Waterville, County Kerry
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Waterville, County Kerry

Bronze statue of Charlie Chaplin

Waterville, historically known as Coirean[2] (Irish: An Coireán, meaning "little cauldron"), is a village in County Kerry, Ireland, on the Iveragh Peninsula. The town is sited on a narrow isthmus, with Lough Currane on the east side of the town, and Ballinskelligs Bay on the west, and the Currane River connecting the two.

The town's name in Irish Coireán refers to the shape of Ballinskelligs Bay on which the town sits; the name, however, has been transplanted onto the lake with the Irish name being Loch Luíoch or Loch Luidheach.

The Butler family built a house at the mouth of the River Currane in the latter part of the 18th century. They named their house and estate Waterville. The village that developed on the estate during the first half of the 19th century was also named Waterville.

The N70 Ring of Kerry route passes through the town. As of the 2016 CSO census, Waterville had a population of 462.[1]

History

Pre-history

Evidence of ancient settlemnt in the area include a megalithic tomb at Eightercua. This four-stone alignment (stone-row) is located 1.5 km south-south-east of the village.[3]

Telegraphy

The first successful transatlantic cable was finally laid after a number of attempts in 1865 by the Anglo American Telegraph Company between Heart's Content in Newfoundland and Labrador and Valentia Island near Waterville.

Waterville's role in transatlantic communication came later when in the 1880s, the Mackay-Bennett Commercial Cable Company laid their first Transatlantic telegraph cable from the nearby townland of Spunkane to Hazel Hill, near Canso, Nova Scotia. The cable station brought much activity to Waterville and increased the town's size. Waterville served as the principal European hub for the Commercial Cable Company and as such played a very important role in transforming the accessibility and utilisation of cables as Commercial Cable Company was responsible for introducing competition into the market and lowering of prices.

Telegraph cables

On 13 July 1866, SS Great Eastern steamed westward from Valentia Island laying telegraph cable behind her. The successful landing at Heart's Content, Newfoundland on 27 July, established the first telegraph link between Europe and North America.

Later, additional cables were laid from Valentia Island and new stations opened at Ballinskelligs (1874) and Waterville (1884) making County Kerry a focal point for intercontinental communication. The Commercial Cable Company were able to lay cables from Waterville to Canso, Nova Scotia, with onward connections. Connections from Waterville to Weston-super-Mare in England and Le Havre in France were soon established. During the Civil War, the communication system between Paris and New York went down on 7 August 1922 when IRA irregulars seized Waterville.[4]

In July 2000, the cable stations received an International Milestone Heritage Site Award from the IEEE (Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers Inc USA) for their significance in the history of electrical science. The Kerry cable stations are recognised as World Heritage Communications Sites.[5]

Waterville's cable station history is outlined in an exhibition in the Tech Amergin centre,[6] and the remaining structures and locations feature in the Waterville Heritage Trail.[7]

Community

Charlie Chaplin and his family first visited the town in 1959. They then returned to holiday in the town every year for over ten years. The community continued the connection to Chaplin by obtaining permission from the Charlie Chaplin estate to hold the inaugural Charlie Chaplin Comedy Film Festival in the spirit of Charlie Chaplin. The first festival was held in August 2011.[8]

The Tech Amergin adult education centre (named after Amergin Glúingel, a mythical explorer to the area) is used as a venue for events, shows and exhibitions, and vocational training.[9]

Waterville Golf Links

Sport

Waterville Golf links has been voted the 5th best golf course in UK and Ireland.[when?] The newer Skellig's Bay Golf Club was listed as 67th in the same vote.[]

Waterville GAA is the local Gaelic Athletic Association club. The club's facilities have been rebuilt and include a gym.[]

People

Mick O'Dwyer statue
  • Charlie Chaplin and his family visited the town as a favoured holiday spot. There is a statue of Chaplin in the centre of the village in his memory.
  • Mick O'Dwyer, Gaelic footballer and former Kerry senior football manager, is from the area. There is also a statue to O'Dwyer in the town.
  • The Marquess of Lansdowne, the Hartopps and the Butlers were landowners and landlords in the area. Both the Hartopps and Butlers were considered good landlords who were helpful to tenants and created employment. In a tourist guide of the 1860s, the Hartopp Arms Hotel and Butler's Arms were described as "stately" and "comfortable" respectively.[10] The Hartopp Arms, later known as the Southern Lake Hotel, was demolished and the Waterville Lake Hotel constructed in its place at the beginning of the 1970s.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Census 2016 Sapmap Area - Settlements - Waterville-Spunkane". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. 2016. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Placenames Database of Ireland". Logainm.ie. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ "Eightercua Stone Row". megalithicireland.com. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "US Cable Cut". The Times. 8 August 1922.
  5. ^ "Milestones:County Kerry Transatlantic Cable Stations, 1866 - Engineering and Technology History Wiki". ethw.org. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ "Tech Amergin | Community Arts and Education Centre, On The Ring of Kerry, Waterville, Co. Kerry, Ireland". Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ "Waterville Heritage Trail" (PDF). watervilleheritagetrail.com. IRD Waterville Limited. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 May 2016.
  8. ^ McNamara, Eimhin. "Charlie Chaplin Comedy Film Festival". Chaplinfilmfestival.com. Retrieved 2011.
  9. ^ "Adult Education Centre, and events venue". Techamergin.com. Retrieved 2011.
  10. ^ Samuel Carter Hall (1865). A Week at Killarney. p. 158. The stately hotel is "The Hartopp Arms;" the comfortable inn is "The Butler's Arms," kept by "honest Tom Denehy;" the traveller will have his choice

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Waterville,_County_Kerry
 



 



 
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