|o Governor||Vitaliy Bunechko|
|o Oblast council||64 seats|
|o Chairperson||Volodymyr Shyrma|
|o Total||29,832 km2 (11,518 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 5th|
(January 1, 2017)
|o Rank||Ranked 16th|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
from 10 to 13
|ISO 3166 code||UA-18|
|o Regional cities||5|
Zhytomyr Oblast (Ukrainian: ?, translit. Zhytomyrs'ka oblast'; also referred to as Zhytomyrshchyna - Ukrainian: ) is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Zhytomyr. Its population is approximately .
The oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on September 22, 1937 out of territories of Vinnytsia and Kiev oblasts as well as two border okrugs of Kiev Oblast – Korosten Okrug and Novohrad-Volynsky Okrug.
Before the 18th century bigger half of the oblast belonged to the Kiev (Kijow) Voivodeship, while smaller western half around the city of Zviahel (Novohrad-Volynskyi) belonged to the Volhynian (Wolyn) Voivodeship. Following the treaty of Andrusovo, the city of Zhytomyr (Zytomierz) continued to act as an administrative center of the Kiev Voivodeship.
Following the second partition of Poland, on the newly annexed territory was formed oversized Izyaslav Vice-royalty (namestnichestvo) which included former Polish territories in Volhynia, Podolia, and Kiev land and centered in Izyaslav. However couple of years later the Russian Empire annexed more territories of the Polish Kingdom during the third partition of Poland contributing to the complete disappearance of the Polish statehood. The Izyaslav Vice-royalty was reformed and the territory of today's Zhytomyr Oblast predominantly ended up in the Russian Volhynian Governorate and the city of Zviahel which was renamed as Novohrad-Volynskyi (Novograd-Volynskiy) became its administrative center. Later the administrative center was transferred to the bigger city of Zhytomyr (Zhitomir).
The total area of the Zhytomyr Oblast is 29,832 km2 (11,518 sq mi).
Among the points of interest it is important to mention the following sites that were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine:
The Museum of Ukrainian home icons, which is the only one in Europe, is situated in the Zhytomyr Oblast. It is located in Radomyshl, a small town, about 90 km (56 mi) away from Kiev. The museum is the part of the Radomysl Castle historical and cultural complex. It was founded by Olga Bogomolets.
The current estimated population of the oblast is 1,268,903 (as of 2013). Zhytomyr Oblast is the most important center of Polish minority in Ukraine, which is numbered there at 49,000.
The northern part of the province is highly affected by the Chernobyl disaster: some of the towns and raions are devastated and are included in the Chernobyl zone, while others are prohibited from producing their own agriculture.
The districts of the Zhytomyr oblast include:
Important cities of Zhytomyr Oblast include:
Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: , translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Zhytomyr is the center of the Zhytomyrs'ka oblast' (Zhytomyr Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Zhytomyr Oblast, Zhytomyrshchyna.