Yakan Language
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Yakan Language
Native toPhilippines
EthnicityYakan people
Filipinos in Malaysia
Native speakers
(110,000 cited 1990 census)[1]
Official status
Official language in
Regional language in the Philippines
Regulated byKomisyon sa Wikang Filipino
Language codes
Yakan language map.png
Area where Yakan is spoken

Yakan is a language of Basilan Island in the Philippines. It is the native language of Yakan people, the indigenous as well as the largest ethnic group on the island. It has a total of 110,000 native speakers. Despite being located in the Philippines, it is not closely related to other Philippine languages, but rather a member of the Sama-Bajaw languages, which in turn are related to the Barito languages spoken in southern Borneo, Madagascar and Mayotte.



Yakan has a simple five-vowel system: [a], [e], [i], [o], [u], with phonemic vowel length: ? [a:], ? [e:], ? [i:], ? [o:], ? [u:].[3]


The following chart lists the consonant phonemes of Yakan.[4]

The consonant d is usually realized between vowels as a flap [?], although some speakers use the stop [d] in all positions.

All consonants except for /d/, /h/, /j/, /w/ and /?/ can occur as lengthened consonants.

The following spelling conventions are used: y /j/, j /d/, ng /?/, ' /?/.[5]


  1. ^ Yakan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yakan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Brainard & Behrens 2002, pp. 5-6.
  4. ^ Brainard & Behrens 2002, p. 5.
  5. ^ Brainard & Behrens 2002, p. 10.


External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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