The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China 's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. The river bisects China proper from west to east, and every major northsouth bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. Large urban centers along the river such as Chongqing , Wuhan , and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze.
Pontoon bridges have been used by militaries for two thousand years on the Yangtze, but until the completion of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge in 1957, there were no permanent bridges along the main stretch of the river known as Chang Jiang (the "Long River "), from Yibin to the river mouth in Shanghai , a distance of 2,884 km (1,792 mi). Since then, over 75 bridges and six tunnels have been built over this stretch, the overwhelming majority since 1990. They reflect a broad array of bridge designs and, in many cases, represent significant achievements in modern bridge engineering. Several rank among the world's longest suspension , cablestayed , arch bridges , truss and box girder bridges as well as some of the highest and tallest bridges .
Upriver from Yibin, bridge spans are more common along the Jinsha and Tongtian sections where the Yangtze is much narrower, although numerous new bridges are being added. The oldest bridge still in use is the Jinlong, a simple suspension bridge over the Jinsha section of the river in Lijiang , Yunnan that was originally built in 1880 and rebuilt in the 1936.^{[1]}
Section names of the Yangtze
Due to changes in the designation of the source of the Yangtze, various sections of the river have been thought of as distinct rivers with different names. The bridges and tunnels of the Yangtze have compound names consisting of the location name and the river section name. Today, the river has four sectional names in (in Chinese) : (1) Tuotuo, (2) Tongtian, (3) Jinsha and (4) Chang Jiang .
The Tuotuo River, considered the official headstream of the Yangtze, flows 358 km (222 mi) from the glaciers of the Gelaindong massif in the Tanggula Mountains of southwestern Qinghai to the confluence with the Dangqu River to form the Tongtian River .
The Tongtian continues for 813 km (505 mi) to the confluence with the Batang River at Yushu in south central Qinghai.
The Jinsha or Gold Sands River continues for 2,308 km (1,434 mi) along the border of western Sichuan with Qinghai, Tibet , and Yunnan , through northern Yunnan and southern Sichuan to the confluence with the Min River at Yibin in south central Sichuan.
Chang Jiang or the "Long River" refers to the final 2,884 km (1,792 mi) of the Yangtze from Yibin through southeastern Sichuan, Chongqing , western Hubei , northern Hunan , eastern Hubei, northern Jiangxi , Anhui and Jiangsu to the river's mouth in Shanghai. Chang Jiang is generally substituted by "Yangtze" in English usage.For example, the Nanjing Chang Jiang Bridge is translated as the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge. The Taku Jinsha River Bridge is a bridge along the Jinsha section of the Yangtze.
History
The Yangtze River forms a major geographic barrier dividing northern and southern China . For millennia, travelers crossed the Yangtze by ferry. In the first half of the 20th century, rail passengers from Beijing to Guangzhou and Shanghai had to disembark, respectively, at Hanyang and Pukou , and cross the river by steam ferry before resuming journeys by train.
Bridges in antiquity
Pontoon bridges
The earliest recorded pontoon bridge over the Yangtze was the Jiangguan Pontoon Bridge built in AD 35 by Gongsun Shu , the ruler of Sichuan , in the war with the Han Emperor Liu Xiu .^{[2]} ^{[3]} Gongsun Shu built the pontoon across a narrow part of the river between Jingmen and Yichang in (modern Hubei Province ) to block the Han Emperor's navy from sailing upriver into Sichuan.^{[3]} The pontoon was burned in battle and Liu Xiu went on to capture Sichuan.^{[3]}
In 570, the Northern Zhou general Chen Teng built a crude suspension bridge across the Xiling Gorge using thick rope and reeds to carry food and provisions for his troops on the south bank. The bridge was cut apart by boats lined with sharp knives sent down river by the Chen general Zhang Shaoda.^{[4]}
During the Tang Dynasty, a pontoon bridge was built in Sangouzhen in the Qutang Gorge in 619.^{[2]} ^{[4]}
In 974, during the Song Emperor Zhao Kuangyin 's conquest of the Southern Tang , a pontoon over 1,000 meters long linked together by bamboo chains was erected in just three days at Caishiji (Ma'anshan , Anhui Province ) and enabled the Song Army to advance swiftly across the river and capture Nanjing , the Southern Tang capital.^{[2]} ^{[3]}
The Taiping rebels made extensive use of pontoons on the Yangtze in their campaign against the Qing Dynasty in the Yangtze Basin.^{[3]} In December 30, 1852, they built two pontoons nearly 3,000 meters long in a fortnight's time at Baishazhou and Yingwuzhou in Wuhan to move troops from Hanyang on the north bank to the Wuchang on the south bank.^{[3]} The Taipings tied together small boats into twos and threes and steered these preassembled pieces simultaneously into the river, and used iron anchors to set the pontoons instead of chains. They added leathercovered walls to the bridges and added towers and firing positions.^{[3]}
Pontoon bridges have not been a feasible longterm solution to cross river transport because they block boat traffic on the Yangtze, a major conduit for travelers and cargo between the coast and the Chinese interior.
Iron chain bridges
Dating back to 3rd century, militaries of antiquity have stretched iron chains across the Yangtze in the Three Gorges to block invading armies. Notable examples include the iron chain defense of the Wu Kingdom in the Xiling Gorge against the Jin Dynasty in 280, the Former Shu 's chain across Kuimen in the Qutang Gorge against the Jingnan in 925, and Song general Xu Zongwu's sevenlink chain at the same location against the Mongols in 1264.^{[4]}
The first documented iron chain bridge across the river was built in the 7th century by the Tibetan Empire over the Jinsha. The Shenchuan Iron Bridge, a simple suspension bridge, stood at what is today Tacun of Weixi Lisu Autonomous County in the Dêqên Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of northwestern Yunnan Province , and was probably built to help the Tibetan military advance against the Kingdom of Nanzhao during its invasions between 682 and 704.^{[6]} The Tibetans stationed a frontier command office in the town called the Shenchuan Iron Bridge jiedushi .^{[6]} The bridge facilitated trade between the two countries until 794 when the Nanzhao realigned with the Tang Dynasty and destroyed the bridge in a war with the Tibetan Empire.^{[6]} ^{[7]}
The oldest bridge still in use on the Yangtze is the Jinlong Bridge in Lijiang , a simple iron chain suspension bridge first built during the Qing Dynasty from 1876 to 1880.^{[8]} It was destroyed in a flood in 1935 and rebuilt the following year.^{[8]} The bridge was named a National Historical Site in 2006.^{[8]}
Iron chain bridges are more durable than pontoon bridges and allow for yearround use, although when the river level is high during the flood season, boards on the bridge deck must be removed.^{[9]}
Modern bridges
Chang Jiang
The first permanent bridge to cross the Chang Jiang section of the river was the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge , built from 1955 to 1957. The dualuse roadrail bridge was a major infrastructural project in the early years of the People's Republic and was completed with Soviet assistance. The second bridge was a singletrack railway bridge built in Chongqing in 1959. The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge , also a roadrail bridge, was the first bridge to cross the lower reaches of the Yangtze. It was built from 1960 to 1968, after the SinoSoviet split , and did not receive foreign assistance. The Zhicheng RoadRail Bridge followed in 1971.
Only two bridges opened in the 1980s, the Chongqing's First Shibanpo Bridge in 1980 and the Luzhou Road Bridge in 1982. Both were in the upper reaches of Changjiang in Sichuan Province, to which Chongqing Municipality belonged at the time.
Bridgebuilding resumed in the 1990s and accelerated in the first decade of the 21st century due to the rapid growth of the Chinese economy . Jiangxi Province had its first bridge in 1993 with the opening of the Jiujiang Bridge . The first bridge in Anhui Province , the Tongling Bridge , opened in 1995. Six of the 11 bridges built in the 1990s and half of the 40 bridge crossings added in the 2000s were built in Chongqing Municipality, which became a directlycontrolled municipality in 1997 to facilitate the construction of the Three Gorges and experienced a building boom.
By 2005, there were over 50 bridges across the Yangtze River between Yibin and Shanghai. The rapid pace of bridge construction has continued. The first tunnel under the Yangtze opened in Wuhan in 2008.
As of December 2014, urban Chongqing has 18 bridges, Wuhan has nine^{[10]} bridges and three tunnels, and Nanjing has five bridges and two tunnels. About a dozen other bridges are now under construction.
Upstream sections
In the upper reaches of the Yangtze above Yibin, the Jinsha (Gold Sands) , Tongtian , and Tuotuo sections of the river are narrower and bridges are more numerous. As of December 2014, Yibin had 10 bridges across the Jinsha and Panzhihua had 16.
The Taku Jinsha River Bridge , under construction in Lijiang, is set to become the highest bridge in the world with a bridge deck that is 512 m (1,680 ft) above the surface of the river.^{[11]}
Bridge strain
A
weigh station for the Songyuan Bridge along the Jinsha River in Yunnan
With the advent of economic growth around the country and widespread use of heavy freight trucks , bridges along the Yangtze have been bearing greater load, leading to greater strain on older bridge structures. The Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge was originally designed to carry trucks weighing up to 30 t (33 short tons).^{[12]} In 2008, the tonnage limit was raised to 55 t (61 short tons).^{[12]} In November 2011, a crack was discovered in the bridge's steel structure and forced the authorities to close the bridge to freight traffic.^{[13]} In February 2012, the tonnage limit was lowered to 20 t (22 short tons).^{[12]} Truck traffic had to be rerouted to neighboring provinces. In 2012, a crack was discovered in one girder of the Luzhou Yangtze River Bridge, leading to bridge closure and emergency repairs.^{[14]}
Longest and tallest bridges
Bridges over the Yangtze including some of the longest and tallest bridges in the world.
The Runyang Bridge [2005] (1,490 m (4,890 ft)), Fourth Nanjing Bridge [2012] (1,418 m (4,652 ft)) and Jiangyin Bridge [1999] (1,385 m (4,544 ft)) are all among the ten longest suspension bridges in the world.
The Sutong Bridge [2008] (1,088 m (3,570 ft)), Edong Bridge [2010] (926 m (3,038 ft)), Jiujiang Expressway Bridge [2013] (818 m (2,684 ft)) and Jingyue Bridge [2010] (816 m (2,677 ft)) all have cablestayed bridge spans that rank among the top ten in the world .
The Chaotianmen Bridge [2009] (552 m (1,811 ft)) is the longest arch bridge in the world . The Wushan Bridge [2005] (460 m (1,510 ft)) also ranks in the top ten.
The Dashengguan Bridge [2010] and Jiujiang Bridge [1992] rank among the longest continuous truss bridges by total truss length .
The Sutong, Jingyue, Zhongzhou [2009], and Jiujiang Expressway Bridges rank among the ten tallest in the world .
Chongqing's Second Shibanpo Bridge [2006] set a world record for box girder bridges with a longest span of 330 m (1,080 ft).^{[15]}
The Yangsigang Bridge [2019] has a main span of 1,700 metres (5,600 feet). It is the second longest suspension bridge in the world and the longest with a doubledeck configuration. ^{[16]} Longest span timeline
Year
Bridge
City
Province
Longest span
Type
1957
First Wuhan Bridge
Wuhan
Hubei
128 m (420 ft)
truss
1968
First Nanjing Bridge
Nanjing
Jiangsu
160 m (520 ft)
truss
1971
Zhicheng Bridge
Zhicheng
Hubei
160 m (520 ft)
truss
1980
First Shibanpo Bridge
Chongqing
Sichuan
174 m (571 ft)
beam
1993
Jiujiang Bridge
Jiujiang
Jiangxi
216 m (709 ft)
truss & arch
1995
Lijiatuo Bridge
Jiulongpo District Nan'an District
Chongqing
444 m (1,457 ft)
cablestayed
1996
Xiling Bridge
Yichang
Hubei
900 m (3,000 ft)
suspension
1999
Jiangyin Bridge
Jingjiang , Jiangyin
Jiangsu
1,385 m (4,544 ft)
suspension
2005
Runyang South Bridge
Shiye Island, Zhenjiang
Jiangsu
1,490 m (4,890 ft)
suspension
2019
Yangsigang Bridge
Wuhan
Hubei
1,700 m (5,600 ft)
suspension
List of existing bridges and tunnels
Chang Jiang
Name
Image
Location
Province
Opened
Total length
Longest Span
Type
Carries
Coordinates
Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge ^{[note 1]}
Chongming , Changxing
Shanghai
2009
9,997 m (32,799 ft)
730 m (2,400 ft)
cablestayed
6lane
31°26?06?N 121°44?39?E / 31.435°N 121.7442°E / 31.435; 121.7442 (Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge )
Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel ^{[note 1]}
Changxing , Pudong
2009
8,950 m (29,360 ft)

tunnel
31°19?33?N 121°41?40?E / 31.3258°N 121.6944°E / 31.3258; 121.6944 (Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel )
Chongqi Bridge ^{[note 1]}
Qidong ,Chongming
Jiangsu ,Shanghai
2011
7,150 m (23,460 ft)
185 m (607 ft)
box girder
31°41?45?N 121°39?59?E / 31.6957°N 121.6663°E / 31.6957; 121.6663 (ChongmingQidong Yangtze River Bridge )
Sutong Bridge
Nantong , Changshu
Jiangsu
2008
8,206 m (26,923 ft)
1,088 m (3,570 ft)
cablestayed
6lane
31°47?22?N 121°00?08?E / 31.7894°N 121.0022°E / 31.7894; 121.0022 (Sutong Yangtze River Bridge )
Jiangyin Bridge
Jingjiang , Jiangyin
1999
3,071 m (10,075 ft)
1,385 m (4,544 ft)
suspension
6lane
31°56?57?N 120°16?03?E / 31.9492°N 120.2674°E / 31.9492; 120.2674 (Jiangyin Yangtze River Bridge )
Taizhou Bridge Complex ^{[note 2]}
Taizhou , Yangzhong
2012
12,665 m (41,552 ft)
1,080 m (3,540 ft)x2
suspension
32°14?48?N 119°52?36?E / 32.2466°N 119.8767°E / 32.2466; 119.8767 (Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge )
Yangzhong , Zhenjiang
125 m (410 ft)
box girder
Runyang Bridge Complex ^{[note 3]}
Yangzhou , Shiye Island(Nouth Bridge)
2005
~6,500 m (21,300 ft)
406 m (1,332 ft)
cablestayed
6lane
32°12?26?N 119°21?49?E / 32.2072°N 119.3637°E / 32.2072; 119.3637 (Runyang Yangtze River Bridge )
Shiye Island, Zhenjiang (South Bridge)
1,490 m (4,890 ft)
suspension
Fourth Nanjing Bridge
Nanjing
2012
5,437 m (17,838 ft)
1,418 m (4,652 ft)
suspension
32°10?41?N 118°56?24?E / 32.1780°N 118.9401°E / 32.1780; 118.9401 (Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge )
Second Nanjing Bridge
2001
2,938 m (9,639 ft)
628 m (2,060 ft)
cablestayed
6lane
32°09?45?N 118°50?10?E / 32.1626°N 118.8362°E / 32.1626; 118.8362 (Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge )
Nanjing Metro Line 3 Tunnel
2015
3,100 m (10,200 ft)
tunnel
Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge
1968
4,588 m (15,052 ft)
160 m (520 ft)
truss
4laneJinghu Railway 2track
32°06?55?N 118°44?20?E / 32.1153°N 118.7389°E / 32.1153; 118.7389 (Nanjing Yangtze Bridge )
Nanjing Yangtze Tunnel (?)
2016
North: 7014m;South: 7363m

Tunnel
(4+4)lane Xshaped highway
Unknown
Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel ()
2009
3,837 m (12,589 ft)

tunnel
6lane highway
31°58?14?N 118°38?28?E / 31.9706°N 118.6411°E / 31.9706; 118.6411 (Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel )
Nanjing Metro Line 10 Tunnel
2014
3,345 m (10,974 ft)

tunnel
Third Nanjing Bridge
2005
4,744 m (15,564 ft)
648 m (2,126 ft)
cablestayed
6lane
31°58?14?N 118°38?28?E / 31.9706°N 118.6411°E / 31.9706; 118.6411 (Third Nanjing Yangtze Bridge )
Dashengguan Bridge
2010
1,615 m (5,299 ft)
336 m (1,102 ft)
arch
Jinghu HSR Huhanrong PDL 6track
31°57?35?N 118°37?52?E / 31.9598°N 118.6310°E / 31.9598; 118.6310 (Dashengguan Yangtze River Bridge )
Ma'anshan Bridge Complex ^{[note 4]}
Ma'anshan
Anhui
2013
11,209 m (36,775 ft)
1,080 m (3,540 ft)x2
suspension
6lane
31°36?36?N 118°23?32?E / 31.6101°N 118.3921°E / 31.6101; 118.3921 (Ma'anshan Yangtze River Bridge )
260 m (850 ft)x2
cablestayed
Wuhu Bridge
Wuhu
2000
2,193 m (7,195 ft)
312 m (1,024 ft)
cablestayed
Huainan Railway
31°23?16?N 118°20?07?E / 31.3878°N 118.3353°E / 31.3878; 118.3353 (Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge )
Tongling Rail Bridge
Tongling
2015
1,290 m (4,230 ft)
630 m (2,070 ft)
cablestayed
HefeiFuzhou HSR
Lutong Railway
31.082778°N 117.973889°E
Tongling Bridge
Tongling
1995
1,152 m (3,780 ft)
432 m (1,417 ft)
cablestayed
4lane
30°51?22?N 117°43?36?E / 30.8560°N 117.7268°E / 30.8560; 117.7268 (Tongling Yangtze River Bridge )
Anqing Yangtze River Railway Bridge
Anqing
2015
2,997 m (9,833 ft)
580 m (1,900 ft)
cablestayed
NanjingAnqing ICR
30.4991°N 117.0714°E
Anqing Bridge
Anqing
2004
1,040 m (3,410 ft)
510 m (1,670 ft)
cablestayed
30°29?57?N 117°04?17?E / 30.4991°N 117.0714°E / 30.4991; 117.0714 (Anqing Yangtze River Bridge )
Wangdong Bridge
Anqing
2016
1,622 m (5,322 ft)
806 m (2,644 ft)
cablestayed
30.4991°N 117.0714°E
Jiujiang Bridge
Huangmei , Jiujiang
Hubei ,Jiangxi
1993
1,806 m (5,925 ft)
216 m (709 ft)
combined truss and arch
Jingjiu Railway
29°45?01?N 116°00?49?E / 29.7502°N 116.0136°E / 29.7502; 116.0136 (Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge )
Jiujiang Expressway Bridge
2013
1,405 m (4,610 ft)
818 m (2,684 ft)
cablestayed
29°43?20?N 115°54?30?E / 29.722306°N 115.908444°E / 29.722306; 115.908444 (Jiujiang Yangtze River Expressway Bridge )
Huangshi Bridge
Huangshi
Hubei eastern
1995
1,060 m (3,480 ft)
245 m (804 ft)
beam
30°15?04?N 115°04?19?E / 30.2512°N 115.07201°E / 30.2512; 115.07201 (Huangshi Yangtze River Bridge )
Edong Bridge
Huanggang
2010
1,486 m (4,875 ft)
926 m (3,038 ft)
cablestayed
30°15?39?N 115°04?28?E / 30.2607°N 115.0744°E / 30.2607; 115.0744 (Edong Yangtze River Bridge )
Ehuang Bridge
Huanggang , Ezhou
2002
1,290 m (4,230 ft)
480 m (1,570 ft)
cablestayed
30°24?44?N 114°55?09?E / 30.4121°N 114.9193°E / 30.4121; 114.9193 (Ehuang Yangtze River Bridge )
Huanggang Bridge
2014
1,215 m (3,986 ft)
567 m (1,860 ft)
cablestayed
Wuhuang ICR
30°29?53?N 114°50?03?E / 30.4981°N 114.8342°E / 30.4981; 114.8342 (Huanggang Yangtze River Bridge )
Yangluo Bridge
Wuhan
2007
2,735 m (8,973 ft)
1,280 m (4,200 ft)
suspension
6lane
30°37?27?N 114°33?28?E / 30.6242°N 114.5578°E / 30.6242; 114.5578 (Yangluo Yangtze River Bridge )
Tianxingzhou Bridge
2009
4,657 m (15,279 ft)
504 m (1,654 ft)
cablestayed
Wuhan Third Ring Road 6lane Wuguang HSR Huhanrong Railway 4track
30°39?25?N 114°24?18?E / 30.6569°N 114.4050°E / 30.6569; 114.4050 (Tianxingzhou Yangtze River Bridge )
Erqi Bridge
2011
2,922 m (9,587 ft)
616 m (2,021 ft)x2
cablestayed
Wuhan Second Ring Road 8lane
30°37?39?N 114°20?31?E / 30.6276°N 114.3420°E / 30.6276; 114.3420 (Erqi Yangtze River Bridge )
Second Wuhan Bridge
1995
1,080 m (3,540 ft)
400 m (1,300 ft)
cablestayed
Wuhan Inner Ring Road
30°36?18?N 114°19?12?E / 30.6051°N 114.32012°E / 30.6051; 114.32012 (Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge )
Wuhan Metro Line 8 Tunnel
2017
tunnel
Wuhan Yangtze River Tunnel
2008
3,630 m (11,910 ft)
N/A
tunnel
Wuhan Inner Ring Road 4lane
30°34?45?N 114°18?26?E / 30.5792°N 114.3072°E / 30.5792; 114.3072 (Wuhan Yangtze River Tunnel )
Wuhan Metro Line 2 Tunnel
2012
3,098 m (10,164 ft)
N/A
tunnel
Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge
1957
1,670 m (5,480 ft)
128 m (420 ft)
truss
4laneJingguang R.R.
30°32?59?N 114°17?18?E / 30.5497°N 114.2882°E / 30.5497; 114.2882 (Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge )
Wuhan Metro Line 4 Tunnel
2014
2,994 m (9,823 ft) (left tube) 3,003 m (9,852 ft)(right tube)

tunnel
Yingwuzhou Bridge
2014
2,300 m (7,500 ft)
850 m (2,790 ft)
suspension
Wuhan Second Ring Road
30°31?51?N 114°16?46?E / 30.5308°N 114.2794°E / 30.5308; 114.2794 (Yingwuzhou Yangtze River Bridge )
Yangsigang Bridge
2019
3,589 m (11,775 ft)
1,700 m (5,600 ft)
suspension
30°30?24?N 114°15?24?E / 30.5067°N 114.2568°E / 30.5067; 114.2568 (Yangsigang Yangtze River Bridge )
Baishazhou Bridge
2000
3,589 m (11,775 ft)
618 m (2,028 ft)
cablestayed
Wuhan Third Ring Road
30°29?05?N 114°14?44?E / 30.4846°N 114.2455°E / 30.4846; 114.2455 (Baishazhou Yangtze River Bridge )
Zhuankou Bridge
2017
Wuhan Fourth Ring Road
Junshan Bridge
2001
2,847 m (9,341 ft)
460 m (1,510 ft)
cablestayed
30°22?27?N 114°08?25?E / 30.374028°N 114.140278°E / 30.374028; 114.140278 (Junshan Yangtze River Bridge )
Jingyue Bridge
Jianli , Yueyang
Hubei ,Hunan
2010
5,400 m (17,700 ft)
816 m (2,677 ft)
cablestayed
6lane
29°32?40?N 113°13?21?E / 29.54434°N 113.222433°E / 29.54434; 113.222433 (Jingyue Yangtze River Bridge )
Jingzhou Bridge
Jingzhou
Hubei western
2002
4,177 m (13,704 ft)
500 m (1,600 ft)
cablestayed
4lane
30°18?32?N 112°12?59?E / 30.308837°N 112.21628°E / 30.308837; 112.21628 (Jingzhou Yangtze River Bridge )
Zhicheng Bridge
Zhicheng
1971
1,742.3 m (5,716 ft)
160 m (520 ft)
truss
Jiaoliu R.R.
30°17?10?N 111°31?35?E / 30.286086°N 111.526442°E / 30.286086; 111.526442 (Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge )
Yichang Bridge
Yichang
2001
1,187 m (3,894 ft)
960 m (3,150 ft)
suspension
30°34?11?N 111°23?30?E / 30.569601°N 111.391536°E / 30.569601; 111.391536 (Yichang Yangtze River Highway Bridge )
Yichang Railway Bridge
2008
2,446 m (8,025 ft)
275 m (902 ft) (x2)
truss and arch
Yiwan Railway 2track
30°39?21?N 111°19?32?E / 30.655944°N 111.325583°E / 30.655944; 111.325583 (Yichang Yangtze River Railway Bridge )
Yiling Bridge
2001
936 m (3,071 ft)
348 m (1,142 ft) (x2)
cablestayed
4lane highway
30°41?03?N 111°17?22?E / 30.684131°N 111.289515°E / 30.684131; 111.289515 (Yiling Yangtze River Bridge )
Zhixi River Bridge Complex^{[note 5]}
Yangtze Main Bridge
2016
3,230 m (10,600 ft)
838 m (2,749 ft)
suspension
6lane highway
30°25?31?N 111°09?44?E / 30.4252°N 111.1623°E / 30.4252; 111.1623 (Xiling Yangtze River Bridge )
Sanjiang Bridge
210 m (690 ft)
cablestayed
6lane highway
Xiling Bridge
1996
1,119 m (3,671 ft)
900 m (3,000 ft)
suspension
4lane highway
30°49?43?N 111°02?47?E / 30.8285°N 111.0465°E / 30.8285; 111.0465 (Xiling Yangtze River Bridge )
Badong Bridge
Badong
2004
728 m (2,388 ft)
388 m (1,273 ft)
cablestayed
31°02?55?N 110°19?42?E / 31.048556°N 110.328472°E / 31.048556; 110.328472 (Badong Yangtze River Bridge )
Wushan Bridge
Wushan County
Chongqing
2005
612 m (2,008 ft)
460 m (1,510 ft)
arch
Road
31°03?47?N 109°54?08?E / 31.063056°N 109.902111°E / 31.063056; 109.902111 (Wushan Yangtze River Bridge )
Fengjie Bridge
Fengjie
2005
893 m (2,930 ft)
460 m (1,510 ft)
cablestayed
Road S201 Provincial Road
31°01?13?N 109°28?51?E / 31.020306°N 109.480944°E / 31.020306; 109.480944 (Fengjie Yangtze River Bridge )
Yunyang Bridge
Yunyang
2005
637 m (2,090 ft)
318 m (1,043 ft)
cablestayed
Road
30°54?56?N 108°42?42?E / 30.9155°N 108.71175°E / 30.9155; 108.71175 (Yunyang Yangtze River Bridge )
Second Wanzhou Bridge
Wanzhou
2004
1,153.86 m (3,786 ft)
580 m (1,900 ft)
suspension
4lane highway
30°49?33?N 108°24?17?E / 30.825889°N 108.404778°E / 30.825889; 108.404778 (Second Wanzhou Yangtze River Bridge )
Wanzhou Railway Bridge
2005
1,106 m (3,629 ft)
360 m (1,180 ft)
arch
Yiwan Railway 2track
30°46?11?N 108°25?00?E / 30.769778°N 108.416528°E / 30.769778; 108.416528 (Wanzhou Railway Bridge )
Wanxian Bridge
1997
864 m (2,835 ft)
420 m (1,380 ft)
arch
30°45?35?N 108°25?09?E / 30.759611°N 108.419278°E / 30.759611; 108.419278 (Wanzhou Bridge )
Zhongxian Bridge
Zhong County
2001
1,200 m (3,900 ft)
560 m (1,840 ft)
suspension
4lane S302
30°18?07?N 108°02?57?E / 30.301833°N 108.049111°E / 30.301833; 108.049111 (Zhongxian Yangtze River Bridge )
Zhongzhou Bridge
2009
2,145 m (7,037 ft)
460 m (1,510 ft)
cablestayed
30°13?55?N 108°00?21?E / 30.231944°N 108.005833°E / 30.231944; 108.005833 (Zhongzhou Yangtze River Bridge )
Fengdu Second Bridge
Fengdu
2017
1,466 m (4,810 ft)
680 m (2,230 ft)
cablestayed
4lane highway
29°51?58?N 107°42?43?E / 29.866073°N 107.712039°E / 29.866073; 107.712039 (Fengdu Yangtze River Bridge )
Fengdu Bridge
1997
620 m (2,030 ft)
450 m (1,480 ft)
suspension
S103
29°51?20?N 107°40?11?E / 29.855417°N 107.669722°E / 29.855417; 107.669722 (Fengdu Yangtze River Bridge )
Hanjiatuo Bridge
Fuling
2012
1,137 m (3,730 ft)
432 m (1,417 ft)
cablestayed
Yuli Railway
29°46?04?N 107°25?02?E / 29.767694°N 107.417278°E / 29.767694; 107.417278 (Hanjiatuo Yangtze River Bridge )
Shiban'gou Bridge
2009
975 m (3,199 ft)
450 m (1,480 ft)
cablestayed
4lane Fuling Ring Rd
29°43?50?N 107°24?21?E / 29.730694°N 107.405944°E / 29.730694; 107.405944 (Shiban'gou Yangtze River Bridge )
Fuling Bridge
1997
631 m (2,070 ft)
330 m (1,080 ft)
cablestayed
4lane
29°44?11?N 107°20?49?E / 29.7365°N 107.346806°E / 29.7365; 107.346806 (Fuling Yangtze River Bridge )
Lidu Bridge
2007
822 m (2,697 ft)
398 m (1,306 ft)
cablestayed
Road
29°43?37?N 107°17?36?E / 29.727028°N 107.293472°E / 29.727028; 107.293472 (Lidu Yangtze River Bridge )
Qingcaobei Bridge ?
2013
1,146 m (3,760 ft)
460 m (1,510 ft)
suspension
Fuling Ring Rd.
Changshou Bridge
Changshou District
2009
1,160 m (3,810 ft)
460 m (1,510 ft)
cablestayed
4lane highway
29°48?59?N 107°03?25?E / 29.816444°N 107.057028°E / 29.816444; 107.057028 (Changshou Yangtze River Bridge )
Changshou Railway Bridge
2005
898.3 m (2,947 ft)
192 m (630 ft)
truss
Yuhuai Railway 2track
29°46?22?N 106°59?30?E / 29.772796°N 106.991546°E / 29.772796; 106.991546 (Changshou Yangtze River Railway Bridge )
Yuzui Bridge
Nan'an District
2009
1,440 m (4,720 ft)
616 m (2,021 ft)
suspension
6lane
29°36?41?N 106°46?21?E / 29.611306°N 106.772556°E / 29.611306; 106.772556 (Yuzui Yangtze River Bridge )
Cuntan Yangtze Bridge
2017^{[17]}
1,600 m (5,200 ft)
880 m (2,890 ft)
suspension
Chongqing Second Airport Expressway
29°37?14.2?N106°36?21.8?E
Dafosi Bridge
2001
1,176 m (3,858 ft)
450 m (1,480 ft)
cablestayed
6lane
29°36?24?N 106°34?58?E / 29.606667°N 106.582639°E / 29.606667; 106.582639 (Dafosi Bridge )
Chaotianmen Bridge
Yubei District , Nan'an District
2009
4,880 m (16,010 ft)
552 m (1,811 ft)
arch
6lane highway
29°35?20?N 106°34?38?E / 29.588871°N 106.57721°E / 29.588871; 106.57721 (Chaotianmen Bridge )
Dongshuimen Bridge
Yuzhong District , Nan'an District
2014
1,124 m (3,688 ft)
445 m (1,460 ft)
cablestayed
4lane highway
29°33?39?N 106°35?13?E / 29.5608°N 106.5869°E / 29.5608; 106.5869 (Dongshuimen Bridge )
Twin Shibanpo Bridges
1980
1,103 m (3,619 ft)
330 m (1,080 ft)
box girder
8lane highway
29°32?44?N 106°33?36?E / 29.545556°N 106.559889°E / 29.545556; 106.559889 (Shibanpo Yangtze River Bridge )
Caiyuanba Bridge
2007
1,866 m (6,122 ft)
420 m (1,380 ft)
arch
6lane highway
style="cellpadding:1; fontsize:80%"29°32?36?N 106°32?53?E / 29.543222°N 106.547944°E / 29.543222; 106.547944 (Caiyuanba Bridge )
E'gongyan Bridge
Jiulongpo District , Nan'an District
2000
1,022 m (3,353 ft)
600 m (2,000 ft)
suspension
6 lane highway
29°31?24?N 106°31?41?E / 29.52325°N 106.528056°E / 29.52325; 106.528056 (E'gongyan Bridge )
Lijiatuo Bridge
1995
1,288 m (4,226 ft)
444 m (1,457 ft)
cablestayed
Highway
29°28?46?N 106°31?42?E / 29.479472°N 106.528444°E / 29.479472; 106.528444 (Lijiatuo Yangtze River Bridge )
Masangxi Bridge
Dadukou District , Ba'nan District
2001
1,104 m (3,622 ft)
360 m (1,180 ft)
cablestayed
6lane
29°27?28?N 106°29?39?E / 29.457667°N 106.494194°E / 29.457667; 106.494194 (Masangxi Bridge )
Yudong Bridge
2008
1,541 m (5,056 ft)
260 m (850 ft)
beam
29°24?09?N 106°29?48?E / 29.402556°N 106.496611°E / 29.402556; 106.496611 (Yudong Yangtze River Bridge )
Baishatuo Railway Bridge
Dadukou District , Jiangjin District
1960
825 m (2,707 ft)
80 m (260 ft)
truss
Chuanqian Railway ^{[note 6]}
29°21?13?N 106°25?31?E / 29.353714°N 106.425267°E / 29.353714; 106.425267 (Baishatuo Yangtze River Railway Bridge )
Diwei Bridge
2004
734 m (2,408 ft)
345 m (1,132 ft)
cablestayed
2lane road
29°20?41?N 106°24?17?E / 29.344667°N 106.404722°E / 29.344667; 106.404722 (Diwei Bridge )
Guanyinyan Bridge
Jiulongpo District , Jiangjin District
2009
1,199 m (3,934 ft)
436 m (1,430 ft)
cablestayed
6lane
29°15?48?N 106°19?16?E / 29.263444°N 106.321222°E / 29.263444; 106.321222 (Guanyinyan Bridge )
Dingshan Bridge
2013
897 m (2,943 ft)
464 m (1,522 ft)
cablestayed
6lane road
29°16?29?N 106°17?14?E / 29.274743°N 106.287242°E / 29.274743; 106.287242 (Dingshan Bridge )
Jijiang Yangtze River Bridge
Jiangjin District
2016^{[18]}
1,897 m (6,224 ft)
600 m (2,000 ft)^{[19]}
suspension
6lane road
Jiangjin Bridge
1997
1,360 m (4,460 ft)
240 m (790 ft)
beam
29°15?50?N 106°15?09?E / 29.263806°N 106.252528°E / 29.263806; 106.252528 (Jiangjin Bridge )
Chongqing Yongchuan Bridge
Jiangjin District ,Yongchuan District
2014^{[20]}
1,685 m (5,528 ft)
608 m (1,995 ft)
cablestayed
Chongqing Third Ring Rd.
29°02?30?N 105°53?18?E / 29.041667°N 105.888333°E / 29.041667; 105.888333 (Chongqing Yongchuan Yangtze River Bridge )
Bosideng Bridge
Hejiang County
Sichuan
2012
841 m (2,759 ft)
530 m (1,740 ft)
arch
28°53?32?N 105°52?47?E / 28.892182°N 105.879717°E / 28.892182; 105.879717 (Bosideng Bridge )
Second Hejiang Bridge
2012
1,695 m (5,561 ft)
420 m (1,380 ft)
cablestayed
28°50?42?N 105°47?57?E / 28.84491°N 105.7992°E / 28.84491; 105.7992 (Hejiang Bridge )
Huangyi Bridge
Luzhou
2012
1,223 m (4,012 ft)
520 m (1,710 ft)
cablestayed
28°53?43?N 105°32?53?E / 28.895259°N 105.548094°E / 28.895259; 105.548094 (Huangyi Bridge )
Taian Bridge
2008
1,573 m (5,161 ft)
270 m (890 ft)
cablestayed
Road
28°52?42?N 105°31?34?E / 28.878326°N 105.526116°E / 28.878326; 105.526116 (Taian Bridge )
Qiancao Bridge
2012
1,189 m (3,901 ft)
248 m (814 ft)
extradosed
Road
28°53?17?N 105°27?20?E / 28.888139°N 105.455556°E / 28.888139; 105.455556 (Qiancao Bridge )
Luzhou Bridge
1982
1,252 m (4,108 ft)
170 m (560 ft)
beam
28°52?07?N 105°26?27?E / 28.868494°N 105.440806°E / 28.868494; 105.440806 (Luzhou Bridge )
Luzhou Railway Bridge
2002
602 m (1,975 ft)
144 m (472 ft)
beam
LongchangHuangtong R.R. 1track
28°46?22?N 105°21?17?E / 28.772813°N 105.35476°E / 28.772813; 105.35476 (Luzhou Railway Bridge )
Second Luzhou Bridge
2003
1,408 m (4,619 ft)
253 m (830 ft)
beam
4lane
28°45?54?N 105°20?12?E / 28.764941°N 105.336644°E / 28.764941; 105.336644 (Second Luzhou Bridge )
Jiang'an Bridge
Jiang'an County
2008
1,093 m (3,586 ft)
252 m (827 ft)
beam
Road
28°43?46?N 105°04?58?E / 28.729526°N 105.082659°E / 28.729526; 105.082659 (Jiang'an Bridge )
Nanxi Bridge
Yibin
2012
1,295 m (4,249 ft)
820 m (2,690 ft)
suspension
28°47?N 104°57?E / 28.78°N 104.95°E / 28.78; 104.95 (Nanxi Yangtze Bridge )
Yibin Yangtze Bridge ^{[21]}
2008
928.73 m (3,047.0 ft)
460 m (1,510 ft)
cablestayed
4lane highway
28°46?04?N 104°39?14?E / 28.76781°N 104.65386°E / 28.76781; 104.65386 (Yibin Yangtze Bridge )
Jinsha
Name
Image
Location
Province
Opened
Total length
Longest Span
Type
Carries
Coordinates
Yibin Rongzhou Bridge
Yibin
Sichuan eastern
2004
505 m (1,657 ft)
260 m (850 ft)
arch
road
28°46?00?N 104°38?19?E / 28.7667°N 104.6386°E / 28.7667; 104.6386 (Yibin Rongzhou Bridge )
Yibin Xiaonanmen Bridge ?
1990
387 m (1,270 ft)
260 m (850 ft)
arch
road
28°45?50?N 104°37?30?E / 28.7639°N 104.625°E / 28.7639; 104.625 (Yibin Xiaonanmen Bridge )
Yibin Jinsha River Railway Bridge
1968
400 m (1,300 ft)
176 m (577 ft)
beam
Yigong R.R.
28°45?33?N 104°37?02?E / 28.7592°N 104.6172°E / 28.7592; 104.6172 (Yibin Jinsha River Railway Bridge )
Yibin Zhongba Bridge
2003
427 m (1,401 ft)
252 m (827 ft)
cablestayed
road
28°45?21?N 104°36?39?E / 28.7558°N 104.6108°E / 28.7558; 104.6108 (Yibin Zhongba Bridge )
Yibin Tianchi Bridge
2011
653 m (2,142 ft)
220 m (720 ft)
rigid frame
road
28°42?25?N 104°34?36?E / 28.7069°N 104.5766°E / 28.7069; 104.5766 (Yibin Tianchi Bridge )
Yibin Mamingxi Bridge
1979
245 m (804 ft)
150 m (490 ft)
deck arch
28°42?04?N 104°33?24?E / 28.7011°N 104.5567°E / 28.7011; 104.5567 (Yibin Mamingxi Bridge )
Yishui Expressway Bridge
2005
1,712 m (5,617 ft)
249 m (817 ft)
rigid frame
28°41?20?N 104°31?24?E / 28.6889°N 104.5233°E / 28.6889; 104.5233 (Yishui Expressway Bridge )
Shuifu Bridge
?
Yibin ,Zhaotong
Sichuan Yunnan
1958
truss
Neikun Railway
28°41?51?N 104°25?16?E / 28.6975°N 104.4211°E / 28.6975; 104.4211 (Shuifu Bridge )
Xiangjiaba Bridge
2007
443 m (1,453 ft)
170 m (560 ft)
rigid frame
road
28°38?25?N 104°24?34?E / 28.6402°N 104.4094°E / 28.6402; 104.4094 (Xiangjiaba Bridge )
Suijiang Yunchuan Bridge
?
2015^{[22]}
718 m (2,356 ft)
228 m (748 ft)
box girder
road
28°36?50?N 103°59?25?E / 28.6138°N 103.9903°E / 28.6138; 103.9903 (Suijiang Yunchuan Jinsha River Bridge )
G213 Jinsha River Bridge
213?
2001
310 m (1,020 ft)
150 m (490 ft)
arch
road
28°39?45?N 103°52?12?E / 28.6625°N 103.87°E / 28.6625; 103.87 (G213 Jinsha River Bridge )
Xiluodu Bridge
Liangshan ,Zhaotong
2005
rigid frame
road
28°14?30?N 103°40?31?E / 28.2417°N 103.6753°E / 28.2417; 103.6753 (Xiluodu Bridge )
Tongyang Bridge
?
2008
500 m (1,600 ft)
180 m (590 ft)
arch
27°31?54?N 103°11?59?E / 27.5317°N 103.1997°E / 27.5317; 103.1997 (Tongyang Bridge )
Hulukou Bridge
1998
160 m (520 ft)
arch
26°57?52?N 102°53?24?E / 26.9644°N 102.89°E / 26.9644; 102.89 (Hulukou Bridge )
Jiaopingdu Bridge
Liangshan ,Kunming
1991
144 m (472 ft)
cablestayed
26°17?34?N 102°22?59?E / 26.2928°N 102.3831°E / 26.2928; 102.3831 (Jiaopingdu Bridge )
Yuzha Bridge ?
Liangshan ,Panzhihua
Sichuan southern
2014
398 m (1,306 ft)
180 m (590 ft)
rigid frame
26°22?06?N 101°55?36?E / 26.3683°N 101.9268°E / 26.3683; 101.9268 (Yuzha Jinsha River Bridge )
G5 Expressway Bridge
Panzhihua
2008
637 m (2,090 ft)
324 m (1,063 ft)
cablestayed
26°34?22?N 101°51?07?E / 26.5728°N 101.8519°E / 26.5728; 101.8519 (Xipan Expressway Bridge )
Chengkun Railway Bridge
1970
390 m (1,280 ft)
192 m (630 ft)
beam
Chengkun Railway
26°34?53?N 101°50?11?E / 26.5814°N 101.8364°E / 26.5814; 101.8364 (Chengkun Railway Bridge )
Qinglongshan Expressway Bridge
2014
862 m (2,828 ft)
230 m (750 ft)
rigid frame
26°36?15?N 101°47?42?E / 26.6042°N 101.795°E / 26.6042; 101.795 (Qinglongshan Expressway Bridge )
Luoguo Bridge ?
1995
208 m (682 ft)
160 m (520 ft)
arch
26°36?04?N 101°47?39?E / 26.6011°N 101.7942°E / 26.6011; 101.7942 (Luoguo Bridge )
New Midi Bridge
2011 2013^{[note 7]}
296 m (971 ft)
182 m (597 ft)
arch
road
26°34?33?N 101°44?59?E / 26.5758°N 101.7497°E / 26.5758; 101.7497 (New Midi Bridge )
Midi Bridge ?
19692014 ^{[note 8]}
284 m (932 ft)
181 m (594 ft)
arch
road
26°34?33?N 101°44?57?E / 26.5759°N 101.7492°E / 26.5759; 101.7492 (Midi Bridge )
Bingcaogang Bridge
2001
516.3 m (1,694 ft)
200 m (660 ft)
cablestayed
road
26°34?32?N 101°42?14?E / 26.5756°N 101.7038°E / 26.5756; 101.7038 (Bingcaogang Bridge )
New Dukou Bridge
2005
385.88 m (1,266.0 ft)
170 m (560 ft)
arch
26°33?25?N 101°41?49?E / 26.557°N 101.697°E / 26.557; 101.697 (New Dukou Bridge )
Hehuachi Bridge
1976
252.2 m (827 ft)
110 m (360 ft)
arch
road
26°34?07?N 101°39?46?E / 26.5686°N 101.6627°E / 26.5686; 101.6627 (Hehuachi Bridge )
Hehuachi Railway Bridge
1995
rigid frame
railway
26°35?08?N 101°39?16?E / 26.5856°N 101.6544°E / 26.5856; 101.6544 (Hehuachi Railway Bridge )
Xinzhuang Bridge ?
1972
323.7 m (1,062 ft)
146 m (479 ft)
arch
26°35?08?N 101°39?17?E / 26.5855°N 101.6546°E / 26.5855; 101.6546 (Xinzhuang Bridge )
Dashuijing Bridge
2014
475 m (1,558 ft)
230 m (750 ft)
rigid frame
26°35?25?N 101°37?12?E / 26.5903°N 101.62°E / 26.5903; 101.62 (Dashuijing Bridge )
Fala Bridge ?
2005
233.74 m (766.9 ft)
190 m (620 ft)
box girder
road
26°35?15?N 101°36?01?E / 26.5876°N 101.6002°E / 26.5876; 101.6002 (Fala Bridge )
Baoding Bridge ?
1982
392 m (1,286 ft)
170 m (560 ft)
box girder
road
26°35?48?N 101°34?16?E / 26.5966°N 101.5711°E / 26.5966; 101.5711 (Baoding Bridge )
Zhuangshang Bridge
2014
370 m (1,210 ft)
180 m (590 ft)
rigid frame
26°35?33?N 101°29?53?E / 26.5925°N 101.4981°E / 26.5925; 101.4981 (Zhuangshang Bridge )
Panzhihua Guanyinyan Bridge
2005
114 m (374 ft)
arch
road
26°31?53?N 101°26?49?E / 26.5314°N 101.4470°E / 26.5314; 101.4470 (Panzhihua Guanyinyan Bridge )
New Jinjiang Bridge
Lijiang
Yunnan
2012
325 m (1,066 ft)
rigid frame
26°11?03?N 100°35?37?E / 26.1842°N 100.5936°E / 26.1842; 100.5936 (New Jinjiang Bridge )
Maguaidan Bridge
Dali
250 m (820 ft)
170 m (560 ft)
suspension
road
26°28?59?N 100°25?09?E / 26.4831°N 100.4192°E / 26.4831; 100.4192 (Maguaidan Bridge )
Zhongjiang Bridge
?
2005
225 m (738 ft)
138 m (453 ft)
suspension
road
26°29?45?N 100°24?45?E / 26.4958°N 100.4125°E / 26.4958; 100.4125 (Zhongjiang Bridge )
Longkaikou Bridge
rigid frame
road
26°43?06?N 100°23?29?E / 26.7183°N 100.3914°E / 26.7183; 100.3914 (Longkaikou Bridge )
Jinlong Bridge
Lijiang
1936^{[note 9]}
116 m (381 ft)
90 m (300 ft)
simple suspension
foot traffic
26°46?58?N 100°23?09?E / 26.7828°N 100.3858°E / 26.7828; 100.3858 (Jinlong Bridge )
Jin'an Bridge arch bridge
1982
186 m (610 ft)^{[23]}
110 m (360 ft)^{[23]}
arch
26°47?47?N 100°25?47?E / 26.7964°N 100.4297°E / 26.7964; 100.4297 (Jin'an Bridge )
Ping'an Bridge
?
arch
road
26°47?55?N 100°26?24?E / 26.7986°N 100.44°E / 26.7986; 100.44 (Ping'an Bridge )
New Shudi Bridge
2003^{[23]}
179.6 m (589 ft)^{[23]}
120 m (390 ft)^{[23]}
rigid frame
27°00?23?N 100°26?16?E / 27.0064°N 100.4378°E / 27.0064; 100.4378 (New Shudi Bridge )
Ahai Bridge
?
270 m (890 ft)
arch
road
27°20?06?N 100°30?24?E / 27.335°N 100.5067°E / 27.335; 100.5067 (Ahai Bridge )
Fengke Bridge
?
216 m (709 ft)
150 m (490 ft)
rigid frame
road
27°36?15?N 100°26?37?E / 27.6042°N 100.4436°E / 27.6042; 100.4436 (Fengke Bridge )
Liyuan Bridge
?
Dêqên ,Lijiang
arch
road
27°41?13?N 100°17?23?E / 27.6869°N 100.2897°E / 27.6869; 100.2897 (Liyuan Bridge )
Jihong Bridge
1971
150 m (490 ft)
75 m (246 ft)
arch
road
27°07?53?N 100°03?19?E / 27.1314°N 100.0552°E / 27.1314; 100.0552 (Jihong Bridge )
350 m (1,150 ft)
200 m (660 ft)
suspension
road,very narrow
27°03?04?N 100°04?38?E / 27.0511°N 100.0772°E / 27.0511; 100.0772
Songyuan Bridge
?
1996
170 m (560 ft)
arch
27°00?18?N 100°04?17?E / 27.005°N 100.0714°E / 27.005; 100.0714 (Songyuan Bridge )
suspension
road
27°09?10?N 99°49?28?E / 27.1528°N 99.8244°E / 27.1528; 99.8244
Qizong Bridge
?
Dêqên
1989
cablestayed
27°34?34?N 99°31?43?E / 27.576°N 99.5286°E / 27.576; 99.5286 (Qizong Bridge )
New Helong Bridge ?
Garzê ,Dêqên
Sichuan ,Yunnan
arch
28°10?16?N 99°23?22?E / 28.1711°N 99.3894°E / 28.1711; 99.3894 (Xinhe Bridge )
Quzong Bridge
?
arch
road
28°21?10?N 99°13?47?E / 28.3528°N 99.2296°E / 28.3528; 99.2296 (Quzong Bridge )
suspension
road
28°29?06?N 99°11?14?E / 28.485°N 99.1872°E / 28.485; 99.1872
Yinduba Bridge
2009
90 m (300 ft)
arch
road
28°36?22?N 99°09?59?E / 28.6061°N 99.1664°E / 28.6061; 99.1664 (Yinduba Bridge )
simple suspension
footpath
28°44?47?N 99°07?37?E / 28.7464°N 99.1269°E / 28.7464; 99.1269
simple suspension
footpath
28°53?23?N 99°07?03?E / 28.8897°N 99.1175°E / 28.8897; 99.1175
suspension
road
29°13?44?N 99°06?55?E / 29.2288°N 99.1153°E / 29.2288; 99.1153
Garzê ,Chamdo
Sichuan ,Tibet
suspension
road
29°18?14?N 99°03?56?E / 29.3039°N 99.0656°E / 29.3039; 99.0656
suspension
road
29°21?01?N 99°03?59?E / 29.3503°N 99.0664°E / 29.3503; 99.0664
suspension
footpath
29°29?02?N 99°03?29?E / 29.4839°N 99.0581°E / 29.4839; 99.0581
New Zhubalong Bridge
beam
29°46?11?N 99°00?35?E / 29.7697°N 99.0097°E / 29.7697; 99.0097 (New Zhubalong Bridge )
Old Zhubalong Bridge
1964
beam
footpath^{[note 10]}
29°46?29?N 99°00?39?E / 29.7747°N 99.0108°E / 29.7747; 99.0108 (Old Zhubalong Bridge )
suspension
footpath
29°56?10?N 99°03?38?E / 29.9361°N 99.0606°E / 29.9361; 99.0606
suspension
footpath
30°05?05?N 99°02?35?E / 30.0847°N 99.0431°E / 30.0847; 99.0431
simple suspension
footpath
30°44?39?N 98°57?39?E / 30.7442°N 98.9608°E / 30.7442; 98.9608
simple suspension
footpath
31°12?51?N 98°37?25?E / 31.2141°N 98.6235°E / 31.2141; 98.6235
simple suspension
footpath
31°19?11?N 98°49?07?E / 31.3198°N 98.8186°E / 31.3198; 98.8186
simple suspension
footpath
31°26?08?N 98°50?23?E / 31.4356°N 98.8398°E / 31.4356; 98.8398
New Gangtuo Bridge
beam
31°37?26?N 98°35?35?E / 31.6240°N 98.5931°E / 31.6240; 98.5931 (New Gangtuo Bridge )
Gangtuo Bridge
?
1974
140 m (460 ft)
70 m (230 ft)
arch
road
31°37?32?N 98°35?26?E / 31.6256°N 98.5906°E / 31.6256; 98.5906 (Gangtuo Bridge )
suspension
footpath
31°41?32?N 98°33?26?E / 31.6921°N 98.5571°E / 31.6921; 98.5571
Dengmanusangba Bridge
1988
150 m (490 ft)
suspension
road
32°27?37?N 97°59?47?E / 32.4603°N 97.9963°E / 32.4603; 97.9963 (Dengmanusangba Bridge )
Garzê ,Yushu
Sichuan ,Qinghai
suspension
road
32°38?02?N 97°32?24?E / 32.6339°N 97.5399°E / 32.6339; 97.5399
Tongtian
Tuotuo
Bridges and tunnels under construction
Chang Jiang
Name
Location
Expected opening
Total length
Longest span
Type
Carries
Coord.
ShanghaiNantong Bridge
Nantong & Zhangjiagang , Jiangsu
2019
~7,000 m (23,000 ft)
1,092 m (3,583 ft)
cablestayed
Hutong Railway
32°00?33?N 120°44?34?E / 32.009167°N 120.742778°E / 32.009167; 120.742778 (ShanghaiNantong Yangtze River Bridge )
Heyan Road River Tunnel^{[24]} ?
Nanjing , Jiangsu
2022
7,368 m (24,173 ft)

tunnel
road
Yijishan Bridge ?
Wuhu , Anhui
2018
1,232 m (4,042 ft)
588 m (1,929 ft)
cablestayed
ShangqiuHangzhou HSR road
31°21?07?N 118°20?47?E / 31.3519°N 118.3464°E / 31.3519; 118.3464 (Yijishan Yangtze River Bridge )
Second Wuhu Bridge
Wuhu , Anhui
2017
1,622 m (5,322 ft)
806 m (2,644 ft)
cablestayed
31°14?09?N 118°08?14?E / 31.235833°N 118.137222°E / 31.235833; 118.137222 (Second Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge )
Chizhou Bridge
Chizhou , Anhui
2019^{[25]}
5,818 m (19,088 ft)
828 m (2,717 ft)
cablestayed
Sanyang Road Yangtze River Tunnel
?
Wuhan , Hubei
2018
2,590 m (8,500 ft)

tunnel
6lane road
Dunkou Bridge
Wuhan , Hubei
2017
3,287 m (10,784 ft)
760 m (2,490 ft)
cablestayed
Wuhan 4th Ring Rd.^{[26]}
30°26?11?N 114°11?40?E / 30.436389°N 114.194444°E / 30.436389; 114.194444 (Dunkou Yangtze River Bridge )
Gongan Bridge
Jingzhou , Hubei
2018
2,015.9 m (6,614 ft)
518 m (1,699 ft)
cablestayed
ShashiGongan Hwy JingzhouYueyang Railroad
30°04?06?N 112°19?59?E / 30.068333°N 112.333056°E / 30.068333; 112.333056 (Gongan Yangtze River Bridge ) ,
Fuma Bridge
Wanzhou , Chongqing
2017^{[27]}
2,003 m (6,572 ft)
1,050 m (3,440 ft)
suspension
Third Wanzhou Bridge
Wanzhou , Chongqing
2018
2,120 m (6,960 ft)
730 m (2,400 ft)
cablestayed
road
30°47?14?N 108°24?11?E / 30.787222°N 108.403056°E / 30.787222; 108.403056 (Dunkou Yangtze River Bridge )
Guojiatuo Bridge
?
Jiangbei & Banan , Chongqing
2021
1,363 m (4,472 ft)
720 m (2,360 ft)
suspension
8lane Expressway
Nanjimen Bridge
?
Nan'an District , Chongqing
2020
1,224 m (4,016 ft)
480 m (1,570 ft)
cablestayed
Egongyan Rail Transit Bridge
Jiulongpo District , Chongqing
2019
1,650 m (5,410 ft)
600 m (2,000 ft)
suspension
Baijusi Bridge
?
Dadukou & Banan , Chongqing
2019
1,384 m (4,541 ft)
660 m (2,170 ft)
cablestayed
8lane Expressway
New Baishatuo Bridge
Dadukou & Jiangjin , Chongqing
2017^{[28]}
920 m (3,020 ft)
432 m (1,417 ft)
cablestayed
ChongqingGuizhou HSR
29°21?05?N 106°25?46?E / 29.351389°N 106.429444°E / 29.351389; 106.429444 (New Baishatuo Yangtze River Bridge )
Hejiang Yangtze River Bridge
Hejiang , Sichuan
2020^{[29]}
1,560 m (5,120 ft)
507 m (1,663 ft)
arch
road
Upstream sections
Name
Location
Expected opening
Total length
Main span
Type
Carries
Coord.
Yibin Jinsha River Road Rail Bridge
Yibin , Sichuan
2017
1,874.9 m (6,151 ft)
336 m (1,102 ft)
arch
roadChengduGuiyang HSR
28°43?43?N 104°35?06?E / 28.7287°N 104.5851°E / 28.7287; 104.5851 (Yibin Jinsha River Road Rail Bridge )
Puhe Bridge ?
Yibin , Sichuan
2016
268 m (879 ft)
180 m (590 ft)
rigid frame
road
28°41?45?N 104°32?55?E / 28.6957°N 104.5487°E / 28.6957; 104.5487 (Puhe Jinsha River Bridge )
New Hulukou Bridge
Liangshan , Sichuan Zhaotong , Yunnan
2016^{[30]}
959 m (3,146 ft)
656 m (2,152 ft)
suspension
road
26°58?17?N 102°53?30?E / 26.9714°N 102.8918°E / 26.9714; 102.8918 (New Hulukou Jinsha River Bridge )
Jindong Bridge ?
Liangshan , Sichuan Kunming , Yunnan
2016^{[31]}
941 m (3,087 ft)
730 m (2,400 ft)
suspension
road
26°30?36?N 103°02?26?E / 26.5099°N 103.0406°E / 26.5099; 103.0406 (Jindong Jinsha River Bridge )
Wudongde Bridge
Liangshan , Sichuan Kunming , Yunnan
?
~400 m (1,300 ft)
90 m (300 ft)
rigid frame
road
26°21?07?N 102°35?50?E / 26.352°N 102.5971°E / 26.352; 102.5971 (Wudongde Jinsha River Bridge )
Hemenkou Bridge
Liangshan , Sichuan Kunming , Yunnan
2017
522 m (1,713 ft)
240 m (790 ft)
rigid frame
road
26°18?27?N 102°38?04?E / 26.3074°N 102.6344°E / 26.3074; 102.6344 (Hemenkou Jinsha River Bridge )
Second Chengkun Railway Bridge
Panzhihua , Sichuan
2020
cablestayed
Second Chengkun Railway
26°36?13?N 101°48?50?E / 26.6037°N 101.8139°E / 26.6037; 101.8139 (Second ChengduKunming Railway Jinsha River Bridge )
Jin'an Bridge
Lijiang , Yunnan
2021
1,681 m (5,515 ft)
1,386 m (4,547 ft)
suspension
26°49?N 100°26?E / 26.82°N 100.44°E / 26.82; 100.44 (Jin'an Bridge )
G214 New Tongtian River Bridge 214
Yushu , Qinghai
?
~800 m (2,600 ft)
rigid frame
road
33°00?20?N 97°14?56?E / 33.0055°N 97.249°E / 33.0055; 97.249 (G214 New Tongtian River Bridge )
Planned bridges
Name
Location
Expected opening
Total length
Main span
Type
Carries
Wuxue Bridge
Wuxue , Hubei & Yangxin , Jiangxi
2018
4,331 m (14,209 ft)
1,328 m (4,357 ft)^{[32]}
cablestayed
MachengYangxin Hwy
29°50?25?N 115°30?22?E / 29.840278°N 115.506111°E / 29.840278; 115.506111 (Wuxue Yangtze River Bridge )
Chibi Bridge
Honghu & Chibi , Hubei
2018
4,557 m (14,951 ft)
720 m (2,360 ft)
cablestayed
S214
29°51?09?N 113°34?42?E / 29.8525°N 113.578333°E / 29.8525; 113.578333 (Chibi Yangtze River Bridge )
See also
Notes
^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel , connecting Pudong on the south bank of the river and Changxing Island , the Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge between Changxing and Chongming Island , and the ChongmingQidong Yangtze River Bridge linking Chongming with Qidong on the north bank of the river, collectively form one crossing near the river's mouth.
^ The Taizhou Bridge complex crosses two branch streams of the Yangtze and the Yangzhong island in the middle of the river. The bridge over the left stream is a suspension bridge with three towers and two spans. The bridge over the right stream is a pair of boxgirder bridges configured as 85+125x3+85 = 545 m (1,788 ft) and 85+125x2+85=420 m (1,380 ft)
^ Runyang Bridge complex crosses the Yangtze via Shiye Island and consists of two main bridges. The Runyang North Bridge is a suspension bridge over the north branch stream between the island and Yangzhou . The Runyang South Bridge is a cablestayed bridge over the south branch stream between the island and Zhenjiang .
^ The Ma'anshan Bridge complex crosses two branch streams of the Yangtze and the Xiaohuangzhou island in the middle of the river. The bridge over the left stream is a suspension bridge with three towers and two spans. The bridge over the right stream is a cablestayed bridge with three towers and two spans.
^ The Miaozui Yangtze River Bridge, which spans across the right and left streams of the river and an island in the river, is composed of several bridge sections including a longer suspension bridge with a main span of 838 m (2,749 ft) and a shorter cablestayed bridge with a main span of 210 m (690 ft).
^ The second track on the Baishatuo Yangtze River Railway Bridge was added in 1978.
^ The upstream span of the New Midi Bridge opened in 2011 and the downstream span opened in 2013
^ The Midi Bridge closed in 2014.
^ The Jinlong Bridge was first built in 1880. It was destroyed in a flood in 1935 and rebuilt in 1936.
^ The Old Zhubalong Bridge has been closed to vehicular traffic.
^ The Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge, a rigid frame bridge that built in 2012, replaced a beam bridge built in 1989.
^ The G109 Tuotuo River Bridge, first built in 1958, was rebuilt in 1987 and 2002.
^ The QinghaiTibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge was completed in 2002 and opened to rail traffic in 2006.
References
^ (in Chinese) Archived 20150107 at the Wayback Machine 20140312
^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} (in Chinese) Xinhua 20090722
^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} ^{d} ^{e} ^{f} ^{g} (in Chinese) "" ?
^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} (in Chinese) ? 20130218
^ (in Chinese) Archived 20160303 at the Wayback Machine 20141211
^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} (in Chinese) , , ? Archived 20160304 at the Wayback Machine 19920614
^ (in Chinese) ?: 20141201
^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} (in Chinese) , ?"" 20110212
^ (in Chinese) (?) 20070906
^ Changjiang Weekly 2018.01.05 pp.6. Zhuankou Yangtze River Bridge Opens to traffic "The Zhuankou River Bridge, now the ninth bridge across the Yangtze in Wuhan, opened to traffic..."
^ (in Chinese) Archived 20140218 at the Wayback Machine 20131030
^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} (in Chinese) :4? 20130216
^ Key Yangtze River bridge closed for repair
^ (in Chinese) Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine 20121121
^ "Shibanpo Bridge Breaks World Record for Longest Box Girder Bridge Span" American Segmental Bridge Institute Accessed 20150202
^ Zhou Lihua; Liu Kun (October 8, 2019). "Yangsigang Yangtze River Bridge opens to traffic" . China Daily . Archived from the original on November 16, 2019. Page 2 archived from the original . Page 3 archived from the original . Page 4 archived from the original . Retrieved November 16, 2019.
^ """ " . news.sina.com.cn . Retrieved .
^ (in Chinese) ?(?) 20141127
^ ?003?. "?" . paper.people.com.cn . Archived from the original on 20171231. Retrieved .
^ (in Chinese) (?) 20141226
^ YIBIN YANGTZE River Bridge
^ (in Chinese) ? ?1.3 ? 20150105
^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} ^{d} ^{e} (in Chinese) , "?''" 20110212
^ (in Chinese) ? ? 20150116
^ (in Chinese) ? ?100/ 20141231
^ (in Chinese) 2019 Archived 20141213 at the Wayback Machine 20141204
^ (in Chinese) Archived 20150102 at the Wayback Machine 20130621
^ (in Chinese) 2017? 7 20150105
^ (in Chinese) Archived December 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine 20141205
^ "Archived copy" . Archived from the original on 20160207. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link )
^ http://www.highestbridges.comhttp://popflock.com/learn?s=index.php?s=Jinshajiang_Bridge_Jindong
^ (in Chinese) ? 20141011
External links