Wilton Park Estate
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Wilton Park Estate
Wilton Park Estate
Wilton Park Estate.jpg
Wilton Park at Beaconsfield in 1888
General information
LocationBeaconsfield, Buckinghamshire
CountryEngland, United Kingdom
Coordinates51°36?09?N 0°37?43?W / 51.60252°N 0.62859°W / 51.60252; -0.62859Coordinates: 51°36?09?N 0°37?43?W / 51.60252°N 0.62859°W / 51.60252; -0.62859
Completed1779
Demolished1968
ClientJosias Du Pre, Governor of Madras
Design and construction
ArchitectRichard Jupp

The Wilton Park Estate is located in Beaconsfield in Buckinghamshire.

History

The Wilton park estate once belonged to the monks of Burnham Abbey. It is mentioned in 1412, with John Amond as farmer.[1]

In 1702 it was acquired by the Basill family, who built a house on the estate. Sometime between 1760 and 1770 they sold the estate to Josias Du Pre, the future Governor of Madras.[2] He commissioned the building of a mansion house on the estate, also known as the "White House", from Richard Jupp which was completed in 1779.[3]

In 1939 the house was taken over by the War Office and used as an interrogation centre for Nazi prisoners of war: German refugees working for the allies would listen into prisoners' conversations.[4] After the War the house was used by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to re-educate prisoners of war into the British way of life: between January 1946 and June 1948 approx 4,500 Germans were made to attend re-education classes there.[5] The house went on to become the home of the Army School of Administration from 1949 and also the home of the Army School of Education from 1950.[3] The Foreign Office "re-education" facility, still known as Wilton Park and still organising conferences, moved out in 1951 and is now based at Wiston House in West Sussex.[3]

A single-storey blockhouse was constructed in the grounds of Wilton Park in 1954, to provide a protected wartime headquarters for the senior Army officers of Eastern Command and London District. From 1957, alternative provision was made for the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Command and his staff as part of the Regional Seats of Government planning; but the blockhouse was retained and remained available for use by London District until the end of the Cold War.[6]

In the 1960s a School of Languages was established on the site (Colonel Gaddafi of Libya studied there at that time).[6] Although the house was demolished in 1968, the school remained on the site until April 2014.[7]

Standing sets for filming the ITV TV series Endeavour have been built at Wilton Park since 2016.[8]

References

  1. ^ "Anglo-American Legal Tradition". University of Houston. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "Wilton Park". Beaconsfield and District Historical Society. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Wilton Park Development Brief". South Buckinghamshire Council. January 2014. p. 7. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ "The Nazi prisoners bugged by Germans". BBC. 18 January 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ Arthur Lee Smith. The war for the German mind: re-educating Hitler's soldiers. p. 50.
  6. ^ a b "Wilton Park". Subterranea Britannica. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ "The Defence Centre for Languages and Culture (DCLC)". Defence Academy of the United Kingdom. British Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ "Exclusive Endeavour Series 5 Set Report". Damian Michael Barcroft. Retrieved 2018.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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