Xiangfeng Wu
Get Xiangfeng Wu essential facts below. View Videos or join the Xiangfeng Wu discussion. Add Xiangfeng Wu to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Xiangfeng Wu

Xiangfeng wu (Chinese: ; pinyin: xi?n?f?n?w?; lit.: 'wind-indicating bird')[1] were wind surveying instruments used to gather and measure the direction of the wind in ancient China.[2]


Prior to the invention of Xiangfeng wu, the ancient Chinese used pieces of silk or cloth that was hung on a pole to measure wind direction.[2] Epigraphic evidence attributing to the discovery of weather crow on a wall painting in a tomb dating to the Eastern Han dynasty in 1972.[2] The Sanfu huangtu (?, Description of the Three Districts in the Capital), a 3rd-century book written by Miao Changyan about the palaces at Chang'an, describes a copper bird-shaped wind vane situated on a tower roof for the measurement of wind direction.[1][2]

Xiangfeng wu composed of copper slices that were fixed on the top of a pole which could be revolved if the wind was blowing in a certain direction. Xiangfeng wu were first used in meteorological observatories and were later installed in government towers and private houses.[3]

See also


  1. ^ a b Needham, Joseph; Ling, Wang (1959), Science and Civilisation in China: Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and the Earth, Vol. 3, Cambridge University Press, p. 478
  2. ^ a b c d Chen, Joseph Cheng-yih (1987), Science And Technology In Chinese Civilisation - Proceedings Of The Workshop Held At The University Of California, World Scientific, p. 200
  3. ^ Selin, Helaine (2008). Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures (2nd ed.). Springer (published April 16, 2008). p. 736. ISBN 978-1402045592.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes