Location of Yingge in New Taipei City
|Country||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Special municipality||New Taipei|
|o Total||21.1248 km2 (8.1563 sq mi)|
|o Density||4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (CST)|
Yingge District (Chinese: ???; pinyin: ; Pe?h-?e-j?: Eng-ko-khu; literally: 'oriole song township') is an urban district located on the Dahan River in southwestern New Taipei City in northern Republic of China (Taiwan). It is famous for the production of porcelain and an abundance of art studios and shops.
On the northern side of Yingge lies a formation that went by the names of ? (Parrot Stone), ??? (Eagle Brother Stone), and ? (Golden oriole or Warbler Brother Stone). The last stone is where the current name of the district derives from. The modern name "Yingge" (??) literally means "Warbler Song" in Chinese.
According to legend, the rock formation produced a miasma that disoriented, sickened, and sometimes killed passers-by. One day, General Koxinga led his army past the rock. When they were caught in the miasma, he ordered his cannon to fire against the rock. When the neck of the stone eagle was broken, the miasma lifted and the troops could continue on their march.
According to legend, by 1684, the Yingge area already had Hakka migrants who specialized in cultivating tea. According to the locals, the history of ceramics in Yingge began 200 years ago when Wu An () immigrated from Guangzhou to Yingge to become the first potter in the area. Later, Chen Kun (), a brick maker, moved to the area and the two strived to make Yingge into the centre of Taiwan's ceramics industry.
In 1920, Yingge Stone Village (?) was renamed to Yingge Village (). In 1940, the village was promoted to Yingge Street (), and in 1945 was changed to Yingge Small Town (). On August 1, 1946, seventeen urban villages (?) were divided from Yingge Township and made into Shulin Township. Today, Yingge is the largest centre for ceramic production in Taiwan, with over 800 ceramic-related businesses in the area.
The best mode of transportation for visiting Yingge is the train from Taipei for a half-hour ride which is available every hour. From the Yingge Station, easy walking to reach Ceramic Street enables visitors to experience the small town charm and local snacks. Merchants open at 9 am, and it is recommended to arrive at 10am.