World's Largest Cities
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World's Largest Cities

Determining the world's largest cities depends on which definitions of city are used, as well as the criteria used for size: this article focuses on population. The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities may be classified using the same criteria.[1] Cities may be defined as the cities proper, the extent of their urban area, or their metropolitan regions.[1]

For a view of the largest cities by economic stature and integration within the global economy, see Globalization and World Cities Research Network.

Common methods for defining the boundaries of a city

City proper (administrative)

A city can be defined by its administrative boundaries (city proper). UNICEF[1] defines city proper as "the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city or controlled directly from the city by a single authority." A city proper is a locality defined according to legal or political boundaries and an administratively recognised urban status that is usually characterised by some form of local government.[2][3][4] Cities proper and their boundaries and population data may not include suburbs.[5]

The use of city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives.[5] Because of this definition, the city proper population figure may differ greatly with the urban area population figure, as many cities are amalgamations of smaller municipalities (Australia), and conversely, many Chinese cities govern territories that extend well beyond the traditional "city proper" into suburban and rural areas.[6]

Metropolitan area

A city can be defined by the inhabitants of its demographic population, as by metropolitan area, labour market area, or similar in a metropolitan area. UNICEF[1] defines metropolitan area as follows:

A formal local government area comprising the urban area as a whole and its primary commuter areas, typically formed around a city with a large concentration of people (i.e., a population of at least 100,000). In addition to the city proper, a metropolitan area includes both the surrounding territory with urban levels of residential density and some additional lower-density areas that are adjacent to and linked to the city (e.g., through frequent transport, road linkages or commuting facilities).

Urban area

A city can be defined as a conditionally contiguous urban area, without regard to territorial or other boundaries inside an urban area. UNICEF[1] defines urban area as follows:

The definition of "urban" varies from country to country, and, with periodic reclassification, can also vary within one country over time, making direct comparisons difficult. An urban area can be defined by one or more of the following: administrative criteria or political boundaries (e.g., area within the jurisdiction of a municipality or town committee), a threshold population size (where the minimum for an urban settlement is typically in the region of 2,000 people, although this varies globally between 200 and 50,000), population density, economic function (e.g., where a significant majority of the population is not primarily engaged in agriculture, or where there is surplus employment) or the presence of urban characteristics (e.g., paved streets, electric lighting, sewerage).

Largest cities

Many of the world's largest cities, metropolitan areas, and urban areas are further delineated into neighborhoods, and even into villages or towns. Major cities usually form the basis of megacities and megalopolis. These can extend well beyond proper area, including megalopolis areas such as Keihanshin, which contains the cities of Kyoto, Osaka, and Kobe. And a megalopolis, otherwise known as a megaregion, can take form in vast areas such as the Southern Rocky Mountain Front, which can contain several metropolitan areas, in this case Denver, Colorado, and Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Megacities

The following cities have a population greater than 10 million within either city proper, metropolitan area, or urban area.

City Nation Image Population
City proper Metropolitan area Urban area[7]
Chongqing A View of Chongqing Central Business District.jpg 30,484,300
[8]
30,484,300
[9]
8,518,000
[a]
Shanghai Shanghai skyline waterfront pudong 5166168 69 70.jpg 24,256,800
[11]
24,750,000
[12]
23,416,000
[b]
Beijing Beijing skyline from northeast 4th ring road (cropped).jpg 21,516,000
[13]
24,900,000
[14]
21,009,000
Lagos 2014 Victoria Island Lagos Nigeria 15006436297.jpg 861,300
[15][c]
21,000,000
[16]
13,123,000
[]
Mumbai Mumbai Skyline at Night.jpg 12,478,447
[17]
20,748,395
[18]
18,414,288
[18]
Dhaka GulshanDhaka.jpg 8,906,039
[19]
20,000,000
[20]
Chengdu Jiuyanqiao.jpg 16,044,700
[21]
11,528,100
[21]
Karachi Karachi Clifton Skyline.JPG 14,910,352
[22][23][24][25][26]
Guangzhou Guangzhou skyline.jpg 14,043,500
[27]
25,000,000[28] 20,800,654
[29]
Istanbul LeventPano3.jpg 14,025,000
[30]
13,520,000 14,657,000
[30]
Tokyo Skyscrapers of Shinjuku 2009 January (revised).jpg 13,839,910
[31]
38,140,000
[32]
38,505,000
[33]
Tianjin Tianjin Skyline from Tianjin Water Park 5.jpg 12,784,000
[34]
15,469,500
[]
6,859,779
[35]
Moscow Moscow-City (36211143494).jpg 12,197,596
[36]
16,170,000 16,800,000
São Paulo São-Paulo Skyline.jpg 12,252,023
[37]
21,700,000
[37]
Kinshasa  DR Congo Kinshasa-Gombe, from CCIC.JPG 11,855,000
[38]
13,265,000 1,038,195
[39]
Delhi Skyscrapers connaught place New Delhi.JPG 11,034,555
[40]
16,314,838
[41]
21,753,486
[18]
Baoding ? 4616.jpg 11,194,372
[42]
2,176,857
Lahore Lahore Museum, Lahore.jpg 11,126,285
[43]
13,569,000 10,665,000
[44]
Wuhan Yingwuzhou Yangtze River Bridge(20160429) from 699pic.jpg 11,081,000
[45]
8,896,900
[46]
Cairo Flickr - archer10 (Dennis) - Egypt-2A-007.jpg 10,230,350
[47]
18,290,000 22,439,541
Seoul  Korea, South Seoul (South Korea).jpg 10,197,604
[48]
12,700,000 25,520,000
[49]
Jakarta Jakarta Skyline Part 2.jpg 10,075,310
[50]
30,539,000 30,075,310
[51]
Lima Lima - Perú.jpg 9,174,855
[52]
10,750,000 9,886,647
[53]
Mexico City Ciudad.de.Mexico.City.Distrito.Federal.DF.Paseo.Reforma.Skyline.jpg 9,041,395
[54]
21,654,336
[54]
21,654,336
[54]
London  United Kingdom London from a hot air balloon.jpg 8,825,001
[55]
14,040,163 9,787,426
[56]
Bangkok 0005574 - Wat Phra Kaew 010.jpg 8,750,600
[57]
15,931,300
[]
15,645,000
[]
Xi'an Xi'an City Wall (11523944773).jpg 8,705,600
[58]
13,569,700
[59]
5,206,253
[39]
Bangalore UB City.jpg 8,425,970
[17]
10,576,167 8,728,906
[18]
New York Top of Rock Cropped.jpg 8,622,698
[60]
20,153,634
[61]
23,689,255
[62]
Ho Chi Minh City Trung Tam.jpg 8,993,082
[63]
21,310,943
Shenzhen Shenzhen Skyline from Futian District2.jpg 8,378,900
[64][d]
12,084,000
Suzhou Gate of the Orient ? dong fang zhi men Suzhou photo Christian Gänshirt 2015.JPG 10,459,890
[39]
3,302,152
[39]
Nanjing Nanjing Xinjiekou Skyline.jpg 8,230,000
[65]
12,652,000
[66]
Tehran Tehran from Qeytariyeh.jpg 8,154,051
[67]
13,532,000 14,595,904
[68]
Rio de Janeiro Rio night.jpg 6,718,903
[37]
12,800,000
[37]
Shantou China-shantou03.jpg 5,391,028
[69]
11,535,677
Kolkata Sheetalnathji Jain Temple 03.jpg 4,486,679
[17]
14,035,959 14,617,882
[18]
Shijiazhuang Farviewshijiazhuang.jpg 4,303,700 10,701,600 4,303,700
Harbin Kitayskaya Street.jpg 10,635,971
[39]
6,704,573
[39]
Los Angeles Los Angeles, Winter 2016.jpg 3,884,307
[70]
15,058,000 13,262,220
Buenos Aires Buenos Aires Puente de la Mujer 1030985.jpg 3,054,300
[71]
14,122,000 13,074,000
[72]
Osaka Osaka - Night View.jpg 2,691,742
[73]
19,341,976
[33]
17,444,000
Nagoya Meieki from Heiwa Park Aqua Tower.jpg 2,296,014
[73]
9,107,414
[33]
10,177,000
Paris Paris vue d'ensemble tour Eiffel.jpg 2,229,621 12,405,426 10,601,122
Manila Manila by night.jpg 1,780,148
[74]
12,877,253
[74]
24,123,000

Cities and urban areas with over a million inhabitants

The following cities have a population greater than 1 million and less than 10 million within either city proper, metropolitan area, or urban area. They typically are a key component of a megalopolis.

City Nation Image Population
City proper Metropolitan area Urban area
Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur at dawn (18794580599).jpg 1,768,000
[75]
7,200,000
[76]
Cebu City Cebu City.jpg 922,611
[77]
2,849,213
[77]
2,300,435
[77]
Maputo Maputo seen from Katembe 2014.png 1,766,184 1,766,823
Budapest Budapest - panoramio - joselomba.jpg 1,759,407
[78]
2,927,944
[79]
3,303,786
Warsaw Warsaw7ob.jpg 1,753,977
[80]
3,100,844
[79]
Lusaka Downtown Lusaka.JPG 1,742,979 2,467,467
Kathmandu Kathmandu-City-Of-Ruins.jpg 1,744,240 2,517,023 3,207,205
Tabriz T?briz.jpg 1,733,033
[81]
Hyderabad Navalrai Market Clock Tower view 2.JPG 1,732,693
[43]
Palembang Jembatan Ampera awak.JPG 1,708,413
Tijuana Aguacaliente skyscrapers4.JPG 1,696,923 1,895,797
Patna New Flyover At Patna.jpg 1,683,200 2,231,554 2,046,652
[82]
Montreal Downtown seen from Mont-Royal.jpg 1,649,519 4,127,100 3,407,963
Davao City DavaoSkyline.jpg 1,632,991
[83]
2,516,216
[e]
Harare Eastgate Centre, Harare, Zimbabwe.jpg 1,606,000 1,619,000
[84]
Barcelona Panoramic view of Barcelona.jpg 1,604,555
[85]
5,375,774 4,740,000
[86]
Maracaibo MaracaiboView.jpg 1,599,940
[87]
3,897,655 2,658,355
Caloocan 09083jfLandscape Caloocan Quezon City Barangays EDSA Balintawak LRT Stationfvf 09.jpg 1,583,978
[74][f]
Philadelphia Philadelphia from South Street Bridge July 2016 panorama 1.jpg 1,567,872
[88]
6,069,875
[89]
7,183,479
[90]
Novosibirsk Novosibirsk 4.jpg 1,567,087
[91]
Phoenix Phoenix.skyline.750pix.jpg 1,563,025
[92]
4,574,531 3,629,114
Oran Place d'armes.jpg 1,560,329
[93]
3,454,078
Semarang Simpang Lima Semarang - panoramio.jpg 1,555,984 3,183,516
Recife Via Mangue em construção - Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil.jpg 1,645,727
[37]
3,887,261
[94]
Kobe Night view from Hotel Okura Kobe 31F 20140225.jpg 1,536,499
[73][g]
Daejeon  Korea, South .JPG 1,535,028
Kampala Kampala skyline.jpg 1,507,080
Kawasaki Musashi-Kosugi , Kawasaki - panoramio (7).jpg 1,496,035
[73][h]
Guadalajara

Catedral de Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; despues de la lluvia..JPG

1,460,148
[95]
5,086,375
[54]
5,086,375
[54]
Auckland Skyline (7187438034).jpg 1,495,000
[96]
1,614,300
[97]
Vijayawada Exterior View of Mall.jpg 1,491,202
[98]
5,873,588
Fukuoka Night view of Fukuoka from Atago jinja.jpg 1,483,052
[73]
5,590,378
Gwangju  Korea, South Geumnam-ro.jpg 1,477,780
[99]
Porto Alegre Vista de Porto Alegre a partir do Rio Guaíba 03.jpg 1,483,771
[37]
4,181,836
[94]
Kyoto Kyoto Skyline - Pentinlo.jpg 1,474,570
[73][i]
San Antonio Downtown San Antonio.jpg 1,469,845
[100]
2,454,061
Santa Cruz de la Sierra Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, Skyline Zona norte Centro.jpg 1,453,549
[]
1,749,000
Munich Historische Altstadt Muenchen 01.JPG 1,450,381
[101]
2,606,021
Kharkiv , ? 18.JPG 1,449,414
[102]
1,650,000
[103]
Yekaterinburg  ? .jpg 1,428,042
San Diego Skyline seen from Coronado.jpg 1,394,928
[100]
3,095,313 2,956,746
Barranquilla Vista de la ciudad de Barranquilla desde el río Magdalena.jpg 1,386,865
[104]
2,370,753
[104]
Milan Full Milan skyline from Duomo roof.jpg 1,359,905
[105]
3,206,465
[j]
Ibadan Skyline, Modern Ibadan.jpg 1,338,659 2,837,000 3,375,000
Makassar Makassar CBD Skyline.jpg 1,338,633 1,976,168
Córdoba Plaza Dr. Roberto Cisneros, Barrio Alberdi, Córdoba, Argentina.JPG 1,330,023
[106]
1,528,000
Prague Prague panorama 2 (38077109662).jpg 1,324,000
[107]
2,619,000 2,600,000
Mandalay Mandalay Palace (15659114331).jpg 1,319,452
[108]
1,726,889
Dallas Reunion tower dallas.jpg 1,317,929
[109]
7,233,323
[110]
5,121,892
[111]
Montevideo 2016 Plaza de La Intdependencia Palacio Salvo y estatua ecuestre de Artigas - Montevideo.jpg 1,305,082
[112]
1,947,604 1,719,453
Qom        ? ? .jpg 1,201,158
Ahvaz Ahvaz in night 09.jpg 1,184,788 1,260,817
Sofia Ivan Vazov National Theatre.jpg 1,260,120 1,682,340 1,547,472
Kazan Kazan Kremlin exterior view 08-2016 img3.jpg 1,251,969 1,560,000
Nizhny Novgorod NN Spit from Fedorovskogo Embankment 08-2016 img2.jpg 1,250,619
[113]
Abuja Abuja, Federal Capital Territory.jpg 1,235,880 6,000,000
[114]
2,440,000
Calgary Calgary Skyline 2015.png 1,235,171
[115]
1,214,839 1,095,404
Saitama ShintoshinSouth2.jpg 1,226,656
[73][k]
Suwon  Korea, South Hwaseong Third North Secret Gate and Dongbuk Gangnu - 2009-03-01.JPG 1,202,310
Hiroshima Atomic Bomb Dome and Motoyasugawa River from Aioibashi Bridge 2.jpg 1,196,274
Rosario Rosario desde el Rio Parana.jpg 1,193,605
[116]
1,276,000
[117]
Brisbane Brisbane storm.jpg 1,180,285
[118]
2,360,241
[119][120]
Allahabad On the banks of New Yamuna bridge, Allahabad.jpg 1,117,094
[]
Belgrade Belgrade iz balona.jpg 1,166,763
[121]
1,233,796
[121]
1,659,440
[121]
Campinas Avenida Aquidaban - panoramio (1).jpg 1,204,073
[37]
3,043,217
[94]
Ulsan  Korea, South ,.jpg 1,163,690
[49]
Albuquerque Abqdowntown.jpg 560,218
[122]
915,927
[123]
1,171,664
[124]
Omsk Omsk Pushkin Library.jpg 1,154,116
[113]
Dakar Dakar skyline da gorè.jpg 1,146,053
[125]
2,452,656
[125]
Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi - Corniche - Skyline - Abu Dhabi Investment Authority - The Domain Tower - The Landmark - The Trust Tower - Baynunah Hilton -  -  - panoramio.jpg 1,145,000
[]
Monterrey DelValleCity.jpg 1,109,171
[95]
4,975,651
[54]
4,975,651
[54]
Tripoli Tripoli Central Business District from Oea Park.JPG 1,126,000
[]
2,267,000 2,325,000
Rostov-on-Don ?   , --?.jpg 1,119,900
[126]
T'bilisi Dzveli Tbilisi, Tbilisi, Georgia - panoramio (4).jpg 1,118,035
[127]
1,485,293
Fez Vue sur la médina.jpg 1,112,072
[128]
Birmingham  United Kingdom Birmingham-Skyline-from-Edgbaston-crop.jpg 1,111,300
[]
3,683,000 2,440,986
Yerevan Mount Ararat and the Yerevan skyline in spring (50mm).jpg 1,060,138
[129]
Cologne 2013-08-10 07-09-10 Ballonfahrt über Köln EH 0578.jpg 1,057,327
[130]
3,573,500
Tunis Vue de Tunis.jpg 1,056,247
[]
2,643,695 2,294,547
Bulawayo Bulawayo CBD.jpg 1,050,000
[]
1,200,000
[131]
Nur-Sultan Astana, capital of Kazakhstan 01.jpg  1029556
[132]
1,200,000
[133]
Islamabad Faisal Mosque in the background of Centaurus Mall.jpg 1,014,825
[134]
1,829,180
Cartagena Cartagena skyline, Colombia.jpg 1,013,389
[135]
1,013,389 1,013,389
Tucson Tucson shab1.JPG 545,975 843,168 1,010,025

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Sum of the 2014 population estimates for the "urban-function core district" and "urban-function extended district" of Chongqing, which were 3,677,600 and 4,512,200 respectively.[10]
  2. ^ Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Suzhou, Wuxi, Ningbo, Changzhou, Shaoxing, and urban area of Zhangjiaggang-Jiangyin within the prefecture-level cities of Suzhou and Wuxi are treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Yangtze River Delta economic zone. Huai'an (1,856,000; 148 km2), Xuzhou (1,246,000; 233 km2), Nantong (1,036,000; 233 km2), Lianyungang (985,000; 155 km2), Zhenjiang (983,000; 168 km2), Yancheng (797,000; 207 km2), Huzhou (690,000; 111 km2), Taizhou (in Jiangsu Province; 300,000; 117 km2) and Suqian (220,000; 36 km2), as well as urban areas of Yangzhou (1,593,000; 233 km2) and Gaoyou (180,000; 39 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Yangzhou, urban areas of Kunshan (1,596,000; 492 km2), Changshu (1,139,000; 285 km2) and Taicang (523,000; 117 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Suzhou, urban areas of Cixi (1,200,000; 298 km2) and Yuyao (650,000; 122 km2) within the sub-provincial city of Ningbo, urban areas of Jiaxing (1,044,000; 259 km2) and Tongxiang (510,000; 52 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jiaxing, urban areas of Wenling (510,000; 52 km2), Jiaojiang (375,000; 41 km2) and Huangyan (200,000; 34 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Taizhou (in Zhejiang Province), urban areas of Zhuji (500,000; 117 km2) and Shangyu (400,000; 158 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Shaoxing, urban areas of Yiwu-Dongyang (925,000; 233 km2), Jinhua (520,000; 186 km2), Yongkang (500,000; 223 km2), Dongyang (260,000; 104 km2) and Lanxi (220,000; 34 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jinhua, and urban area of Fuyang (450,000; 49 km2) within the sub-provincial city of Hangzhou are also excluded.
  3. ^ The population of Ikeja, the local government area and capital of Lagos is included here.
  4. ^ Shenzhen, Dongguan and Foshan are all part of the Pearl River Delta, centered on Guangzhou.
  5. ^ Davao City and its neighbouring cities and towns are all under part of Metropolitan Davao
  6. ^ Quezon City and Caloocan City are both under the administration of Metropolitan Manila
  7. ^ Kyoto and Kobe are both part of the Keihanshin, centered on Osaka.
  8. ^ The cities of Yokohama, Kawasaki and Saitama are all part of the Greater Tokyo Area
  9. ^ Kyoto and Kobe are both part of the Keihanshin, centered on Osaka.
  10. ^ Milan and its neighbouring comunes are all under the administration of Metropolitan City of Milan
  11. ^ The cities of Yokohama, Kawasaki and Saitama are all part of the Greater Tokyo Area

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