Western Wei
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Western Wei
Western Wei

535-557
Western Wei and neighbors
Western Wei and neighbors
CapitalChang'an
GovernmentMonarchy
Emperor 
o 535-551
Emperor Wen of Western Wei
o 552-554
Emperor Fei of Western Wei
o 554-557
Emperor Gong of Western Wei
Historical eraSouthern and Northern Dynasties
o Establishment of Eastern Wei, start of division of Northern Wei
8 November 534[2]
Emperor Wen's ascension, often viewed as establishment
18 February 535[1] 535
o Disestablished
14 February 557[3] 557
Area
557[4]1,300,000 km2 (500,000 sq mi)
CurrencyChinese coin,
Chinese cash
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Today part ofChina
History of China
History of China
ANCIENT
Neolithic c. 8500 - c. 2070 BC
Xia c. 2070 - c. 1600 BC
Shang c. 1600 - c. 1046 BC
Zhou c. 1046 - 256 BC
 Western Zhou
 Eastern Zhou
   Spring and Autumn
   Warring States
IMPERIAL
Qin 221-207 BC
Han 202 BC - 220 AD
  Western Han
  Xin
  Eastern Han
Three Kingdoms 220-280
  Wei, Shu and Wu
Jin 266-420
  Western Jin
  Eastern Jin Sixteen Kingdoms
Northern and Southern dynasties
420-589
Sui 581-618
Tang 618-907
  (Wu Zhou 690-705)
Five Dynasties and
Ten Kingdoms

907-979
Liao 916-1125
Song 960-1279
  Northern Song Western Xia
  Southern Song Jin
Yuan 1271-1368
Ming 1368-1644
Qing 1636-1912
MODERN
Republic of China 1912-1949
People's Republic of China 1949-present

The Western Wei (;[5]Chinese: ; pinyin: X? Wèi) followed the disintegration of the Northern Wei, and ruled northern China from 535 to 557. As with the Northern Wei state that preceded it, the ruling family of Western Wei were members of the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei.

After the Xianbei general Yuwen Tai killed the Northern Wei emperor Yuan Xiu, he installed Yuan Baoju as emperor of Western Wei while Yuwen Tai would remain as the virtual ruler. Although smaller than the Eastern Wei in territory and population, Western Wei was able to withstand the attacks from the eastern empire. Due to its better economical conditions, Western Wei was even able to conquer the whole western part of the Liang empire in the south and occupied the territory of modern Sichuan. In 557 Yuwen Tai's nephew Yuwen Hu deposed Emperor Gong and placed Yuwen Tai's son Yuwen Jue on the throne, ending Western Wei and establishing Northern Zhou.

Rulers

Posthumous Name Personal Name Period of Reign Era Name
Emperor Wen of Western Wei Yuan Baoju 535-551 Datong () 535-551
Emperor Fei of Western Wei Yuan Qin 551-554 -
Emperor Gong of Western Wei Tuoba Kuo 554-557 -

References

Citations

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 157.
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 156.
  3. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 166.
  4. ^ Rein Taagepera "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D.", Social Science History Vol. 3, 115-138 (1979)
  5. ^ "Wei". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.

Sources


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Western_Wei
 



 



 
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