|Wild Wild West|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Barry Sonnenfeld|
|Based on||The Wild Wild West|
by Michael Garrison
|Music by||Elmer Bernstein|
|Edited by||Jim Miller|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Box office||$222.1 million|
Wild Wild West is a 1999 American steampunk western action comedy film co-produced and directed by Barry Sonnenfeld, produced by Jon Peters and written by S. S. Wilson and Brent Maddock alongside Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman, from a story by Jim and John Thomas. Loosely adapted from The Wild Wild West 1960s TV series created by Michael Garrison, it is the first (and so far, most recent) production featuring the characters from the original television series in 19 years, following the television film More Wild Wild West (1980).
The film stars Will Smith (who previously collaborated with Sonnenfeld on Men in Black) and Kevin Kline (in a dual role) as two U.S. Secret Service agents who work together in order to protect U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant and the United States from all manner of dangerous threats during the American Old West. The supporting cast features Kenneth Branagh, Salma Hayek, Ted Levine and M. Emmet Walsh, as well as featuring an orchestral film score by Western film score veteran Elmer Bernstein and extensive visual effects courtesy of Industrial Light & Magic.
Released theatrically in the United States on June 30, 1999, by Warner Bros. and produced on a $170 million budget (making it the most expensive film ever made when adjusting for inflation at the time of its release), Wild Wild West was a major commercial disappointment, grossing only $113.8 million domestically and $108.3 million overseas for a worldwide total of $222.1 million. The critical consensus on Rotten Tomatoes calls it a "bizarre misfire in which greater care was lavished upon the special effects than on the script". At the 20th Golden Raspberry Awards, the film was nominated for eight Golden Raspberry Awards and won five, including Worst Picture and Worst Original Song (for the song "Wild Wild West" by Smith).
In 1869, four years after the end of the American Civil War, U.S. Army Captain James T. "Jim" West and U.S. Marshal Artemus Gordon hunt for ex-Confederate General "Bloodbath" McGrath. West is after McGrath for another reason: the general was responsible for the massacre of New Liberty which claimed his parents' lives. U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant informs the two about the disappearance of America's key scientists and a treasonous plot by McGrath, and tasks them with finding the scientists.
Aboard their train The Wanderer, Gordon examines the head of a murdered scientist and found a clue leading them to Dr. Arliss Loveless, a legless ex-Confederate scientist. West and Gordon infiltrate Loveless's party, where they rescue a woman named Rita Escobar. Rita asks for their help in rescuing her father Professor Guillermo Escobar, one of the kidnapped scientists. Loveless holds a demonstration of his newest weapon, a steam-powered tank, and angers McGrath by using his soldiers as target practice. Accusing McGrath of "betrayal" for surrendering at Appomattox, Loveless shoots him and leaves him for dead. Gordon, West, and Rita find the dying McGrath, who reveals he was framed by Loveless for the massacre of New Liberty. The three caught up with Loveless on The Wanderer. After a brief fight, Rita accidentally releases sleeping gas which knocks out West, Gordon and herself.
West and Gordon wake up as Loveless pulls away in The Wanderer with Rita as a hostage, announcing his intention to capture President Grant at the golden spike ceremony and leaving West and Gordon in a deadly trap. Evading the trap, the pair stumble across Loveless's private railroad leading to his industrial complex hidden in Spider Canyon. They witness Loveless's ultimate weapon: a gigantic mechanical spider armed with nitroglycerin cannons. Loveless uses his spider to capture Grant and Gordon at the ceremony. As West attempts to infiltrate the spider, he is shot in the chest by Munitia, one of Loveless's bodyguards. At his complex, Loveless threatens to destroy the United States with his mechanized forces unless Grant divides the states among Great Britain, France, Spain, Mexico, the Native American people and Loveless himself. After Grant refuses, West, having survived the shot, disguises himself as a belly dancer and distracts Loveless, allowing Gordon to free the captives.
Loveless escapes on his mechanical spider while taking Grant with him, and attacks a small town to force Grant to sign the surrender. Using a flying machine, Gordon and West catch up to the spider. West battles the henchmen before confronting Loveless, who is now on mechanical legs. After freeing Grant, Gordon shoots one of Loveless's legs, allowing West to gain the upper hand. As the mechanical spider approaches a cliff, Loveless shoots West with a concealed gun, but instead hits the control and halts it abruptly at the edge of the canyon. West maneuvers himself to safety while Loveless falls to his death. Grant promotes Gordon and West as the first agents of his new United States Secret Service. After Grant departs on The Wanderer to Washington, D.C., West and Gordon reunite with Rita, whom they both attempt to court, but she announces that Professor Escobar is actually her husband. Gordon and West ride into the sunset on the spider.
Variety first reported in January 1992 that Warner Bros. had optioned the film rights to Michael Garrison's television show The Wild Wild West and hired Richard Donner to direct a film adaptation from a screenplay by Shane Black that would have starred Mel Gibson as Jim West (Donner coincidentally directed three episodes of the original series). However, Donner and Gibson left the project to work on a film adaptation of Maverick in 1994. Nonetheless, the project continued in the development stage with Tom Cruise rumored for the lead in 1995. However, Cruise instead starred in a film adaptation of Mission: Impossible the following year.
Discussions with Will Smith and director Barry Sonnenfeld began in February 1997. Warner Bros. pursued George Clooney to co-star as Artemus Gordon, with Kevin Kline, Matthew McConaughey and Johnny Depp also in contention for the role while S. S. Wilson and Brent Maddock were hired by the studio to rewrite the script between April and May 1997. Clooney signed on the following August after dropping out of Jack Frost while Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman were also brought aboard by the studio for another rewrite. Principal photography was expected to begin in January 1998, but was pushed to April 22, 1998. In December 1997, Clooney dropped out after an agreement with Sonnenfeld: "Ultimately, we all decided that rather than damage this project trying to retrofit the role for me, it was better to step aside and let them get someone else."
The film featured several significant changes from the television series. For example, Dr. Loveless -- as portrayed by Kenneth Branagh in the film -- went from a dwarf to a man without legs and confined in a steam-powered wheelchair (similar to that employed by the villain in the episode "The Night of the Brain"); his first name was also changed from Miguelito to Arliss and was given the motive of a Southerner who sought the defeat of the North after the Civil War. Kevin Kline plays Gordon, whose character was similar to the original version portrayed by Ross Martin except that he was much more competitive with Jim West besides being much more egotistical. The film's script had Kline's Gordon create more ridiculous, humorous and implausible inventions than those created by Martin's Gordon in the television series, as well as having an aggressive rivalry with West whereas in the television series he and West had a very close friendship and trusted each other with their lives. While Gordon did indeed impersonate Grant in the series ("The Night of the Steel Assassin", "The Night of the Colonel's Ghost" and "The Night of the Big Blackmail"), they were not played by the same actor. Additionally, on the TV series West was portrayed by Robert Conrad, a Caucasian rather than an African American -- which serves a critical plot point as West's parents were among the victims of Loveless's massacre at New Liberty.
Jon Peters produced the film alongside director Sonnenfeld. In a 2002 Q&A event that appears on An Evening with Kevin Smith, filmmaker Kevin Smith talked about working with Peters on a fifth potential Superman film in 1997, revealing that Peters had three demands for the script. The first demand was that Superman not wear the suit, the second was that Superman not fly and the third was to have Superman fight a giant spider in the third act. After Tim Burton came on board, Smith's script was scrapped and the film was never produced due to further complications. A year later, he noted that Wild Wild West, with Peters on board as producer, was released with the inclusion of a giant mechanical spider in the final act.Neil Gaiman said Peters also insisted that a giant mechanical spider be included in a proposed film adaptation of The Sandman.
Filming began in 1998. The sequences on both Artemus Gordon's and Dr. Loveless's trains interiors were shot on sets at Warner Bros. Burbank Studios, 4000 Warner Boulevard, Burbank, California. The train exteriors were shot in Idaho on the Camas Prairie Railroad. The Wanderer is portrayed by the Baltimore & Ohio 4-4-0 No. 25, one of the oldest operating steam locomotives in the U.S. Built in 1856 at the Mason Machine Works in Taunton, Massachusetts, it was later renamed The "William Mason" in honor of its manufacturer. During pre-production the engine was sent to the steam shops at the Strasburg Rail Road for restoration and repainting. The locomotive is brought out for the B&O Train Museum in Baltimore's "Steam Days". The "William Mason" and the "Inyo" (which was the locomotive used in the original television series) both appeared in the 1956 Disney film The Great Locomotive Chase.
Much of the 'Wild West' footage was shot around Santa Fe, New Mexico, particularly at the western town film set at the Cook Movie Ranch (now Cerro Pelon Ranch). During the shooting of a sequence involving stunts and pyrotechnics, a planned building fire grew out of control and quickly overwhelmed the local fire crews that were standing by. Much of the town was destroyed before the fire was contained.
The film's orchestral score, including its main theme, was composed and conducted by Elmer Bernstein, a veteran of many western film scores such as The Magnificent Seven. The score mainly follows the western genre's symphonic tradition, while at times also acknowledging the film's anachronistic playfulness by employing a more contemporary music style with notable rock percussion and electronic organ. The score also briefly incorporates Richard Markowitz's theme from the television series in one cue (uncredited in the film and not included on the album) - ironically, this was one of the few elements to be faithful to the original television series, which also didn't credit Markowitz for the theme. Additional parts of the score were composed by Bernstein's son Peter while his daughter Emilie served as one of the orchestrators and producers.
Like for most of his films during this period, Will Smith recorded a hip hop song based on the film's plot, also titled "Wild Wild West". "Wild Wild West" was a No.1 hit on the U.S. pop charts, but it also won a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Original Song. It was produced by Rob Fusari, who lifted a sample from Stevie Wonder's 1976 hit "I Wish". The song also features guest vocals from R&B group Dru Hill and was a star-making vehicle for Dru Hill lead singer Sisqó. Old school rapper Kool Moe Dee had recorded a "Wild Wild West" single of his own in 1987, to which he re-performs the chorus from his old "Wild Wild West" as the chorus of this new "Wild Wild West". A performance of the song by Smith, Dee, Dru Hill and Sisqo at the 1999 MTV Movie Awards included Wonder performing a reprise of the chorus on piano.
All music is composed by Elmer Bernstein, except as noted.
|4.||"East Meets West"||1:15|
|5.||"Of Rita, Rescue and Revenge"||5:43|
|6.||"Trains, Tanks and Frayed Ropes" (Composed by Peter Bernstein)||4:03|
|9.||"Goodbye Loveless" (Composed by Peter Bernstein)||4:33|
|10.||"Ride the Spider"||2:14|
Upon release on June 30, 1999, alongside Paramount Pictures and Warner Bros. Pictures' R-rated animated film South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut, several news reports arose stating that adolescent moviegoers purchased tickets into seeing the PG-13-rated Wild Wild West in theaters but instead went to see South Park. This was a result of a film industry crackdown that would make it tougher for children to sneak into R-rated films, as proposed by U.S. President Bill Clinton at the time in response to the moral panic generated by the Columbine High School massacre, which had occurred two months before the release of both films.
Warner Bros. promoted Wild Wild West as an anticipated summer blockbuster instead of Brad Bird's animated film The Iron Giant, which was released two months after Wild Wild West. This sparked controversy as The Iron Giant was becoming more critically successful than the critically panned Wild Wild West upon release, despite eventually under-performing at the box office due to the studio deciding to spend their money on marketing for Wild Wild West among other films.
Wild Wild West grossed $27.7 million in its opening day (Wednesday), ranking first at the North American box office. The film closed on October 7, 1999, after five months, having grossed $113.8 million domestically and $108.3 million overseas for a worldwide total of $222.1 million against a production budget of $170 million.
Wild Wild West was met with mostly negative reviews from film critics. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a "Rotten" score of 17% based on 131 reviews with an average rating of 4.1/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Bombastic, manic, and largely laugh-free, Wild Wild West is a bizarre misfire in which greater care was lavished upon the special effects than on the script." On Metacritic the film has a score of 38 out of 100 based on 25 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "C+" on an A+ to F scale.
Roger Ebert of The Chicago Sun-Times gave the film one star out of four, stating that "Wild Wild West is a comedy dead zone. You stare in disbelief as scenes flop and die. The movie is all concept and no content; the elaborate special effects are like watching money burn on the screen."Janet Maslin of The New York Times gave the film a negative review, saying the film "leaves reality so far behind that its storytelling would be arbitrary even by comic-book standards, and its characters share no common ground or emotional connection."
|List of awards and nominations|
|Award / Film Festival||Date of ceremony||Category||Recipient(s) and nominee(s)||Result|
|Golden Raspberry Awards||March 25, 2000||Worst Actor||Kevin Kline||Nominated|
|Worst Supporting Actor||Kenneth Branagh||Nominated|
|Worst Supporting Actress||Salma Hayek||Nominated|
|Kevin Kline (as a prostitute)||Nominated|
|Worst Screen Couple||Will Smith and Kevin Kline||Won|
|Worst Original Song||"Wild Wild West"||Won|
|Worst Screenplay||S. S. Wilson||Won|
Peter S. Seaman
|Worst Director||Barry Sonnenfeld||Won|
|Stinkers Bad Movie Awards||2000||Worst Picture||Warner Bros.||Won|
|Worst Screenplay For A Film Grossing More Than $100 Million Worldwide (Using Hollywood Math)||Won|
|Most Painfully Unfunny Comedy||Won|
|Worst Resurrection of a TV Show||Won|
|Least "Special" Special Effects||Nominated|
|Worst Sense of Direction||Barry Sonnenfeld||Nominated|
|Worst Actor||Kevin Kline||Nominated|
|Worst On-Screen Couple||Will Smith and Kevin Kline||Nominated|
|Worst Song||"Wild Wild West" by Will Smith||Nominated|
|ASCAP Awards||2000||Most Performed Songs from Motion Pictures||"Wild Wild West"||Won|
|Top Box Office Films||Elmer Bernstein||Won|
|Blockbuster Entertainment Awards||May 9, 2000||Favorite Supporting Actress - Action||Salma Hayek||Won|
|Favorite Villain||Kenneth Branagh||Nominated|
|Favorite Action Team||Will Smith and Kevin Kline||Nominated|
|Favorite Song from a Movie||"Wild Wild West"||Nominated|
|ALMA Awards||April 15, 2000||Outstanding Actress in a Feature Film||Salma Hayek||Nominated|
Wild Wild West would later rank in the listed bottom 20 of the Stinkers' "100 Years, 100 Stinkers" list, which noted the 100 worst movies of the 20th century, at #2, losing the top spot to Battlefield Earth.
In 1997, writer Gilbert Ralston sued Warner Bros. over the upcoming feature film based on the series. Ralston helped create the original television series The Wild Wild West and scripted the pilot episode "The Night of the Inferno". In a deposition, Ralston explained that in 1964 he had been approached by producer Michael Garrison who "said he had an idea for a series, good commercial idea, and wanted to know if I could glue the idea of a western hero and a James Bond-type together in the same show". Ralston said he then created the Civil War characters, the format, the story outline and nine drafts of the script that was the basis for the television series. It was his idea, for example, to have a secret agent named Jim West who would perform secret missions for a bumbling President Grant.
Ralston's experience brought to light a common Hollywood practice of the 1950s and 1960s when television writers who helped create popular series allowed producers or studios to take credit for a show, thus cheating the writers out of millions of dollars in royalties. However, Ralston died in 1999 before his suit was settled, resulting in Warner Bros. paying his family between $600,000 and $1.5 million.