Village of Westchester
Location of Westchester in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
|o Total||3.69 sq mi (9.55 km2)|
|o Land||3.69 sq mi (9.55 km2)|
|o Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
| o Estimate |
|o Density||4,372.49/sq mi (1,688.32/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Wikimedia Commons||Westchester, Illinois|
The area now known as Westchester was occupied by German farmers beginning in the mid-19th century. Samuel Insull purchased the land in 1924 with plans to develop it for residential use and create an English-style town. As a result, the town's name and the majority of its street names are of English origin.
The Great Depression slowed development during the 1930s, although the population continued to grow. The town's suburban development was stimulated by its being the western terminal of Chicago's rapid transit line. The extension of the line was removed in 1951. But in 1956 the federal government began postwar construction of the Interstate Highway System, resulting in the construction of nearby expressways I-290 and I-294. These have provided residents with convenient travel in the region.
Residential and retail development has consumed nearly all open land within the village, save for the protected 85-acre (340,000 m2) of Wolf Road Prairie. It is the largest black-soil prairie remnant east of the Mississippi River.
Westchester is located at (41.853890, -87.883712).
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,718 people living in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 65.9% White, 14.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.9% of the population.
Westchester is divided among three congressional districts. The areas south of Cermak Road or west of Haase and Burns avenues are in Illinois' 3rd congressional district; nearly all of the areas east of Mannheim Road and east of Mayfair Avenue, between Canterbury Street and Dorchester Avenue, are in the 7th district; and the area in between (primarily Oak Ridge and Glen Oak cemeteries) is in the state's 4th district.
Westchester is home to Westbrook Corporate Center, located at Wolf Road and Cermak Road. Constructed in 1986 and renovated in 1996, the complex consists of five 10-story towers encompassing more than 1 million square feet (90,000 m²) of office space. Westbrook Corporate Center has won the 2000/2001 BOMA- International Office Building of the Year Award, 2000/2001 BOMA- North Central Region Office Building of the Year Award, and 1998/1999, 1999/2000, 2000/2001 BOMA- Suburban Chicago Office Building of the Year Award.
According to the Village's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|1||G4S Secure Solutions Inc|
|2||Corn Products International (Ingredion)|
|4||Chicago Laborers Pension & Welfare Funds|
|5||CommScope Corp (Andrew Solutions)|
|6||Insurance Auto Auctions|
|7||Yellow Book USA, Inc|
|8||Revenue Cycle Solutions|
|9||Per Mar Security Services|
|10||Healthcare Financial Management Association|
In addition Hillside School District 93, which operates a single K-8 school in Hillside, serves a section of Westchester. In 1968 the school district proposed a bond for a junior high school, on a 12.5-acre (5.1 ha) parcel of land in Westchester. The voters rejected the referendum and the plans were scrapped. The president of Concord Homes, Roger Mankedick, stated in a Chicago Sun-Times stated that the student population that was supposed to surround the school never came. The Chicago Tribune stated there was a decline in students in the area surrounding the school site. In 1998 the district instead sold the land to Concord Homes for $2.6 million.
Proviso Township High Schools district serves high school residents. Zoned students attend Proviso West High School in Hillside. Westchester residents may apply to Proviso Math & Science Academy in Forest Park.
The following private schools are located in the village: