Yushima Seid%C5%8D
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Yushima Seid%C5%8D
The Taiseiden (Main Hall) of the Yushima Seido
The Yushima Seido c. 1830
Ukiyo-e print of the 1872 exhibition at the Yushima Seido considered the founding event of the Tokyo National Museum
Ruins of the temple following the 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake
Entrance gate of present-day Yushima Seido

Yushima Seid?[1] (?, literally "Yushima Sage Hall"), located in the Yushima neighbourhood of Bunky?, Tokyo, Japan, was established as a Confucian temple in the Genroku era of the Edo period (end of the 17th century).

Tokugawa bureaucrat training center

Colonnade along the courtyard sides

The Yushima Seid? has its origins in a private Confucian temple, the Sensei-den (), constructed in 1630 by the neo-Confucian scholar Hayashi Razan (1583-1657) in his grounds at Shinobi-ga-oka (now in Ueno Park). The fifth Tokugawa sh?gun, Tsunayoshi, moved the building to its present site in 1690, where it became the Taiseiden () of Yushima Seid?. The Hayashi school of Confucianism moved at the same time.

Under the Kansei Edict, which made neo-Confucianism the official philosophy of Japan, the Hayashi school was transformed into a state-run school under the control of the shogunate in 1797. The school was known as the Sh?hei-zaka Gakumonjo () or Sh?heik? (), after the supposed birthplace of Confucius[dubious ] (, pronounced Sh?hei in Japanese). During the time of the Tokugawa shogunate, the school attracted many men of talent, but it was closed in 1871 after the Meiji Restoration.

Daigaku-no-kami

The title Daigaku-no-kami identifies the head of the chief educational institution of the state. It was conferred by the shogun in 1691 when the Neo-Confucian academy moved to land provided by the shogunate at Yushima. In the years which followed, this academic title became hereditary for the ten descendants who followed in succession.[2]

In the early years of the Edo period, the seid? or Confucian "Hall of Sages" was located in Shinobugaoka; but in 1691, it was moved to a new location at the top of a hill in the Yushima section of Edo.[3] The hereditary heads of the Edo daigaku are identified below.

Yushima Seid?'s notable alumni and academics

Institutional history after 1871

Tablet above the main entrance to the Taiseiden

Since the Meiji restoration, Yushima Seid? has temporarily shared its premises with a number of different institutions, including the Ministry of Education, the Tokyo National Museum, and the forerunners of today's Tsukuba University and Ochanomizu University (which is now in a different location but retains "Ochanomizu" in its name).

The site of the school is now occupied by the Tokyo Medical and Dental University.

The colour scheme of the original Taiseiden is believed to have been one of vermilion paint with verdigris. After being burnt down on a number of occasions, the Taiseiden was rebuilt in 1799 in the style of the Confucian temple in Mito, which used black paint. This building survived through the Meiji period and was designated a national historical site in 1922, but was burnt down in the Great Kant? earthquake of the following year. The current Taiseiden is in reinforced concrete and was designed by It? Ch?ta.

Inside the compound is the world's largest statue of Confucius, donated in 1975 by the Lions Club of Taipei, Taiwan. There are also statues of the Four Sages, Yan Hui, Zengzi, Kong Ji, and Mencius.

In the 1970s, the Taiseiden was used as the location for scenes in NTV's Monkey television series.

Along with the nearby Yushima Tenman-g?, the Yushima Seid? is a mecca for students praying for success in their examinations.

Transportation

Ochanomizu Station and Shin-Ochanomizu Station are nearby.

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ Patricia Jane Graham (2007). Faith and Power in Japanese Buddhist Art, 1600-2005. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 200-. ISBN 978-0-8248-3191-2.
  2. ^ Kelly, Boyd. (1999). Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, Vol. 1, p. 522; De Bary, William et al. (2005). Sources of Japanese Tradition, Vol. 2, p. 69.
  3. ^ a b De Bary, p. 443.
  4. ^ Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822, p. 65; Cullen, L.M. (2003). A History of Japan, 1582-1941: Internal and External Worlds, p. 59.
  5. ^ Screech, p. 65.
  6. ^ a b Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric et al. (2005). Japan Encyclopedia, p. 300.
  7. ^ Cullen, pp. 117, 163.
  8. ^ Asiatic Society of Japan. (1908). Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, v36:1(1908), p. 151.
  9. ^ Cullen, p. 178 n11.

Bibliography

Flags beside the entrance to the Yushima Seido

External links

Media related to Yushima Seido at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 35°42?03?N 139°45?59?E / 35.70083°N 139.76639°E / 35.70083; 139.76639


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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