William Dalrymple-Crichton, 5th Earl of Dumfries KT (1699 - 27 July 1768) was a Scottish peer. He inherited the title of Earl of Dumfries in 1742, upon the death of his mother Penelope Crichton, 4th Countess of Dumfries. He also held the heritable position of the Sheriff of Clackmannan from 1742 until heritable sheriffdoms were abolished in 1747.
He commissioned Robert Adam, and John Adam to build Dumfries House, which was completed between 1754 and 1759. He inherited the title of Earl of Stair in 1760 on the death of his brother, James Dalrymple, 3rd Earl of Stair.
His father was Colonel Hon. William Dalrymple of Glenmure and mother was Penelope Crichton, Countess of Dumfries.
He married Lady Anne Gordon, daughter of William Gordon, 2nd Earl of Aberdeen and Lady Mary Leslie, on 2 April 1731; they had one son,
he married Anne Duff, on 19 June 1762.
At his death the titles separated, the Earldom of Dumfries passing to his nephew Patrick McDouall while the Earldom of Stair passed to his cousin John Dalrymple.
|Peerage of Scotland|
| Earl of Stair
| Earl of Dumfries