William Osgood Taylor II (July 19, 1932 - May 1, 2011) was an American journalist and newspaper executive who served as publisher and chairman emeritus of The Boston Globe. He helped broker the sale of The Globe to New York Times Co. in 1992.
Taylor attended Dexter School in Brookline, Massachusetts, and St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire before graduating from Harvard College in 1954. He served two years in the United States Army, stationed in West Germany. He joined The Globe at his father's urging. After working in the classified advertising and promotions departments, he worked as a reporter before moving into management. Taylor was the fourth in his family to run The Globe; his father William Davis Taylor preceded him. Taylor was succeeded by his second cousin Benjamin Taylor.