|Chair of the House Administration Committee|
January 3, 2019
|Chair of the House Ethics Committee|
January 3, 2009 - January 3, 2011
|Gene Green (acting)|
|Member of the|
U.S. House of Representatives
January 3, 1995
|Constituency||16th district (1995-2013)|
19th district (2013-present)
Susan Ellen Lofgren
December 21, 1947
San Mateo, California, U.S.
|Education||Stanford University (BA)|
Santa Clara University (JD)
Susan Ellen "Zoe" Lofgren ( ZO LOFF-grin; born December 21, 1947) is an American politician serving as a U.S. Representative from California. A member of the Democratic Party, Lofgren is in her 13th term in Congress, having been first elected in 1994.
Lofgren was the 16th district's first female U.S. Representative, before part of the district was redistricted into the 19th congressional district. The district covers much of Santa Clara County, including Gilroy, Morgan Hill, and most of San Jose. Lofgren has long served on the House Judiciary Committee and in the 116th Congress was chair of the House Administration Committee.
Lofgren was born in San Mateo, California, the daughter of Mary Violet, a school cafeteria employee, and Milton R. Lofgren, a beer truck driver. Her grandfather was Swedish. Lofgren attended Gunn High School (1966) in Palo Alto, and while in high school, Lofgren was a member of the Junior State of America, a student-run political debate, activism, and student governance organization. She earned her B.A. degree at Stanford University (1970) and a Juris Doctor degree at Santa Clara University School of Law (1975).
After graduating from Stanford, Lofgren worked as a House Judiciary Committee staffer for Congressman Don Edwards when the committee prepared articles of impeachment against President Richard Nixon.
In 1978 she married John Marshall Collins.
Returning to San Jose, Lofgren worked in Don Edwards' district office, while at the same time earning her J.D. degree. After two years as partner at an immigration law firm in San Jose, she was elected first to the board of San Jose City College. She was then elected to the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors in 1981 representing downtown San Jose and nearby communities, where she served for 13 years.
In 1994, Lofgren entered a six-way Democratic primary in what was then the 16th district, after Edwards retired after 32 years in Congress. The district, then as now, is a Democratic stronghold, and it was understood that whoever won the Democratic primary would be only the second person to represent this district since its creation in 1963 (it was numbered as the 9th district from 1963 to 1975, as the 10th from 1975 to 1993, the 16th from 1993 to 2013, and has been the 19th since 2013). A decided underdog, she managed to defeat the favorite, former San Jose mayor Tom McEnery, by just over 1,100 votes. She breezed to victory in November, and been reelected ten times with no substantive opposition.
During the 2004, 2006 and 2008 elections, Lofgren's campaign paid approximately $350,000 to two businesses her husband operates: Collins and Day and John Marshall Collins P.C. over a six year period to support campaign efforts.
Lofgren is the chair of the 46-member California Democratic Congressional Delegation. She serves on the Judiciary Committee and is the chair of the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International Law. In 2007, she co-sponsored the Violent Radicalization and Homegrown Terrorism Prevention Act, which the ACLU characterized as "legislating against thought." In April 2011, she became the first member of Congress to call for federal investigation into the Secure Communities deportation program.
In the Stop Online Piracy Act House Judiciary Committee hearings, she defended the current state of the internet in opposition of the bill. She has also opposed the data retention requirements in the H.R. 1981 (the Protecting Children from Internet Pornographers Act of 2011).
In February 2013, Lofgren became one of the sponsors of the Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act to expedite open access to taxpayer-funded research.
In May 2016, Lofgren was publicly reprimanded during a House Judiciary Committee hearing after calling witness Gail Heriot of the United States Commission on Civil Rights an "ignorant bigot" because Ms. Heriot's written testimony before the hearing had suggested that calling one's self a female does not cause one to be a female. Following the oral warning from acting committee chairman and so-called white supremacist Steve King (R, Iowa), Lofgren responded, "I cannot allow that kind of bigotry to go into the record unchallenged". Her quote was later published in a Huffington Post article about the hearings.
This section needs to be updated.July 2017)(
|Democratic||Edward R. Dykes||721||2.0|
|Republican||Lyle J. Smith||40,409||35.0|
|No party||Barraza (write-in)||8||0.0|
|Democratic||Zoe Lofgren (incumbent)||94,020||65.7|
|Natural Law||Abaan Abu-Shumays||1,866||1.3|
|Democratic||Zoe Lofgren (incumbent)||85,503||72.82|
|Republican||Horace Eugene Thayn||27,494||23.42|
|Natural Law||John H. Black||4,417||3.76|
|Democratic||Zoe Lofgren (incumbent)||115,118||72.1|
|Republican||Horace "Gene" Thayn||37,213||23.3|
|Libertarian||Dennis Michael Umphress||4,742||3.0|
|Natural Law||Edward J. Klein||2,673||1.6|
|Democratic||Zoe Lofgren (incumbent)||72,370||67.1|
|Republican||Douglas Adams McNea||32,182||29.8|
|Libertarian||Dennis Michael Umphress||3,434||3.1|
|Democratic||Zoe Lofgren (incumbent)||129,222||70.9|
|Republican||Lawrence R. Wiesner||47,992||26.4|
|Democratic||Zoe Lofgren (incumbent)||98,929||72.8|
|Democratic||Zoe Lofgren (incumbent)||146,481||71.3|
|Democratic||Zoe Lofgren (incumbent)||105,841||67.9|
|Libertarian||Edward M. Gonzalez||12,304||7.8|
|Democratic||Zoe Lofgren (incumbent)||162,300||73.2|
Zoe Lofgren is married to John Marshall Collins. The couple met at an election party.
Ms. Lofgren is a Bay Area native. She was born in San Mateo
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 16th congressional district
| Chair of the House Ethics Committee
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 19th congressional district
| Chair of the House Administration Committee|
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
Sheila Jackson Lee
| United States Representatives by seniority