Zb%C4%85szynek
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Zb%C4%85szynek
Zb?szynek
Culture centre
Culture centre
Flag of Zb?szynek
Flag
Coat of arms of Zb?szynek
Coat of arms
Zb?szynek is located in Poland
Zb?szynek
Zb?szynek
Coordinates: 52°15?N 15°49?E / 52.250°N 15.817°E / 52.250; 15.817Coordinates: 52°15?N 15°49?E / 52.250°N 15.817°E / 52.250; 15.817
Country Poland
VoivodeshipLubusz
County?wiebodzin
GminaZb?szynek
Area
 o Total2.76 km2 (1.07 sq mi)
Population
(2006)
 o Total5,087
 o Density1,800/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
66-210
Area code(s)+48 68
Car platesFSW
Websitehttp://www.zbaszynek.pl

Zb?szynek (pronounced [zb'n?k]; German: Neu Bentschen) is a town in western Poland, in Lubusz Voivodeship, in ?wiebodzin County. As of 2004, it has 5,185 inhabitants.

History

The town was founded in early 1920s when, as a result of the Treaty of Versailles, the railroad hub in nearby Zb?szy? (Bentschen) became part of the Second Polish Republic.[1] In 1922, the government of Weimar Germany decided to build a new border station, a new rail hub (which replaced Zbaszyn) as well as a settlement for railroad workers. Within a few years in 1923-30, a large station was constructed, together with a modern suburban type settlement, based on a project by architect Friedrich Veil. The town, named Neu Bentschen, was inhabited by ethnic German railroad workers. There were two churches, a printing shop, a house of culture (Deutsches Haus), a school, a mail office and a bank. The settlement belonged to the Meseritz county.[2]

It was from German Neu-Bentschen (now Zb?szynek) that thousands of Polish Jews expelled from Germany in October, 1938, were forced into Polish Zb?szy?, among them the parents of Herschel Grynszpan.

World War II

Following the invasion of Poland in World War II, the Germans opened a forced-labour camp in Zb?szynek, in which various categories of prisoners were kept including POWs from France, Italy, and, after 1941, from the Soviet Union, as well as Jews from the ?ód? Ghetto. Hundreds died of diseases and exhaustion. Those who survived, worked on the rail infrastructure, which was necessary for transports to the Eastern front.[2]

In January 1945 some German inhabitants of Neu Bentschen fled the advancing Red Army and the town was captured without fighting. As a result of the territorial changes of Poland immediately after World War II following the Potsdam Conference, it was part of the German territory transferred to Poland. The remaining populace was expelled to Germany. Neu Bentschen was briefly called Nowy Zb?szy?, some time in late 1940s, the name was changed to Zb?szynek.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Dworzec graniczny i celny - Nowy Zb?szy?. Przygotowania do budowy. (The border town. Construction)". Sentymentalny.com. Internet Archive. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Zb?szynek: Powstanie i przyczyny (The founding of Zb?szynek)". Sentymentalny.com. Internet Archive. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved 2015.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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