Born in Leavenworth, Kansas, Borland attended public school. He was graduated from the law department of the University of Michigan in 1892. He was admitted to the bar and commenced the practice of law in Kansas City, Missouri the same year. He assisted in the organization of the Kansas City School of Law and served as dean from 1895 through 1909. Borland served as member of the board of freeholders directed to draft a charter for Kansas City in 1898. He also engaged as an author on law subjects.
Borland was elected as a Democrat to the sixty-first and four succeeding Congresses, and served from March 4, 1909 until his death. He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1918 to the Sixty-sixth Congress. He died near Koblenz, Germany, while on a Masonic mission abroad, on February 20, 1919. He was interred in Elmwood Cemetery in Kansas City, Missouri.