White House Office
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White House Office

White House Office
US-WhiteHouse-Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed1857; 163 years ago (1857)
HeadquartersWest Wing of the White House
Employees377
Agency executive
Parent agencyExecutive Office of the President of the United States
WebsiteWhite House Office

The White House Office is an entity within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP). The White House Office is headed by the White House chief of staff, who is also the head of the Executive Office of the President.[1] The staff work for and report directly to the president, including West Wing staff and the president's closest advisers. Almost all of the White House Office staff are political appointees of the president, do not require Senate confirmation and can be removed at the discretion of the president.

The staff of the various offices are based in the West Wing and East Wing of the White House, the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, and the New Executive Office Building. Senior staff have the title Assistant to the President, second-level staff have the title Deputy Assistant to the President, and third-level staff have the title Special Assistant to the President.[2] These aides oversee the political and policy interests of the president.

History

The White House Office was established in the Executive Office of the President by Reorganization Plan 1 of 1939 and Executive Order 8248 to provide assistance to the president in the performance of activities incident to his immediate office. The White House Office is organized in accordance with the wishes of each incumbent president and is directed by staff chosen by the president. A staff authorization was initially established in 1978 (92 Stat. 2445). Some presidential boards, committees, and commissions function organizationally as subunits of the White House Office.[3]

Although still a subunit of the EOP, the White House Office remains the center of the presidential staff system. In many ways it is closest to the president both in physical proximity, its top aides occupy most of the offices in the West Wing, and in its impact on the day-to-day operations, deliberations, policy agendas, and public communications of a presidency. During the transition to office and continuing throughout an administration, the president enjoys a great deal of discretion in terms of how the White House Office is organized.[1]

Mission

The issues that confront the United States at any one time cannot be dealt with by the president alone, and therefore he (or she) draws on the expertise of others in the administration and even within an administration as one chief of staff may differ from a predecessor or successor.

While chiefs of staff may differ in the degree of policy advice they provide a president, they are the managers of the White House staff system. At least in theory, they are the coordinators bringing the pieces together; they are the tone-setters and disciplinarians making for good organizational order, and often act as the gatekeeper for the president, overseeing every person, document and communication that goes to the president.[1]

Organization

The White House Office under the administration of Donald Trump as at October 2020 is as follows. Almost all of the White House Office staff are political appointees of the president, do not require Senate confirmation. and can be removed at the discretion of the president.

Office of the Chief of Staff

  • Assistant to the President and White House Chief of Staff: Mark Meadows[4]
      • Deputy Assistant to the President, Senior Advisor to the Chief of Staff and Senior Communications Advisor: Ben Williamson
      • Special Assistant to the President & Director of the Office of the Chief of Staff: Eliza C. Thurston
    • Assistant to the President and White House Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations: Anthony M. Ornato
    • Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy Coordination: Chris Liddell[5]
      • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy White House Policy Coordinator: Nick Butterfield
    • Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Communications: Dan Scavino
  • Assistant to the President and Senior Counselor: Vacant
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Senior Counselor: Hope Renee Hudson[6][7]
  • Assistant to the President and Counselor: Hope Hicks
  • Assistant to the President and Counselor: Derek Lyons
  • Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor: Jared Kushner[6]
    • Special Assistant to the President and Advisor to the Senior Advisor: Cassidy M. Dumbauld
    • Assistant to the President and Special Representative for International Negotiations Avi Berkowitz
  • Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor for Policy: Stephen Miller[6]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Advisor for Policy: John A. Zadrozny
    • Special Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of the Senior Advisor for Policy: Robert Gabriel, Jr
  • Advisor to the President: Ivanka Trump[6]
    • Special Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Advisor: Julie T. Radford
  • Assistant to the President for Planning and Implementation: John C. Fleming[8]
    • Special Assistant to the President and Advisor for Planning: Anthony R. Dolan

Domestic Policy Council

  • Assistant to the President and Director of the Domestic Policy Council: Brooke Rollins (Acting)
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Domestic Policy Council: Jennifer B. Lichter
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Domestic Policy Council: Theodore J. Wold
    • Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy: James S. Baehr
    • Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy: Blake R. Deeley
    • Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy: Benjamin R. Hobbs
    • Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy: James J. Redstone
    • Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy: James B. Sherk
    • Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy: Stephen M. Smith
    • Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy: James H. Williams
    • Office of National AIDS Policy
    • Office of Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships
    • Office of Social Innovation and Civic Participation

National Economic Council

  • Assistant to the President and Director of the National Economic Council: Larry Kudlow[6]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director of the National Economic Council: Francis J. Brooke, Jr
    • Special Assistant to the President and Chief Economist of the National Economic Council: Joseph Lavorgna[9][10]
    • Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy: John G. Crews
    • Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy: Robin C. Colwell
    • Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy: Theodore W. Merkel
    • Special Assistant to the President & Chief of Staff to the Director of the National Economic Council: Susan C. Varga

Office of Cabinet Affairs

  • Assistant to the President and Cabinet Secretary: Kristan King Nevins
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary: Austin J. Agrella
    • Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Cabinet Affairs: Kimberley E. Morrall

Office of Communications

  • Assistant to the President & White House Director of Communications: Vacant
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications: Brian R. Morgenstern
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications: Julia Hahn
    • Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Communications Director for Strategic Messaging: Vacant
    • Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of Communications for Economic Initiatives: Carolina Hurley
  • Assistant to the President & White House Director of Strategic Communications: Alyssa Farah
    • Special Assistant to the President & Director of Speciality Media: Mallory N. Blount
    • Special Assistant to the President & Director of Broadcast Media: Roma S. Daravi
    • Special Assistant to the President & Director of Media Affairs: Josh H. Horstman
    • Special Assistant to the President & Director of Regional Communications: Peter D. Hoffman
    • Special Assistant to the President & Director of Video Production: Alexander J. Anderson
    • Special Assistant to the President & Director of Rapid Response & Surrogate Operations: Phillip A. Mitchell
    • Special Assistant to the President & Director of Research & Deputy Director of Surrogate Operations: Eric L. Schulze
    • Special Assistant to the President & Director of Government Communications: Tori Q. Syrek
  • Office of the Press Secretary
    • Assistant to the President and Press Secretary: Kayleigh McEnany
      • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary: Brian R. Morgenstern
      • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary: Judd Deere
      • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Press Secretary: Sarah A. Matthews
      • Special Assistant to the President and Principal Assistant Press Secretary: Charles P. Gilmartin
      • Assistant Press Secretary: Harrison W. Fields
      • Assistant Press Secretary: Karoline C. Leavitt
      • Assistant Press Secretary: Jalen Drunmond
  • Office of Speechwriting
    • Assistant to the President and Director of Speechwriting: Stephen Miller
      • Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy, Strategy & Speechwriting: Vincent M. Haley
      • Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy, Strategy & Speechwriting: Ross P. Worthington
      • Special Assistant to the President & Speechwriter: Britney L. Baldwin
      • Special Assistant to the President & Speechwriter: Theodore M. Royer

Office of Digital Strategy

  • Interim Chief Digital Officer: Ory S. Rinat[6]
  • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief Digital Officer. Katlyn L. Parnitzke
  • Special Assistant to the President for Digital Strategy: Kate Karnes

Office of Economic Initiatives and Entrepreneurship

  • Assistant to the President & Director of Economic Initiatives: Ivanka Trump
    • Deputy Assistant to the President for Strategic Initiatives: John N. Rader
    • Special Assistant to the President and Director of International Initiatives & Outreach: Stewart B. Young
    • Special Assistant to the President and Director of Domestic Initiatives: Rosemary A. Lahasky

Office of the First Lady

  • Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff & Spokesperson for the First Lady: Stephanie Grisham
    • Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy for the First Lady: Emma K. Doyle
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Operation for the Office of the First Lady: Hayley L. D'Antuono
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and White House Social Secretary: Anna Cristina Niceta Lloyd[11][6]
      • Special Assistant to the President & Deputy Social Secretary: Emily K. Biddle

Office of Information Technology

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of White House Information Technology: Roger L. Stone
  • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director for White House Information Technology: David Lambrecht

Office of Intergovernmental Affairs

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs: Douglas Hoelscher
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs: William F. Crozer
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Intergovernmental Affairs: Nicholas D. Pottebaum
    • Associate Director of Intergovernmental Affairs: Zachery Tate Michael

Office of Legislative Affairs

  • Assistant to the President and Director for Legislative Affairs: Amy Swonger (Acting)
    • Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and House Liaison: Christopher C. Cox
    • Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate Liaison: Amy Swonger
    • Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: Thomas S. Andrews
    • Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: Jeffrey K. Freeland
    • Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: Virginia D. McMillan
    • Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: David M. Planning
    • Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: Sean M. Riley
    • Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: Alec L. Sugarman
    • Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: Adam R. Telle
    • Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: Thomas S. Andrews
    • Special Assistant to the President and coordinator for Legislative Affairs: Cathy A. Hutchinson

Office of Management and Administration

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of White House Management and Administration and Director of the Office of Administration: Monica J. Block
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Management and Administration: Alexandra E. Stone
      • White House Management Office
        • Special Assistant to the President & Director of the White House Management Office: Thomas G. Szabo
      • White House Personnel
        • Special Assistant to the President & Director of White House Personnel: Joy. E. Otaño
      • White House Photo Office
      • White House Switchboard
      • White House Visitors Office
        • Special Assistant to the President & Director of the White House Visitors Office: Dana H. Hurtik
    • Office of Administration

Office of the National Security Advisor

Office of Political Affairs

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs: Brian Jack[6]
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs for Outreach: Alexander S Latcham
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs for Outreach: Alexander R. Willette
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Political Affairs for Policy and Personnel: Gregory L. Smith
    • Special Assistant to the President for Political Affairs: Paige F. Willey
    • Special Assistant to the President for External Affairs & Director of External Affairs: Lauren V. Carter

Office of Presidential Personnel

  • Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel: John McEntee
    • Special Assistant to the President & Associate Director of Presidential Personnel: Matthew A. Buckham
    • Special Assistant to the President & Associate Director of Presidential Personnel: Spencer J. Chretien
    • Special Assistant to the President & Associate Director of Presidential Personnel: Joy E. Otaño
    • Director of Operations of the Office of Presidential Personnel: James Bacon
    • Director of Research for Presidential Personnel: Richard C. Manjarnes
    • Director of Appointments for Presidential Personnel: Brian D. Nieves

Office of Public Liaison

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Public Liaison: Timothy Pataki
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Public Liaison: Jennifer S. Korn[6]
    • Special Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of the Office of Public Liaison: James L. Goyer, IV
    • Special Assistant to the President and Associate Director of the Office of Public Liaison: Andrew H. Giulian
    • Special Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic Partnerships and African American Outreach: Nicole A. Frazier
    • Council on Women and Girls
    • Office of Urban Affairs, Justice and Opportunity

Office of Scheduling and Advance

  • Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and Advance: Robert Peede Jr.
    • Deputy Assistant to the President for Scheduling and Advance: Michael B. Haidet
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance: Max L. Miller
    • Special Assistant to the President for Presidential Appointments & Scheduling: Abigial R. Bacak
    • Special Assistant to the President & Director of White House Travel Office: Bethany L. Pritchard
    • Special Assistant to the President & Trip Director: William S. Russell

Office of American Innovation

  • Assistant to the President & Director of the Office of American Innovation: Jared Kushner
  • Assistant to the President for Strategic Initiatives: Brooke Rollins
    • Deputy Assistant to the President & Deputy Director of the Office of American Innovation: Ja'Ron K. Smith
    • Special Assistant to the President for Innovation Policy & Initiatives: Matthew L. Lira

Office of the Staff Secretary

Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy

  • Assistant to the President and Director of Trade and Manufacturing Policy: Peter Navarro
    • Special Assistant to the President & Counsellor for Trade and Manufacturing: Brendan N. McCommas

Office of the White House Counsel

  • Assistant to the President and Counsel to the President: Pat Cipollone
    • Special Assistant to the President & Senior Advisor to the Counsel to the President: Mary E. Salvi
  • Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President for National Security Affairs and Legal Advisor to the National Security Council: John A. Eisenberg
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Patrick F. Philbin
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Michael M. Purpura
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Kate Comerford Todd
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Scott F. Gast

Oval Office Operations

  • Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office Operations: Nicholas F. Luna
  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the President: Molly A. Michael
  • Special Assistant to the President & Personal Aide to the President: Vacant

White House Fellows

  • Director, President's Commission on White House Fellowships: Elizabeth Pinkerton

White House Military Office

References

  1. ^ a b c John P. Burke. "Administration of the White House". Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Retrieved 2009.
  2. ^ Kumar, Martha Joynt. "Assistants to the President at 18 Months: White House Turnover Among the Highest Ranking Staff and Positions" (PDF). whitehousetransitionproject.org. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ Harold C. Relyea (March 17, 2008). "The Executive Office of the President: An Historical Overview" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 2008.
  4. ^ Merica, Dan (July 31, 2017). "Kelly sworn in as Trump's second chief of staff". CNN. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ Jenna Johnson (March 19, 2018). "Christopher Liddell named White House deputy chief of staff for policy coordination". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j White House Office of Personnel (June 30, 2017). "Annual Report to Congress on White House Office Personnel" (PDF). WhiteHouse.gov. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ "Annual Report to Congress on White House Office Personnel, 2018" (PDF). WhiteHouse.gov. June 29, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ "Meadows Takes Over as White House Chief of Staff". Wall Street Journal. March 30, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ Domm, Patti, "Wall Street economist Joseph LaVorgna joining Kudlow on White House economics team", cnbc.com, March 17 2020. Note: From Natixis, Deutsche Bank and CNBC, among former affiliations and employers. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  10. ^ Stein, Jeff, and Seung Min Kim, "Top congressional aides gather for talks to avert December shutdown", Washington Post, November 19, 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  11. ^ Betsy Klein (February 8, 2017). "Melania Trump hires White House social secretary". CNN. Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ The White House (November 16, 2018). "President Donald J. Trump Announces Intent to Appoint Personnel to Key Administration Post". The White House. Retrieved 2018.

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