The Young Bukharians (Persian: /Uzbek: Yosh buxoroliklar) or Mladobukharians were a secret society founded in Bukhara in 1909, which was part of the jadidist movement seeking to reform and modernize Islam along a western-scientific model.
They took their name from the Young Turks, mixing their ideology with a violently revolutionary emphasis. In March 1918 they tried to seize power in Bukhara, with help from the Tashkent Soviet, and the Young Bukharians had to flee from the Emir, Mohammed Alim Khan to Tashkent. They returned in May 1920, and this time were successful: the Red Army took Bukhara and the Young Bukharians formed the first government of the Bukharan People's Soviet Republic. In 1923, most of the group joined the Communist Party of Uzbekistan, retaining leadership positions until the purges of 1936-1937.
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