Zuhrah Ibn Kilab
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Zuhrah Ibn Kilab
Zuhair ibn Kilab
Known forAncestor of Muhammad
ChildrenAbd Manaf ibn Zuhrah (son)
Parent(s)Kilab ibn Murrah (father)
Fatimah bint Sa'd (mother)
RelativesQusai ibn Kilab (brother)
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai (nephew)
Abd-al-Dar ibn Qusai (nephew)

Zuhrah ibn Kilab ibn Murrah (Arabic: ? ?‎) was the great-grandfather of Aminah bint Wahb, and was thus the great-great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He was also the progenitor of the Banu Zuhrah clan[1] of the Quraysh tribe in Mecca.[2]

Biography

Zuhrah's father was Kilab ibn Murrah, a descendant of Ibrahim (Abraham) through his son Ismail (Ishmael). His younger brother Qusai ibn Kilab became the first Quraysh custodian of the Ka'bah. After his father's death his mother Fatimah bint Sa'd married Rabi'ah ibn Haram from the Bani Azra tribe.

His younger brother, Qusai ibn Kilab, became the first Quraysh custodian of the Ka'aba and brought those of Quraysh who were his nearest of kin and settled them in the Meccan valley besides the Sanctuary. Which included him, his uncle Taym ibn Murrah, the son of another uncle Makhzum ibn Yaqazah, and his other cousins Jumah and Sahm who were less close.[3][4]

During the apparent quarrels of his nephews 'Abd Manaf and 'Abd ad-Dar, after Qusai had invested 'Abd ad-Dar with all his rights, powers, and transferred the ownership of the House of Assembly shortly before his death,[5] Zuhrah supported 'Abd Manaf in contesting 'Abd ad-Dar's inheritance.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Watt, W.Montgomery (1998). The History of Al-Tabari: Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors. 39. State University of New York Press, Albany. p. 107. ISBN 978-0791428207.
  2. ^ Ibn Hisham. The Life of the Prophet Muhammad. 1. p. 181.
  3. ^ Lings, Martin (1983). Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources. George Allen & Unwin. p. 6. ISBN 0946621330.
  4. ^ a b Armstrong, Karen (2001). Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet. Phoenix. p. 66. ISBN 0946621330.
  5. ^ Lings, Martin (1983). Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources. George Allen & Unwin. p. 6-7. ISBN 0946621330.



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