Wuhan Tianhe International Airport
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Wuhan Tianhe International Airport

Wuhan Tianhe
International Airport

WUH-panorama.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorWuhan Tianhe International Airport Co. Ltd.
ServesWuhan
LocationHuangpi District, Wuhan
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL34 m / 112 ft
Coordinates30°47?01?N 114°12?29?E / 30.78361°N 114.20806°E / 30.78361; 114.20806Coordinates: 30°47?01?N 114°12?29?E / 30.78361°N 114.20806°E / 30.78361; 114.20806
Websitewww.whairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
WUH is located in Hubei
WUH
WUH
WUH is located in China
WUH
WUH
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,400 11,155 Concrete
04R/22L 3,600 11,811 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers24,500,356
Cargo (in tons)221,576.3
Aircraft movements187,699
Wuhan Tianhe International Airport
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese

Wuhan Tianhe International Airport (IATA: WUH, ICAO: ZHHH) serves Wuhan, the capital of the Hubei province, People's Republic of China. It was opened on 15 April 1995, replacing the old Hankou Wangjiadun Airport and Nanhu Airport as the major airport of Wuhan.[1][2] The airport is located in Wuhan's suburban Huangpi District, around 26 km (16 mi) to the north of Wuhan city center.

It is the busiest airport in central China as it is geographically located in the centre of China's airline route network. The airport served 20,772,000 passengers in 2016, making it the 14th busiest airport by passenger traffic in China. The airport is a focus city for Air China, China Eastern Airlines, and China Southern Airlines. The airport has flights to international destinations such as New York City, San Francisco, London, Tokyo, Rome, Istanbul, Dubai, Sydney, Bali, Bangkok, Moscow, Osaka, Seoul, and Singapore. The name Tianhe () can be literally translated as "Sky River"; Tianhe is also one of the names for the Milky Way in ancient Chinese.[3]

Since 2019, passengers from 53 countries such as the EU countries, Japan, South Korea, Russia, the U.S., when transiting to a third country, can enter China from this airport without a Chinese visa for up to 144 hours.[4][5]

On January 23, 2020, the airport was closed due to the 2020 Hubei lockdowns in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which originated in Wuhan.[6] The airport reopened on April 8, 2020 following a large-scale disinfection.[7]

History

To replace the old Wangjiadun Airport, the Chinese government permitted plans to build a commercial airport in Tianhe Town, Huangpi District, Wuhan on 1 July 1985. The first term construction started in December 1989 and finished in April 1994. It initially operated domestic flights but later in 2000, the CAA re-designated it as an international airport.

The airport has expanded twice - first for terminal 2 and second for terminal 3, new control tower and the second runway.

Wuhan opened up to intercontinental flights when Air France began service from Paris on 11 April 2012,[8] and two years later opened up to the United States non-stop when China Southern Airlines announced, in September 2014, a daily non-stop flight to San Francisco, originating from Guangzhou, operating with a Boeing 787 to begin December 16, 2014.[9]

Facilities

Runways

Tianhe International Airport has two runways.

Runway West (04L 22R)

Length: 3,400 m (11,200 ft), width: 45 m (148 ft)

Runway East (04R 22L main runway)

Length: 3,600 m (11,800 ft), width: 60 m (200 ft)

ILS

Tianhe Airport equipped with ILS II in south side (main landing side), ILS I in north side. The East runway is equipped with blind landing systems.

Terminals

Terminal 1 (demolished)

Terminal 1 was opened in 1995 when all flight services were transferred from Nanhu Airport to Tianhe International Airport. It was located at where the west concourse of Terminal 3 stands nowadays. It had been the only terminal of the airport until Terminal 2 was completed in 2008.

From 2008 onwards, all domestic flights were operated at T2 while international flights were still operated at T1. T1 was closed in 2010 after serving international flights for two years. A new international terminal was built in 2010, and has undergone subsequent expansions after seeing major increase of international travelers. The terminal was demolished during the construction of Terminal 3.[10][11]

Terminal 2 (closed)

Terminal 2 was the main terminal for Tianhe Airport during 2008-2017, which handled only domestic airlines. It has a floor area of 121,200 square meters and a designed capacity to handle 13 million passengers and 320,000 tons of cargo a year. The project was completed on April 15, 2008, at a total cost of 3.37 billion yuan (421.5 million US dollars). By 2010, Wuhan served at least 5 international and 100 domestic routes. The airport's cargo-handling capacity is to reach 144,000 tons.

Terminal 2 was closed when Terminal 3 were officially opened in mid 2017 for the upgrade construction. [12]

International Terminal (closed)

The International Terminal

The International Terminal was opened in December 2010 and all international flights and flights to Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan operated at the International Terminal from 2010 to 2017. After the old Terminal 1 was closed in 2010, the International Terminal was sometimes mistakenly called "T1" by passengers.

The single-floor terminal is located at the southwest of Terminal 2. It has a floor area of 5310 square meters, shared by both departure and arrival facilities. To handle wide-body jet within limited ramp, there is no air-bridge for this terminal.[13]

Due to its compact size and the growing number of international flights, there were complaints that Terminal 1 was "too crowded". In 2013, the average departure traffic was 880 per hour during the peak season, which was far greater than its designed maximum capacity of 550.[14]

The International Terminal was closed in mid 2017 and it will be turned to a chartered and VIP terminal in the future.

Terminal 3

Terminal 2

Starting from August 31, 2017, all flights from the original International Terminal (international, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan) and T2 (domestic) have been moved to Terminal 3, which has a passenger capacity of 35 million. Following the opening of the new Terminal 3, International Terminal (IT) and Terminal 2 (T2) were closed temporarily for renovation. IT is scheduled to operate as the VIP terminal. T2 will undergo renovation and reopen when passengers in T3 exceed the design limit.[15]

The T3 has a new departure lounge, restaurants and duty-free shops.

The construction of Terminal 3 started in June 2013 and it was opened on August 31, 2017. A new runway, new control tower, and a transportation hub connecting the airport to the city with an intercity railway and a metro line have been built and opened along with the new terminal.[16]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Guiyang
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur-International
Air China Baotou, Beijing-Capital, Changchun, Chengdu, Daqing, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hohhot, Huizhou, Korla, Lanzhou, Linfen, Macau, Qingdao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Surat Thani,[17]Tianjin, Urumqi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xilinhot, Zhanjiang, Zhuhai
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita
Beijing Capital Airlines Dalian, Enshi, Haikou, Jinan, Lijiang, Qingdao, Sanya, Shenyang
Chengdu Airlines Beihai, Chengdu, Guiyang, Lhasa, Taizhou
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Beihai,[18]Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Datong, Enshi, Fukuoka, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Huai'an,[18]Jieyang, Jinzhou,[19]Kaohsiung, Kunming, Lanzhou, Liuzhou,[20]Luzhou,[18]Mandalay,[21]Ningbo, Ordos,[18]Panzhihua, Qingdao, Rizhao,[22]Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shennongjia, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shiyan,[23]Sydney,[24]Taipei-Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Taizhou,[18]Tokyo-Narita,[25]Urumqi, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yancheng, Yangon,[26]Yantai, Yibin, Yinchuan, Yulin,[18]Zhanjiang, Zunyi-Xinzhou
China Express Airlines Chongqing, Dalian, Shiyan
China Southern Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Daxing, Bole, Changchun, Changzhi, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Dubai-International, Enshi, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City,[27]Hohhot, Hong Kong, Istanbul,[28]Jieyang, Kaohsiung, Kunming, Lanzhou, Macau,[29]Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Nagoya-Centrair,[30]Nanning, New York-JFK,[31]Ningbo, Osaka-Kansai, Phuket, Qingdao, Rome-Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sanya, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shiyan, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yiwu, Zhuhai
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing
Bijie, Guiyang
GX Airlines Nanning
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital, Haikou, Hohhot, Qingdao, Sanming, Sanya, Shenyang, Tongren, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Zhuhai
I-Fly Charter: Saint Petersburg
JC International Airlines Sihanoukville[32]
Joy Air Huangshan, Xiangyang
Juneyao Airlines Dalian, Huizhou, Osaka-Kansai,[33]Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
Kunming Airlines Kunming, Tengchong
Lanmei Airlines Siem Reap, Sihanoukville[34]
Lion Air Charter: Denpasar, Manado
Loong Air Hangzhou, Xingyi
Lucky Air Dalian, Kunming, Lijiang, Qingdao
Maldivian Malé
Malindo Air Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur-International, Penang[35]
Mandarin Airlines Taipei-Songshan
Pacific Airlines Charter: Nha Trang[36]
Pan Pacific Airlines Charter: Kalibo[37]
Royal Air Philippines Charter: Kalibo[37]
Ruili Airlines Harbin, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang,[38]Mangshi, Shenyang
Scoot Singapore[39][40]
Shandong AirlinesBeijing-Capital, Guiyang, Jinan, Nanning, Qingdao, Xiamen, Yantai, Yinchuan
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Zhanjiang
Shenzhen Airlines Hohhot, Lanzhou, Nanning, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Harbin, Nanning, Nantong, Quanzhou, Shennongjia
Spring Airlines Osaka-Kansai[41]
Spring Airlines Japan Tokyo-Narita
Sriwijaya Air Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta Charter: Denpasar
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Don Mueang, Phuket
Thai Lion Air Bangkok-Don Mueang[42]
Tianjin Airlines Guiyang, Haikou, Liupanshui, Sanya, Xiamen, Xi'an
T'way Air Seoul-Incheon[43]
Urumqi Air Nagoya-Centrair,[44]Singapore,[45]Urumqi
Vietnam Airlines Charter: Da Nang
West Air Chongqing, Fuzhou
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Liuzhou, Mianyang, Nanning, Quanzhou, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Xiamen, Xining, Yinchuan, Zunyi-Maotai

Cargo

Gallery

Transportation

Roads

Two tolled expressways, the S18 Wuhan Airport Expressway and the S19 Wuhan Airport 2nd Expressway, connect the airport to downtown Hankou.[47]

Public Transit

There is a limited bus service between Wuhan Tianhe Airport and several bus stops in the urban area of Wuhan.[48]

The Wuhan-Xiaogan intercity railway, one of the lines of the Wuhan Metropolitan Area intercity railway, serves Wuhan Tianhe Airport. This railway opened in December 2016.[49]

The extension of Line 2 of Wuhan Metro to Tianhe International Airport station opened on 28 December 2016.[50]

Future development

Presently, Tianhe is the only civic airport in the Wuhan metropolitan area. However, the city authorities are considering repurposing the military Shanpo Airfield (?; 30°05?17?N 114°18?52?E / 30.08806°N 114.31444°E / 30.08806; 114.31444), located in the city's far southern suburbs (Shanpo Township, Jiangxia District), as a commercial cargo airport. If the plans are implemented, Shanpo will become Wuhan's second airport.[51]

References

  1. ^ "1995?4?15". . 17 April 2008. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ "?10". . 8 June 2007. Retrieved 2008.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Explanation of Tianhe". Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ "2019?1?1?144". Hubei Daily. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ "144". National Immigration Administration of China. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ Fifield, Anna (22 January 2020). "City at center of coronavirus outbreak suspends travel to contain spreading illness". Washington Post. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ "Wuhan airport geared up for reopening on April 8". China Daily. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ "Air France launches new route to Wuhan in China". 18 April 2012.
  9. ^ a b c "China Southern Plans San Francisco Service from mid-Dec 2014". Airline Route. 4 September 2014. Retrieved 2014.Cite error: The named reference "SF" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  10. ^ ? ?. Retrieved 2012.
  11. ^ . Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 2012.
  12. ^ "Xinhua - English". Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ . Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ "". ? [Wuhan Evening News]. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ "". news.ifeng.com.
  16. ^ . "? T32017?3_?". money.163.com.
  17. ^ "Air China Begins Wuhan - Surat Thani Route from late-April 2015". Retrieved 2015.
  18. ^ a b c d e f ,
  19. ^ ==10?28
  20. ^ "3?27_?_". news.carnoc.com.
  21. ^ "China Eastern adds Wuhan - Myanmar service from late-May 2019".
  22. ^ "...!_?_". news.carnoc.com.
  23. ^ ""?,?"--?,?10?28--?".
  24. ^ "China Eastern reopens Wuhan - Sydney reservation from late-Jan 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ "China Eastern adds new Tokyo Narita routes in 1Q20". RoutesOnline. 10 November 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  26. ^ "China Eastern adds Wuhan - Myanmar service from late-May 2019".
  27. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "China Southern adds Wuhan - Ho Chi Minh City from late-July 2018".CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  28. ^ "China Southern adds Wuhan - Istanbul service from May 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ Liu, Jim. "China Southern schedules new Macau routes from late-Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/286631/china-southern-w19-japan-service-changes-as-of-27sep19/
  31. ^ "China Southern schedules Wuhan - New York launch from July 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  32. ^ "JC International adds Sihanoukville - Wuhan service from late-May 2019".
  33. ^ "Juneyao Airlines adds new routes to Japan in W19". routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  34. ^ Liu, Jim. "Lanmei Airlines further expands China network June - August 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  35. ^ "Malindo Air Plans Wuhan Service from late-June 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 2016.
  36. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Jetstar Pacific Adds New Cam Ranh/Nha Trang - China Charters in W15".CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  37. ^ a b https://cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/1/26/Wuhan-China-tourists-Philippines.html
  38. ^ https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/KQIFlF2AKUAM8aWe0vqluA
  39. ^ "Scoot assumes Silk Air Wuhan service from late-May 2019". Airlineroute. 1 May 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  40. ^ "Frequent fliers on some SilkAir routes will soon have to fly Scoot, SIA announces ahead of merger". businessinsider.sg. Retrieved 2019.
  41. ^ "Spring Airlines to Start Wuhan - Osaka Service from mid-July 2014". Retrieved 2015.
  42. ^ New Destination : Bangkok - Wuhan
  43. ^ Liu, Jim. "T'Way Air adds Seoul - Wuhan service from late-Jan 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  44. ^ Liu, Jim. "Urumqi Air adds Nagoya service from late-Dec 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019.
  45. ^ "Urumqi Air adds Singapore service from mid-May 2019".
  46. ^ https://www.shine.cn/biz/company/2011059146/
  47. ^ 15? (Second Airport Expressway is now open and remains free for the time being)
  48. ^ (Tianhe Airport bus schedule)
  49. ^ . "4 ?_?_". www.gov.cn.
  50. ^ " ?_". news.cnhubei.com.
  51. ^ "" (The plan for Wuhan's second airport has been submitted to the National Development and Reform Commission. Shanpo Airfield, in Jiangxia District, started to be considered), 21 November 2012

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Wuhan_Tianhe_International_Airport
 



 



 
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