Wolfach is a town in the Black Forest and part of the Ortenaukreis in Baden-Württemberg (Germany). It is a well-known spa town in Germany.
Wolfach lies where the two rivers Wolf and Kinzig meet in the Kinzig valley. The mixture of valleys and mountains is a characteristic of the town, which stretches between 250 and 880 m above sea level.
Villages within the borough of Wolfach include Kirnbach and Kinzigtal.
The exact foundation year of Wolfach is not known.
The history of the town Wolfach can be traced back to the year 1084, although some finding even point back to the Roman times.
On April 21, 1945, before fleeing the city, the Gestapo took the French resistants and political prisoners held in the prison of Wolfach to a forest outside of the town, forced them to dig their own graves, and shot them on the spot, just three hours before the arrival of the French 2nd Armored Division commanded by General Leclerc.
Wolfach hotels and bed & breakfast places have an occupancy rate of 128,000 nights each year (year 2000).
In the past years the city council consisted of:
- 1811-1820: Johann Georg Neef
- 1820-1829: Xavery Duppele
- 1829-1834: Dr. Duttlinger
- 1834-1839: Johann Baptist Baur
- 1839-1861: Joseph Bührer
- 1861-1874: Johann Georg Armbruster
- 1874-1880: Hermann Vogt
- 1880-1900: Friedrich Armbruster, (son of J. G. Armbruster)
- 1900-1909: Bruno Burger
- 1909-1918: Karl Friedrich Armbruster, (son of F. Armbruster)
- 1918-1925: Gustav Bulacher
- 1925-1936: August Hämmerle, (from 1933 NSDAP)
- 1937-1941: Adolf Oehler (NSDAP), Oehler was since 1929 NSDAP-member, joined in 1940 the Waffen-SS and died in 1941 as a soldier
- 1941-1945: Alfred Albanus
- 1945: Max Vivell, (gave the town to the commander of the marching in French troops)
- 1945-1946: Johannes Faißt (temporarily)
- 1946-1951: Hans Allgeier (1891-1951)
- 1951-1978: Arthur Martin (1911-1999)
- 1978-1991: Hans-Peter Züfle
- 1992-2014: Gottfried Moser
- since 2015: Thomas Geppert
Coat of Arms
The coat of arms of the town of Wolfach displays a golden wolf's rod on blue ground and is based on the "Wolfs-Angel" of the "Herren von Wolfach".
Wolfach is twinned with:
Culture and Sights
Wolfach is said to be one of the towns rich in tradition of the Swabian-Alemannic Fastnacht.
- Fürstenberg castle
- Fortress ruin Alt-Wolfach
- Town Hall
- Catholic church St. Laurentius
- Swabian-Alemannic Carnival ('Fastnacht')
- City Fountain Festival ('Stadtbrunnenfest')
- Long Table ('Lange Tafel')
- Open-Air Rockfest Moosenmättle
- Butchers Festival of the Fire Department ('Schlachtfest der Freiwilligen Feuerwehr')
- Wolfach Autumn ('Wolfacher Herbst')
Sons and daughters of the town
People who are connected to the town
- Gustav Trunk (1871-1936), politician, member of the German Centre Party; lived in Wolfach from 1897 to 1900 as beadle
- Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer (1896-1969), racial hygienist in the Third Reich; lived in Wolfach between 1898 and 1909, where he visited school
- Disch Franz: Chronik der Stadt Wolfach. Wolfach, Karlsruhe 1920.
- Harter Hans: Adel und Burgen im oberen Kinziggebiet. Studien zur Besiedelung und hochmittelalterlichen Herrschaftsbildung im mittleren Schwarzwald. München 1992.
- Krausbeck Josef, Knauss Frieder: Masken unserer Stadt. Stuttgart 1974.
- Stadt Wolfach (Hrsg.): Schwarzwaldstadt mit Tradition. Wolfach, Kirnbach, Kinzigtal. Freiburg 1988.
Administration and Authorities
Places of Interest, Sights