, 1992, the State Council abolished Wanxian Prefecture and its subordinate Wanxian City and created the prefecture-level Wanxian City, which administered the districts of Longbao (), Tiancheng (), Wuqiao () and the counties of Kai, Zhong, Liangping, Yunyang, Fengjie, Wushan, Wuxi, and Chengkou.

The entire Wanxian City was merged into Chongqing on December 20, 1997. The merge necessitated the abolishment of Wanxian City and creation of Wanxian District and Wanxian Migration Development Area (). Wanxian City's three districts were converted to administrative committees (, abbreviated ) of Wanxian District. The migration development area included the counties formerly in Wanxian City, except Liangping and Chengkou, which were administered by Chongqing directly.

On May 22, 1998, the State Council approved that the two areas named Wanxian were both renamed to Wanzhou. The migration development area later dissolved and its counties were directly controlled by Chongqing. On July 19, 2000, the district's administrative committees were changed to migration development areas.

Sports

The 26,000-capacity Wanzhou Pailou Sports Stadium is located in Wanzhou. It is used mostly for association football and also sometimes for athletics. One stand is covered with a roof.

Geography and climate

Wanzhou spans 30°24?-31°14? N latitude and 107°55?-108°53? E longitude, and is situated at the eastern edge of the Sichuan Basin. It reaches a maximal north-south extent of 67.25 km (41.79 mi) and east-west width of 97.25 km (60.43 mi), covering an area of 3,214 km2 (1,241 sq mi). Elevations range from 106 m (348 ft) in the town of Tailong () to 1,762 m (5,781 ft) at Shaping Peak () of the Qiyao Mountains ().[2] Bordering county-level divisions:

Similar to the city proper of Chongqing, Wanzhou has a monsoon-humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with short, mild winters, and very hot, humid summers, and is in fact on average 0.5 °C (0.9 °F) warmer during the day. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 7.0 °C (44.6 °F) in January to 28.3 °C (82.9 °F) in August, while the annual mean is 17.95 °C (64.3 °F).

Climate data for Wanzhou District (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
24.6
(76.3)
32.5
(90.5)
36.5
(97.7)
39.5
(103.1)
38.6
(101.5)
40.6
(105.1)
42.1
(107.8)
41.2
(106.2)
35.8
(96.4)
28.2
(82.8)
19.5
(67.1)
42.1
(107.8)
Average high °C (°F) 10.4
(50.7)
12.8
(55.0)
17.4
(63.3)
23.2
(73.8)
27.4
(81.3)
29.8
(85.6)
33.4
(92.1)
34.3
(93.7)
28.7
(83.7)
22.9
(73.2)
17.6
(63.7)
12.0
(53.6)
22.5
(72.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
8.7
(47.7)
12.8
(55.0)
18.1
(64.6)
22.4
(72.3)
25.2
(77.4)
28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
23.8
(74.8)
18.6
(65.5)
13.6
(56.5)
8.8
(47.8)
18.0
(64.4)
Average low °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
5.8
(42.4)
9.4
(48.9)
14.4
(57.9)
18.8
(65.8)
21.8
(71.2)
24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
20.6
(69.1)
15.8
(60.4)
11.0
(51.8)
6.6
(43.9)
14.8
(58.6)
Record low °C (°F) -3.4
(25.9)
-1.7
(28.9)
-0.1
(31.8)
2.6
(36.7)
11.2
(52.2)
15.4
(59.7)
17.6
(63.7)
18.1
(64.6)
13.4
(56.1)
5.3
(41.5)
0.8
(33.4)
-3.7
(25.3)
-3.7
(25.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15.5
(0.61)
17.1
(0.67)
43.2
(1.70)
101.9
(4.01)
170.9
(6.73)
210.5
(8.29)
200.3
(7.89)
146.8
(5.78)
154.1
(6.07)
104.6
(4.12)
45.5
(1.79)
18.6
(0.73)
1,229
(48.39)
Average precipitation days 7.7 7.7 11.2 14.6 15.6 15.2 12.7 10.9 12.9 13.7 10.3 8.5 141.0
Source: Weather China

Subdivisions

The 4 primary subdivisions were 3 migration development areas (Longbao, Tiancheng, Wuqiao) and Jiangnan New District (?). Now Wanzhou is subdivided into 92 township divisions are 16 sub-districts, 33 towns, and 43 townships (see Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China#Levels). In 2000, the district included 32 towns, 45 townships, 14 sub-districts, and 1277 neighborhood and village committees.

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[3] Area (km2)
Gaosuntang Subdistrict G?os?ntáng Ji?dào 103,982 3
Taibai Subdistrict ? Tàibái Ji?dào 108,387 13.1
Pailou Subdistrict ? Páilóu Ji?dào 104,351 9.8
Shuanghekou Subdistrict Shu?nghék?u Ji?dào 33,715 23
Longdu Subdistrict ? Lóngd?u Ji?dào 36,134 24
Zhoujiaba Subdistrict Zh?uji?bà Ji?dào 88,494 12
Shahe Subdistrict ? Sh?hé Ji?dào 24,915 11.2
Zhonggulou Subdistrict Zh?ngg?lóu Ji?dào 85,873 38.7
Bai'anba Subdistrict B?i'?nbà Ji?dào 91,947 15.8
Wuqiao Subdistrict ? W?qiáo Ji?dào 20,672 25.7
Chenjiaba Subdistrict Chénji?bà Ji?dào 24,745 34.75
Xiaozhou town Xi?ozh?u Zhèn 9,136 49
Dazhou town Dàzh?u Zhèn 12,184 64
Xinxiang town X?nxi?ng Zhèn 6,683 140.2
Sunjia town S?nji? Zhèn 9,737 46.6
Gaofeng town G?of?ng Zhèn 19,550 46.2
Longsha town Lóngsh? Zhèn 28,127 25
Xiangshui town Xi?ngshu? Zhèn 16,889 59.5
Wuling town W?líng Zhèn 24,632 34.4
Rangdu town Ràngdù Zhèn[4] 11,613 30.7
Ganning town G?nníng Zhèn 30,873 104.8
Tiancheng town Ti?nchéng Zhèn 41,762 52.4
Xiongjia town Xióngji? Zhèn 33,176 82.5
Gaoliang town G?oliáng Zhèn 49,357 37.7
Lihe town L?hé Zhèn 23,264 38.7
Fenshui town F?nshu? Zhèn 60,308 220.96
Yujia town Yúji? Zhèn 30,454 78.2
Houshan town Hòush?n Zhèn 15,338 78.86
Danzi town Dànz? Zhèn 18,318 54.6
Changling town Zh?ngl?ng Zhèn 34,962 53.2
Xintian town X?ntián Zhèn 34,145 104.4
Baiyang town Báiyáng Zhèn 38,078 34.4
Longju town Lóngj? Zhèn 31,982 241.5
Zouma town Z?um? Zhèn 26,017 76.5
Luotian town Lu?tián Zhèn 27,669 81.7
Tailong town Tàilóng Zhèn 14,148 63
Changtan town Chángt?n Zhèn 17,904 101.3
Tai'an town Tài'?n Zhèn 19,583 47.2
Baitu town Báit? Zhèn 16,790 54.6
Guocun town Gu?c?n Zhèn 21,326 24.4
Zhushan Township Zhùsh?n Xi?ng 16,331 53.9
Tiefeng Township Ti?f?ng Xi?ng 7,934 50
Xikou Township X?k?u Xi?ng 5,695 39.2
Changping Township Chángpíng Xi?ng 8,580 44.3
Yanshan Township Yànsh?n Xi?ng 9,845 56.4
Lishu Township Líshù Xi?ng 6,116 51.02
Puzi Township P?zi Xi?ng 8,295 85.7
Huangbo Township Huángbò Xi?ng 10,949 31
Jiuchi Township Ji?chí Xi?ng 17,705 21.5
Cizhu Township Cízhú Xi?ng 5,272 37.8
Debao Tujia Ethnic Township Deb?o T?ji?zú Xi?ng 5,502 44.4
Henghe Tujia Ethnic Township Hénghé T?ji?zú Xi?ng 13,606 81.9

Colleges and universities

  • Chongqing Three Gorges University ()[5]
  • Chongqing Three Gorges Medical College ()[6]
  • Chongqing Three Gorges Polytechnic College ()[7]
  • Chongqing Information Technology College (?)[8]
  • Chongqing Preschool Education College ()[9]
  • Chongqing Vocational Institute of Safety & Technology (?)[10]
  • Chongqing Science And Technology Career Academy ()

Transport

Wanzhou has three Yangtze River crossings. It has two railway stations: Wanzhou North offers high-speed service and Wanzhou offers infrequent conventional services.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. ^ 1. . 1995.[full ]
  3. ^ Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (2012). 2010? (1 ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  4. ^ [Contemporary Chinese Dictionary] (in Chinese) (7 ed.). 2016. p. 1092. ? ràng (Ràngdù Hé),,?
  5. ^ . 780? 666?
  6. ^ . 366?
  7. ^ . 8?(?)
  8. ^ . 88?(?) (?)
  9. ^ [1]. 1?
  10. ^ ?. 583?

External links


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