Yosh Buxoroliklar
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Yosh Buxoroliklar

The Young Bukharians (Persian: ‎/Uzbek: Yosh buxoroliklar) or Mladobukharians were a secret society founded in Bukhara in 1909, which was part of the jadidist movement seeking to reform and modernize Islam along a western-scientific model.

They took their name from the Young Turks, mixing their ideology with a violently revolutionary emphasis. In March 1918 they tried to seize power in Bukhara, with help from the Tashkent Soviet, and the Young Bukharians had to flee from the Emir, Mohammed Alim Khan to Tashkent. They returned in May 1920, and this time were successful: the Red Army took Bukhara and the Young Bukharians formed the first government of the Bukharan People's Soviet Republic. In 1923, most of the group joined the Communist Party of Uzbekistan, retaining leadership positions until the purges of 1936-1937.

Young Khivans and Young Bukharians inspired the Kashgar 1933 Association of Independence.[1]

Prominent members

See also


  1. ^ Tursun, Nabijan (December 2014). "The influence of intellectuals of the first half of the 20th century on Uyghur politics". Uyghur Initiative Papers. Central Asia Program (11): 2-3.
  • Muslim National Communism in the Soviet Union: A Revolutionary Strategy for the Colonial World by Alexandre A. Bennigsen and S.Enders Wimbush, University of Chicago Press, 1980

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